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The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia KSA, or Saudi Arabia (pronounced in English /'s?d? ?'?eb/), /ælr?'bi: æs:æ?u:'dij:æ/ or, less commonly, It is the largest state in the Middle East and is located in the south-west of Asia. It is the largest part of the Arabian Peninsula, with an area of about 2 million square kilometers. Iraq and Jordan are bounded by Kuwait from the north-east, and from the east by Qatar and United Arab Emirates. In addition to Bahrain which is connected to Saudi Arabia through King Fahd Causeway is located on the Arabian Gulf, and to the south is bordered by Yemen and, Oman from the southeast and by the Red Sea to the west.
The beginning of the establishment of Saudi Arabia was the establishment of the First Saudi State, which Dir'iyyah as state's official capital by Muhammad ibn Saud in 1744, which ended in 1818, followed by the establishment of the Second Saudi State, which took new grant to change the capital and take Riyadh as the capital of his state. It began with the fall of the first state until it ended in 1891. Later, there were transformations to establish a Third Saudi State. This was done by Ibn Saud in 1902, and later became the Sultan of Nejd and then the King of Hejaz and Nejd until it became the name of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia after the unification of all its lands in one entity and that was on 23 September, 1932.
Saudi Arabia enjoys a stable political and economic position in generally its economy depends on oil as it has the 2nd largest oil reserves , 4th natural gas reserves and the largest crude oil exporter in the world, which accounts for nearly 90% of exports. The Kingdom ranks 19th among the world's largest economies, at the World Bank, and Veto Power of 3% in the International Monetary Fund.
Saudi Arabia is a membership in the GCC, League of Arab States, United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, G-20, International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization and OPEC.
A group of statutes of old ruins in Mada'in Saleh
Mada'in Saleh It is an archaeological site located in the northwest of Saudi Arabia, the site is distinguished because it is the most important city of the Nabataeans after Petra morndern day Jordan, it contains the largest southern settlement of the Nabataean Kingdom after Petra, which is separated by a distance of 500 km, the most prominent cultural role to the 1st century BC and the 1st century AD.
During the period of prosperity of the Nabataean state and before its fall by the Roman Empire in 106 AD and believed that civilization continued in its civilizations until the 4th century AD, and was the capital of the Kingdom of Lehan, including Madain Saleh.
The Thamudites were the first to inhabit the area for many years and the first to carve the houses on the rock followed by the Nabataeans as mentioned in the Quran in more than one part and it is said that the Thamudites are strong and were taken from the mountains accommodation through the sculpture has been mentioned also in the Quran that they passed the Valley And God sent them to Saleh where he invited them to worship God and leave idols, and God sent them to his Prophet Saleh, where he called them to worship God and left the worship of idols but they did not believe him, and continued to call them, they asked him to come out of them a camel from a big rock they have, He did this, and he called on Allah to bring out the camel of god responded to him.
Monuments of Madain Saleh contains 53 carved rock facades and a number of ancient monuments in a number of possible places. In 2008, UNESCO listed the site as a World Heritage Site.
Abraj Al Bait, in Mecca, is the tallest skyscraper in Saudi Arabia. With a height of 601m, it is considered the 2nd tallest building in the world.
Photo credit: Bluemangoa2z
The Kaaba or Ka'aba also referred as Kaaba Muazzama (Grand Kaaba), is a building at the center of Islam's most sacred mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
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Skyline of Al-Balad (Jeddah Downtown)
Jeddah is one of the governorates of Makkah Region and is located in the west of Saudi Arabia on the Red Sea coast. The province is located 949 km from the capital Riyadh, and is 79 km from Mecca, 420 km away from Medinah, the economic and tourist capital of Saudi Arabia, and is considered the first destination in the Kingdom for tourists both inside and outside the Kingdom, and is the first in terms of projects towers and skyscrapers. With a population of 3,456,259, Jeddah is the second largest city in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia after the capital Riyadh, the largest city in Makkah. Makkah is the largest seaport on the Red Sea. It is a financial and business center in Saudi Arabia and a major export port. Non-oil goods and the import of local needs. There are 135 skyscrapers under construction in Jeddah, and there are offices of international banks.
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