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Princeton, New Jersey
Borough in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States
The New Jersey governor's official residence has been in Princeton since 1945, when Morven in what was then Princeton Borough became the first Governor's mansion. It was later replaced by the larger Drumthwacket, a colonial mansion located in the former Township. Morven became a museum property of the New Jersey Historical Society.
Princeton was ranked 15th of the top 100 towns in the United States to Live In by Money magazine in 2005.
Throughout much of its history, the community was composed of two separate municipalities: a township and a borough. The central borough was completely surrounded by the township. The borough seceded from the township in 1894 in a dispute over school taxes; the two municipalities later formed the Princeton Public Schools, and some other public services were conducted together before they were reunited into a single Princeton in January 2013. Princeton Borough contained Nassau Street, the main commercial street, most of the University campus, and incorporated most of the urban area until the postwar suburbanization. The borough and township had roughly equal populations.
Europeans settled into the area in the late part of the 17th century, arriving from Delaware to settle West Jersey, and from New York to settle East Jersey, with the site destined to become Princeton being amid the wilderness between these two boroughs. The first European to find his home in the boundaries of the future municipality was Henry Greenland. He built his house in 1683 along with a tavern, where representatives of West and East Jersey met to set the boundaries between the two provinces. Greenland's son-in-law Daniel Brimson inhabited the area by 1690, and left property in a will dated 1696.
Then, Princeton was known only as part of nearby Stony Brook,. Nathaniel Fitz Randolph, a native of the town, attested in his private journal on December 28, 1758, that Princeton was named in 1724 upon the making/construction of the first house in the area by James Leonard, who first referred to the community as Princetown when describing the location of his large estate in his diary. The community was later known by a variety of names, including: Princetown, Prince's Town and finally Princeton. The name Princeton was first used in 1724 and became common within the subsequent decade. Although there is no official documentary backing, the municipality is said to be named after King William III, Prince William of Orange of the House of Nassau. Another theory suggests that the name came from a large land-owner named Henry Prince, but no evidence backs this contention. A royal prince seems a more likely eponym for the settlement, as three nearby towns had names for royalty: Kingston, Queenstown (in the vicinity of the intersection of Nassau and Harrison Streets) and Princessville (Lawrence Township).
Nassau Hall, which briefly served as the capitol of the United States of America in 1783
The Princeton campus, December 2016
Nassau Street at night, 2016
When Richard Stockton, one of the founders of the township, died in 1709 he left his estate to his sons, who helped to expand property and the population. Based on the 1880 United States Census, the population of Princeton comprised 3,209 persons (not including students). Local population has expanded from the nineteenth century. According to the 2010 Census, Princeton Borough had 12,307 inhabitants, while Princeton Township had 16,265. The numbers have become stagnant; since the arrival of the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University, in 1756, the town's population spikes every year during the fall and winter and drops significantly over the course of the summer.
In the pivotal Battle of Princeton in January 1777, George Washington forced the British to evacuate southern New Jersey. After the victory, Princeton hosted the first Legislature under the State Constitution to decide the State's seal, Governor and organization of its government. In addition, two of the original signers of the Declaration of Independence--Richard Stockton and John Witherspoon lived in Princeton. Princetonians honored their citizens' legacy by naming two streets in the downtown area after them.
On January 10, 1938, Henry Ewing Hale called for a group of citizens to establish a "Historical Society of Princeton." Later the Bainbridge House, constructed in 1766 by Job Stockton, would be dedicated for this purpose. Previously the house was used once for a meeting of Continental Congress in 1783, a general office, and as the Princeton Public Library. The House is owned by Princeton University and is leased to the Princeton Historical Society for one dollar per year. The house has kept its original staircase, flooring and paneled walls. Around 70% of the house has been unaltered. Aside from safety features such as wheelchair access and electrical work, the house was has been restored to its original look.
During the most stirring events in its history, Princeton was a wide spot in the road; the boundary between Somerset County and Middlesex County ran right through Princeton, along the high road between New York and Philadelphia, now Nassau Street. When Mercer County was formed in 1838, part of West Windsor Township was added to the portion of Montgomery Township which was included in the new county, and made into Princeton Township; the area between the southern boundary of the former Borough and the Delaware and Raritan Canal was added to Princeton Township in 1853. Princeton Borough became a separate municipality in 1894.
In the early nineteenth century, New Jersey boroughs had been quasi-independent subdivisions chartered within existing townships that did not have full autonomy. Princeton Borough received such a charter in 1813, as part of Montgomery and West Windsor Townships; it continued to be part of Princeton Township until the Borough Act of 1894, which required that each township to form a single school district; rather than do so, Princeton Borough petitioned to be separated. (The two Princetons combined their public school systems in the decades before municipal consolidation.) Two minor boundary changes united the then site of the Princeton Hospital and of the Princeton Regional High School inside the Borough, in 1928 and 1951 respectively.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Princeton had a total area of 18.41 square miles (47.69 km2), including 17.95 square miles (46.48 km2) of land and 0.47 square miles (1.21 km2) of water (2.53%).
According to the Köppen climate classification system, Princeton, New Jersey has a hot-summer, wet all year, humid continental climate (Dfa). Dfa climates are characterized by at least one month having an average mean temperature = 50.0 °F (>= 10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature >= 71.6 °F (>= 22.0 °C), and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months, episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values >= 100 °F (>= 38 °C). On average, the wettest month of the year is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < 0 °F (< -18 °C). The plant hardiness zone at the Princeton Municipal Court is 6b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of -0.9 °F (-18.3 °C). The average seasonal (November-April) snowfall total is 24 to 30 inches (610 to 760 mm) and the average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.
Climate data for Princeton Municipal Court, Mercer County, NJ (1981-2010 Averages)
According to the website Data USA, Princeton has a population of 30,168 people, of which 85% are US citizens. The ethnic composition of the population is 20,393 White residents (67.6%), 4,636 Asian residents (15.4%), 2,533 Hispanic residents (8.4%), 1,819 Black residents (6.03%), and 618 Two+ residents (2.05%). The most common foreign languages are Chinese (1,800 speakers), Spanish (1,429 speakers), and French (618 speakers), but compared to other places, Princeton has a relatively high number of Scandinavian (425 speakers), Italian (465 speakers), and German (1,000 speakers).
Government and politics
Princeton is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 municipalities (of the 565) statewide, making it the most common form of government in New Jersey. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Princeton is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office, serves as Princeton's chief executive officer and nominates appointees to various boards and commissions subject to approval of the Council. The Mayor presides at Council meetings and votes in the case of a tie or a few other specific cases. The Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Council has administrative powers and is the policy-making body for Princeton. The Council approves appointments made by the Mayor. Council Members serve on various boards and committees and act as liaisons to certain Departments, Committees or Boards.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor of Princeton is Democrat Liz Lempert, whose term of office ends December 31, 2020. Members of the Princeton Council are Council President David F. Cohen (D, 2020), Leticia Fraga (D, 2020), Eve Niedergang (D, 2021), Dwaine Williamson (D, 2021), Michelle Pirone Lambros (D, 2023),and Mia Sacks (D, 2023).
In 2018, Princeton had an average property tax bill of $19,388, the highest in the county, compared to an average bill of $8,767 statewide.
Merger of borough and township
After four previous efforts at consolidation had failed, the residents of both the Borough of Princeton and the Township of Princeton voted on November 8, 2011, to merge the two municipalities into one. In Princeton Borough 1,385 voted for and 902 voted against, while in Princeton Township 3,542 voted for and 604 voted against. Proponents of the merger asserted that when the merger is completed the new municipality of Princeton would save $3.2 million as a result of some scaled down services including layoffs of 15 government workers including 9 police officers (however the measure itself does not mandate such layoffs). Opponents of the measure challenged the findings of a report citing a cost savings as unsubstantiated, and noted that voter representation would be reduced in a smaller government structure. The merger was the first in the state since 1997, when Pahaquarry Township voted to consolidate with Hardwick Township The consolidation took effect on January 1, 2013.
Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy. All officials are chosen at-large in partisan elections, with the executive serving a four-year term of office while the freeholders serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year. As of 2014[update], the County Executive is Brian M. Hughes (D, term ends December 31, 2015; Princeton). Mercer County's Freeholders are
Freeholder Chair Andrew Koontz (D, 2016; Princeton),
Freeholder Vice Chair Samuel T. Frisby, Sr. (2015; Trenton),
Ann M. Cannon (2015; East Windsor Township),
Anthony P. Carabelli (2016; Trenton),
John A. Cimino (2014, Hamilton Township),
Pasquale "Pat" Colavita, Jr. (2015; Lawrence Township) and
Lucylle R. S. Walter (2014; Ewing Township) Mercer County's constitutional officers are County Clerk Paula Sollami-Covello (D, 2015),
Sheriff John A. Kemler (D, 2014) and Surrogate Diane Gerofsky (D, 2016).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 18,049 registered voters in Princeton (a sum of the former Borough and Township's voters), of which 9,184 (50.9%) were registered as Democrats, 2,140 (11.9%) were registered as Republicans and 6,703 (37.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 22 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 75.4% of the vote (9,461 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 23.0% (2,882 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (205 votes), among the 14,752 ballots cast by the municipality's 20,328 registered voters (2,204 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 72.6%.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 58.8% of the vote (4,172 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 39.2% (2,780 votes), and other candidates with 2.0% (145 votes), among the 7,279 ballots cast by the municipality's 18,374 registered voters (182 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 39.6%.
Colleges and universities
Princeton University's Cuyler, Class of 1903, and Walker Halls are dormitories with Collegiate Gothic architecture
Princeton University's Fine Hall, home of its Department of Mathematics
Fuld Hall, home of the Institute for Advanced Study
The Princeton campus is known for having Albert Einstein lecture as well as being one of the eight Ivy League schools.
Princeton University, one of the world's most prominent research universities, is a dominant feature of the community. Established in 1746 as the College of New Jersey and relocated to Princeton ten years later, Princeton University's main campus has its historic center on Nassau Street and stretches south from there. Its James Forrestal satellite campus is located in Plainsboro Township, and some playing fields lie within adjacent West Windsor Township. Princeton University is often featured at or near the top of various national and global university rankings, topping the 2019 list of U.S. News & World Report.
Princeton Theological Seminary, the first and oldest seminary in America of the Presbyterian Church (USA), has its main academic campus in Princeton, with residential housing located just outside of Princeton in West Windsor Township.
In the early 1990s, redistricting occurred between the Community Park and Johnson Park School districts, as the population within both districts had increased due to residential development. Concerns were also raised about the largely white, wealthy student population attending Johnson Park (JP) and the more racially and economically diverse population at Community Park (CP). As a result of the redistricting, portions of the affluent Western Section neighborhood were redistricted to CP, and portions of the racially and economically diverse John Witherspoon neighborhood were redistricted to JP.
Eighth grade students from all of Mercer County are eligible to apply to attend the high school programs offered by the Mercer County Technical Schools, a county-wide vocational school district that offers full-time career and technical education at its Health Sciences Academy, STEM Academy and Academy of Culinary Arts, with no tuition charged to students for attendance.
The Princeton Public Library's current facility on Witherspoon Street was opened in April 2004 as part of the ongoing downtown redevelopment project and replaced a building dating from 1966. The library itself was founded in 1909.
The Princeton Learning Cooperative provides support for student-directed learning as "a hybrid of homeschooling and school" for teens.
Roads and highways
U.S. Route 206 in Princeton
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 126.95 miles (204.31 km) of roadways, of which 118.36 miles (190.48 km) were maintained by the municipality, 3.93 miles (6.32 km) by Mercer County, and 8.66 miles (13.94 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
A number of proposed highways around Princeton have been canceled. The Somerset Freeway (Interstate 95) was to pass just outside the municipality before ending in Hopewell (to the south) and Franklin (to the north). This project was canceled in 1980. Route 92 was supposed to remedy the lack of limited-access highways to the greater Princeton area. The road would have started at Route 1 near Ridge Road in South Brunswick and ended at Exit 8A of the Turnpike. However, that project was cancelled in 2006.
Princeton is roughly equidistant from New York City and Philadelphia. Since the 19th century, it has been connected by rail to both of these cities by the Princeton Branch rail line to the nearby Princeton Junction Station on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor. The Princeton train station was moved from under Blair Hall to a more southerly location on University Place in 1918, and was moved further southeast in 2013. Commuting to New York from Princeton became commonplace after the Second World War. While the Amtrak ride time is similar to New York and to Philadelphia, the commuter-train ride to New York -- via NJ Transit's Northeast Corridor Line -- is generally much faster than the equivalent train ride to Philadelphia, which involves a transfer to SEPTA trains in Trenton. NJ Transit provides shuttle service between the Princeton and Princeton Junction stations; the train is locally called the "Dinky", and has also been known as the "PJ&B" (for "Princeton Junction and Back"). Two train cars, or sometimes just one, are used.
Coach USA Suburban Transit operates frequent daily service to midtown NYC on the 100 route, and weekday rush-hour service to downtown NYC on the 600 route.
Princeton and Princeton University provide the FreeB and Tiger Transit local bus services.
Princeton Airport is a public airport lying 3 miles (5 km) north of Downtown Princeton in Montgomery Township. The private Forrestal Airport was located on Princeton University property, 2 miles (3 km) east of the main campus, from the early 1950s through the early 1990s.
On March 20, 2018, Scott L. Mielentz, a 56 year-old man from Lawrenceville entered the Panera Bread restaurant on Nassau Street to meet a friend. He began talking about suicide and mentioned that he had a gun. A second friend called 911 to warn them that Mielentz was planning to end his life. Half an hour later, Mielentz took out a black pistol and shouted, "I have a gun. Everyone out." At 10:28, the Princeton Police Department received a call from a man inside the restaurant, alerting them to the situation. Employees and customers fled the building. During the standoff with police, Mielentz called a woman and told her that he was planning to get himself shot by the police.
A Princeton officer was the first police officer to arrive at Panera. She went inside, where she encountered Mielentz, who pointed his gun at her. She retreated without firing. Other Princeton police officers then entered the rear of the restaurant and tried to talk to Mielentz, who responded by saying "Shoot me, just shoot me", and claiming that he was in pain and the government had cut off his OxyContin, as well as that he was a Vietnam War veteran who had killed over 1,000 people, the latter of which was proven to be false. The State Police TEAMS Unit and other officers responded to the scene, and a perimeter was established around the restaurant. During the four-hour standoff, negotiators offered him food and spoke sympathetically about his problems in order to establish a rapport. They asked if they could help him in any way, and he responded "Yes, shoot me." He would engage in a cycle of erratic behavior involving repeatedly raising his gun, standing up, lowering his gun, and sitting down. He continually repeated: "Just kill me. Do it for me, guys."
Mielentz was fatally shot around 2:45 p.m. Before the shooting, Mielentz walked out of the dining area he had occupied while holding the gun pointed forward and smoking a cigarette. He began counting down from five, and five rounds were fired at him, killing him. Toxicology tests found Valium in his blood.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Princeton include:
Note: this list does not include people whose only time in Princeton was as a student. Only selected faculty are shown, whose notability extends beyond their field into popular culture. See Faculty and Alumni lists above.
All of the members of Blues Traveler, as well as Chris Barron (see above) are from Princeton and were high school friends.
All sitting New Jersey governors since 1945 have had their official residence in Princeton, first at Morven and since 1982 at Drumthwacket, but not all have actually lived in these houses.
Princeton in popular culture
Princeton was the setting of the Academy Award-winning A Beautiful Mind about the schizophrenic mathematician John Nash. It was largely filmed in central New Jersey, including some Princeton locations. However, many scenes of "Princeton" were actually filmed at Fordham University's Rose Hill campus in the Bronx.
Historical films which used Princeton as a setting but were not filmed there include Wilson, a 1944 biographical film about Woodrow Wilson.
In his 1989 independent feature film Stage Fright, independent filmmaker Brad Mays shot a drama class scene in the Princeton High School auditorium, using PHS students as extras. On October 18, 2013, Mays' feature documentary I Grew Up in Princeton had its premiere showing at Princeton High School. The film, described in one Princeton newspaper as a "deeply personal 'coming-of-age story' that yields perspective on the role of perception in a town that was split racially, economically and sociologically", is a portrayal of life in the venerable university town during the tumultuous period of the late sixties through the early seventies.
Parts of Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen were filmed in Princeton. Megan Fox and Shia LaBeouf were filming on Princeton University campus for two days during the summer of 2008.
Scenes from the 2008 movie The Happening were filmed in Princeton.
TV and radio
The 1938 Orson Welles radio broadcast of The War of the Worlds, is set partly in nearby Grover's Mill, and includes a fictional professor from Princeton University as a main character, but the action never moves directly into Princeton.
The TV show House was set in Princeton, at the fictional Princeton-Plainsboro Teaching Hospital, and establishing shots for the hospital display the Frist Campus Center of Princeton University. The actual University Medical Center of Princeton at Plainsboro opened on May 22, 2012, exactly one day after the finale of House aired.
The 1980 television miniseries Oppenheimer is partly set in Princeton.
^ abcA Brief History of PrincetonArchived August 6, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Princeton, New Jersey. Accessed November 29, 2019. "In 1683 a New Englander named Henry Greenland built a house on the highway which is believed to be the first by a European within the present municipal boundaries. He opened it as a 'house of accommodation' or tavern.... East Jersey and West Jersey representatives met in 1683 at Greenland's tavern to establish their common boundary."
^The Nine Capitals of the United States. United States Senate Historical Office. Accessed June 9, 2005. Based on Fortenbaugh, Robert, The Nine Capitals of the United States, York, PA: Maple Press, 1948.
^"New Life for Historic Bainbridge House", Princeton University Art Museum, June 2019. Accessed November 29, 2019. "The origins of Bainbridge House date to 1766, when Job Stockton (1734-1771)--a wealthy tanner, grandson of an early English settler to the area, and cousin to one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, Richard Stockton--built it along the primary thoroughfare of the young village."
^Clerkin, Bridget. "Princeton voters approve consolidation of borough, township into one municipality", The Times, November 9, 2011, updated March 30, 2019. Accessed November 29, 2019. "Voters in Princeton Borough and Princeton Township approved today a consolidation of the two towns into a single municipality to be known as Princeton.... The referendum passed by a landslide in the township with 3,542 in favor and 604 against. In the borough, 1,385 voted for consolidation and 802 voted against.... This is the fifth time residents of both Princetons have been presented with the question of consolidation at the ballot. If approved by a majority in both municipalities, the merger will be the first in 14 years for New Jersey, since Pahaquarry's seven residents merged into adjacent Hardwick Township in Warren County in 1997.
^Biography, Congresswoman Bonnie Watson Coleman. Accessed January 3, 2019. "Watson Coleman and her husband William reside in Ewing Township and are blessed to have three sons; William, Troy, and Jared and three grandchildren; William, Kamryn and Ashanee."
^Directions to IAS, Institute for Advanced Study. Accessed January 30, 2018. "The Institute for Advanced Study is located at 1 Einstein Drive in Princeton Township in central New Jersey. The Institute and its 800-acre grounds are approximately one mile from the center of the town of Princeton and are easily accessible by car, train, or taxi from major cities along the Eastern seaboard."
^Schools Menu, Princeton Public Schools. Accessed November 29, 2019.
^Who We Are, Princeton Public Schools. Accessed November 29, 2019. "Our Schools Elementary Schools (Grades K-5): Community Park, Johnson Park, Littlebrook, and Riverside... Middle School (Grades 6-8): John Witherspoon Middle School... High School (Grades 9-12): Princeton High School
^Heyboer, Kelly. "How to get your kid a seat in one of N.J.'s hardest-to-get-into high schools", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 2017. Accessed November 18, 2019. "Mercer County has a stand-alone specialized high school for top students: a Health Sciences Academy at the district's Assunpink Center campus. The district also offers a STEM Academy at Mercer County Community College. How to apply: Students can apply online in the fall of their 8th grade year."
^Offredo, Tom. "Princeton University donates $100K to public library", The Times (Trenton), November 21, 2013. Accessed August 29, 2014. "The Stewardship Fund, launched with a $1 million challenge grant from library supporter Betty Wold Johnson in 2012, is designed to establish an endowment that would renew and refresh the Sands Library Building, the library's home on Witherspoon Street since 2004.... Newly installed Princeton University President Christopher Eisgruber said in a letter to Burger announcing the gift that the university was pleased to continue its long partnership with the library, which dates back to the library's formation in 1909."
^"Home" (Archive). Princeton Community Japanese Language School. Accessed May 9, 2014. "PCJLS Office 14 Moore Street, Princeton, NJ 08542" and "Sunday Office Rider University, Memorial Hall, Rm301"
^Direction & Map. Princeton Community Japanese Language School. Accessed May 9, 2014.
^Curran, Philip Sean. "Princeton: Delegation from sister city Colmar greeted at reception", centraljersey.com, June 12, 2015. Accessed November 21, 2016. "A 24-member delegation from Princeton's sister city Colmar and surrounding area in Alsace, France, stopped in Princeton Thursday during a trip in America.... Prior to consolidation, Colmar was the sister city of the then-Princeton Borough, a relationship started 28 years ago by then-Mayor Barbara Boggs Sigmund.... Today, Princeton has two sister cities. The other, Pettoranello, in Italy, had been the sister city of the former township."
^About Us, Princeton/Pettoranello Sister City Foundation. Accessed November 21, 2016.
^Matthew Abelson (House Concert), The Folk Song Society of Greater Boston. Accessed September 21, 2015. "Matthew Abelson grew up in Princeton, New Jersey and was introduced to the hammered dulcimer at age 6, when his father built one for his other brother."
^Robert Adrain, MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. Accessed September 8, 2019. "The United Irishmen provoked a rebellion in May 1798 and Adrain joined the rebels as an officer in their army. The rebellion was unsuccessful in general, but particularly so for Adrain who was shot in the back by one of his own men and badly wounded. After recovering his health Adrain escaped with his wife to the United States where they settled in Princeton, New Jersey."
^"George A. Akerlof - Biographical", Nobel Prize. Accessed September 21, 2015. "The idyllic life in Princeton in the large colonial house was, however, broken after one and a half years. My family would continue to live in Princeton, but in at least subtly different circumstances."
^"Death of Dr. Alexander", The New York Times, October 23, 1851. Accessed September 21, 2015. "The Venerable Archibald Alexander, D.D., died yesterday morning, at his residence at Princeton, N.J., in the eighty-first year of his age."
^Old, Hughes Oliphant. The Modern Age, 1789-1889, p. 249. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2007. ISBN9780802831392. Accessed September 21, 2015. "James Waddel Alexander was born in Virginia when his father was president of Hampden-Sydney College.... When his father founded the theological seminary in Princeton, he too, moved to Princeton and in time studied at the College of New Jersey, graduating in 1820."
^Staff. "William H. Angoff, 73, Expert on S.A.T., Dies", The New York Times, January 7, 1993. Accessed October 27, 2018. "William H. Angoff, whose work with the Scholastic Aptitude Test helped make it more understandable to millions of high school students and college admissions officers, died on Tuesday at his home in Princeton, N.J."
^ abcdSchmitt, Eric. "Upton Sinclair's Princeton Hideway", The New York Times, July 21, 1985. Accessed August 22, 2013. "They now know that Upton Sinclair, the muckraking author of The Jungle and other novels, built the cabin and lived there more than 80 years ago.... Ultimately, Mrs. Bowers would like to restore the cabin and have either Princeton Township or Princeton University maintain it, an idea suggested by John McPhee, the author, who lives in Princeton.... Alfred Bush, a curator in the rare books department of the Princeton University Library, said: 'Thomas Mann, T. S. Eliot and Saul Bellow all lived and wrote here.'"
^Stratton, Jean. "Princeton personality", Town Topics (newspaper), April 16, 2008. Accessed November 6, 2019. "Outgoing Princeton Borough Councilwoman Wendy Benchley, soon to focus her career on ocean conservation issues, is shown in her Princeton home.... Jaws was published in 1974, and after the movie rights were later sold, the Benchleys decided to move to Princeton."
^Fitzgerald, Michael. "Remembering Ed Berger", Current Research in Jazz. Accessed September 8, 2019. "The world of jazz research lost one of its stars on January 22, 2017 when Ed Berger died at home in Princeton, NJ."
^via Associated Press. "'Star Trek' actor Brooks charged with DUI in Conn.", The Seattle Times, February 3, 2012. Accessed August 22, 2013. "Avery Brooks is set to be arraigned in state court in Norwalk next week in connection with his arrest last weekend in Wilton, a wealthy suburb about 50 miles northeast of Manhattan.... Local police say they pulled over the 63-year-old Princeton, N.J., resident shortly after 10 p.m. Sunday after receiving a complaint about his driving."
^Staff. "Dr. George H. Brown; Led Research at RCA", The New York Times, December 13, 1987. Accessed August 22, 2013. "Dr. George H. Brown, former executive vice president for research and engineering at the RCA Corporation who led the company's development of color television, died Friday at the Princeton (N.J.) Medical Center after a long illness. He was 79 years old and lived in Princeton."
^Lohr, Shelby. "Aaron Burr Sr.", Princeton University. Accessed August 7, 2018. "Aaron Burr Sr. (1716-1757), an influential scholar and religious leader of the colonial period, served as Princeton's second president from 1748 to 1757. He oversaw the college's move to its permanent campus in Princeton, and owned slaves while living in the President's House."
^Skelly, Richard. "Kenny 'Stringbean' Sorensen drops new CD", Asbury Park Press, August 1, 2014. Accessed August 29, 2014. "Sorensen and Co. were scheduled to play a record-release party Monday, July 28, in Asbury Park, where he is accompanied Monday nights by drummer Sim Cain, a native of Princeton, bassist Dan Mulvey, raised in Old Bridge, and relative youngster Joe Murphy on guitar, who was raised in the Asbury Park area."
^Franklin, Paul. "After long journey, Michelle Campbell finds herself in the WNBA", The Times (Trenton), June 3, 2013. Accessed November 2, 2017. "At Rutgers, even though she would be a 1,000-point scorer, Michelle Campbell never received the attention afforded to players like Cappie Pondexter and Chelsea Newton, or even younger teammates Essence Carson, Matee Ajavon and Kia Vaughn.... The Notre Dame High School graduate, who grew up in Princeton with three sisters, pursued her passion."
^Belcher, David. "A Storyteller Back at Her Craft", The New York Times, May 10, 2010. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Ms. Carpenter, who was born in Princeton, N.J., and graduated from Brown, became a Nashville darling in 1989 with her second album, State of the Heart (CBS/Columbia), which spawned the hits 'Never Had It So Good' and 'Quittin' Time,' which became staples of mainstream country radio and two-step dance halls."
^Pace, Eric. "Blair Clark, 82, CBS Executive Who Led McCarthy's '68 Race", The New York Times', June 8, 2000. Accessed September 8, 2019. "Blair Clark, an influential executive at CBS News, a former editor of the Nation and the campaign manager for Eugene J. McCarthy in his unsuccessful bid for the 1968 Democratic presidential nomination, died on Tuesday in Princeton, N.J. He was 82 and lived in Princeton and the Turtle Bay section of Manhattan."
^Asimov, Eric. "Patrick Clark, 42, Is Dead; Innovator in American Cuisine", The New York Times, February 13, 1998. Accessed November 29, 2014. "Patrick Clark, a chef who helped lead a generation of Americans to embrace a new style of casual but sophisticated French cooking in the early 1980s, and then helped lead them back to the ingredients and preparations of their own country, died late Wednesday night at Princeton Medical Center in Princeton, N.J. He was 42 and lived in Plainsboro, N.J."
^Frances Cleveland, National First Ladies' Library. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Following her permanent departure from the White House in 1897, she joined the former President and their children in creating a new life in Princeton, New Jersey for what was the second period of her life s a former First Lady."
^Grover Cleveland Home, National Park Service. Accessed August 29, 2014. "After leaving the White House for a second time, Cleveland retired to this home in Princeton, New Jersey in 1897. The elegant stone antebellum mansion was perfect for the active role the Clevelands played in Princeton society."
^Kerwick, Mike. "Archive: Father uses business savvy to fight his kids' rare disease", The Record, February 28, 2017. Accessed January 5, 2018. "Crowley has been up for hours. A few miles down the road, at his Princeton home, the 42-year-old CEO of Amicus Therapeutics was helping his teenage daughter.... Their survival is in many ways a tribute to their father, an Englewood native who has spent the last decade raising money to fund research for lifesaving drugs."
^"On the Move"Archived March 16, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, U.S. 1 Newspaper, March 19, 2008. Accessed March 15, 2018. "Drezner is a native of Princeton, where his grandfather was a cardiologist and his father a surgeon. He went to Princeton Day School, graduated from St. Lawrence University in 1985, and earned his master's degree from the Southern California Institute of Architecture."
^Dawidoff, Nicholas. "The Civil Heretic", The New York Times, March 25, 2009. Accessed October 12, 2003. "For more than half a century the eminent physicist Freeman Dyson has quietly resided in Princeton, N.J., on the wooded former farmland that is home to his employer, the Institute for Advanced Study, this country's most rarefied community of scholars."
^Blackwell, Jon. "1933: The genius next door", The Trentonian. Accessed October 12, 2013. "From the moment Albert Einstein arrived in Princeton in 1933, a shaggy, sweater-wearing genius with a pipe in one hand and a sheaf of papers in the other, stories like the one about the girl's homework got a good laugh. And the amazing thing is, they were true."
^Elmer W. Engstrom, IEEE Global History Network. Accessed June 15, 2014. "In honor of his community activities at his home in Princeton, New Jersey, Dr. Engstrom was named Man of the Year for 1964 by the Princeton Chamber of Commerce and Civic Council."
^"Bret Ernst to appear at Bananas Comedy Club", The Record, October 19, 2012, backed up by the Internet Archive as of September 19, 2016. Accessed February 23, 2020. "Ernst, who refers to himself as 'That Guy' who wore cheesy vests to nightclubs in the '90s, is no stranger to this area. He was born in Princeton and spent part of his childhood in Passaic before moving to Florida for high school."
^Fowler, Linda. "Charles Evered has a Wonderful Life"Archived October 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Inside Jersey, September 2011. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Content when he's surrounded by history, Evered, a native Jerseyan, lives in a townhouse in Colonial-era Princeton Township with his wife, actress Wendy Rolfe Evered, and their kids, Margaret and John; they like to call it Olympic Village because of the diversity of its residents."
^McGrath, Charles. "Robert Fagles, Translator of the Classics, Dies at 74", The New York Times, March 29, 2008. Accessed November 22, 2014. "Robert Fagles, the renowned translator of Latin and Greek whose versions of Homer and Virgil were unlikely best sellers and became fixtures on classroom reading lists, died on Wednesday at his home in Princeton, N.J., where he was an emeritus professor at Princeton University."
^ abMcGrath, Charles. "A New Jersey State of Mind", The New York Times, October 25, 2006. Accessed August 29, 2014. "Mr. Ford, who was born and reared in Mississippi, discovered the Jersey Shore in the late 1970s, when he and his wife were living in Princeton, where he had a teaching job.... "In Independence Day, which won the Pulitzer Prize in 1996, Frank sold real estate -- made a bundle, in fact -- in the prosperous, leafy town of Haddam, N.J., a fictional composite of Princeton, Hopewell and Pennington."
^Bear, Rob. "Dwell Takes a Look Inside Michael Graves' Princeton Home"Archived May 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Curbed, April 23, 2012. Accessed November 2, 2013. "The architect and industrial designer Michael Graves was walking one Sunday with his daughter, when he spotted a 'a ruin in Princeton, N.J.,' that was, in fact, an abandoned warehouse built and once used by the Italian masons brought in to build the stone dormitories at Princeton University. Graves transformed The Warehouse, as it is now known, into a magnificent home for himself and his family."
^Ben-Itzak, Paul. "'Freeze Girl' Backed On Views", The New York Times, July 17, 1983. Accessed June 10, 2020. "'This is the first time I saw Ariela totally concentrate on one thing she cared a lot about,' said Mrs. Gross, a statistics professor at the City University of New York, during a recent interview at the Gross home in Princeton Township.
^Dutka, Elaine. The Acting Bug Bites Ethan Hawke", The Los Angeles Times, February 20, 1994. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Acting was a refuge for this self-described 'terrible student,' a way to get out in the world for a kid who couldn't wait for life to start. Hawke's family eventually moved to Princeton, N.J., where, as a 13-year-old, he made his stage debut in the McCarter Theater's production of St. Joan."
^Elliott, Khristine. "Historical Ties", Battle Creek Enquirer, July 4, 2003. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Joseph Hewes isn't one of the most well-known signers of the Declaration of Independence, but he's got a built-in fan base in Calhoun, Branch and Barry counties.... Born in Princeton, NJ, in 1730, he went on to graduate from Princeton College."
^Anderson, Robert W. "A Short Biography of Charles Hodge"Archived November 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, WRS Journal 4/2 (August 1997) 9-13, Western Reformed Seminary. Accessed November 2, 2013. "His son and biographer, A. A. Hodge, recorded that he 'reached his home, in Princeton, about the 18th of September 1828 Where There Was Joy.' His son, then being five years of age, added that this was 'the first abiding image of his father.'"
^Teicholz, Tom. "Doc on PBS: The life and fictions of Harold Humes", Huffington Post, May 25, 2011. Accessed December 10, 2018. "Harold L. Humes was born in 1926 in Douglas, Arizona. His father was a chemical engineer. The family moved to Princeton New Jersey where Humes attended high school and got the nickname 'Doc', based on the crazy scientist character 'Doc Huer' in the Buck Rogers comics."
^English, Chris. "New book on Sesame Place coming out Monday", Bucks County Courier Times, July 2, 2015. Accessed January 17, 2020. "It's written by Guy Hutchinson and Chris Mercaldo, who both used to visit the park as children. Hutchinson, who grew up in Princeton, New Jersey, and now lives in East Windsor, New Jersey, has also been back several times as a parent, he said."
^Tagliabue, John. "A U.S. Angel With Millions Helps Walesa", The New York Times, June 11, 1989. Accessed August 22, 2013. "On June 1, the Solidarity leader signed a letter of intent with Czeslaw Tolwinski, the director of the big Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, and Barbara Piasecka Johnson, a Polish-born American heiress who lives in Princeton, to create a shipbuilding company."
^Gardner, Joel R.; and Harrison, Andrew R. "The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: The Early Years"Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Accessed November 2, 2013. "They moved into Bellevue, an estate in Highland Park, and their son, Robert Wood Johnson III, was born in 1920. While living in Highland Park, Johnson became involved inlocal politics and served a term as mayor while he was still in his twenties. His marriage broke up in 1930, and his wife and child remained at Bellevue, while he relocated with his new wife, Margaret, to Morven, in Princeton, which later became the governor's mansion."
^McGrath, Charles. "Deep In Suburbia", The New York Times, February 29, 2004. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Lee now lives, with his wife and two young daughters, in Princeton, N.J. -- just a stone's throw, not accidentally, from a golf course."
^Staff. "Lessons From John Lithgow's Onstage 'Education'", NPR, December 5, 2011. Accessed November 2, 2013. "You have just made a huge splash on Broadway, just won your first Tony Award, gone on to success that your father could never have dreamed, in fact you never really thought possible, a repertory actor. And at the same time you are living at his home in Princeton, and he has just been fired."
^Plump, Wendy. "Emily Mann's McCarter Magic"Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Princeton magazine. Accessed November 30, 2013. "This is the setting recently encountered at Emily Mann's Mercer Street home in Princeton: A warm kitchen on a cold winter morning; staffers from McCarter Theatre filling bowls with fruit and setting out muffins; the playwright herself over in a corner wrestling an espresso machine into submission."
^Leitch, Alexander. "Mann, Thomas"Archived July 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, from A Princeton Companion, Princeton University Press (1978). Accessed November 30, 2013. "During their stay in Princeton Mr. and Mrs. Mann lived in the red brick Georgian house at the corner of Stockton Street and Library Place. Here, working three or four hours every morning, seven days a week, he completed Lotte in Weimar and started the fourth volume of the Joseph tales."
^Staff. "Cartoonist Henry Martin donates art, books", News at Princeton, April 7, 2010. Accessed November 30, 2013. "The cartoonist Henry Martin, a 1948 graduate of Princeton University, has donated nearly 700 original drawings along with some of his humor books to the Princeton University Library.... Martin, a longtime Princeton resident, continues to draw a cartoon for the Office of Development each November."
^Dougherty, Steve. "In Nashville, the Buddy System", The Wall Street Journal, February 21, 2013. Accessed November 30, 2013. "Mr. Miller, an Air Force brat who was born in Ohio and grew up in Maryland and Princeton, N.J., where he attended high school, sees no contradiction between his Yankee roots and his love for country music."
^"E. Spencer Miller. Death Without a Bit of Warning", The Times (Philadelphia), March 7, 1879. Accessed August 19, 2019. "E. Spencer Miller was born at Princeton, N. J., sixty - two years ago, his father, Rev. Samuel Miller, D. D., being at the time professor of ecclesiastical history in the Theological Seminary at Princeton, a chair which he filled with great ability for many years, besides being a distinguished Presbyterian divine."
^McDowell, Edwin. "Jeannette M. Ginsburg, 83, Author and Editor", The New York Times, March 20, 1987. Accessed November 7, 2016. "Born in Bradley Beach, N.J., and raised in New York City, Mrs. Ginsburg graduated from Barnard College in 1924. After her marriage to Edward B. Ginsburg, an industrial engineer in the clothing industry, she lived in South Carolina, moving to Princeton in 1950."
^George, Jason. "From a C Student to a Celestial Traveler", The New York Times, May 16, 2004. Accessed December 14, 2013. "'I want to share the experience with school groups, especially in the inner cities and more remote areas,' Mr. Olsen, who lives in Princeton, N.J., said recently by telephone and e-mail from Star City, Russia, where he began training last month."
^Staff. "J. Robert Oppenheimer, Atom Bomb Pioneer, Dies", The New York Times, February 19, 1967. Accessed June 15, 2014. "Princeton, N. J., Feb. 18 -- Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, the nuclear physicist, died here tonight at the age of 62. A spokesman for the family said Dr. Oppenheimer died at 8 o'clock in his home on the grounds of the Institute for Advanced Study."
^Amato, Jennifer. "Princeton ballet soloist teaches virtual class for New York City Ballet", CentralJersey.com, May 12, 2020. Accessed March 21, 2021. "The New York City Ballet is offering virtual ballet dance classes weekly as part of its new 'digital season' in the wake of COVID-19. Pictured is Unity Phelan of Princeton, who began her dance training at the age of five at the Princeton Ballet School."
^Vanderbeek, Brian via McClatchy Newspapers. "Blues Traveler is the rare jam band with chart-topping hits", Chicago Tribune, November 14, 2013. Accessed June 15, 2014. "And such peace befits a band that traces its roots to the idyllic New Jersey town of Princeton. It's home to a great Ivy League university and apparently -- at least in the 1970s -- as a breeding ground for jam band leaders. Phish frontman Trey Anastasio attended preppy Princeton Day School just a couple years before Popper and Spin Doctors founder Chris Barron were classmates at Princeton High."
^Fremon, Suzanne S. "State Has 13 on Olympic Team", The New York Times, August 13, 1972. Accessed November 22, 2017. "Peter Raymond, 25, of Princeton, a member of the Olympic eight-oar crew, may be the New Jerseyan who is most likely to come home with a medal, perhaps even a gold medal.... Mr. Raymond has been rowing since his prep school days at South Kent School, and, as he said, 'rowed all through Princeton,' where he was stroke and captain of the varsity crew in his senior year. He was a member of the 1968 Olympic team, in the four without coxswain."
^Hillier, Jordan. "Christopher Reeve"Archived April 15, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Princeton Magazine. Accessed June 15, 2014. "Born in New York City in 1952 and raised from the age of four in Princeton, Reeve's love of acting was evident from the days when he and his brother Benjamin turned large cardboard boxes into pirate ships for their own action adventures."
^Lavietes, Stuart. "Ralph Schoenstein, Humorist and Author, Is Dead at 73", The New York Times, August 28, 2006. Accessed November 22, 2014. "Ralph Schoenstein, a humorist who was a commentator on National Public Radio's All Things Considered, a prolific contributor to magazines and newspapers, the author of 18 books, and a ghostwriter whose works included Bill Cosby's Fatherhood, died on Thursday in Philadelphia. He was 73 and lived in Princeton, N.J."
^Broadcasters, Milwaukee Brewers. Accessed November 29, 2014. "Born in Baltimore and raised in Princeton, New Jersey, Schroeder graduated from West Windsor Plainsboro High School, where he earned All-State honors his junior and senior years."
^Sirucek, Stefan. "An Interview With Michael Showalter", The Huffington Post, December 18, 2012. Accessed November 29, 2014. "[Q] Your parents were both Ivy League professors and you grew up in Princeton, NJ. How nerdy do you consider yourself on a scale of 1 to Spock? [A] 'Tribble.' Is that an acceptable answer?"
^Biography, Tom Snow Music. Accessed November 22, 2014. "Tom was born in 1947, in Princeton, NJ. In 1965 he entered the Berklee College of Music in Boston with the hope of becoming a jazz pianist."
^Norrie, Helen. "Review of The Little Black Hen.", CM Magazine, May 21, 2004. Accessed August 29, 2014. "Gennady Spirin, the Moscow born artist who has done the artwork, is an accomplished and celebrated illustrator who now lives in Princeton, New Jersey."
^Stockton, RichardArchived September 15, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Princeton University. Accessed August 29, 2014. "Stockton, Richard 1748 (1730-1781), a member of the first graduating class, and the first alumnus elected a trustee, was born in Princeton of a Quaker family that was among the community's earliest settlers.... His health shattered, his estate pillaged, his fortune depleted, he continued to live in Princeton, an invalid, until his death from cancer on February 28, 1781, in his fifty-first year."
^Mroz, Jacqueline. "Sundance Honor for Film of Early Save-the-Earth Activists", The New York Times, February 13, 2009. Accessed December 10, 2018. "When he was just 11 years old and living in Princeton, Robert Stone borrowed his parents' Super 8 camera and made his first film, about the pollution he saw around him.... After attending Princeton High School, Mr. Stone studied history in college."
^Hillier, Jordan. "Vintage Princeton: Paul Tulane"Archived July 20, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Princeton Magazine. Accessed August 29, 2014. "When Tulane retired in 1857, after operating his business for close to 40 years, he bought the Walter Lowrie House at 83 Stockton Street in Princeton, where he then lived for 20 years until his death."
^Princeton's Historic Sites and People, Historical Society of Princeton. Accessed August 29, 2014. "Prospect House and Garden (1851)... Woodrow Wilson occupied the house when he was president of the University between 1902 and 1910.... In addition to Prospect, Woodrow Wilson occupied three houses during his time in Princeton: 72 Library Place, 82 Library Place, and 25 Cleveland Lane."
^Janson, Donald. "A Tour of Princeton Landmarks", The New York Times, April 30, 1989. Accessed June 25, 2020. "In 1945 the Stockton family sold Morven to Gov. Walter E. Edge. Six years later, while still in office, the Governor donated the mansion to the state with the requirement that it be used as the gubernatorial mansion or a state museum. From 1953 to 1982 Morven was home to the families of four Governors: Robert B. Meyner, Richard J. Hughes, William T. Cahill and Brendan T. Byrne. The National Park Service designated the house a National Historic Landmark in 1972.... After the Byrne family moved out, work began to transform Morven into a state museum. Drumthwacket became the official address of New Jersey governors."
^Longsdorf, Amy. "Picking Princeton As Setting For I.Q. Was A No-brainer", The Morning Call, December 24, 1994. Accessed August 29, 2014. "You don't have to be a genius to figure out why Princeton was selected to be the setting for "I.Q.," a romantic comedy about the efforts of Albert Einstein (Walter Matthau) to nudge his niece (Meg Ryan) into the arms of a neighborhood mechanic (Tim Robbins)."
^Altmann, Jennifer Greenstein. "Oates chooses fresh identity but familiar setting for novel", Princeton Weekly Bulletin, October 11, 2004. Accessed August 29, 2014. "Princeton is the setting for the novel Take Me, Take Me With You (Ecco) published under the name Lauren Kelly, who is described on the book jacket as 'the pseudonym of a bestselling and award-winning author.'"
^Superfudge by Judy Blume, Scholastic. Accessed August 29, 2014. "Well, Peter soon finds out that his mom is pregnant and the family is going to move to Princeton, New Jersey."