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Martyrdom of Saint Stephen San Esteban Ilocos Sur Philippines

A protomartyr (Koine Greek, prótos "first" + mártyras "martyr") is the first Christian martyr in a country or among a particular group, such as a religious order. Similarly, the phrase the Protomartyr (with no other qualification of country or region) can mean Saint Stephen, the first martyr of the Christian church, or Saint Thecla, the first female martyr of the Christian church.[1]




North America

South America

  • André de Soveral and companions - Brazil[13]



  1. ^ St. Thekla, Protomartyr and Equal to the Apostles
  2. ^ Feast of the Franciscan Proto-Martyrs
  3. ^ Machitadze, Archpriest Zakaria (2006), "St. Razhden, Protomartyr of the Georgian Church (+457)", in The Lives of the Georgian Saints Archived 2008-06-14 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2011-12-18.
  4. ^ "WYD02 Saints: Blessed Andrew of Phu Yen - Protomartyr of Vietnam". Archived from the original on 2010-11-28. Retrieved .
  5. ^ The Franciscan Book of Saints, ed. by Marion Habig, ofm.
  6. ^ Thurston, Herbert. "St. Alban." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907.
  7. ^ Jesuits in Britain - Call to honour Scotland's only martyr - 20 March 2017
  8. ^ St. Cuthbert Mayne - Saints & Angels - Catholic Online
  9. ^ The five Protomartyrs of the Franciscan Order
  10. ^ Proto-martyrs of the Americas
  11. ^ Juvenaly of Alaska
  12. ^ EWTN (27 September 2017). Beatification of Venerable Father Stanley Rother (video). Retrieved 2020 – via YouTube.
  13. ^ Protomartyrs of Brazil

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