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( Italy Italian: Italia ), officially the [i'ta:lja] Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana ), is a country consisting of a [re'pubblika ita'lja:na] peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Italy is located in south-central Europe, and it is also considered a part of western Europe. A unitary parliamentary republic with its capital in Rome, the country covers a total area of 301,340 km 2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland ( Campione) and a maritime exclave in Tunisian waters ( Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in
Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout what is now modern-day Italy, the most predominant being the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies mostly in insular Italy, Greeks established settlements in the so-called of Magna Graecia Southern Italy, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People. The Roman Republic initially conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the Italian peninsula, eventually expanding and conquering parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became a leading cultural, political and religious centre, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can also be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
Selected article -
(; Naples Italian: Napoli ; ['na:poli] Neapolitan: Napule ; ['n?:p?l?, 'n?:pul?] Ancient Greek: , romanized: Neápolis) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest city of Italy after Rome and Milan with a population of 967,069 within the city's administrative limits as of 2017. Its province-level municipality is the third-most populous metropolitan area in Italy with a population of 3,115,320 residents, and its continuously built-up metropolitan area (that stretches beyond the boundaries of the Metropolitan City of Naples) is the second-most populous metropolitan area in Italy and one of the most densely populated cities in Europe.
First settled by Greeks in the
BC, Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited urban areas in the world. In the ninth century BC, a colony known as Parthenope or was established on the
Island of Megaride
. In the 6th century BC, it was refounded as Neápolis. The city was an important part of
, played a major role in the merging of Greek and Roman society, and was a significant cultural centre under the Romans.
Selected picture -
Did you know... - Selected fare or cuisine -
comes from the
. It features fresh, seasonal and simply-prepared ingredients from
. These include peas,
, shellfish, milk-fed lamb and goat, and cheeses such as
is used mostly to dress raw vegetables, while
) and fat from
are preferred for frying. The most popular sweets in Rome are small individual pastries called pasticcini, gelato (ice cream) and handmade chocolates and candies. Special dishes are often reserved for different days of the week; for example,
is eaten on Thursdays,
(salted cod) on Fridays, and
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General images -
The following are images from various Italy-related articles on Wikipedia.
Fiat 600, iconic middle-class dream car and status symbol of the 1950-60s.
Ötzi the oldest mummy in the world discovered in the southern Alps (region of Trentino-Alto Adige) with extremely sophisticated equipment to that time. 4th millennium BC.
Imperial ambitions of Fascist Italy in Europe, 1936.
Commedia dell'arte troupe in a late 16th-century Flemish painting.
Giacomo Matteotti was murdered a few days after he openly denounced Fascist violence during the 1924 elections.
espresso comes from the Italian esprimere, which means "to express," and refers to the process by which hot water is forced under pressure through ground coffee.
Secondary, widely spoken or understood.
Understood by some due to former colonisation.
gelato ice cream dessert.
Ancient Greek colonies and their
groupings in Southern Italy.
NW Greek Achaean Doric
Italian states (1815-1859).
Mussolini reviewing adolescent soldiers, late 1944.
Attack of the far-right terrorist group NAR at the Bologna railway station on 2 August 1980, which caused the death of 85 people.
Italian prisoners in El Alamein, November 1942.
The signing ceremony of the
Treaty of Rome on 25 March 1957, creating the EEC, forerunner of the present-day EU.
Sheets with the iconic picture of
Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino, exposed as a sign of protest against Italian Mafia. They read: "You did not kill them: their ideas walk on our legs".
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the most famous and iconic examples of Italian art
Mussolini and Hitler in June 1940.
Giuseppe Verdi, one of Italy's greatest opera composers. Portrait by
the EUR in Rome is a perfect example of modern Italian architecture
Insurgents celebrating the liberation of Naples after the
Four days of Naples (27-30 September 1943).
Roman Empire provided an inspiration for the medieval European. Although the Holy Roman Empire rarely acquired a serious geopolitical reality, it possessed great symbolic significance.
Italy and the nearby islands in the 1st century BCE.
Physician attire for protection from the Bubonic plague or Black death, 1656.
Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral in Florence, which has the biggest brick dome in the world, and is considered a masterpiece of Italian architecture and world architecture.
From left to right, Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini and Italian Foreign Minister
Count Ciano at the signing of Munich Agreement.
Italian Lombard kingdom (781-1014).
St. Peter's Basilica is the world's largest Christian church. It is the second church to stand above the crypt (tomb) believed to hold the body of Saint Peter, the first pope.
Map of Etruscan civilisation.
Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy for almost ten years between 1994 and 2011.
Italy has been a home for innovation in
science in the centuries since Galileo formulated his theories of planetary movement.
mosaic depicts some of the Gladiators entertainments that would have been offered at the games.
Sergio Mattarella, President of the Italian Republic, elected on 3 February 2015.
Regional seat of
RAI in Cosenza.
Umberto II, the last King of Italy, was exiled to Portugal.
Prada shop in Singapore.
Colosseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.
Fiume cheering D'Annunzio and his Legionari, September 1919. At the time, Fiume had 22,488 (62% of the population) Italians in a total population of 35,839 inhabitants.
Roman Forum, the commercial, cultural, and political center of the city and the Republic which housed the various offices and meeting places of the government.