Portal:Hungary
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Portal:Hungary

Introduction

Flag of Hungary.svg

Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország ['mrorsa:?] ) is a country in Central Europe. Spanning 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi) in the Carpathian Basin, it borders Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west. With about 10 million inhabitants, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union. The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken Uralic language in the world, and among the few non-Indo-European languages to be widely spoken in Europe. Hungary's capital and largest city is Budapest; other major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs and Gy?r.

The territory of modern Hungary was for centuries inhabited by a succession of peoples, including Celts, Romans, Germanic tribes, Huns, West Slavs and the Avars. The foundations of the Hungarian state were established in the late ninth century CE by the Hungarian grand prince Árpád following the conquest of the Carpathian Basin. His great-grandson Stephen I ascended the throne in 1000, converting his realm to a Christian kingdom. By the 12th century, Hungary became a regional power, reaching its cultural and political height in the 15th century. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, Hungary was partially occupied by the Ottoman Empire (1541-1699). It came under Habsburg rule at the turn of the 18th century, and later joined Austria to form the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a major European power.

Selected article

Avas TVTower sharp.jpg

The Avas is a hill of volcanic origin in Miskolc, Hungary. Its top (234 m above sea level, 104 m above the city) is the highest point of Miskolc proper (although other parts, annexed to the city later, lie higher up in the Bükk mountains). On the top stands a TV tower with observation deck which is a former symbol of the city and provides a nice panorama.The name of the hill is an archaic Hungarian word meaning "forbidden". It was named that at a time it was forbidden for shepherds to graze their herds there because the old wine cellars threatened with caving in.

People

  • Musicians

Béla Bartók - János Bihari - Ern? Dohnányi - Béni Egressy - Ferenc Erkel - Zoltán Kocsis - Zoltán Kodály - Franz Liszt - Eugene Ormandy - George Szell - András Schiff

  • Painters

Gyula Benczúr - Tivadar Csontváry Kosztka - Béla Czóbel - Árpád Feszty - Károly Lotz - Viktor Madarász - Mihály Munkácsy - József Rippl-Rónai - Pál Szinyei Merse - István Sz?nyi - Victor Vasarely

  • Photographers

Brassaï - Cornell Capa - Robert Capa - Lucien Hervé - André Kertész - László Moholy-Nagy - Martin Munkácsi

  • Scientists

Béla H. Bánáthy - Zoltán Bay - Georg von Békésy - Farkas Bolyai - János Bolyai - Károly Bund - József Eötvös - Loránd Eötvös - Dennis Gabor - John Charles Harsanyi - George de Hevesy - Alexander Csoma de K?rös - László Lovász - John von Neumann - George Andrew Olah - Ern? Rubik - Hans Selye - Ignaz Semmelweis - Charles Simonyi - János Szentágothai - Albert Szent-Györgyi - Leó Szilárd - Edward Teller - Eugene Wigner

  • Writers and poets

Endre Ady - János Arany - József Eötvös - György Faludy - Béla Hamvas - Mór Jókai - Attila József - Ferenc Kazinczy - Imre Kertész - János Kodolányi - Ferenc Kölcsey - Imre Madách - Sándor Márai - Ferenc Molnár - Sándor Pet?fi - Miklós Radnóti - Magda Szabó - Antal Szerb - Miklós Vámos - Mihály Vörösmarty

  • Statesmen, Politicians and Military

Gyula Andrássy - Lajos Batthyány - Gabriel Bethlen - Stephen Bocskay - Matthias Corvinus - Ferenc Deák - Miklós Horthy - Lajos Kossuth - Ferenc Nagy - Imre Nagy - Bertalan Szemere - István Széchenyi - Miklós Wesselényi - Vilmos Nagy of Nagybaczon

  • Sportspeople

József Bozsik - Krisztina Egerszegi - Zoltán Gera - Dezs? Gyarmati - Ágnes Keleti - Péter Lékó - Csaba Mér? - Tibor Nyilasi - László Papp - Judit Polgár - Zsuzsa Polgár - Ferenc Puskás

  • Film & Stage

Nimród Antal - Michael Curtiz - John Garfield - Miklós Jancsó - Sir Alexander Korda - Peter Lorre - Béla Lugosi - Emeric Pressburger - Miklós Rózsa - Andy G. Vajna - Gábor Zsazsa

Subcategories

Selected image

H?sök tere, Kossuth tér felé nézve, Nyiregyhaza11.jpg

Nyíregyháza downtown

Recent anniversaries

Did you know...

...that the Hungarian Wikipedia has reached 400,000 articles on December 15, 2016?

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Portal:Hungary
 



 



 
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