President of Afghanistan
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President of Afghanistan
President of the
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

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National emblem of Afghanistan.svg
Standard of the President of Afghanistan.svg
Afghan President Ashraf Ghani December 2014 (cropped).jpg
Ashraf Ghani

since 29 September 2014
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
His Excellency (Diplomatic)
ResidencePresidential Citadel, Kabul, Afghanistan
AppointerDirect election
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Inaugural holderMohammed Daoud Khan (Republic)
Hamid Karzai (Islamic Republic)
FormationJuly 17, 1973 (Republic)
December 7, 2004 (Islamic Republic)
DeputyVice President of Afghanistan
Salary960,000 AFN per month[1]
WebsiteOffice of the President

The president of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is the head of state and head of government of Afghanistan. The incumbent office holder is Ashraf Ghani.

Before the office of the president of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was created in 2004, Afghanistan has been an Islamic republic between 1973 and 1992 and from 2001 onward. Before 1973, it was a monarchy. Between 1992 and 2001, during the civil war, the country was recognized as the Islamic State of Afghanistan, and later the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.

Eligibility and selection process

Article 62 of the Constitution of Afghanistan of 2004 states that a candidate for the office of President:[2]


The Constitution of Afghanistan grants the president wide powers over military and legislative affairs, with a relatively small national bicameral national assembly, the Wolesi Jirga (House of the People) and Meshrano Jirga (House of Elders). A president can only serve up to two five-year terms. Hamid Karzai started his first five-year term in 2004.[3] After his second term ended in 2014, Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai was chosen as the next president.

Latest election

Candidate Nominating party First round Second round (final result)
Votes % Votes %
Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai Independent 2,084,547 31.56 4,485,888 56.44
Abdullah Abdullah National Coalition 2,972,141 45.00 3,461,639 43.56
Zalmai Rassoul Independent 750,997 11.37
Abdul Rasul Sayyaf Islamic Dawa 465,207 7.04
Qutbuddin Hilal Independent 181,827 2.75
Gul Agha Sherzai Independent 103,636 1.57
Mohammad Daud Sultanzoy Independent 30,685 0.46
Hedayat Amin Arsala Independent 15,506 0.23
Invalid/blank votes - -
Total 6,604,546 100 7,947,527 100
Registered votes/turnout
Source: IEC IEC
The presidential palace

See also


  1. ^ Wadsam (1 June 2013). "Afghanistan's lower house approves President Karzai's salary and expenses amount".
  2. ^ "The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan". Government of Afghanistan. Archived from the original on 5 March 2009. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ "Meshrano Jirga". Government of Afghanistan. Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved . The Meshrano Jirga of the National Assembly of Afghanistan consists of 102 members. Two-thirds were elected indirectly through Provincial Councils (one-third representing the Provincial Councils and one-third representing the District Councils) and one-third were appointed by the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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