Preakness Stakes
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Preakness Stakes

Preakness Stakes
Grade I race
2011 Preakness Stakes starting gate.jpg
"The People's Race"
"The Second Jewel of the Triple Crown"
"The Middle Jewel of the Triple Crown"
"The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans"
LocationPimlico Race Course
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Race typeThoroughbred
WebsitePreakness Stakes
Race information
Distance​ miles (9.5 furlongs)
WeightColt/Gelding: 126 pounds (57 kg)
Filly: 121 pounds (55 kg)

The Preakness Stakes is an American thoroughbred horse race held on the third Saturday in May each year at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a Grade I race run over a distance of 9.5 furlongs ( miles (1,900 m)) on dirt. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies 121 pounds (55 kg). It is the second jewel of the Triple Crown, held two weeks after the Kentucky Derby and three weeks before the Belmont Stakes.

First run in 1873, the Preakness Stakes was named by a former Maryland governor after a winning colt at Pimlico. The race has been termed "The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans" because a blanket of yellow flowers altered to resemble Maryland's state flower is placed across the withers of the winning colt or filly. Attendance at the Preakness Stakes ranks second in North America among equestrian events, only surpassed by the Kentucky Derby.

The 145th running of the Preakness Stakes is scheduled for Saturday, October 3, 2020, a delay resulting from the COVID-19 outbreak earlier in the year,[1] and setting the year's contest following four weeks after the also-delayed Kentucky Derby. It will be held without spectators for health reasons because of the outbreak.[2]


Two years before the Kentucky Derby was run for the first time, Pimlico introduced its new stakes race for three-year-olds, the Preakness, during its first-ever spring race meet in 1873. Then Maryland governor Oden Bowie named the then mile and one-half (2.41 km) race in honor of the colt Preakness from Milton Holbrook Sanford's Preakness Stud in Preakness, Wayne Township, New Jersey, who won the Dinner Party Stakes on the day Pimlico opened (October 25, 1870). The New Jersey name was said to have come from the Native American name Pra-qua-les ("Quail Woods") for the area.[3] After Preakness won the Dinner Party Stakes, his jockey, Billy Hayward, untied a silk bag of gold coins that hung from a wire stretched across the track from the judges' stand. This was the supposed way that the "wire" at the finish line was introduced and how the awarding of "purse" money came to be.[4] In reality, the term "purse", meaning prize money, had been in use for well over a century.[5]

Sir Barton, winner in 1919

The first Preakness, held on May 27, 1873, drew seven starters. John Chamberlain's three-year-old, Survivor, collected the $2,050 winning purse by galloping home easily by 10 lengths. This was the largest margin of victory until 2004, when Smarty Jones won by 11 1/2 lengths.[6]

In 1890 Morris Park Racecourse in the Bronx, New York hosted the Preakness Stakes. This race was run under handicap conditions, and the age restriction was lifted. The race was won by a five-year-old horse named Montague. After 1890, there was no race run for three years.[7] For the 15 years from 1894 through 1908, the race was held at Gravesend Race Track on Coney Island, New York. In 1909 it returned to Pimlico.[8]

Seven editions of the Preakness Stakes have been run under handicap conditions, in which more accomplished or favored horses are assigned to carry heavier weight. It was first run under these conditions in 1890 and again in the years 1910-1915. During these years, the race was known as the Preakness Handicap.[7]

In March 2009 Magna Entertainment Corp., which owns Pimlico, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy thus throwing open the possibility the Stakes could move again. On April 13, 2009, the Maryland Legislature approved a plan to buy the Stakes and the Pimlico course if Magna Entertainment cannot find a buyer.[9]

Attendance at the Preakness Stakes ranks second in North America and usually surpasses the attendance of all other stakes races including the Belmont Stakes, the Breeders' Cup and the Kentucky Oaks. The attendance of the Preakness Stakes typically only trails the Kentucky Derby, for more information see American thoroughbred racing top attended events.

In February 2017, the Maryland Stadium Authority released the first phase of a study saying that Pimlico needed $250 million in renovations. As of May of that year, no one showed interest in financing the work. The Stronach Group, owner of Pimlico Race Course and Laurel Park, was only interested in moving the Preakness Stakes to Laurel Park unless someone else financed work on Pimlico.[10]

In October 2019, The Stronach Group reached an agreement in principle with the city of Baltimore and groups representing Maryland horsemen that would permanently keep the Preakness at Pimlico. As part of the agreement, Pimlico's grandstand would be demolished and replaced with a smaller structure, and temporary seating would be added to handle the attendance during Preakness week.[11][12] The Racing and Community Development Act, approved by the Maryland state legislature in May 2020, allows the Maryland Stadium Authority to issue $375 million in bonds for the renovation of both Stronach Group tracks.[13]

Evolution of the Triple Crown series

The Preakness is the second leg in American thoroughbred racing's Triple Crown series and almost always attracts the Kentucky Derby winner, some of the other horses that ran in the Derby, and often a few horses that did not start in the Derby. The Preakness is ​ miles, or ​ furlongs (1.88 km), compared to the Kentucky Derby, which is ​ miles / 10 furlongs (2 km). It is followed by the third leg, the Belmont Stakes, which is ​ miles / 12 furlongs (2.4 km).

Since 1932, the order of Triple Crown races has the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and then the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1932, the Preakness was run before the Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917, and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day.[14]

To date, the Preakness is run on the third Saturday in May, two weeks after the Kentucky Derby, and three weeks before the Belmont Stakes. Consequently, the race is run no earlier than May 15, and no later than May 21. One exception is 2020, as that race will be run in early October due to the COVID-19 pandemic.


The weather vane at Pimlico is painted with the winner's colors

Traditionally, just after the horses for the Preakness were called to the post, the audience was invited to sing "Maryland, My Maryland", the official state song of Maryland. For many years, the Baltimore Colts' Marching Band would lead the song from the infield;[15] in later years, it was sung by the United States Naval Academy Glee Club.[16] Use of the song was discontinued as of the 2020 edition of the race--the song "which celebrates the Confederacy, is considered by some to be racist".[17][18]

As soon as the Preakness winner has been declared official, a painter climbs a ladder to the top of a replica of the Old Clubhouse cupola. The colors of the victorious owner's silks are applied on the jockey and horse that are part of the weather vane atop the infield structure. The practice began in 1909 when a horse and rider weather vane sat atop the old Members' Clubhouse, which was constructed when Pimlico opened in 1870. The Victorian building was destroyed by fire in June 1966. A replica of the old building's cupola was built to stand in the Preakness winner's circle in the infield.[19]

A blanket of yellow flowers daubed with black lacquer to recreate the appearance of a black-eyed Susan[20] is placed around the winning horse's neck at this time,[21] and a replica of the Woodlawn Vase is given to the winning horse's owner. Should that horse have also won the Kentucky Derby, speculation and excitement immediately begin to mount as to whether that horse will go on to win the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing at the Belmont Stakes in June.

Winning the race

In 1917, the first Woodlawn Vase was awarded to the Preakness winner, who was not allowed to keep it. Eventually a half-size reproduction of the trophy was given to winners to keep permanently. The original trophy is kept at the Baltimore Museum of Art and brought to the race each year under guard, for the winner's presentation ceremony.[22]

In 1940, it was proposed to drape the winning horse in a garland of the Maryland State flower, Rudbeckia hirta, commonly called black-eyed Susans. This posed a problem, as the race is run nearly two months before the flowers come into bloom in late June or July. At first, yellow Viking daisies were painted to resemble black-eyed Susans. Painted flowers have been discontinued since the first decade of the current millennium and viking poms, a member of the chrysanthemum family, are now used.[23] Although the Preakness is sometimes referred to as "the race for the black-eyed Susans", no black-eyed Susan is ever used.[24][25]

In 1918, 26 horses entered the race, and it was run in two divisions, providing for two winners that year. Currently, the race is limited to 14 horses.

In 1948, the Preakness was televised for the first time by CBS.

The Preakness has been run at seven different distances:

  • ​ miles (2.41 km) : 1873-1888, 1890
  • ​ miles (2.01 km) : 1889
  • ​ miles (1.71 km) : 1894-1900, 1908
  • 1 mile 70 yards (1.67 km) : 1901-1907
  • 1 mile (1.61 km) : 1909, 1910
  • ​ miles (1.81 km) : 1911-1924
  • ​ miles (1.91 km) : 1925-present

Purse money

At its inauguration in 1873, the Preakness carried a value of $1,000. The first major increase occurred in 1919 when the race had a $25,000 value. It climbed to $100,000 in 1946 and in 1959 was raised to $150,000. Subsequent increases occurred from 1979 to 1989, when the purse rose four times from $200,000 to $500,000, before going to $1 million in 1997.[26] On December 12, 2013, the Maryland Jockey Club announced for the 2014 running of the Preakness, the purse would be increased from $1,000,000 to $1,500,000.[26]


The race has had something of a party atmosphere in the past, especially in the infield, which is general admission.[27] The course had a "bring your own booze" policy until 2009, formerly including kegs of beer but in the 2000s restricted to all the beer cans a person could carry in a cooler.[27] However, despite crowds in excess of 100,000, the BYOB policy was canceled in 2009 after videos of intoxicated people running along the tops of lines of portable toilets while being pelted by beer cans reached a large audience.[28][29]

In 2009, with the alcohol ban, race attendance dropped to 77,850 after topping 100,000 for eight consecutive years. In 2010, and the Maryland Jockey Club responded with a new event called "InfieldFest" with performances by musical acts, the "Mug Club", which included an infield ticket and an unlimited-refill beer mug, and a mascot named "Kegasus", a play on keg and pegasus (though actually a centaur).[28] The much-derided Kegasus was retired in 2013.[30] In 2010, ticket sales had recovered to 95,760 and have since stayed high.[29]

Aside from InfieldFest, the race is known for its fancy hats and official cocktail, the Black-eyed Susan, made with vodka, St-Germain liqueur and pineapple, lime and orange juices.[31]


Speed record:

Secretariat, the 1973 winner (and ultimately Triple Crown winner) was originally credited with a running time of 1:55. Two Daily Racing Form clockers, however, had timed Secretariat's Preakness in 1:53 ​, which would be a new stakes record. A hearing was held over the time discrepancy, where a video replay showed Secretariat reached the wire faster than Canonero II, the then-current record holder, but instead of giving Secretariat the record, the Maryland Jockey Club decided to split the difference and make its official time that of Pimlico's clocker, who had timed the race in 1:54 ​. The matter was finally resolved in June 2012, when a meeting of the Maryland Racing Commission unanimously ruled to change Secretariat's final time to 1:53 based on testimony and analysis of the race replays.[32] Consequently, Secretariat holds the current official record for all three Triple Crown races.[33]

Margin of Victory:

Most wins by a jockey:

Most wins by a trainer:

Most wins by an owner:

  • 7 - Calumet Farm (1941, 1944, 1947, 1948, 1956, 1958, 1968, 2013) (also the leading breeder with 7)

Fillies in the Preakness

Six fillies have won the Preakness:


Preakness Stakes winners
Year Horse Jockey Trainer Owner Dist.
Time* Purse Ref.
2020 Swiss Skydiver ? Robby Albarado Kenneth McPeek Peter J. Callahan 1:53.28 $1,000,000 [34]
2019 War of Will Tyler Gaffalione Mark E. Casse Gary Barber 1:54.34 $1,650,000 [35]
2018 Justify + Mike Smith Bob Baffert WinStar Farm/China Horse Club 1:55.93 $1,500,000 [36]
2017 Cloud Computing Javier Castellano Chad Brown Klaravich Stables & William Lawrence 1:55.98 $1,500,000 [37]
2016 Exaggerator Kent Desormeaux J. Keith Desormeaux Big Chief Racing LLC et al. 1:58.31 $1,500,000 [38]
2015 American Pharoah + Victor Espinoza Bob Baffert Zayat Stables, LLC 1:58.46 $1,500,000 [39]
2014 California Chrome Victor Espinoza Art Sherman Steve Coburn & Perry Martin 1:54.84 $1,500,000 [40]
2013 Oxbow Gary Stevens D. Wayne Lukas Calumet Farm 1:57.54 $1,000,000 [41]
2012 I'll Have Another Mario Gutierrez Doug O'Neill J. Paul Reddam 1:55.94 $1,000,000 [42]
2011 Shackleford Jesus Castanon Dale Romans Mike Lauffer & W. Cubbedge 1:56.47 $1,500,000 [43]
2010 Lookin At Lucky Martin Garcia Bob Baffert Michael Pegram 1:55.47 $1,000,000 [44]
2009 Rachel Alexandra ? Calvin Borel Steve Asmussen Stonestreet Stab./H.McCormick 1:55.08 $1,100,000 [45]
2008 Big Brown Kent Desormeaux Richard Dutrow IEAH Stables & Paul Pompa 1:54.86 $1,000,000 [46]
2007 Curlin Robby Albarado Steve Asmussen Stonestreet Stables 1:53.46 $1,000,000 [47]
2006 Bernardini Javier Castellano Tom Albertrani Darley Stables 1:54.65 $1,000,000 [48]
2005 Afleet Alex Jeremy Rose Timothy Ritchey Cash Is King Stable 1:55.04 $1,000,000 [49]
2004 Smarty Jones Stewart Elliott John Servis Someday Farm 1:55.59 $1,000,000 [50]
2003 Funny Cide Jose Santos Barclay Tagg Sackatoga Stable 1:55.61 $1,000,000 [51]
2002 War Emblem Victor Espinoza Bob Baffert The Thoroughbred Corp. 1:56.40 $1,000,000 [52]
2001 Point Given Gary Stevens Bob Baffert The Thoroughbred Corp. 1:55.40 $1,000,000 [53]
2000 Red Bullet Jerry Bailey Joe Orseno Stronach Stables 1:56.00 $1,000,000 [54]
1999 Charismatic Chris Antley D. Wayne Lukas Bob & Beverly Lewis 1:55.20 $1,000,000 [55]
1998 Real Quiet Kent Desormeaux Bob Baffert Michael Pegram 1:54.60 $1,000,000 [56]
1997 Silver Charm Gary Stevens Bob Baffert Bob & Beverly Lewis 1:54.80 $1,000,000 [57]
1996 Louis Quatorze Pat Day Nick Zito Condren/Cornacchia/Hofmann 1:53.40 $800,000 [58]
1995 Timber Country Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas Overbrook/Lewis/Gainesway 1:54.40 $750,000 [59]
1994 Tabasco Cat Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas D. P. Reynolds & Overbrook 1:56.40 $750,000 [60]
1993 Prairie Bayou Mike Smith Tom Bohannan Loblolly Stable 1:56.60 $750,000 [61]
1992 Pine Bluff Chris McCarron Tom Bohannan Loblolly Stable 1:55.60 $750,000 [62]
1991 Hansel Jerry Bailey Frank L. Brothers Lazy Lane Farms 1:54.00 $750,000 [63]
1990 Summer Squall Pat Day Neil J. Howard Dogwood Stable 1:53.60 $750,000
1989 Sunday Silence Pat Valenzuela Char.Whittingham H-G-W Partners 1:53.80 $750,000
1988 Risen Star Ed Delahoussaye Louie Roussel Louie Roussel & R. Lamarque 1:56.20 $700,000
1987 Alysheba Chris McCarron Jack Van Berg Dorothy Scharbauer 1:55.80 $700,000
1986 Snow Chief Alex Solis Melvin F. Stute Carl Grinstead 1:54.80 $700,000
1985 Tank's Prospect Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas Eugene V. Klein 1:53.40 $700,000
1984 Gate Dancer Angel Cordero Jack Van Berg Kenneth Opstein 1:53.60 $400,000
1983 Deputed Testamony Donnie Miller Jr. J. William Boniface Bonita Farm 1:55.40 $400,000
1982 Aloma's Ruler Jack Kaenel John J. Lenzini Jr. Nathan Scherr 1:55.40 $350,000
1981 Pleasant Colony Jorge Velásquez John P. Campo Buckland Farm 1:54.60 $350,000
1980 Codex Angel Cordero D. Wayne Lukas Tartan Stable 1:54.20 $300,000
1979 Spectacular Bid Ronnie Franklin Bud Delp Hawksworth Farm 1:54.20 $300,000
1978 Affirmed + Steve Cauthen Laz Barrera Harbor View Farm 1:54.40 $250,000
1977 Seattle Slew + Jean Cruguet Bill Turner Karen L. Taylor 1:54.40 $250,000
1976 Elocutionist John Lively Paul T. Adwell Eugene C. Cashman 1:55.00 $250,000
1975 Master Derby Darrel McHargue Smiley Adams Golden Chance Farm 1:56.40 $250,000
1974 Little Current Miguel A. Rivera Lou Rondinello Darby Dan Farm 1:54.60 $250,000
1973 Secretariat + Ron Turcotte Lucien Laurin Meadow Stable 1:53.00 $250,000
1972 Bee Bee Bee Eldon Nelson Del W. Carroll William S. Farish III 1:55.60 $250,000
1971 Canonero II Gustavo Ávila Juan Arias Edgar Caibett 1:54.00 $250,000
1970 Personality Eddie Belmonte John W. Jacobs Ethel D. Jacobs 1:56.20 $200,000
1969 Majestic Prince Bill Hartack Johnny Longden Frank M. McMahon 1:55.60 $200,000
1968 Forward Pass Ismael Valenzuela Henry Forrest Calumet Farm 1:56.80 $200,000
1967 Damascus Bill Shoemaker Frank Whiteley Edith W. Bancroft 1:55.20 $200,000
1966 Kauai King Don Brumfield Henry Forrest Ford Stable 1:55.40 $200,000
1965 Tom Rolfe Ron Turcotte Frank Whiteley Powhatan Stable 1:56.20 $200,000
1964 Northern Dancer Bill Hartack Horatio Luro Windfields Farm 1:56.80 $200,000
1963 Candy Spots Bill Shoemaker Mesh Tenney Rex C. Ellsworth 1:56.20 $200,000
1962 Greek Money John L. Rotz Virgil W. Raines Brandywine Stable 1:56.20 $200,000
1961 Carry Back Johnny Sellers Jack A. Price Katherine Price 1:57.60 $200,000
1960 Bally Ache Bobby Ussery Jimmy Pitt Turfland 1:57.60 $250,000
1959 Royal Orbit William Harmatz Reggie Cornell Halina Gregory Braunstein 1:57.00 $250,000
1958 Tim Tam Ismael Valenzuela Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1:57.20 $165,000
1957 Bold Ruler Eddie Arcaro Jim Fitzsimmons Wheatley Stable 1:56.20 $110,000
1956 Fabius Bill Hartack Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1:58.40 $150,000
1955 Nashua Eddie Arcaro Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1:54.60 $110,000
1954 Hasty Road John H. Adams Harry Trotsek Hasty House Farm 1:57.40 $150,000
1953 Native Dancer Eric Guerin Bill Winfrey Alfred G. Vanderbilt II 1:57.80 $110,000
1952 Blue Man Conn McCreary Woody Stephens White Oak Stable 1:57.40 $150,000
1951 Bold Eddie Arcaro Preston M. Burch Brookmeade Stable 1:56.40 $150,000
1950 Hill Prince Eddie Arcaro Casey Hayes Christopher Chenery 1:59.20 $100,000
1949 Capot Ted Atkinson John M. Gaver Sr. Greentree Stable 1:56.00 $150,000
1948 Citation + Eddie Arcaro Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 2:02.40 $160,000
1947 Faultless Douglas Dodson Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm 1:59.00 $160,000
1946 Assault + Warren Mehrtens Max Hirsch King Ranch 2:01.40 $160,000
1945 Polynesian Wayne D. Wright Morris H. Dixon Gertrude T. Widener 1:58.80 $110,000
1944 Pensive Conn McCreary Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1:59.20 $100,000
1943 Count Fleet + Johnny Longden Don Cameron Fannie Hertz 1:57.40 $75,000
1942 Alsab Basil James Sarge Swenke Mrs. Albert Sabath 1:57.00 $100,000
1941 Whirlaway + Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1:58.80 $75,000
1940 Bimelech Fred A. Smith William A. Hurley Edward R. Bradley 1:58.60 $75,000
1939 Challedon George Seabo Louis Schaefer William L. Brann 1:59.80 $75,000
1938 Dauber Maurice Peters Richard E. Handlen Foxcatcher Farms 1:59.80 $75,000
1937 War Admiral + Charley Kurtsinger George Conway Glen Riddle Farm 1:58.40 $75,000
1936 Bold Venture George Woolf Max Hirsch Morton L. Schwartz 1:59.00 $50,000
1935 Omaha + Willie Saunders Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1:58.40 $50,000
1934 High Quest Robert Jones Robert Augustus Smith Brookmeade Stable 1:58.20 $50,000
1933 Head Play Charley Kurtsinger Thomas P. Hayes Suzanne Mason 2:02.00 $50,000
1932 Burgoo King Eugene James H. J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 1:59.80 $90,000
1931 Mate George Ellis James W. Healy Albert C. Bostwick Jr. 1:59.00 $90,000
1930 Gallant Fox + Earl Sande Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 2:00.60 $90,000
1929 Dr. Freeland Louis Schaefer Thomas J. Healey Walter J. Salmon Sr. 2:01.60 $90,000
1928 Victorian Raymond Workman James G. Rowe Jr. Harry P. Whitney 2:00.20 $90,000
1927 Bostonian Whitey Abel Fred Hopkins Harry P. Whitney 2:01.60 $100,000
1926 Display John Maiben Thomas J. Healey Walter J. Salmon Sr. 1:59.80 $90,000
1925 Coventry Clarence Kummer William B. Duke Gifford A. Cochran 1:59.00 $90,000
1924 Nellie Morse ? John Merimee Albert B. Gordon Bud Fisher 1:57.20 $90,000
1923 Vigil Benny Marinelli Thomas J. Healey Walter J. Salmon Sr. 1:53.60 $90,000
1922 Pillory Louis Morris Thomas J. Healey Richard T. Wilson Jr. 1:51.60 $90,000
1921 Broomspun Frank Coltiletti James G. Rowe Sr. Harry P. Whitney 1:54.20 $75,000
1920 Man o' War Clarence Kummer Louis Feustel Glen Riddle Farm 1:51.60 $40,000
1919 Sir Barton + Johnny Loftus H. Guy Bedwell J. K. L. Ross 1:53.00 $40,000
1918 War Cloud Johnny Loftus Walter B. Jennings A. Kingsley Macomber 1:53.60 $20,000
1918 Jack Hare Jr. Charles Peak Frank D. Weir William E. Applegate 1:53.40 $20,000
1917 Kalitan Everett Haynes Bill Hurley Edward R. Bradley 1:54.40 $7,500
1916 Damrosch Linus McAtee Albert G. Weston J. K. L. Ross 1:54.80 $2,000
1915 Rhine Maiden ? Douglas Hoffman Frank Devers Edward F. Whitney 1:58.00 $2,000
1914 Holiday Andy Schuttinger J. Simon Healy Mrs. Archibald Barklie 1:53.80 $2,000
1913 Buskin James Butwell John Whalen John Whalen 1:53.40 $3,000
1912 Colonel Holloway Clarence Turner Dave Woodford Beverwyck Stable 1:56.60 $2,500
1911 Watervale Eddie Dugan John Whalen August Belmont Jr. 1:51.00 $4,500
1910 Layminster Roy Estep J. Simon Healy Edward B. Cassatt 1 mile 1:40.60 $5,500
1909 Effendi Willie Doyle Frank C. Frisbie W. T. Ryan 1 mile 1:39.80 $5,500
1908 Royal Tourist Eddie Dugan A. Jack Joyner Harry P. Whitney 1:46.40 $4,000
1907 Don Enrique George Mountain John Whalen August Belmont Jr. 1 mile 70 yards 1:45.40 $3,800
1906 Whimsical ? Walter Miller Tim J. Gaynor Tim J. Gaynor 1 mile 70 yards 1:45.00 $3,800
1905 Cairngorm Willie Davis A. Jack Joyner Sydney Paget 1 mile 70 yards 1:45.80 $3,600
1904 Bryn Mawr Gene Hildebrand W. Fred Presgrave Goughacres Stable 1 mile 70 yards 1:44.20 $3,800
1903 Flocarline ? William Gannon Henry C. Riddle Myron H. Tichenor 1 mile 70 yards 1:44.80 $3,000
1902 Old England Lee Jackson Green B. Morris Green B. Morris 1 mile 70 yards 1:45.80 $3,750
1901 The Parader Frank Landry Thomas J. Healey Richard T. Wilson Jr. 1 mile 70 yards 1:47.20 $2,650
1900 Hindus Henry Spencer John H. Morris George J. Long 1:48.40 $3,000
1899 Half Time Richard Clawson Frank McCabe Philip J. Dwyer 1:47.00 $2,500
1898 Sly Fox Willie Simms Hardy Campbell Jr. Charles F. Dwyer 1:49.75 $2,400
1897 Paul Kauvar T. Thorpe Thomas P. Hayes Thomas P. Hayes 1:51.25 $2,400
1896 Margrave Henry Griffin Byron McClelland August Belmont Jr. 1:51.00 $2,250
1895 Belmar Fred Taral Edward Feakes Preakness Stables 1:50.50 $2,250
1894 Assignee Fred Taral William Lakeland James & Foxhall Keene 1:49.25 $3,000
1893 no race held
1892 no race held
1891 no race held
1890 Montague Willie Martin Edward Feakes Preakness Stables 2:36.75 $2,000
1889 Buddhist George Anderson John W. Rogers Samuel S. Brown 2:17.50 $2,000
1888 Refund Fred Littlefield R. W. Walden R. W. Walden 2:49.00 $2,000
1887 Dunboyne William Donohue William Jennings Sr. William Jennings Sr. 2:39.50 $2,500
1886 The Bard Sam H. Fisher John Huggins A. J. Cassatt 2:45.00 $3,000
1885 Tecumseh Jim McLaughlin Charles S. Littlefield W. Donohue 2:49.00 $3,000
1884 Knight of Ellerslie Sam H. Fisher Thomas Doswell Richard J. Hancock & Thomas Doswell 2:39.50 $3,000
1883 Jacobus George Barbee Richard Dwyer James E. Kelley 2:42.50 $2,500
1882 Vanguard Tom Costello R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 2:44.50 $2,000
1881 Saunterer Tom Costello R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 2:40.50 $3,000
1880 Grenada Lloyd Hughes R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 2:40.50 $3,000
1879 Harold Lloyd Hughes R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 2:40.50 $4,000
1878 Duke of Magenta Cyrus Holloway R. W. Walden George L. Lorillard 2:41.75 $3,500
1877 Cloverbrook Cyrus Holloway Jeter Walden Edward A. Clabaugh 2:45.50 $2,500
1876 Shirley George Barbee William Brown Pierre Lorillard IV 2:44.75 $3,000
1875 Tom Ochiltree Lloyd Hughes R. W. Walden John F. Chamberlain 2:43.50 $3,000
1874 Culpepper William Donohue Hugh Gaffney Hugh Gaffney 2:56.50 $3,000
1873 Survivor George Barbee A. Davis Pryor John F. Chamberlain 2:43.00 $3,000
  • Notes:
Timed to ​ second 1873 to 1899, to ​ second 1900 to 2002, to 0.01 second since 2003.
All winners have been three years old, except Montague in 1890 who was five years old.[7]

A + designates a Triple Crown Winner.
A ? designates a filly.
§ D. Wayne Lukas swept the 1995 Triple Crown with two different horses.[64]

See also


  1. ^ "145th Preakness Stakes date set in October". WBAL. May 16, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "Preakness to be run without fans as Maryland continues to cope with coronavirus pandemic". Baltimore Sun. September 2, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ "Preakness Stakes - Preakness Origins". Archived from the original on May 2, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ Dandrea, Phil (2010). Sham: Great Was Second Best. Acanthus Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9842173-3-5.
  5. ^ Pick, William; Johnson, R. (1803). The Turf Register (Volume I). A. Bartholoman, High-Ousegate.
  6. ^ "Rogers, Mike. "History Fills Old Hilltop", PressBox (Baltimore), April 2009". Archived from the original on June 12, 2012. Retrieved 2009.
  7. ^ a b c Sowers, Richard B. The Kentucky Derby, Preakness, and Belmont: A Comprehensive History
  8. ^ "Preakness Stakes - History". Archived from the original on April 13, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "Md. legislators OK billon buying Preakness Stakes". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ Walker, Childs (May 17, 2017). "Preakness 2017: Shifting the Preakness from Pimlico to Laurel Park might not be such a long shot". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ Barker, Jeff; Wood, Pamela (October 5, 2019). "'Historic' deal aims to keep Preakness in Baltimore; track owner, city reach agreement after 4 months of talks". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ Hegarty, Matt (October 5, 2019). "Coalition lays out plan for major redevelopment of Pimlico, Laurel". Daily Racing Form. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ "Pimlico to be renovated, keep Preakness after bill passes". NBC. May 9, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  14. ^ Turf'n'Sport Archived April 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved on May 4, 2009.
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