|President of the Syrian Arab Republic |
|Residence||People's Palace and Tishreen Palace, Damascus|
|Term length||Seven years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Shukri al-Quwatli|
|Formation||17 April 1946|
|Deputy||Vice President of Syria|
The President of Syria is the head of state of the Syrian Arab Republic. He is vested with sweeping powers that may be delegated, at his sole discretion, to his Vice Presidents. He appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister and other members of the Council of Ministers (the cabinet) and military officers.
According to article 88 of the Syrian constitution, the president runs for a 7-year term after he is elected, and can only be reelected for one more term.
According to articles 84 and 85 of the Syrian constitution, the candidate for the office of President of the Republic must:
On 31 January 1973, Hafez al-Assad implemented the new Constitution, which led to a national crisis. Unlike previous constitutions, this one did not require that the president of Syria must be a Muslim, leading to fierce demonstrations in Hama, Homs and Aleppo organized by the Muslim Brotherhood and the ulama. They labeled Assad as the "enemy of God" and called for a jihad against his rule.Robert D. Kaplan has compared Assad's coming to power to "an untouchable becoming maharajah in India or a Jew becoming tsar in Russia--an unprecedented development shocking to the Sunni majority population which had monopolized power for so many centuries."
Apart from executive authority relating to a wide range of governmental functions including foreign affairs, the president has the right to dissolve the People's Council, in which case a new council must be elected within ninety days from the date of dissolution.
|Bashar al-Assad||Ba'ath Party||10,319,723||88.7|
|Source: SANA, SANA|