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Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus. Ohio is bordered by Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Lake Erie to the north, Indiana to the west, Kentucky on the south, and West Virginia on the southeast.

The state takes its name from the Ohio River, whose name in turn originated from the Seneca word ohi:yo', meaning "good river", "great river" or "large creek". Partitioned from the Northwest Territory, Ohio was the 17th state admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, and the first under the Northwest Ordinance. Ohio is historically known as the "Buckeye State" after its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are also known as "Buckeyes".

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SS Ohioan as she appeared before World War I

Cscr-featured.svgSS Ohioan was a cargo ship built in 1914 for the American-Hawaiian Steamship Company. During World War I she was taken over by the United States Navy. Commissioned as USS Ohioan (ID-3280), she carried cargo, animals, and a limited number of passengers to France, and returned over 8,000 American troops after the Armistice, including the highly decorated American soldier Alvin York. After Ohioans naval service ended in 1919, she was returned to her original owners. Ohioans post-war career was relatively uneventful until 8 October 1936, when she ran aground near Seal Rock at the Golden Gate, the entrance to San Francisco Bay. Attempts to free the ship were unsuccessful and, because of the close proximity of the wreck to San Francisco, the grounded Ohioan drew large crowds to watch salvage operations. Ohioans hulk caught fire in March 1937, and the wreck broke into two pieces in a storm in December. As late as 1939, some of Ohioans rusty steel beams were still visible on the rocks.

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Ohio Statehouse columbus.jpg
The Ohio Statehouse located in Columbus, Ohio.
Photo credit: Alexander Smith (Indrian)
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Cquote1.pngAs a boy, because I was born and raised in Ohio, about 60 miles north of Dayton, the legends of the Wrights have been in my memories as long as I can remember.Cquote2.png


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Royal Eugene Castleton(baseball).JPG

Cscr-featured.svgThe Youngstown Ohio Works baseball team was a minor league club that was known for winning the premier championship of the Ohio-Pennsylvania League in 1905, and for launching the professional career of pitcher Roy Castleton a year later. A training ground for several players and officials who later established careers in Major League Baseball, the team proved a formidable regional competitor and also won the 1906 league championship. During its brief span of activity, the Ohio Works team faced challenges that reflected common difficulties within the Ohio-Pennsylvania League, including weak financial support for teams. Following a dispute over funding, the team's owners sold the club to outside investors, just a few months before the opening of the 1907 season.

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Antonin Scalia, SCOTUS photo portrait.jpg

Cscr-featured.svg Antonin Gregory Scalia ( AN-t?-nin sk?-LEE-?; March 11, 1936 - February 13, 2016) was an American lawyer, jurist, government official, and academic who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2016. He was described as the intellectual anchor for the originalist and textualist position in the Court's conservative wing. For catalyzing an originalist and textualist movement in American law, he has been described as one of the most influential jurists of the twentieth century. Scalia was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2018. Scalia was known informally as "Nino".

Scalia was born in Trenton, New Jersey. He obtained his law degree from Harvard Law School and spent six years in a Cleveland law firm before becoming a law school professor at the University of Virginia. In the early 1970s, he served in the Nixon and Ford administrations, eventually as an Assistant Attorney General. He spent most of the Carter years teaching at the University of Chicago, where he became one of the first faculty advisers of the fledgling Federalist Society. In 1982, Ronald Reagan appointed him as judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. In 1986, he was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Ronald Reagan and unanimously confirmed by the Senate, becoming the Court's first Italian-American justice.

Scalia espoused a conservative jurisprudence and ideology, advocating textualism in statutory interpretation and originalism in constitutional interpretation. He was a strong defender of the powers of the executive branch, believing presidential power should be paramount in many areas. He believed that the Constitution permitted the death penalty and did not guarantee the right to abortion or same-sex marriage, and that affirmative action and most other policies that afforded special protected status to minority groups were unconstitutional. These positions earned him a reputation as one of the most conservative justices on the Court. He filed separate opinions in many cases, often castigating the Court's majority using scathing language. Scalia's most significant opinions include his lone dissent in Morrison v. Olson (against the constitutionality of an Independent-Counsel law), his majority opinion in Crawford v. Washington (defining a criminal defendant's confrontation right under the 6th Amendment), and his majority opinion in District of Columbia v. Heller (holding that the 2nd Amendment guarantees a right to individual handgun ownership). Read more...

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On this day in Ohio history...

(1881) President James A. Garfield dies after being shot

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1898 United States Senate elections in Ohio o Neil Armstrong o Kroger Babb o Natalie Clifford Barney o Bring Us Together o Nancy Cartwright o Cincinnati, Lebanon and Northern Railway o Cincinnati Musical Center half dollar o Cleveland Centennial half dollar o Cleveland o Richard Cordray o SS Edmund Fitzgerald o Joseph B. Foraker o James A. Garfield o John Glenn o Ulysses S. Grant o Mark Hanna o Warren G. Harding o Benjamin Harrison o William Henry Harrison o John Hay o Rutherford B. Hayes o Interstate 470 (Ohio-West Virginia) o Hurricane Isabel o Maynard James Keenan o Kent, Ohio o Kenesaw Mountain Landis o Jimmy McAleer o George B. McClellan o Bob McEwen o McKinley Birthplace Memorial gold dollar o William McKinley o Ezra Meeker o Millennium Force o Nine Inch Nails live performances o Nine Inch Nails o Ohio Wesleyan University o SS Ohioan (1914) o Edwin Taylor Pollock o Antonin Scalia o School for Creative and Performing Arts o The Shawshank Redemption o John Sherman o William Tecumseh Sherman o William Howard Taft o Jim Thorpe o Paul Tibbets o Toledo War o Jack L. Warner o James B. Weaver o Wendell Willkie o Youngstown Ohio Works o Youngstown, Ohio

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List of Cincinnati Reds Opening Day starting pitchers o Cleveland Blues (NL) all-time roster o List of Cleveland Cavaliers head coaches o List of tallest buildings in Columbus, Ohio o List of Cincinnati Reds first-round draft picks o List of Cincinnati Reds managers o List of Cleveland Browns first-round draft picks o List of Cleveland Browns head coaches o List of Cleveland Browns seasons o List of Cleveland Indians first-round draft picks o List of Columbus Blue Jackets players o List of tallest buildings in Cleveland o List of tallest buildings in Dayton, Ohio o Nine Inch Nails discography o List of governors of Ohio

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File:Amanita caesarea 54730.jpg o File:Caribou from Wagon Trails.jpg o File:CharlesGriffin.jpg o File:Cleveland Arcade, 1966.jpg o File:Democratic presidential ticket 1864b.jpg o File:Edison and phonograph edit1.jpg o File:Eugene F. Kranz at his console at the NASA Mission Control Center.jpg o File:G a custer.jpg o File:JesseBJackson.jpg o File:Lillian Gish-edit1.jpg o File:Michael Gernhardt in space during STS-69 in 1995.jpg o File:Ohio state coat of arms (illustrated, 1876).jpg o File:Seth Rollins holds Money in the Bank briefcase at a WWE house show in January 2015.jpg o File:Thomas Edison2.jpg o File:Ulysses S. Grant 1870-1880.jpg o File:Ulysses S. Grant from West Point to Appomattox.jpg

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Bob Chappuis o Dayton Project o Robert L. Eichelberger

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1920 Akron Pros season o 1946 Cleveland Browns season o 1947 Cleveland Browns season o 1948 American League tie-breaker game o 1948 Cleveland Browns season o 1990 Toledo Rockets football team o MLS Cup 2001 o 2005 Texas vs. Ohio State football game o 2011-12 Columbus Blue Jackets season o 2013 Mudsummer Classic o Acer rubrum o Tony Adamle o John Adams (drummer) o Jonathan Alder o Walter Alston o The American Israelite o The Amps o Robert Bacher o Bad Blood (2004) o John Baldwin (educator) o Charles Bassett o Powhatan Beaty o Jacob L. Beilhart o Halle Berry o Justin Boren o Bowling Green State University o Roger Bresnahan o George Brett (general) o Paul Brown o Jennifer Brunner o Buckeye chicken o Phil H. Bucklew o Drew Carey o Carol (film) o Cedar Point o Oba Chandler o Bob Chappuis o USS Cincinnati (CL-6) o Cincinnati chili o Cleveland Lakefront station o Clydesdale Motor Truck Company o John Alan Coey o Levi Coffin o Columbus Buggy Company o Katharine Coman o Arthur Compton o Thom Darden o Dayton, Ohio o Dayton Project o Diamondback (Kings Island) o Disaster Transport o Larry Doby o Dominator (roller coaster) o Steve Driehaus o Mike Echols (gridiron football) o Economy of Ohio o Clarence Ransom Edwards o Robert L. Eichelberger o Hugh Boyle Ewing o February 2007 North American blizzard o Firehawk (roller coaster) o Flag of Ohio o Elmer Flick o Forest Fair Village o Fort Steuben Bridge o GateKeeper (roller coaster) o Elmer Gedeon o Glee (TV series) o Graeter's o Lou Groza o John Heisman o Brad Hennessey o Herron Gymnasium o Thomas S. Hinde o Marty Hogan o Georgia Hopley o Sam Hornish Jr. o David Hudson (pioneer) o Aubrey Huff o Miller Huggins o Immaculate Conception Catholic Church (Celina, Ohio) o Indiana Territory o Temple Israel (Dayton, Ohio) o LeBron James o Tommy James (American football) o John Glenn Columbus International Airport o Brereton Jones o Charles Keating o Mary Jo Kilroy o King of the Ring (1993) o Jordan Kovacs o Geoffrey A. Landis o John Lansdale Jr. o Dante Lavelli o LeVeque Tower o Chandra Levy o MLS Cup 2008 o Magnum XL-200 o Marcellus Formation o Mark Matthews o Maverick (roller coaster) o Arthur B. McBride o Angus McDonald (Virginia militiaman) o Winsor McCay o Dan Meyer (first baseman) o Miami Valley Hospital South o The Miz o Mount Carmel East o Albert G. Mumma o Ed Muransky o Kenneth Nichols o USS Ohio (BB-12) o Ohio State Route 11 o Ohio State Route 85 o Ohio State Route 161 o Ohio State Route 167 o Ohio State Route 228 o Ohio State Route 249 o Ohio State Route 253 o Ohio State Route 257 o Ohio State Route 293 o Ohio State Route 319 o Ohio State Route 357 o Ohio State Route 364 o Ohio State Route 365 o Ohio State Route 368 o Ohio State Route 369 o Ohio State Route 370 o Ohio State Route 372 o Ohio State Route 500 o Ohio State Route 575 o Ohio State Route 605 o Ohio State Route 607 o Ohio State Route 633 o Ohio State Route 666 o Ohio State Route 701 o Ohio State Route 710 o Ohio State Route 716 o Ohio State Route 745 o Ohio State Route 750 o Ohio State Route 778 o Ohio State Route 822 o Ohio State Route 844 o Isaac Parker o Ara Parseghian o Henry B. Payne o Roger Peckinpaugh o John Pope (military officer) o Ricky Powers o Preggers o Progressive Field o Raptor (Cedar Point) o Madison Rayne o Reynolds and Reynolds o Tim Richmond o Garland Rivers o Eppa Rixey o Oscar Robertson o John D. Rockefeller o Rolling Acres Mall o Aaron Rome o Theodore Roosevelt High School (Kent, Ohio) o Arnold Ross o Rougarou (roller coaster) o Red Ruffing o Sanctus Real o Louis B. Seltzer o Danny Shay o Paul Shuey o Zavier Simpson o Connie Smith o Richard Smith (silent film director) o Son of Beast o Southworth House (Cleveland, Ohio) o Spirit Fruit Society o William Stacy o Steel Vengeance o Gloria Steinem o Survivor Series (1992) o Survivor Series (2004) o Swifton Center o Henry Adams Thompson o Jack Thompson (activist) o Top Thrill Dragster o Traffic (2000 film) o Tri-County Mall o Evan Turner o U.S. Route 223 o University of Dayton Ghetto o Rick Volk o Moses Fleetwood Walker o Weldy Walker o Warner and Swasey Observatory o The Watch (2012 film) o Wildwater Kingdom (Ohio) o Bill Willis o Simeon Willis o Martha Wise o Whitey Wistert o Wright brothers o Kevin Youkilis o Cy Young o Hoylande Young o Zapp (band) o Dolph Ziggler o Northern cardinal

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