LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the term is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which began to replace the term gay in reference to the broader LGBT community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s. The initialism, as well as some of its common variants, functions as an umbrella term for sexuality and gender identity.
It may refer to anyone who is non-heterosexual or non-cisgender, instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant, LGBTQ, adds the letter Q for those who identify as queer or are questioning their sexual identity. Those who add intersex people to LGBT groups or organizing may use the extended initialism LGBTI. These two initialisms are sometimes combined to form the terms LGBTIQ or LGBT+ to encompass spectrums of sexuality and gender. Other, less common variants also exist, with some being rather extreme in length, resulting in an initialism over twice as long, which has prompted some criticism. (Full article...)
Gay March celebrating 2005 Pride Day and Same-Sex Marriage Law in Spain
Same-sex marriage in Spain has been legal since July 3, 2005. A year prior, in 2004, the nation's newly elected Socialist Party (PSOE) Government, led by Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, began a campaign to make same-sex marriage legal, including the right of adoption by same-sex couples. After much debate, a law permitting same-sex marriage was passed by the Cortes Generales (the Spanish Parliament, composed of the Senate and the Congress of Deputies) on 30 June 2005 and published on 2 July 2005. The law took effect the next day, making Spain the third country in the world to allow same-sex couples to marry on a national level, after the Netherlands and Belgium, and 17 days ahead of the right being extended across all of Canada.
The ratification of this law was not devoid of conflict, despite support from 66% of the population. Roman Catholic
authorities in particular were adamantly opposed, criticising what they regarded as the weakening of the meaning of marriage. Other associations expressed concern over the possibility of lesbians and gays adopting children. Demonstrations
for and against the law drew thousands of people from all parts of Spain. After its approval, the conservative People's Party
challenged the law in the Constitutional Court
. (Full article...
Selected biography -
Alicia Christian "Jodie" Foster (born November 19, 1962) is an American actress and director. She has received two Academy Awards, three British Academy Film Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, and the Cecil B. DeMille Award. For her work as a director, she has been nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award.
Foster began her professional career as a child model when she was three years old, and she made her acting debut in 1968 in the television sitcom Mayberry R.F.D.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, she worked in several television series and made her film debut with Disney
's Napoleon and Samantha
(1972). Following appearances in the musical Tom Sawyer
(1973) and Martin Scorsese
's comedy-drama Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore
(1974), Foster's breakthrough came with Scorsese's psychological thriller Taxi Driver
(1976), in which she played a child prostitute; she received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
. Her other roles as a teenager include the musical Bugsy Malone
(1976) and the thriller The Little Girl Who Lives Down the Lane
(1976), and she became a popular teen idol by starring in Disney's Freaky Friday
(1976) and Candleshoe
(1977), as well as Carny
(1980) and Foxes
(1980). (Full article...
||Why is it that, as a culture, we are more comfortable seeing two men holding guns than holding hands?
, English stage and screen actor. McKellen is gay and a prominent campaigner for LGBT rights.
Did you know...
This month's birthdays
- 1 - Tim Cook (1960-), American business executive, CEO of Apple Inc.
- 1 - Sophie B. Hawkins (1967-), American singer-songwriter and musician
- 1 - Tom Waddell (1937-1987), American decathlete & physician, founder of the Gay Games
- 2 - k.d. lang (1961-), Canadian singer-songwriter
- 2 - Luchino Visconti (1906-1976), Italian director
- 2 - Darren Young (1979-), American professional wrestler
- 3 - Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1571), Italian sculptor
- 4 - Robert Mapplethorpe (1946-1989), American photographer
- 6 - Michael Cunningham (1952-), American novelist
- 6 - Torben Lund (1950-), Danish politician
- 6 - Philipp, Landgrave of Hesse (1896-1980), German aristocrat
- 7 - Agnès Maltais (1956-), Canadian politician
- 8 - Charles Demuth (1883-1935), American painter
- 9 - Ti-Grace Atkinson (1938-), American radical feminist author and philosopher
- 9 - Marie Dressler (1868-1934), Canadian-American actress
- 10 - Phyllis Lyon (1924-), American feminist and gay rights activist
- 10 - Heather Matarazzo (1982-), American actress
- 12 - Roland Barthes (1915-1980), French literary theorist and philosopher
- 13 - Rosie Jones (1959-), American golfer
- 14 - Adolf Brand (1874-1945), German gay rights advocate
- 14 - Louise Brooks (1906-1985), American dancer and actress
- 14 - Wendy Carlos (1939-), American composer and electronic musician
- 14 - Aaron Copland (1900-1990), American composer, writer and conductor
- 14 - Stefano Gabbana (1962-), Italian fashion designer (Dolce & Gabbana)
- 15 - François Ozon (1967-), French film director and screenwriter
- 16 - Jamie Babbit (1970-), American film director, producer and screenwriter
- 16 - Glenn Burke (1952-1995), American Major League Baseball player
- 17 - Rock Hudson (1925-1985), American actor
- 17 - RuPaul (1960-), American drag queen, TV personality, singer, actor, author and model
- 18 - Christian Siriano (1985-), American fashion designer
- 19 - Jodie Foster (1962-), American actress, film director and producer
- 19 - Clifton Webb (1889-1966), American actor, dancer, and singer
- 19 - Timothy Conigrave (1959-1994), Australian actor, writer and activist
- 20 - Grace Darmond (1893-1963), Canadian-American actress
- 20 - Noel Mewton-Wood (1922-1953), Australian-born concert pianist
- 21 - Cherry Jones (1956-), American actress
- 21 - Laurier LaPierre (1929-2012), Canadian Senator, professor, broadcaster, journalist and author
- 22 - Benjamin Britten (1913-1976), English composer, conductor and pianist
- 22 - André Gide (1869-1951), French writer
- 22 - Billie Jean King (1943-), American former professional tennis player
- 23 - Robin Roberts (1960-), American TV broadcaster
- 25 - Rosa von Praunheim (1942-), German film director and gay rights activist
- 26 - John Amaechi (1970-), English retired basketball player
- 26 - Tammy Lynn Michaels (1974-), American actress
- 26 - Emma Portner (1994-), Canadian dancer and choreographer
- 27 - Jani Toivola (1977), Finnish politician, actor, and dancer
- 28 - Rita Mae Brown (1944-), American writer and feminist
- 28 - Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632-1687), Italian-born French composer
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