Portal:World War I
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Portal:World War I

The World War I portal

The badly shelled main road to Bapaume.jpg

World War I (abbreviated WWI), also known as the First World War, the Great War and The War to End all Wars was a global military conflict that took place mostly in Europe between 1914 and 1918. The main combatants were the Allied Powers, led by France, the Russian Empire, the British Empire, Serbia, Belgium, and later Italy, Romania and the United States, who fought against the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, the German Empire, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire (present day Turkey).

Much of the fighting in World War I took place along the Western Front, within a system of opposing manned trenches and fortifications (separated by a "no man's land") running from the North Sea to the border of Switzerland. On the Eastern Front, the vast eastern plains and limited rail network prevented a trench warfare stalemate from developing, although the scale of the conflict was just as large. Hostilities also occurred on and under the sea and — for the first time — in the air. More than nine million soldiers died on the various battlefields, and millions more civilians perished.

The war caused the disintegration of four empires: the Austro-Hungarian, German, Ottoman, and Russian. Germany lost its overseas empire, and states such as Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia were created, or recreated, as in the cases of Lithuania and Poland. This contributed to a decisive break with the world order that had emerged after the Napoleonic Wars, which was modified by the mid-19th century's nationalistic revolutions. The results of World War I would also be important factors in the development of World War II just over two decades later.

Selected event

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The Armenian Genocide (Armenian: , Turkish: Ermeni Soyk?r?m?) -- also known as the Armenian Holocaust, "Great Calamity" ( ) or the Armenian Massacre -- refers to the forced mass evacuation and related deaths of hundreds of thousands to over a million Armenians, during the government of the Young Turks from 1915 to 1917 in the Ottoman Empire.

Today, the Republic of Turkey rejects the notion that the event constituted a genocide and instead claims that the deaths among the Armenians were a result of inter-ethnic strife, disease and famine during the turmoil of World War I. However, most Armenian, Russian, Western, and an increasing number of Turkish scholars believe that it was indeed a genocide, or campaign of state-sponsored ethnic cleansing and mass extermination. For example, some Western sources point to the sheer scale of the death toll as evidence for a systematic, organized plan to eliminate the Armenians. The event is also said to be the second-most studied case of genocide, and often draws comparison with the Holocaust. To date 21 countries have here officially recognised it as genocide.


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Selected equipment

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Trench knives are either purpose-made weapons, or are made from cut-down (shortened) bayonets or swords, and intended for close-quarter fighting, the design originating in the trench warfare of the First World War. They were particularly useful for trench raiding operations, along with other mêlée weapons.

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Selected quote

"My centre is giving way, my right is retreating, situation excellent, I am attacking."
Ferdinand Foch, September 1914

Selected picture

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The German submarine U-14 arriving in port.

Photo credit: Photographer unknown, image scanned from a public domain text by the Great War Primary Documents Archive.

Selected biography

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Hunter Liggett (March 21, 1857– December 30, 1935) was a general of the United States Army. His forty-two years of service spanned the period from the Indian campaigns to trench warfare. Liggett was born in Reading, Pennsylvania. After his graduation from West Point as an infantry lieutenant in 1879, field service in the American West, the Spanish-American War, and the Philippine-American War honed his skills as a troop leader. Success in brigade commands in Texas and in the Philippines led to his selection as commander of the 41st Infantry Division in France in 1917. When his division was disestablished, he took command of I Corps. Under Liggett's leadership, the corps participated in the Second Battle of the Marne and in the reduction of the Saint-Mihiel Salient. In October 1918, as commander of the U.S. First Army, he directed the final phases of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive and the pursuit of German forces until the armistice. After commanding the U.S. Third Army also known as the Army of Occupation on the Rhine bridgeheads, Hunter Liggett retired in 1921.

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Did you know...?

  • ...that the Lake Tanganyika passenger ferry MV Liemba began its life as a German warship in World War I, spent eight years on the bottom of the lake, and later portrayed the Empress Luisa in the film The African Queen?

Major topics

Theatres Main events Specific articles Participants See also

Prelude:
o Causes
o Sarajevo assassination
o July Ultimatum

Main theatres:
o Western Front
o Eastern Front
o Italian Front
o Middle Eastern Theatre
o Balkan Theatre
o Atlantic Theatre

Other theatres:
o African Theatre
o Pacific Theatre

General timeline:
o WWI timeline

1914:
o German invasion of Belgium
o Battle of Liège
o Battle of Tannenberg
o Invasion of Serbia
o First Battle of the Marne
o First Battle of Arras
o Battle of Sarikamish
o Battle of the Vistula River
o Battle of ?ód? (1914)
1915:
o Mesopotamian campaign
o Gallipoli Campaign
o Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes
o Defense of Van (1915)
o Great Retreat (Russian)
o Italian Campaign
o Conquest of Serbia
1916:
o Erzurum Offensive
o Battle of Verdun
o Lake Naroch Offensive
o Trebizond Campaign
o Battle of the Somme
o Battle of Jutland
o Brusilov Offensive
o Conquest of Romania
o Great Arab Revolt
1917:
o Capture of Baghdad
o Second Battle of Arras
o Battle of Passchendaele
o Battle of Caporetto
o Conquest of Palestine
1918:
o Spring Offensive
o Battle of Sardarabad
o Hundred Days Offensive
o Meuse-Argonne Offensive
o Armistice with Germany
o Armistice with Ottoman Empire

o Military engagements
o Naval warfare
o Air warfare
o Cryptography
o Poison gas
o Railways
o Technology
o Trench warfare
o Partition of Ottoman Empire

Civilian impact and atrocities:
o Armenian Genocide
o Assyrian genocide
o Greek genocide

Aftermath:
o Aftermath
o Casualties
o Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
o Paris Peace Conference
o Treaty of Versailles
o Treaty of St. Germain
o Treaty of Neuilly
o Treaty of Trianon
o Treaty of Sèvres
o Treaty of Lausanne
o League of Nations

Entente Powers
o  Russian Empire
o France French Third Republic
o  British Empire
  » United Kingdom United Kingdom
  » Australia Australia
  » Canada Canada
  »  India
  » New Zealand New Zealand
  »  South Africa
o Kingdom of Italy Italy
o Kingdom of Romania Romania
o  United States
o Kingdom of Serbia Serbia
o Portugal Portugal
o Republic of China (1912-1949) Republic of China
o Empire of Japan Japan
o Belgium Belgium
o  Montenegro
o Greece Greece
o Armenia Armenia
o more...

Central Powers
o German Empire German Empire
o  Austria-Hungary
o  Ottoman Empire
o Kingdom of Bulgaria Bulgaria

o A war to end all wars
o Female roles
o Literature
o Total war
o Spanish flu
o Veterans

Contemporaneous conflicts:
o Mexican Revolution (1910-20)
o First Balkan War (1912-13)
o Second Balkan War (1913)
o Maritz Rebellion (1914-15)
o Easter Rising (1916)
o Pancho Villa Expedition (1916-17)
o Russian Revolution (1917)
o Russian Civil War (1917-21)
o Finnish Civil War (1918)
o North Russia Intervention (1918-19)
o Greater Poland Uprising (1918-19)
o Polish-Soviet War (1919-21)
o Irish War of Independence also known as the Anglo-Irish War (1919-21)
o Turkish War of Independence also known as the Greco-Turkish War (1919-22)
o Irish Civil War (1922-23)

Things you can do

From the World War I task force of the Military history WikiProject:

Attention needed
...to referencing and citation  • ...to coverage and accuracy  • ...to structure  • ...to grammar  • ...to supporting materials 
Popular pages
Full list
Cleanup needed
Adriatic Campaign of World War IAtlantic U-boat campaign of World War IBalkans Campaign (World War I)Battle of Belleau WoodBattle of Gully RavineBattle of PozièresBattle of Sari BairEastern Front (World War I)Italian Front (World War I)Robert NivelleSerbian Campaign of World War ISouth-West Africa CampaignLanding at Suvla BayMax von Boehn (General)Johannes von EbenNaval operations in the Dardanelles CampaignNaval warfare in the Mediterranean during World War IScottish Women's Hospitals for Foreign Service
Requested articles
Bombardment of SamogneuxOtto von Lauenstein deGötz von König deBlack Sea Campaign (World War I)Battle of Augustów (1914)Battle of the NeteBattle of MusallaBattle of Qasr-i-ShirinBattle of QomBattle of HamadanOccupation of TabrizAffair of Umm at TubalBattle of NamacurraMakombe rebellionEttore MambrettiAuguste Clément GérômeHristo BurmovKonrad von HippelHermann von ZiegesarPaul von KneusslJosef Freiherr Roth von Limanowa-LapanówAdolf Freiherr von Rhemen zu BarenfelsHugo Martiny von MalastówBattle of KyurdamirArmy Detachment SchefferEgon Graf von Schmettow
Expansion needed
Battle of BehobehoBattle of Cambrai (1918)Battle of CaporettoBattle of Courtrai (1918)Battle of DodomaBattle of DutumiBattle of KaheBattle of Kibata (1916)Battle of Kibata (1917)Battle of KidodiBattle of KilosaBattle of KimbarambaBattle of Krithia VineyardBattle of LukiguraBattle of the Lys (1918)Battle of NambanjeBattle of MahiwaBattle of MatamondoBattle of MlaliBattle of MorogoroBattle of MkalamoBattle of Mouquet FarmBattle of NarungombeBattle of the NekBattle of NjinjoOccupation of German SamoaBattle of RumboSamarrah OffensiveBattle of Scimitar HillBattle of SharqatBattle of St. Quentin CanalBattle of UteteBattle of WamiBattle of the WazzirDemilitarisationFirst Battle of Villers-BretonneuxSecond Battle of KrithiaSecond Battle of KutSecond Battle of the IsonzoThird Battle of KrithiaThird Battle of the IsonzoFifth Battle of the IsonzoSeventh Battle of the IsonzoNinth Battle of the IsonzoTenth Battle of the IsonzoOperation Marne-RheimsJoseph B. SanbornRobert Kosch deSecond attack on Anzac CoveBarue uprising
Images needed
Battle of Rob?ne?ti
Merging needed
Add an article here!
Citations needed
Hundred Days OffensiveAsian and Pacific theatre of World War I1st Canadian Tunnelling CompanyLanding at Suvla BayBattle of Gully RavineBattle of KumkaleVictory Medal (Romania)
Translation needed
de:Schlacht in den Karpaten (Large battle in the Carpathians) • fr:Mémorial Interallié

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