The Venezuela Portal
officially, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a federal republic
, located at the north of South America
. It borders north with the Caribbean Sea
, east to Guyana
, south with Brazil
and west with Colombia
. Its territory comprehends about 916,445 km², including 600 islands that form the Federal Dependencies
, uncounting the Essequibo
area, which has been largely reclaimed by the country.
A country with a large biodiversity, Venezuela is divided into 23 states (estados), the Venezuelan Capital District and the aforementioned dependencies. The capital city is Caracas, where resides the government along the legislative body. The country gained independence from Spain in 1821, and was one of the three nations that formed the Great Colombia. The economy is most based on the petroleum industry, depending also on the agricultural sector. The official language is Spanish, although several indigenous languages are spoken by aboriginal tribes through the nation.
Venezuela is a co-founder member of the OPEC and the South American Community of Nations.
Selected article -
View from the corner of 95th Street and 5th Avenue
El Teatro Baralt (English: The Baralt Theatre) is a theatre in downtown Maracaibo, Venezuela, at the northwestern corner of the historic Plaza Bolívar. The first theatre at the site was built in the mid 19th century as a small performance hall, with subsequent theatre buildings there having seen many different reconstructions.
A major Venezuelan cultural institution
, the theatre received a National Monument designation in 1981, recognizing its location as the site of the first film screenings in the country and as a longstanding part of the historic center of Maracaibo. Read more...
Plaza Francia, also known as "Plaza Altamira", is a public space located in Altamira, east Caracas. It was built at the beginning of the 1940s and opened on August 11, 1945 with the name "Plaza Altamira". Its name was later changed due to an agreement between the cities of Caracas and Paris to have a Venezuela Square in Paris and a France Square in Caracas.
Selected biography -
Manuel Trujillo Durán
(8 January 1871 - 14 March 1933) was a Venezuelan photographer who pioneered film in Venezuela. Trujillo was most successful as a photographer, though he dabbled in other industries and is best remembered for his connections to the fledgling film industry in Venezuela. He became one of the first people from Latin America to learn how to show films; he was thought for many years to be the director of Venezuela's first films, and traveled through Venezuela and Colombia with projectors to introduce cinema to this part of the South American continent. Read more...
- 24 May 2020 - Iran-Venezuela relations
- The first of five Iranian tankers en route to Venezuela to deliver fuel enters Venezuelan territorial waters, after being escorted by the Venezuelan Air Force and Navy. Both Iran and Venezuela warned the United States not to interfere with the delivery. (BBC)
- 19 May 2020 - United Kingdom-Venezuela relations
- The Central Bank of Venezuela launches a legal claim against the Bank of England, to try to force the British bank to release EUR930m ($1bn; £820m) worth of Venezuelan gold it claims it holds. (BBC)
- 11 May 2020 - Aftermath of the Macuto Bay raid, Venezuelan presidential crisis
- Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaidó accepts the resignations of his aides JJ Rendón and Sergio Vergara, over their roles in "Operation Gideon". Rendón and Vergara admitted signing a contract with Jordan Goudreau's Silvercorp USA in October 2019 to help remove Nicolás Maduro from office, and install Guaidó as President. (Bloomberg)
- 8 May 2020 - Macuto Bay raid, United States-Venezuela relations
- Venezuelan Chief Prosecutor Tarek William Saab formally requests the extradition of U.S. citizen Jordan Goudreau and two dissident Venezuelans, JJ Rendón and Sergio Vergara, over their involvement in the armed incursion earlier this week, known as "Operation Gideon". (Reuters)
- 6 May 2020 - Macuto Bay raid, United States-Venezuela relations
- Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro says that the two captured American mercenaries accused of organizing an armed incursion into Venezuela will be tried in the country by its civil courts. United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says the U.S. government will "use every tool that we have available to try to get them back." (FRANCE 24)
- 5 May 2020 - Macuto Bay raid, United States-Venezuela relations
- U.S. President Donald Trump denies any involvement by the U.S. government in Silvercorp USA's armed incursion into Venezuela on May 3, which left eight people dead and several others captured, including two U.S. citizens. (Reuters)
In this month...
Laguna Victoria in the Sierra Nevada of Venezuela
- May 2, 1816 - The Battle of Los Frailes is fought around the Los Frailes Archipelago.
- May 2, 1952 - The Sierra Nevada National Park is founded.
- May 3, 1502 - In present-day Venezuela, the Spanish conquistadors led by Alonso de Ojeda founded the village of Santa Cruz de Coquibacoa, the first European settlement in the Americas.
- May 5, 1883 - Birth of Eleazar López Contreras, soldier and politician, President of Venezuela (d. 1973)
- May 6, 1873 - Death of José Antonio Páez, politician and independence leader, three-time President of Venezuela (b. 1790)
- May 13, 1958 - During a visit to Caracas, Venezuela, US Vice President Richard Nixon's car is attacked by anti-American demonstrators.
- May 14, 1777 - In Madrid, Carlos III created the Protomedicato de Caracas by royal decree, thus beginning medical studies in Venezuela.
- May 18, 1499 - Alonso de Ojeda sets sail from Cádiz on his voyage to what is now Venezuela.
- May 21, 2014 - Death of Jaime Lusinchi, physician and politician, President of Venezuela (b. 1924)
- May 24, 1813 - South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator").
- May 27, 1924 - Birth of Jaime Lusinchi, physician and politician, President of Venezuela (d. 2014)
- May 27, 2007 - Hugo Chávez controversially closes the private television station Radio Caracas Television (RCTV); the next day he replaces it with a state-run television service.
Selected list -
has been working in Venezuelan film, television, and theatre since 1951, continuing to direct, write, and produce works to the present. Though most famous for his Golden Age
films, he is also renowned in Venezuela as part of the "Holy Trinity" of theater for his contributions not only in playwriting, but also in direction and production. Besides these, he has written and created many television series and telenovelas, and has occasionally acted in both his own and his contemporaries' works. Chalbaud's continuing work into his old age may be due to his affiliation with the successive Venezuelan governments, which have funded his works since such programs began. Read more...
Did you know...
Venezuelan patrol boat Naiguatá
Sea life mural by Francisco Narváez
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- The Project page was designed with the aim of improving the quality of articles related to Venezuela, in popflock.com resource and other media. Feel free to join in!
- Considered as a "parent" project, together with the countries project.
- Task force focusing on cinema related to Venezuela.