|Milica of Serbia|
Fresco from the Ljubostinje monastery (1402-1405)
|Died||November 11, 1405|
|Spouse||Lazar of Serbia|
Princess Milica Hrebeljanovi? née Nemanji? (Serbian: ? · ca. 1335 - November 11, 1405) also known as Empress (Tsaritsa) Milica, was a royal consort of Serbia. Her husband was Serbian Prince Lazar and her children included despot Stefan Lazarevi?, and Jelena Lazarevi?, whose husband was ?ura? II Bal?i?. She is the author of "A Mother's Prayer" (Serbian: ? ) and a famously moving poem of mourning for her husband, My Widowhood's Bridegroom (Serbian: ).
She was the daughter of Prince Vratko Nemanji? (known in Serb epic poetry as Jug Bogdan), who as a great-grandson of Vukan Nemanji?, Grand Prince of Serbia (ruled 1202-1204)), was part of a collateral, elder branch of the Nemanji? dynasty. Her husband was Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovi?. She was the fourth cousin once removed of Emperor Du?an of Serbia.
After the death of her husband at the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, Milica ruled Serbia until 1393 when her son, Stefan Lazarevi? Hrebeljanovi?, came of age to take the throne. At that time, much wisdom and personal courage was needed to reign in a country which was nominally free but always under threat of invading forces, from the East and the West. It was difficult to maintain a national spirit without provoking neighbouring kingdoms or pashaluks to raid or plunder. Milica proved herself an able ruler of the country at a very trying time. Her personal tragedy (losing her husband and sending her daughter Mileva (Olivera Despina) to marry Bayezid I, who had ordered the execution of her husband Prince Lazar in 1389) did not interfere with her carrying out her duties. She founded the Ljubostinja monastery around 1390 and later took monastic vows at her monastery and became the nun Eugenia (, later abbess Euphrosine, ) around 1393.
In 1403, Eugenia went to the Sultan at Serres, arguing in favour of her son Stefan Lazarevi? in a complicated dispute that had emerged between her two sons and Brankovi?.
She was buried in Ljubostinja, her monastery. She was canonized by the Serbian Orthodox Church. Princess Milica was also a writer. She wrote several prayers and religious poems. It appears that her grief and loneliness were captured in her highly lyrical and poetic address to Prince Lazar (Hrebeljanovi?). Although conceived as a church hymn, it contains a personal note and lyrical tones unusual for solemn and somber church hymnody.
With Prince Lazar she had the following sons:
and following daughters:
Several streets throughout Central Serbia are named after the Princess. In the once thriving industrial city of Trstenik, Serbia, the main street that runs directly through city center is named Kneginje Milice. Trstenik, Serbia, is the closest major city to her burial site at Ljubostinja Monastery.