Prague Vaclav Havel Airport
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Prague V%C3%A1clav Havel Airport

Václav Havel Airport Prague

Leti?t? Václava Havla Praha
Prague airport logo czech.svg
Prago-Ruzyn?, flughaveno, el-aera vido, 7.jpeg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorLeti?t? Praha, Ltd.
ServesPrague, Kladno
LocationRuzyn?
Hub for
Time zoneCET (UTC+01:00)
 o Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+02:00)
Elevation AMSL1,234 ft / 376 m
Coordinates50°06?03?N 014°15?36?E / 50.10083°N 14.26000°E / 50.10083; 14.26000Coordinates: 50°06?03?N 014°15?36?E / 50.10083°N 14.26000°E / 50.10083; 14.26000
Websiteprg.aero
Map
LKPR is located in Czech Republic
LKPR
LKPR
Location in the Czech Republic
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06L/24R 3,715 12,188 Concrete
12/30 3,250 10,663 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
FATO 1 29 95 Asphalt/Grass
FATO 2 38 125 Asphalt/Grass
Statistics (2019)
Passengers17,804,900[1][2]
Passenger change 18-19Increase6%
Cargo81,768 t
Aircraft movements154,777
Source: Czech AIP at the Air Navigation Services of the Czech Republic (ANS CR)[3]

Václav Havel Airport Prague (Czech: Leti?t? Václava Havla Praha), formerly Prague Ruzyn? International Airport (Czech: Mezinárodní leti?t? Praha-Ruzyn?, Czech pronunciation: ['pra?a 'ruz]) (IATA: PRG, ICAO: LKPR), is the international airport of Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. The airport was founded in 1937, when it replaced the Kbely Airport (founded in 1918). It was reconstructed and extended in 1956, 1968, 1997, and 2006. In 2012, it was renamed after the last president of Czechoslovakia and the first president of the Czech Republic, Václav Havel. It is located at the edge of the Prague-Ruzyn? area, next to Kneves village, 12 km (7 mi) west of the centre of Prague[3] and 12 km (7 mi) southeast of the city Kladno.

In 2018 it served around 17 million passengers[4] (expecting 18 million in 2019). It serves as a hub for Czech Airlines and Smartwings, and as a base for Ryanair.

History

Old control tower built in 1937 (rear view) - now part of Terminal 4
Old control tower (front view) during the visit of Dwight D. Eisenhower to Prague on 12 October 1945

Prague-Ruzyn? Airport began operations on 5 April 1937,[5] but Czechoslovak civil aviation history started at the military airport in Prague-Kbely in 1919. The Prague Aviation Museum is now found at Kbely Airport.

Due to insufficient capacity of Kbely Airport by the mid-1930s, the government decided to develop a new state civil airport in Ruzyn?.[] One of the major awards Prague Ruzyn? Airport received include Diploma and Gold Medal granted in 1937 at the occasion of the International Art and Technical Exhibition in Paris[] (Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne also known as Paris 1937 World's Fair) for the technical conception of the central airport, primarily the architecture of the check-in building (nowadays known as Terminal 4) designed by architect Adolf Ben?.[6]

In one of the most dramatic moments in its history, the airport was seized by Soviet paratroopers on the night of 20-21 August 1968, who then facilitated the landing of Soviet troops and transports for the invasion of Czechoslovakia.[]

Moreover, the Ruzyn? fields provide opportunities for further expansion of the airport according to the increasing capacity demand. The airport serves as a hub of the trans-European airport network.

The political and economic changes affected the seventy years of existence of Prague-Ruzyn? Airport. Some new air transportation companies and institutions were founded and some ceased operation since then. Ten entities have been responsible for airport administration over time, including the new construction and development. Until the 1990s, there were two or three-decade gaps before the major modernisation of Prague-Ruzyn? Airport began to match the current capacity requirements.[]

The airport stood in for Miami International Airport in the 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale.

An online petition organised by one of the best-known Slovak film directors, Fero Feni?, calling on the government and the Parliament to rename Prague Ruzyn? Airport to Václav Havel International Airport attracted - in just one week after 20 December 2011 - the support of over 65,000 signatories both within and outside the Czech Republic.[7] A rendition of the airport with the proposed Václav Havel name in the form of his signature followed by his typical heart symbol suffix was included in the blog's article in support of renaming of the airport.[8] This name change took place on 5 October 2012 on what would have been Havel's 76th birthday. However, the PRG name of the airport for IATA and ICAO will remain the same.

Further development

View on pier B (Terminal 1) and C (Terminal 2)
Terminal 1 of Prague Airport

As the capacity of the airport has been reaching its limit for the last couple of years (as of 2005),[] further development of the airport is being considered. Besides regular repairs of the existing runways, Prague Airport (Czech: Leti?t? Praha s.p.) began the preparations for building a new runway, parallel to the 06/24 runway. The construction with estimated costs of CZK 5-7 billion was scheduled to begin in 2007, and the new runway marked 06R/24L (also called the BIS runway) was to be put into service in 2010. However, because of many legal problems and the protests of people who live close to the airport premises, the construction has not yet begun. Despite these problems, the project has support from the government, and is expected to be completed by the end of 2014.[9]

It will be over 3,500 m (11,483 ft) long. Located about 1,500 m (4,921 ft) southeast of the present main runway, the 24L runway will be equipped with a category III ILS, allowing landing and taking off under bad weather conditions.

Prague Airport states that besides increasing the airport capacity, the new runway system will greatly reduce the noise level in some densely inhabited areas of Prague. This should be achieved by reorganising the air traffic space around the airport, and shifting the traffic corridors after putting the two parallel runways into service. The vision of heavy traffic raised many protests from the suburban communities directly surrounding the airport. On 6 November 2004, local referenda were held in two Prague suburbs - Nebu?ice and P?ední Kopanina - giving official support to the local authorities for active opposition against the construction of the parallel runway.

The construction of a railway connection between the airport and Prague city centre is also in the planning stage. The track will be served by express trains with special fares, connecting non-stop the airport with the city centre, and local trains fully integrated into Prague integrated transit system.[10]

General runway reconstruction

The main runway 06/24 was reconstructed from 2012 - 2013 due to poor technical conditions. During reconstruction, runway 12/30 was the only usable runway as runway 04/22 is closed permanently.[11] The runway reconstruction was originally planned for three stages. The first stage in 2012, the second stage in 2013 and the last stage in 2014. However, runway 12/30 (which would be used during the reconstruction of the main runway) is not equipped for low visibility landings as it offers only ILS CAT I landings. In addition, the approach path of runway 12/30 goes above high-density population areas (such as Prague 6 and Kladno). Therefore, the second and the third stage of the runway reconstruction had to be merged so the works could be finished in 2013.[12][13]

Infrastructure

Airport Map
Terminal 2 of Prague Airport

Terminals

Prague Airport has two main passenger terminals, two general aviation terminals, as well as a cargo facility. Most flights depart Prague Airport from the North Terminals (Terminal 1 and 2). The South Terminals (Terminal 3 and 4) handle a few irregular flights, as well as VIP flights, special flights and small aircraft.

  • Terminal 1 is used for flights outside the Schengen Area; it was opened in 1968 and rebuilt in 1997, it includes concourses A and B
  • Terminal 2 is used for flights within the Schengen area; it was opened on 17 January 2006, it includes concourses C and D
  • Terminal 3 is used for private and charter flights; it was opened in 1997
  • Terminal 4 is used exclusively for VIP flights and state visits; it is the oldest part of the airport which was opened on 5 April 1937.[14]

There are also two freight terminals, Cargo Terminal 1 is operated by Menzies Aviation Czech while Cargo Terminal 2 is operated by Skyport.

Runways

The airport contains two runways in service: 06/24 (till April 1993 07/25) and 12/30 (till May 2012 13/31). Former runway 04/22 is permanently closed for take-offs and landings and is used for taxiing and parking only.[3][11] The most used runway is 24 due to the prevailing western winds. Runway 30 is also used often. Runway 06 is used rarely, while runway 12 is used only exceptionally.

Operations

The company operating the airport is Prague Airport (Leti?t? Praha, a. s.), a joint-stock company that has one shareholder, the Ministry of Finance. The company was founded in February 2008, as part of a privatisation process involving the Airport Prague (Správa Leti?t? Praha, s.p.) state enterprise. This action was in accordance with the Czech Republic Government Memorandum Nr. 888, which had been passed on 9 July 2008. On 1 December 2008, Prague Airport took all rights and duties formerly held by Správa Leti?t? Praha, s.p., and Prague Airports took all business authorisations, certificates, employees, and licenses from the former company.[15] The head office of Prague Airport is in Prague 6.[16] The former state-owned enterprise had its head office on the airport property.[17][18]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion (begins 15 May 2021)[19]
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Air Arabia Sharjah
airBaltic Riga
Air Cairo Seasonal: Hurghada
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air France Hop Lyon
Air Malta Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau[20]
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino
American Airlines Seasonal: Philadelphia
Arkia Tel Aviv[21]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Bucharest (begins 29 March 2021)[22]
British Airways London-City, London-Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Zagreb
Czech Airlines[23] Amsterdam, Barcelona, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Helsinki, Ko?ice, Kyiv-Boryspil, London-Heathrow,[24]Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Odessa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, Stockholm-Arlanda, Warsaw-Chopin
Seasonal: Beirut, Bilbao, Reykjavík-Keflavík
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York-JFK
easyJet Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse, Bristol, Edinburgh, Geneva, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Venice
El Al Tel Aviv[25]
Emirates Dubai-International
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf
Finnair Helsinki
FlyArmenia Yerevan (begins 9 December 2020)[26]
Flydubai Dubai-International
Georgian Airways Tbilisi
Iberia Madrid
Jet2.com Birmingham, East Midlands, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
LOT Polish Airlines Ostrava,[27]Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg[28]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Stavanger
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen[29]
Qatar AirwaysDoha[30]
Rossiya Saint Petersburg
Ryanair Amman-Queen Alia, Barcelona, Bari, Bergamo, Billund, Bologna, Bordeaux, Budapest, Charleroi, Copenhagen, Dublin, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Gothenburg, Ko?ice, Kraków, Liverpool, London-Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marseille, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Pescara, Pisa, Riga, Rome-Ciampino, Stockholm-Skavsta
Seasonal: Bournemouth, Corfu,[31]Rhodes,[32]Thessaloniki (begins 28 March 2021), Zadar[33]
S7 Airlines Novosibirsk
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
SCAT Airlines Nur-Sultan
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu[34]
SkyUp Kharkiv, Lviv, Zaporizhzhia[35]
Smartwings[36] Dubai-International, Dubrovnik, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Kazan, Lanzarote, Málaga, Marsa Alam, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Palma de Mallorca, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Split, Tel Aviv, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Alghero, Almería, Antalya, Barcelona, Bodrum,[37]Burgas, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Faro, Funchal, Heraklion, Karpathos, Kefalonia, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Larnaca, Menorca, Mytilene, Naples, Olbia, Preveza/Lefkada, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Valencia, Varna, Zakynthos
SunExpress Seasonal: Antalya, Izmir[38]
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia Eindhoven, Paris-Orly
Tunisair Seasonal: Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Kyiv-Boryspil
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark
Ural Airlines Krasnodar, Moscow-Zhukovsky,[39]Perm,[40][41]Rostov-on-Don,[42]Yekaterinburg
Volotea Bordeaux, Nantes
Seasonal: Cagliari, Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse
Vueling Barcelona, Florence, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Wizz Air Bari, Bucharest,[43]Chi?in?u, Kutaisi, Larnaca, Tirana,[44]Varna[45]

Cargo

Statistics

Preserved Aero Ae-45 in Prague Airport Terminal 1

Annual passenger numbers

It was the 35th busiest airport in Europe in 2019 and the second busiest (after Warsaw Chopin Airport) in the newer EU member states.

Busiest routes

The top 15 destinations by passengers handled in 2019 were:[67]

Rank Airport 2019 2018
1 Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol 759,011 690,857
2 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 740,439 712,414
3 Russia Moscow-Sheremetyevo 696,232 755,935
4 Germany Frankfurt 527,836 524,302
5 United Arab Emirates Dubai 469,029 506,462
6 United Kingdom London-Heathrow 447,149 443,741
7 Spain Barcelona 440,222 432,521
8 United Kingdom London-Stansted 435,969 408,188
9 Israel Tel Aviv 381,488 388,847
10 Denmark Copenhagen Airport 346,447 N/A
11 Belgium Brussels 334,140 329,181
12 Italy Milan-Malpensa 321,229 304,417
13 Spain Madrid 316,856 314,504
14 Finland Helsinki 311,596 320,440
15 Turkey Antalya 298,212 N/A
Rank Country 2011 2018[68]
1 United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,138,899 2,061,486
2 Italy Italy 872,933 1,342,428
3 Germany Germany 1,162,114 1,167,768
4 France France 1,017,899 1,127,151
5 Spain Spain 726,301 1,091,450

Other facilities

APC Building, the head office of Czech Airlines at Prague Airport

Czech Airlines has its head office, the APC Building,[69] on the grounds of Prague Airport.[70] On 30 December 2009 CSA announced that it will sell its head office to the airport for CZK 607 million.[71]

Smartwings have their head office on the airport property.[72][73]

In addition the Civil Aviation Authority also has its head office on the airport property.[74]

Ground transportation

Buses of DPP, the Prague Public Transit Co., stop at both terminals 1 and 2 frequently.

A Czech Railways public bus service, AE - AirportExpress, connects Terminal 1 with Praha hlavní nádra?í.

From bus station in front of Terminal 1 there are also regular buses to Kladno, intercity buses of Regiojet run every 30-60 minutes to Karlovy Vary and Cheb.

There are plans to build a rail connection to the airport. Preliminary work commenced in 2018, with procurement proceedings launched the following year. Main construction is likely to start around 2023.[75][76][77]

Accidents and incidents

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Number of passengers including domestic, international and transit

References

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  3. ^ a b c "AIP Czech Republic Praha/Ruzyn?" (PDF). Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ "Rekordní rok pro pra?ské leti?t Odbavit má p?es 17 milion? lidí, otev?e novou komer?ní zónu". iROZHLAS (in Czech). Retrieved 2019.
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  8. ^ "Blogy a názory - Aktuáln?.cz » Chyba!". Blog.aktualne.centrum.cz. Retrieved 2017.
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External links

Media related to Prague Ruzyn? Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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