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First primary school building in Badagry, Nigeria, built in 1845.

A school is an educational institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by country (discussed in the Regional section below) but generally include primary school for young children and secondary school for teenagers who have completed primary education. An institution where higher education is taught, is commonly called a university college or university, but these higher education institutions are usually not compulsory.

In addition to these core schools, students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary (Elementary in the US) and secondary (Middle school in the US) education. Kindergarten or preschool provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3-5). University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may be dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools may provide nontraditional curriculum and methods.

There are also non-government schools, called private schools. Private schools may be required when the government does not supply adequate, or special education. Other private schools can also be religious, such as Christian schools, madrasa, hawzas (Shi'a schools), yeshivas (Jewish schools), and others; or schools that have a higher standard of education or seek to foster other personal achievements. Schools for adults include institutions of corporate training, military education and training and business schools.

In home schooling and online schools, teaching and learning take place outside a traditional school building. Schools are commonly organized in several different organizational models, including departmental, small learning communities, academies, integrated, and schools-within-a-school.

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Benjamin Franklin High School in New Orleans
Benjamin Franklin High School is a public magnet high school in New Orleans. The school was founded in 1957 and moved to its current location in 1990. Ben Franklin is adjacent to the campus of the University of New Orleans (UNO) in the Lakeview district of Orleans Parish, near Lake Pontchartrain. Like the southern buildings of UNO and most of the schools in Orleans Parish, Ben Franklin suffered several feet of flood damage from Hurricane Katrina. The school was closed before the storm hit on August 29, 2005, and remained closed for several months. School administration, faculty, parents, students, alumni, and volunteers participated in a massive cleanup effort, without funding from and independent of the Orleans Parish School Board.

Ben Franklin has a selective admissions process and is known for the academic performance of its students. The school has been named a Blue Ribbon School twice by the U.S. Department of Education, and according to Newsweek is the highest-ranked secondary school in the state of Louisiana both before and after Katrina. In 2007, Ben Franklin was listed as one of 21 "public elite" schools on Newsweek's "Best High Schools in America" list. The class of 2008 produced 17 National Achievement semifinalists, the most of any school in the United States.

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'Main School' at the Presbyterian Ladies' College, Sydney
Credit: User:J Bar

The Presbyterian Ladies' College, Sydney (PLC Sydney) is an independent, Presbyterian, day and boarding school for girls in Croydon, an inner-western suburb of Sydney, Australia. Alumni include Sibyl Morrison, the first female barrister in New South Wales, Marie Byles, the first practicing female solicitor in New South Wales, and Florence Mary Taylor, the first qualified female architect and first woman to train as an engineer in Australia.

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  • 1888 – In Nebraska, teacher Minnie Freeman leads thirteen children from her schoolhouse to safety during the Schoolhouse Blizzard.




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Kingsley Fairbridge
Kinglsey Ogilvie Fairbridge (5 May 1885 - 19 July 1924) was the founder of a child emigration scheme to British colonies and the Fairbridge Schools. His life work was the founding of the "Society for the Furtherance of Child Emigration to the Colonies", which was afterwards incorporated as the "Child Emigration Society" and ultimately the "Fairbridge Society". At the time of his death, 200 children were attending his school near Pinjarra, Western Australia. After his death a total of six other schools were established by the Child Emigration Society including the Prince of Wales Fairbridge Farm School at Cowichan Station, near Duncan on Vancouver Island, Canada in 1935 as well as schools in Australia at Bacchus Marsh, Victoria, and Molong, New South Wales in 1937.

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Rosenwood Center, Liberty, South Carolina


Educational institutions by year of establishment


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