Prince Philippe of Belgium, Count of Flanders (24 March 1837 - 17 November 1905) was the third born and second surviving son of Leopold I, King of the Belgians and his wife Louise d'Orléans (1812-1850).
Born at the Château de
Laeken, near Brussels, Belgium, he was created Count of Flanders on 14 December 1840. Upon the death of his nephew, Prince Leopold, Duke of Brabant, Philippe became heir presumptive to the Belgian throne, from 1869 until his own death in 1905.
In 1866, after the abdication of
Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Prince of Romania, he refused being named the new Romanian sovereign, and the throne was later accepted by Carol I.  Earlier, Philippe had also refused the crown of  Greece, which was offered to him in 1862.
Marriage and issue
On 25 April 1867 at
St. Hedwig's Cathedral in Berlin, he married Marie Luise Alexandra Caroline, Princess of Hohenzollern, (1845-1912), daughter of Karl Anton von Hohenzollern (1811-1885) and his wife Josephine of Baden (1813-1900).
Their children were:
He died in his residence the
Palace of the Count of Flanders, and is buried at the Church of Our Lady of Laeken. He was succeeded as heir presumptive to the throne by his son, Albert.
He received the following decorations and awards:
 Domestic Foreign
Duchy of Anhalt: Grand Cross of Albert the Bear, 1874 
Austrian Empire: Grand Cross of St. Stephen, 1857 
Kingdom of Bavaria: Knight of St. Hubert
Empire of Brazil: Grand Cross of the Southern Cross
Denmark: Knight of the Elephant, 1 November 1875 
Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, 1853 
French Empire: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour
Hohenzollern: Cross of Honour of the Princely House Order of Hohenzollern, 1st Class
Holy See: Grand Cross of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem 
Sovereign Military Order of Malta: Bailiff Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion 
Empire of Japan: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum, 5 November 1898 
Netherlands: Grand Cross of the Netherlands Lion
Luxembourg: Knight of the Gold Lion of Nassau
Ottoman Empire: Order of Osmanieh, 1st Class
Kingdom of Portugal: Grand Cross of the Tower and Sword, 12 December 1854 
Kingdom of Prussia:
Kingdom of Romania: Grand Cross of the Star of Romania
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: Grand Cross of the White Falcon, 20 September 1854 
Kingdom of Saxony: Knight of the Rue Crown, 1857 
Sweden-Norway:  Württemberg: Grand Cross of the Württemberg Crown, 1864 
Coat of Arms of the Count of Flanders (1837-1909)
Royal Monogram of Prince Philippe of Belgium, Count of Flanders
Ancestors of Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders
Keith Hitchins (1994). Rumania, 1866-1947. Oxford University Press. p. 13. ISBN . 0-19-822126-6
^ Carol I of Romania was the brother in law of Philippe, count of Flanders.
A. Manceaux, Imprimeur-Libraire, ed. (1905). (in French). Brussels. p. 8. Almanach de poche de Bruxelles et de ses faubourgs
^ Almanach royal de Belgique: Classé Et Mis En Ordre Par H. Tarlier
(1883), "Herzoglicher Haus-Orden Albrecht des Bären" p. 16 Hof- und Staats-Handbuch für des Herzogtum Anhalt
"A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1865), "Großherzogliche Orden" p. 55
Jørgen Pedersen (2009). (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. p. 463. Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559-2009 ISBN . 978-87-7674-434-2
Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1854), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 26
. Librairie polytechnique De Decq. 1870. p. 17. Almanach royal officiel de Belgique
^ a b c Justus Perthes,
Almanach de Gotha 1905 (1905) page 19
? (2017). (PDF) (in Japanese). ?. p. 149.
Bragança, Jose Vicente de (2014). "Agraciamentos Portugueses Aos Príncipes da Casa Saxe-Coburgo-Gota" [Portuguese Honours awarded to Princes of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha]. Pro Phalaris (in Portuguese). 9-10: 10 . Retrieved 2019.
Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach. "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 13. Weimar: Böhlau, 1859.
Staatshandbuch für den Freistaat Sachsen (1867) (in German), "Königliche Ritter-Orden", p. 4
. Real y distinguida orden de Carlos III Guía Oficial de España (in Spanish). 1904. p. 179 . Retrieved 2019.
. Caballeros de la insigne orden del toisón de oro Guía Oficial de España (in Spanish). 1904. p. 172 . Retrieved 2019.
Sveriges och Norges statskalender. Liberförlag. 1874. pp. 468, 703.
(1907), "Königliche Orden" p. 27 Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg
References Weintraub, Stanley,
Uncrowned King: The Life of Prince Albert, The Free Press, New York, 1997, p. 458. Willis, Daniel (also known as Daniel A. Brewer-Ward),
The Descendants of Louis XIII, Clearfield Co., Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, 1999, ISBN 0-8063-4942-5, p. 99. NEXUS Jan/Feb 1998, Vol. XV, No. 1, p. 32.
Damien Bilteryst, Philippe Comte de Flandre, Frère de Léopold II, Bruxelles, Editions Racine, juin 2014, 336 p.