Princess Milica of Serbia
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Princess Milica of Serbia
Milica of Serbia
Milica Ljubostinja1.jpg
Fresco from the Ljubostinje monastery (1402-1405)
Born1335
DiedNovember 11, 1405
Burial
SpouseLazar of Serbia
IssueStefan Lazarevi?
HouseNemanji? dynasty
FatherVratko Nemanji?
ReligionSerbian Orthodox

Princess Milica Hrebeljanovi? née Nemanji? (Serbian: ? · ca. 1335 - November 11, 1405) also known as Empress (Tsaritsa) Milica, was a royal consort of Serbia. Her husband was Serbian Prince Lazar and her children included despot Stefan Lazarevi?, and Jelena Lazarevi?, whose husband was ?ura? II Bal?i?. She is the author of "A Mother's Prayer" (Serbian: ? ) and a famously moving poem of mourning for her husband, My Widowhood's Bridegroom (Serbian: ).

Statue of Princess Milica in Trstenik

Biography

She was the daughter of Prince Vratko Nemanji? (known in Serb epic poetry as Jug Bogdan), who as a great-grandson of Vukan Nemanji?, Grand Prince of Serbia (ruled 1202-1204)), was part of a collateral, elder branch of the Nemanji? dynasty. Her husband was Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovi?. She was the fourth cousin once removed of Emperor Du?an of Serbia.

After the death of her husband at the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, Milica ruled Serbia until 1393 when her son, Stefan Lazarevi? Hrebeljanovi?, came of age to take the throne.[1] At that time, much wisdom and personal courage was needed to reign in a country which was nominally free but always under threat of invading forces, from the East and the West. It was difficult to maintain a national spirit without provoking neighbouring kingdoms or pashaluks to raid or plunder. Milica proved herself an able ruler of the country at a very trying time. Her personal tragedy (losing her husband and sending her daughter Mileva (Olivera Despina) to marry Bayezid I, who had ordered the execution of her husband Prince Lazar in 1389) did not interfere with her carrying out her duties. She founded the Ljubostinja monastery around 1390 and later took monastic vows at her monastery and became the nun Eugenia (, later abbess Euphrosine, ) around 1393.[2]

Ljubostinja monastery was founded by Princess Milica

In 1397 she issued the "A Mother's Prayer" together with her sons at the De?ani monastery.[3] She commissioned the repairing of the bronze horos of De?ani.[2]

In later diplomatic negotiations with Sultan Bayezid I, Eugenia and Euphemia, the former Vasilissa of Serres, both travelled to the Sultan's court in 1398/99.[4]

In 1403, Eugenia went to the Sultan at Serres, arguing in favour of her son Stefan Lazarevi? in a complicated dispute that had emerged between her two sons and Brankovi?.[2]

She was buried in Ljubostinja, her monastery. She was canonized by the Serbian Orthodox Church. Princess Milica was also a writer. She wrote several prayers and religious poems. It appears that her grief and loneliness were captured in her highly lyrical and poetic address to Prince Lazar (Hrebeljanovi?). Although conceived as a church hymn, it contains a personal note and lyrical tones unusual for solemn and somber church hymnody.

Family

With Prince Lazar she had the following sons:

and following daughters:

See also

Street names

Several streets throughout Central Serbia are named after the Princess. In the once thriving industrial city of Trstenik, Serbia, the main street that runs directly through city center is named Kneginje Milice. Trstenik, Serbia, is the closest major city to her burial site at Ljubostinja Monastery.

There is a Kneginje Milice street also located in Lazarevac, in borough Lukavica. The street is about 250 m long. Near that street is Kolubarski trg and Zivojina Zujovica street.

References

  1. ^ Vuji?, Joakim (2006), "The transformation of symbolic geography: Characteristics of the Serbian people", in Trencsényi, Balázs; Kope?ek, Michal (eds.), Late enlightenment emergence of the modern 'national idea, Budapest New York: Central European University Press, p. 115, ISBN 9789637326523.
  2. ^ a b c Gavrilovi?, Zaga (2006), "Women in Serbian politics, diplomacy and art at the beginning of Ottoman rule", in Jeffreys, Elizabeth M. (ed.), Byzantine style, religion, and civilization: in honour of Sir Steven Runciman, New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 75-78, ISBN 9780521834452.
  3. ^ Popovich, Ljubica D. (1994). "Portraits of Knjeginja Milica". Serbian Studies. North American Society for Serbian Studies. 8 (1-2): 94-95.Pdf.
  4. ^ ?irkovi?, Sima M.; Kora?, Vojislav; Babi?, Gordana (1986). Studenica Monastery. Belgrade: Jugoslovenska Revija. p. 144. OCLC 17159580.

Sources


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