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Traianus: aureus[1]
IMP TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Trajan to right. PROFECTIO AUGUSTI, Traianus, in military dress and hold spear, on horse walking to right; before him, soldier walking right, head turned back to left; behind, three soldiers walking right.
7,35 g, coined in 114/115.
Marcus Aurelius: Sestertius[2]
M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXIIII, Laureate head right. Profectio di Marcus Aurelius on horseback right, holding spear, preceded by soldier holding spear and shield; three soldiers follow emperor.
29 mm, 25.04 g, coined in 170
Septimius Severus: denarius[3]
L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head of Septimius Severus to right (Paludamentum) PROFECTIO AUG, Septimius Severus riding horse starts for limes Orientis, holding transverse spear.
2.85 g, coined in 197.
Alexander Severus: sestertius[4]
IMP SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate head to right, draped bust; PROFECTIO AVGVSTI, Alexander Severus on horse, holding transverse spear, preceded by Victoria, with a crown and palm.
coined in 231/232.

The profectio ("setting forth") was the ceremonial departure of a consul in his guise as a general in Republican Rome,[5] and of an emperor during the Imperial era.[6] It was a conventional scene for relief sculpture and imperial coinage.[7] The return was the reditus[8] and the ceremonial reentry the adventus.[9]


  1. ^ Roman Imperial Coinage, Traianus, II, 297; BMC 512 var. Calicó 986a. Cohen 40 var. Hill 690.
  2. ^ Roman Imperial Coinage, Marcus Aurelius, III 977; MIR 18, 191-6/30; Cohen 502.
  3. ^ Roman Imperial Coinage, Septimius Severus, IVa, 494; BMC 466. Cohen 580.
  4. ^ Roman Imperial Coinage, Alexander Severus, IVb, 596; Cohen, 492.
  5. ^ Andrew Feldherr, Spectacle and Society in Livy's History (University of California Press, 1998), pp. 9-10.
  6. ^ Erika Manders, Coining Images of Power: Patterns in the Representation of Roman Emperors on Imperial Coinage, A.D. 193-282 (Brill, 2012), p. 71.
  7. ^ Manders, Coining Images of Power, p. 70-76.
  8. ^ Geoffrey S. Sumi, Ceremony and Power: Performing Politics in Rome Between Republic and Empire (University of Michigan Press, 2005), p. 35.
  9. ^ Manders, Coining Images of Power, p. 70.

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