|Carolina of Parma|
|Princess of Saxony|
Princess Carolina portrayed by Anton Graff, 1792
|Born||22 November 1770|
Ducal Palace of Colorno, Parma
|Died||1 March 1804 (aged 33)|
Dresden Castle, Dresden
|Issue||Princess Maria Amalie|
Maria Ferdinanda, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Frederick Augustus II, King of Saxony
Maria Anna, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
John, King of Saxony
Maria Josepha Amalia, Queen of Spain
|Father||Ferdinand, Duke of Parma|
|Mother||Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria|
Carolina Maria Teresa Giuseppa of Parma (22 November 1770 – 1 March 1804) was a Princess of Parma by birth, and Princess of Saxony by marriage to Prince Maximilian of Saxony. Carolina was the eldest child of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma, and his wife Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria.
Carolina was the eldest of nine children born to Ferdinand, Duke of Parma by his wife Maria Amalia of Austria. By the time of the visit of her maternal aunt Maria Christina in Parma in 1774, she was described as a beautiful but melancholic child. Carolina and her brother Louis were the favorites of their parents. They were personally instructed in religion by their father, despite the fact that their younger children was actually more interested in the subject than they were. In 1778, her brother Luigi hit his head on a marble table while playing with Carolina, and afterward suffered from epilepsy.
The mother of Carolina preferred her to marry a German prince. Reportedly, however, her marriage was not arranged. Instead, her mother introduced Carolina to Maximilian during his frequent trips to Italy, and when the Parmesan Ducal family visited Saxony in the late 1780s, Carolina was able to spend time with Maximilian and reportedly fell in love with him. Consequently, she was described as eager to marry him, and her mother Amalia gave her permission despite the fact that Maximilian was not the heir to a throne. The marriage and life of Carolina in Saxony are described as happy and harmonious. When her mother moved to Prague in 1804, she was able to have more contact with her, though she was not able to visit her before her death.
They had seven children:
|Ancestors of Princess Carolina of Parma|