Get Portal:Lebanon essential facts below. View Videos or join the Portal:Lebanon discussion. Add Portal:Lebanon to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.

Lebanon Portal

Flag of Lebanon.svg

Lebanon (; Arabic: ‎, romanizedLubn?n, Lebanese Arabic pronunciation: [l?b'ne:n]), officially known as the Lebanese Republic (Arabic: ‎, romanizedal-Jumh?r?yah al-Lubn?n?yah, Lebanese Arabic pronunciation: [el'mhu:r?jje l'l?bne:n?jje]; French: République libanaise), is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. At just 10,452 km2 (4,036 mi2), it is the smallest recognized sovereign state on the mainland Asian continent.

The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than seven thousand years, predating recorded history. Lebanon was the home of the Canaanites/Phoenicians and their kingdoms, a maritime culture that flourished for almost 3 thousand years (c. 3200-539 BC). In 64 BC, the region came under the rule of the Roman Empire, and eventually became one of the Empire's leading centers of Christianity. In the Mount Lebanon range a monastic tradition known as the Maronite Church was established. As the Arab Muslims conquered the region, the Maronites held onto their religion and identity. However, a new religious group, the Druze, established themselves in Mount Lebanon as well, generating a religious divide that has lasted for centuries. During the Crusades, the Maronites re-established contact with the Roman Catholic Church and asserted their communion with Rome. The ties they established with the Latins have influenced the region into the modern era.

Despite its small size, the country has developed a well-known culture and has been highly influential in the Arab world, powered by its large diaspora. Before the Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990), the country experienced a period of relative calm and renowned prosperity, driven by tourism, agriculture, commerce, and banking. Because of its financial power and diversity in its heyday, Lebanon was referred to as the "Switzerland of the East" during the 1960s, and its capital, Beirut, attracted so many tourists that it was known as "the Paris of the Middle East". At the end of the war, there were extensive efforts to revive the economy and rebuild national infrastructure. In spite of these troubles, Lebanon has the highest Human Development Index and GDP per capita in the Arab world outside of the oil-rich economies of the Persian Gulf. Lebanon has been a member of the United Nations since its founding in 1945 as well as of the Arab League (1945), the Non-Aligned Movement (1961), Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation (1969) and the Organisation internationale de la francophonie (1973). Read more...

Featured Article

Armored Against Turmoil, Lebanon Lures Investors

The NY Times wrote:

BEIRUT, Lebanon -- As financial panic spreads across the globe, some investors are moving their money to an unlikely place: Lebanon.

This small country, chronically battered by war, turns out to have a banking sector that has so far been a beacon of stability and growth. Its banks are posting record profits, aided by conservative central bank policies, skillful management and money from Lebanese expatriates.

Lebanon's very instability -- its 15-year civil war and frequent political crises -- appears to have bred the banking sector's fiscal prudence, analysts say.

Three years ago the central bank here barred investments in derivatives and other structured financial products, giving banks virtual immunity to the widening financial contagion. The banks here have done little borrowing on international markets. Deposits account for about 83 percent of their assets, making them among the most liquid in the world.

"The banks here are used to turmoil," said Nassib Ghobril, the head of economic research and analysis for Byblos Bank, the country's third largest. "Since the end of the civil war in 1990, there has been no loss of deposits, and there's great confidence in the sector."

As of August, the money flowing into deposits grew 16 percent over 2007 -- itself a record year. Lebanon had no working government for most of that period, and at times seemed to be on the verge of civil war.

Read full article here...

A version of this article appeared in print on October 29, 2008, on page A10 of the New York edition

History, People, and Places

Saïd Akl (1912-2014.) is one of Lebanon's greatest contemporary poets who joined in his works Classicism, Romanticism and Symbolism in an individual style of writing founded on a pyramid of originality, innovation and aesthetics. His prose is known for its ingenuity. He is to Lebanon a symbol of splendor, joy and pride. He worked as a teacher and journalist and called for the adoption of the Lebanese colloquial language in Latin letters, which he used to publish Yara (poetry) and Loubnan (newspaper). He is the founder of the party of Al Tabadou'iyyah Al Loubnaniah (The Lebanese Genius) and co-founder of the Front of Freedom and Man. He set up a prize in his name for outstanding talents. He has written many works on theology, patriotism, politics, philosophy, poetry and arts in general.

His poetical works include Rindala, Ajmalou Minki? La (More Beautiful than You? No), Ajrass Al Yasameen (The Jasmine Bells), Kitabou Al Ward (The Book of Roses), Doulza, Qassa'ed min Daftariha (Poems from Her Notebook), Kama Al A'mida (Like Pillars), Nahtoun fi Al Daw' (Carving in Light), Sharar (Sparks)...

Read full article here...

Folk Culture

Lebanese to Israel: Hands off our hummus!

Lebanese style hummus topped with whole chickpeas and olive oil.

By ZEINA KARAM (AP) - Oct 24, 2009

BEIRUT -- Lebanese chefs prepared a massive plate of hummus weighing over two tons Saturday that broke a world record organizers said was previously held by Israel -- a bid to reaffirm proprietorship over the popular Middle Eastern dip.

"Come and fight for your bite, you know you're right!" was the slogan for the event -- part of a simmering war over regional cuisine between Lebanon and Israel, which have had tense political relations for decades.

Lebanese businessmen accuse Israel of stealing a host of traditional Middle Eastern dishes, particularly hummus, and marketing them worldwide as Israeli.

"Lebanon is trying to win a battle against Israel by registering this new Guinness World Record and telling the whole world that hummus is a Lebanese product, its part of our traditions," said Fady Jreissati, vice president of operations at International Fairs and Promotions group, the event's organizer.

Hummus -- made from mashed chickpeas, sesame paste, olive oil, lemon juice, salt and garlic -- has been eaten in the Middle East for centuries. Its exact origin is unknown, though it's generally seen as an Arab dish.

But it is also immensely popular in Israel -- served in everyday meals and at many restaurants -- and its popularity is growing around the globe.

The issue of food copyright was raised last year by the head of Lebanon's Association of Lebanese Industrialists, Fadi Abboud, when he announced plans to sue Israel to stop it from marketing hummus and other regional dishes as Israeli.

But to do that, Lebanon must formally register the product as Lebanese. The association is still in the process of collecting documents and proof supporting its claim for that purpose.

Lebanese industrialists cite, as an example, the lawsuit over feta cheese in which a European Union court ruled in 2002 the cheese must be made with Greek sheep and goats milk to bear the name feta. That ruling is only valid for products sold in the EU.

Read full article here...

Recent News

  • See the latest modifications back on the Lebanon article. The article has reached sky-high levels of impeccability on all levels. Visit the article and read about Lebanon to see what the great little country is all about! See you there!

Featured Image

Cedars (Cedrus libani) under winter snow in Bsharri, many between 1,200 and 2,500 years old stand on slopes 2,000 meters high in the shadow of the 3,100-meter-peak of Qurnat as Sawda'.

Did you know...

  • that Lebanon is considered the banking capital of the Arab world and is widely known as the "Switzerland of the Middle East"
  • Lebanon is suited for agricultural activities in terms of water availability and soil fertility, as it possesses the highest proportion of cultivable land in the Arab world.
  • Several international festivals are held in Lebanon, featuring world-renowned artists and drawing crowds from Lebanon and abroad. Among the most famous are the summer festivals at Baalbek, Beiteddine, and Byblos. Beirut in particular has a very vibrant arts scene, with numerous performances, exhibits, fashion shows, and concerts held throughout the year in its galleries, museums, theatres, and public spaces, not to mention the vivacious and unique Beirut night scene that has an unmatched occidental twist to its rich oriental flavor cultivated by its savvy clubbers and pub-goers.[1][2][3]
  • Beirut, Lebanon's capital, is known as "The Paris of the Middle East"
  • During spring time, you can enjoy the slopes of Mount Lebanon in the morning, and swim in the Mediterranean sea in the afternoon.
  • Lebanon is easily the party capital of the middle east.

Culture, Arts, and Cuisine

The Lebanese Folkloric Beverage: Arak

Arak with water and ice, is cut down to a 20 percent alcohol drink.

The Arak, an anise-flavored liqueur made mainly from grapes, as is the case with wine, is a 50-65 percent alcoholic drink. It is the national Lebanese drink and is usually served with the traditional convivial Lebanese meals, and most usually, with the Lebanese Mezze (or meza), the local name for Lebanese tapas. Another Lebanese drink, which is worth savoring, is the Lebanese wine, which is now enjoying a worldwide reputation.

Most known Lebanese makers of wine and arak include Chateau Ksara [1], Kefraya [2] and Chateau Musar [3], amongst many others...

Read more about Lebanese cuisine here.

Things you can do


  1. ^ "Beirut The Only Way It Should Be". BeirutNightLife. Retrieved .
  2. ^ [4][dead link]
  3. ^ "ceased operations". Virtualtourist.com. 2017-02-27. Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes