Princeton University School of Architecture
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Princeton University School of Architecture
Princeton University School of Architecture
Princeton (8270068391).jpg
Area in front of the School of Architecture
TypePrivate
Established1919
Parent institution
Princeton University
DeanMónica Ponce de León
StudentsApproximately 180 undergraduate and graduate students
Location
Websitesoa.princeton.edu

Princeton University School of Architecture is one of the world's leading and most prestigious architecture schools.[1][2][3] Founded in 1919, the School is a center for teaching and research in architectural design, history, and theory at Princeton University.[4] The School offers offers an undergraduate certificate (equivalent of major) and advanced degrees at the master's and doctoral levels.

History

In 1832, Joseph Henry, who later became the first secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, taught the first course in architecture at Princeton University. The course focused on the classification of architectural styles and designs.[5] Additional courses and programs for architecture began in 1882 when Princeton University's Department of Art and Archaeology began courses on architecture and historical drawing in 1902. By 1915, the first academic committee convened to consider the establishment of a school of architecture. Arrangements for a new program were planned for 1917, but were delayed until 1919 when the School of Architecture formally opened.[6]

During its formative years, the School of Architecture's pedagogy was guided by some of the best architectural educators of the time: Howard Crosby Butler, E. Raymond Bossange, Frederick D'Amato, Sherley Warner Morgan, and Jean Labatut. Visitors and teachers included leaders like Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier, Richard Neutra, and R. Buckminster Fuller.

In 1965, Robert Geddes was appointed the first dean of the School of Architecture. Under his direction, the School of Architecture grew in size and in prestige, while also collaborating with other departments at Princeton University. As the School of Architecture expanded, it began attracting notable architects as teachers, including Louis I. Kahn, Mario Salvadori, Michael Graves, Kenneth Frampton, Peter Eisenman, Diana Agrest, Robert Geddes, Alan Colquhoun, Michael Hays, Scott Cohen, and Anthony Vidler.

By the end of the twentieth century, the School of Architecture established itself as an internationally renowned school for the study of architecture and design. It reorganized the A.B. degree around multiple fields of study and conducted renovations of the Architecture Building. It also promoted several members to its tenure-track faculty including Beatriz Colomina, Elizabeth Diller, and Guy Nordenson.[7]

The following individuals have served as deans of the School of Architecture:

Academics

Undergraduate

The School of Architecture offers a rigorous, interdisciplinary curriculum in the study of architecture. The degree conferred to students is an A.B. degree. Undergraduate students study a range of disciplines including architectural design, history of architecture, architectural analysis, computing, and others. Students may also enroll in the Program in Urban Studies which focuses on the study of cities, metropolitan regions, and urban and suburban landscapes.[9] The degree requirements also include junior independent work, which involves a written exam supervised by a faculty adviser, and a senior thesis, demonstrating a research paper based on visual materials.

Graduate

The School of Architecture offers two graduate degrees: a professional degree (M.Arch.) and an academic degree (Ph.D.). The master's degree takes three years to complete and requires students to hold a Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.) degree. The rigorous program requires students to take 25 courses from a list of prerequisites and electives.[10]

The Ph.D. program has two tracks: (1) history and theory and (2) technology. The history and theory track is an interdisciplinary program that focuses on the relationship between architecture and related fields, such as urbanism, landscape, and building technology. The degree requires students to take two years of coursework and independent study, after which they begin their dissertation. Students must pass two foreign language exams, which generally include French, German, Spanish, or Italian.[11] In 2014, the School launched the new architectural technology Ph.D. track for computation and energy. The track focuses on new techniques in computation and energy/environmental performance. The program is supported by Princeton's School of Engineering and Applied Science. While the first two years of coursework are similar to the Ph.D. in History and Theory, the Ph.D. in Technology requires students to concentrate in a particular subfield of technology.

Facilities and Research

School of Architecture Building

The School of Architecture building was dedicated in 1963. In 2007, New York City architecture firm ARO designed the first significant addition to the building since it was first constructed.

Embodied Computation Lab

The Embodied Computation Lab, located off the School of Architecture grounds proper, is a teaching and research facility dedicated to the interface between computation and design and the development of knowledge in the fields of digital fabrication and remote sensing. It combines architectural and engineering experimentation to utilize computation design, digital fabrication, and sophisticated sensing, actuation, and control electronics that make the Lab a center for interdisciplinary design exploration and prototyping.[12]

Over 5,000 square feet of space is available for heavier fabrication work, hands-on material experiments, and the construction of full-scale mock-ups. Also housed within the Lab are facilities for building in wood, plastic, metal, and concrete that enable students to learn general model theory, build and test models of actual buildings, and study current building systems and technology.

The Lab serves a project space for developing and testing large-scale architecture and engineering prototypes inside and outside or as facade elements. Additionally, it serves as a state of the art research environment with digital fabrication equipment for full-scale material prototyping, such as a water jet cutter, large-scale metal laser cutters, multi-use robotic arm platforms for milling, additive fabrication and human machine collaboration for research in construction, and an electronics workbench for the development of sensing and control and physical computing applications.

In 2017, the Lab won the 2017 Best of Design Awards for Green - Civic from The Architect's Newspaper.[13]

VSL Woodshop

The VSL Woodshop, located in the basement of the Architecture Building, is a small but well-equipped 24-hour accessible shop maintained and monitored by the School of Architecture Shop Monitor program.

School of Architecture Library

The School of Architecture Library opened in 1964 as the Library for Urban and Environmental Studies, with the Bureau of Urban Research constituting its charter collection. Today, the library, still familiarly referred to as UES, is one of fourteen libraries within the Princeton University Library system. The collection's strengths include modern and contemporary architecture and urban design, architectural history, theory, and practice. Additionally, the Library supports green design, sustainable architecture, social factors in design, architecture and the visual arts, architecture in developing countries, landscape architecture and building technology. Together, with the resources housed throughout the Princeton University Libraries, the School of Architecture Library provides access to a comprehensive collection supporting the fields of architecture, architectural research and theory, urban planning and design.

Notable faculty

The following list contains both current and former faculty:

Notable alumni

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Best Architecture Schools in the U.S. 2019". ArchDaily.
  2. ^ "Architecture Schools". Design Intelligence.
  3. ^ "Princeton School of Architecture". Architect Magazine.
  4. ^ "Architecture". Princeton: The Graduate School.
  5. ^ "History of the School". Princeton University School of Architecture.
  6. ^ "History of the School". Princeton University School of Architecture.
  7. ^ "History of the School". Princeton University School of Architecture.
  8. ^ "Why You Should Get to Know Princeton's New Architecture School Dean (It Involves Robots.)". Curbed.com. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ "Undergraduate Program in Architecture". Princeton University School of Architecture.
  10. ^ "Graduate Program in Architecture (M.Arch)". Princeton University School of Architecture.
  11. ^ "Ph.D. track in History and Theory of Architecture". Princeton University School of Architecture.
  12. ^ "The Embodied Computation Lab by David Benjamin at the Princeton School of Architecture". Architecturalrecord.com. Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ "2017 Best of Design Awards for Green - Civic". Archpaper.com. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ "Architectural Association names Eva Franch i Gilabert as new director". dezeen.com. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ "Jonathan Massey Named Dean of Taubman College". taubmancollege.umich.edu. Retrieved 2018.
  16. ^ https://michaelgravescollege.kean.edu/david-mohney. Retrieved 2019. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links

Coordinates: 40°20?52?N 74°39?22?W / 40.347897°N 74.656171°W / 40.347897; -74.656171


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