Portal:World War I
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Portal:World War I

The World War I portal

The badly shelled main road to Bapaume.jpg

World War I (abbreviated WWI), also known as the First World War, the Great War and The War to End all Wars was a global military conflict that took place mostly in Europe between 1914 and 1918. The main combatants were the Allied Powers, led by France, the Russian Empire, the British Empire, Serbia, Belgium, and later Italy, Romania and the United States, who fought against the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, the German Empire, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire (present day Turkey).

Much of the fighting in World War I took place along the Western Front, within a system of opposing manned trenches and fortifications (separated by a "no man's land") running from the North Sea to the border of Switzerland. On the Eastern Front, the vast eastern plains and limited rail network prevented a trench warfare stalemate from developing, although the scale of the conflict was just as large. Hostilities also occurred on and under the sea and — for the first time — in the air. More than nine million soldiers died on the various battlefields, and millions more civilians perished.

The war caused the disintegration of four empires: the Austro-Hungarian, German, Ottoman, and Russian. Germany lost its overseas empire, and states such as Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia were created, or recreated, as in the cases of Lithuania and Poland. This contributed to a decisive break with the world order that had emerged after the Napoleonic Wars, which was modified by the mid-19th century's nationalistic revolutions. The results of World War I would also be important factors in the development of World War II just over two decades later.

Selected event

Taxi de la Marne, Musée de l'Armée-IMG 0987.jpg

The First Battle of the Marne (also known as the Miracle of the Marne) was a World War I battle fought from September 5 to September 12, 1914. It was a Franco-British victory against the German army under German Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke the Younger.

The battle of the Marne was a major turning point of World War I. By the end of August 1914, the whole Allied army on the Western Front had been forced into a general retreat back towards Paris. Meanwhile the two main German armies continued through France. It seemed that Paris would be taken as both the French and the British fell back towards the Marne River.

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Selected equipment

British Mark IV Tadpole tank.jpg

The Tank was one of the most significant innovations of the First World War. The fighting conditions on the Western Front during the war prompted the British Army to begin research into a self-propelled vehicle which could cross trenches, crush barbed wire, and would be impervious to fire from machine-guns. Having already seen a Rolls-Royce Armoured Car used by Royal Naval Air Service in 1914, and aware of schemes prompted by Major Ernest Swinton to create a tracked fighting vehicle, First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill sponsored the Landships Committee to oversee development of this new weapon. The Landships Committee created the first successful prototype tank, nicknamed Little Willie, which was tested by the British Army in September 1915. Although initially termed landships by the Admiralty, the initial vehicles were colloquially referred to as water carriers, later shortened to tanks, to preserve secrecy. The word tank was used to give the workers the impression they were constructing tracked water containers for the British army in Mesopotamia, and the name became official in December 1915.

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"Kill every Armenian man, woman, and child without concern."
Mehmed Talat Pasha, 24 April 1915

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Slawa.jpg

The Russian battleship Slawa, crippled by German gunfire and sinking off Ösel, Baltic Sea, October 1917.

Photo credit: Image taken from Der Weltkrieg in seiner rauen Wirklichkeit. Original photographer unknown.

Selected biography

Rear Admiral David Beatty pre-1915.jpg

David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty (17 January 1871 - 11 March 1936), was an admiral in the Royal Navy. During World War I, he took part in actions at Heligoland Bight (1914), Dogger Bank (1915) and Jutland (1916). He was an aggressive commander who expected his subordinates to always use their initiative without direct orders from himself. The Battle of Jutland proved to be decisive in Beatty's career, despite the loss of two of his battlecruisers. Beatty is reported to have remarked "there seems to be something wrong with our bloody ships today" after two of them had exploded within half an hour during the battle.

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Major topics

Theatres Main events Specific articles Participants See also

Prelude:
o Causes
o Sarajevo assassination
o July Ultimatum

Main theatres:
o Western Front
o Eastern Front
o Italian Front
o Middle Eastern Theatre
o Balkan Theatre
o Atlantic Theatre

Other theatres:
o African Theatre
o Pacific Theatre

General timeline:
o WWI timeline

1914:
o German invasion of Belgium
o Battle of Liège
o Battle of Tannenberg
o Invasion of Serbia
o First Battle of the Marne
o First Battle of Arras
o Battle of Sarikamish
o Battle of the Vistula River
o Battle of ?ód? (1914)
1915:
o Mesopotamian campaign
o Gallipoli Campaign
o Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes
o Defense of Van (1915)
o Great Retreat (Russian)
o Italian Campaign
o Conquest of Serbia
1916:
o Erzurum Offensive
o Battle of Verdun
o Lake Naroch Offensive
o Trebizond Campaign
o Battle of the Somme
o Battle of Jutland
o Brusilov Offensive
o Conquest of Romania
o Great Arab Revolt
1917:
o Capture of Baghdad
o Second Battle of Arras
o Battle of Passchendaele
o Battle of Caporetto
o Conquest of Palestine
1918:
o Spring Offensive
o Battle of Sardarabad
o Hundred Days Offensive
o Meuse-Argonne Offensive
o Armistice with Germany
o Armistice with Ottoman Empire

o Military engagements
o Naval warfare
o Air warfare
o Cryptography
o Poison gas
o Railways
o Technology
o Trench warfare
o Partition of Ottoman Empire

Civilian impact and atrocities:
o Armenian Genocide
o Assyrian genocide
o Greek genocide

Aftermath:
o Aftermath
o Casualties
o Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
o Paris Peace Conference
o Treaty of Versailles
o Treaty of St. Germain
o Treaty of Neuilly
o Treaty of Trianon
o Treaty of Sèvres
o Treaty of Lausanne
o League of Nations

Entente Powers
o  Russian Empire
o France French Third Republic
o  British Empire
  » United Kingdom United Kingdom
  » Australia Australia
  » Canada Canada
  »  India
  » New Zealand New Zealand
  »  South Africa
o Kingdom of Italy Italy
o Kingdom of Romania Romania
o  United States
o Kingdom of Serbia Serbia
o Portugal Portugal
o Republic of China (1912-1949) Republic of China
o Empire of Japan Japan
o Belgium Belgium
o  Montenegro
o Greece Greece
o Armenia Armenia
o more...

Central Powers
o German Empire German Empire
o  Austria-Hungary
o  Ottoman Empire
o Kingdom of Bulgaria Bulgaria

o A war to end all wars
o Female roles
o Literature
o Total war
o Spanish flu
o Veterans

Contemporaneous conflicts:
o Mexican Revolution (1910-20)
o First Balkan War (1912-13)
o Second Balkan War (1913)
o Maritz Rebellion (1914-15)
o Easter Rising (1916)
o Pancho Villa Expedition (1916-17)
o Russian Revolution (1917)
o Russian Civil War (1917-21)
o Finnish Civil War (1918)
o North Russia Intervention (1918-19)
o Greater Poland Uprising (1918-19)
o Polish-Soviet War (1919-21)
o Irish War of Independence also known as the Anglo-Irish War (1919-21)
o Turkish War of Independence also known as the Greco-Turkish War (1919-22)
o Irish Civil War (1922-23)

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From the World War I task force of the Military history WikiProject:

Attention needed
...to referencing and citation  • ...to coverage and accuracy  • ...to structure  • ...to grammar  • ...to supporting materials 
Popular pages
Full list
Cleanup needed
Adriatic Campaign of World War IAtlantic U-boat campaign of World War IBalkans Campaign (World War I)Battle of Belleau WoodBattle of Gully RavineBattle of PozièresBattle of Sari BairEastern Front (World War I)Italian Front (World War I)Robert NivelleSerbian Campaign of World War ISouth-West Africa CampaignLanding at Suvla BayMax von Boehn (General)Johannes von EbenNaval operations in the Dardanelles CampaignNaval warfare in the Mediterranean during World War IScottish Women's Hospitals for Foreign Service
Requested articles
Bombardment of SamogneuxOtto von Lauenstein deGeorg Fuchs (General) deGötz von König deBlack Sea Campaign (World War I)Battle of Augustów (1914)Battle of the NeteBattle of MusallaBattle of Qasr-i-ShirinBattle of QomBattle of HamadanOccupation of TabrizAffair of Umm at TubalBattle of NamacurraMakombe rebellionEttore MambrettiAuguste Clément GérômeHristo BurmovKonrad von HippelHermann von ZiegesarPaul von KneusslJosef Freiherr Roth von Limanowa-LapanówKarl Graf HuynAdolf Freiherr von Rhemen zu BarenfelsKarl Graf von Kirchbach auf LauterbachHugo Martiny von MalastówBattle of KyurdamirArmy Detachment Scheffer
Expansion needed
Battle of BehobehoBattle of Cambrai (1918)Battle of CaporettoBattle of Courtrai (1918)Battle of DodomaBattle of DutumiBattle of KaheBattle of Kiawe BridgeBattle of Kibata (1916)Battle of Kibata (1917)Battle of KidodiBattle of KilosaBattle of KimbarambaBattle of Krithia VineyardBattle of LukiguraBattle of the Lys (1918)Battle of NambanjeBattle of MahiwaBattle of MatamondoBattle of MlaliBattle of MorogoroBattle of MkalamoBattle of Mouquet FarmBattle of NarungombeBattle of the NekBattle of NjinjoOccupation of German SamoaBattle of RumboSamarrah OffensiveBattle of Scimitar HillBattle of SharqatBattle of St. Quentin CanalBattle of UteteBattle of WamiBattle of the WazzirDemilitarisationFirst Battle of Villers-BretonneuxSecond Battle of KrithiaSecond Battle of KutSecond Battle of the IsonzoThird Battle of KrithiaThird Battle of the IsonzoFifth Battle of the IsonzoSeventh Battle of the IsonzoNinth Battle of the IsonzoTenth Battle of the IsonzoOperation Marne-RheimsJoseph B. SanbornRobert Kosch deSecond attack on Anzac CoveBarue uprising
Images needed
Battle of Rob?ne?ti
Merging needed
Add an article here!
Citations needed
Spring OffensiveHundred Days OffensiveAsian and Pacific theatre of World War I1st Canadian Tunnelling CompanyBattle of Chunuk BairLanding at Suvla BayBattle of Gully RavineBattle of KumkaleVictory Medal (Romania)
Translation needed
de:Schlacht in den Karpaten (Large battle in the Carpathians) • fr:Mémorial Interallié

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