Portland Metropolitan Area
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Portland Metropolitan Area
Portland metropolitan area
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area
Portland, Oregon skyline from the Ross Island Bridge.jpg
Map of Portland metropolitan area
Coordinates: 45°30?N 122°39?W / 45.5°N 122.65°W / 45.5; -122.65
CountryUnited States
State(s)Oregon
Washington
Largest cityPortland, Oregon (647,505)
Other citiesVancouver (183,000)
Gresham (113,727)
Hillsboro (110,006)
Beaverton (100,648)
Area
 o Total6,684 sq mi (17,310 km2)
Highest elevation
8,366 ft (N/A m)
Lowest elevation
N/A ft (N/A m)
Population
 o Total2,753,168
 o Rank25th in the U.S.
 o Density367/sq mi (129/km2)

The Portland metropolitan area or Greater Portland is a metropolitan area in the U.S. states of Oregon and Washington centered on the principal city of Portland, Oregon. The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) identifies it as the Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan statistical area used by the United States Census Bureau (USCB) and other entities. The OMB defines the area as comprising Clackamas, Columbia, Multnomah, Washington, and Yamhill Counties in Oregon, and Clark and Skamania Counties in Washington.[1] The area's population is estimated at 2,753,168 in 2017.

The Oregon portion of the metropolitan area is the state's largest urban center, while the Washington portion of the metropolitan area is the state's third largest urban center after Seattle (the Seattle Urban Area includes Tacoma and Everett[2]) and Spokane.[3] Portions of this are under the jurisdiction of Metro,[4] a directly elected regional government which, among other things, is responsible for land-use planning in the region.

Metropolitan statistical area

As of the 2010 census, there were 2,226,009 people, 867,794 households, and 551,008 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA were as follows:[5][6]

In 2010 the median income for a household in the MSA was $53,078 and the median income for a family was $64,290. The per capita income was $27,451.[7]

The Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), the 23rd largest in the United States,[8][9] has a population of 2,226,009 (2010 Census). Of them, 1,789,580 live in Oregon (46.7% of the state's population) while the remaining 436,429 live in Washington (6.7% of state's population). It consists of Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas, Columbia and Yamhill counties in Oregon, as well as Clark and Skamania counties in Washington. The area includes Portland and the neighboring cities of Vancouver, Beaverton, Gresham, Hillsboro, Milwaukie, Lake Oswego, Oregon City, Fairview, Wood Village, Troutdale, Tualatin, Tigard, West Linn, Battle Ground, Camas and Washougal.

Changes in house prices for the metro area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case-Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 20-city composite index of the value of the U.S. residential real estate market.

County 2019 Estimate[10] 2010 Census Change Area Density
Clackamas County, Oregon 418,187 375,992 +11.22% 1,870.32 sq mi (4,844.1 km2) 224/sq mi (86/km2)
Columbia County, Oregon 52,354 49,351 +6.08% 657.36 sq mi (1,702.6 km2) 80/sq mi (31/km2)
Multnomah County, Oregon 812,855 735,334 +10.54% 431.30 sq mi (1,117.1 km2) 1,885/sq mi (728/km2)
Washington County, Oregon 601,592 529,710 +13.57% 724.23 sq mi (1,875.7 km2) 831/sq mi (321/km2)
Yamhill County, Oregon 107,100 99,193 +7.97% 715.86 sq mi (1,854.1 km2) 150/sq mi (58/km2)
Clark County, Washington 488,241 425,363 +14.78% 629.00 sq mi (1,629.1 km2) 956/sq mi (369/km2)
Skamania County, Washington 12,083 11,066 +9.19% 1,655.68 sq mi (4,288.2 km2) 7/sq mi (3/km2)
Total 2,492,412 2,226,009 +11.97% 6,683.75 sq mi (17,310.8 km2) 367/sq mi (142/km2)

Portland-Vancouver-Salem Combined Statistical Area

Portland-Vancouver-Salem Combined Statistical Area

The Portland-Vancouver-Salem, OR-WA Combined Statistical Area (CSA) on March 2020 consists of 5 Metropolitan Statistical Areas covering 9 counties in Oregon and 3 counties in Washington[11]:

2019 population estimate is 3,259,710[12], ranked 18th largest in the United States (2,921,408 based on the 2010 Census).

This area includes the Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area; Salem, OR Metropolitan Statistical Area, and other surrounding areas.[13]

Cities and other communities

Major cities in the region in addition to Portland include Beaverton, Gresham, Hillsboro in Oregon, and Vancouver in Washington. The area also includes the smaller cities of Corbett, Cornelius, Damascus, Fairview, Forest Grove, Gladstone, Happy Valley, King City, Lake Oswego, Milwaukie, Oregon City, Sherwood, Tigard, Troutdale, Tualatin, West Linn, Wilsonville, Wood Village in Oregon, as well as Battle Ground, Camas, Washougal, Ridgefield, La Center and Yacolt in Washington.

It includes the unincorporated suburban communities in Oregon of Aloha, Beavercreek, Boring, Cedar Mill, Clackamas, Dunthorpe, Garden Home, Raleigh Hills, and West Slope, as well as Hazel Dell, Minnehaha, Salmon Creek, Walnut Grove and Orchards in Washington.

Major
Other

Transportation

Portland is where Interstate 84 starts at Interstate 5, both major highways in the Pacific Northwest. Other primary roads include Interstate 205, an eastern bypass of the urban core, U.S. Route 26, which heads west and southeast, U.S. Route 30, which follows the Oregon side of the Columbia River northwest and east, mirrored by Washington State Route 14 east from Vancouver, and Oregon Route 217, which connects US 26 with I-5 in the south, travelling through Beaverton. Both US 26 and US 30 go to the Oregon Coast. SR 500 runs from Interstate 5 to SR 503. Padden Parkway runs from NE 78th St and east to NE 162nd Ave.

Transit service on the Oregon side is generally provided by TriMet. In addition, Sandy Area Metro serves Sandy, South Clackamas Transportation District serves nearby Molalla, Canby Area Transit serves Canby and South Metro Area Regional Transit serves Wilsonville. Service in Clark County is provided by C-Tran. In Columbia County, the Columbia County Rider provides transit service on weekdays connecting St. Helens with downtown Portland and connecting Scappoose and St. Helens with certain points in urban Washington County, including the PCC Rock Creek campus, Tanasbourne and the Willow Creek MAX light rail station.[14]

TriMet light rail in Downtown Portland

Major airports

Passenger rail

Amtrak trains serve Portland Union Station. The Coast Starlight runs from Los Angeles to Seattle while Cascades connects Eugene to Vancouver, BC. The Empire Builder heads east to Chicago.

Major highways

State highways, numbered as Interstate, U.S and Oregon Routes, in the metropolitan area include:

Notable highways never built, or removed altogether, include Mount Hood Freeway, Interstate 505, and Harbor Drive.[15]

Sports

The Portland MSA is home to a number of professional and semi-professional sports teams, including the NBA's Portland Trail Blazers, the Portland Timbers of Major League Soccer, and the Portland Thorns of the National Women's Soccer League. Other teams include the Portland Pickles and the Hillsboro Hops. Portland is also home to two NCAA Division 1 universities, the Portland State Vikings and the Portland Pilots.

The Portland MSA also hosts a number of amateur sports, including college and high school sports. The high school rugby championships are held annually in the Portland MSA, and draw crowds of 8,000 to 10,000 supporters.[16]

Politics

Presidential election results[17]
Year DEM GOP Others
2016 57.8% 672,364 31.9% 371,379 10.3% 119,802
2012 60.0% 632,945 36.6% 386,323 3.3% 34,862
2008 62.6% 657,076 34.9% 366,490 2.5% 26,202
2004 57.0% 587,901 41.7% 430,401 1.3% 13,357
2000 53.0% 443,629 41.3% 345,293 5.7% 47,440
1996 51.4% 380,537 35.6% 264,044 13.0% 96,411
1992 45.7% 357,117 30.5% 238,124 23.9% 186,437
1988 54.7% 343,172 43.4% 272,346 1.8% 11,547
1984 46.5% 290,504 52.9% 330,464 0.5% 3,228
1980 41.5% 246,639 44.8% 266,198 13.7% 81,212
1976 47.8% 255,813 48.0% 256,598 4.2% 22,531
1972 45.6% 226,237 50.1% 249,015 4.2% 21,040
1968 48.1% 211,351 46.7% 205,269 5.2% 22,887
1964 65.2% 273,608 34.5% 144,745 0.4% 1,545
1960 48.0% 198,802 51.9% 214,980 0.1% 511

The Portland metropolitan area is heavily Democratic and has voted for that party's presidential candidate in every election since 1988. This is helped by Multnomah County, which voted in 2016 for Hillary Clinton by nearly 225,000 votes. In that election, Clinton won Clackamas, Clark, Multnomah, and Washington counties, while Republican Donald Trump won Columbia, Skamania, and Yamhill.

References

  1. ^ "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). Office of Management and Budget. November 20, 2007. p. 45. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 17, 2008. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "2010 Census Urban Area Reference Maps". USCB, Geography Division. Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ "A national, state-sorted list of all 2010 urbanized areas and urban clusters for the U.S., Puerto Rico, and Island Areas first sorted by state FIPS code, then sorted by UACE code". USCB, Geography Division. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ "Jurisdictional Boundaries". Metro. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". factfinder2.census.gov. US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2019-05-21.
  6. ^ "Hispanic or Latino by Type: 2010". factfinder2.census.gov. US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved .
  7. ^ US Census Bureau. Factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved on 2013-10-05.
  8. ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". Archived from the original on July 31, 2009. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 10-02: Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). United States Office of Management and Budget. December 1, 2009. Retrieved 2010.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings for Counties: July 1, 2018 to July 1, 2019". Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ "Combined Statistical Area of the United States and Puerto Rico Map (March 2020)" (PDF). March 2020.
  12. ^ "Cumulative Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings for Combined Statistical Areas in the United States and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019".
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - United States -- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". USCB, Population Division. March 2016. Archived from the original on August 15, 2014. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
  14. ^ "Schedules & Routes". Columbia County Rider. Archived from the original on 2014-08-16. Retrieved .
  15. ^ Young, Bob (March 9, 2005). "Highway to Hell". Willamette Week. Retrieved 2016.
  16. ^ USA Rugby, High school state championships gain rugby exposure Archived 2013-06-09 at the Wayback Machine, June 4, 2013
  17. ^ "Our Campaigns". Retrieved 2020.

External links

Coordinates: 45°30?N 122°39?W / 45.5°N 122.65°W / 45.5; -122.65


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