Provinces of Algeria
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Provinces of Algeria

Algeria is divided into 48 wilayas (provinces) and 1541 baladiyahs (municipalities, in French: commune). The capital city of a baladiyah, daïra, or province (which is also the largest city of those) always gives those entities their name, even Algiers, the capital of the country gave it its name (El Djazayar, the Arabic name for both the city and the country).

According to the Algerian constitution, a wilaya is a territorial collectivity enjoying economic and diplomatic freedom, the APW, or "Popular Provincial Parliament/Provincial Popular Parliament" (the Assemblée Populaire Wilayale, in French) is the political entity governing a province, directed by the "Wali" (Governor), who is chosen by the Algerian President to handle the APW's decisions, the APW has also a president, who is elected by the members of the APW, which is elected by Algerians.

List

Map of the provinces of Algeria numbered according to the official order.

Act Number 84-09 of 4 February 1984 relative to the organisation of the Algerian territory and as updated and complemented by Act Number JO of 7 February 1984 fixed the number of Algerian Provinces at 48 and established the list of municipalities or "communes" attached to each Province.

The Province numbers are the first 31 provinces (see the second section) in Arabic alphabetical order, after the adding of 17 other provinces in 1983, the old numbering was kept and the 17 new provinces have been assigned codes from 32-48, in Arabic alphabetical order.

The following table presents the list of provinces, showing for each province, its numerical code, its name (which is in all times the same as the name of the capital city of the province), the number of districts "daira"s in each province, the number of municipalities as well as the province area and its population.

Code Province Number of
Districts
Number of
Municipalities
Area Population
(2008[1])
Density (2008)
km² mi² per km² per mi²
01 Adrar 11 28 439,700 169,800 399,714 0.94 2.4
02 Chlef 13 35 4,795 1,851 1,002,088 209 540
03 Laghouat ? 10 24 25,057 9,675 455,602 18 47
04 Oum el-Bouaghi ? 12 29 6,783 2,619 621,612 81 210
05 Batna 21 61 12,192 4,707 1,119,791 92 240
06 Béjaïa 19 52 3,268 1,262 912,577 279 720
07 Biskra 12 33 20,986 8,103 721,356 34 88
08 Béchar ? 12 21 162,200 62,600 270,061 1.7 4.4
09 Blida ? 10 25 1,575 608 1,002,937 591 1,530
10 Bouïra ? 12 45 4,439 1,714 695,583 157 410
11 Tamanghasset ? 7 10 556,185 214,744 176,637 0.32 0.83
12 Tébessa ? 12 28 14,227 5,493 648,703 46 120
13 Tlemcen 20 53 9,061 3,498 949,135 105 270
14 Tiaret 14 42 20,673 7,982 846,823 41 110
15 Tizi Ouzou ? 21 67 2,956 1,141 1,127,608 316 820
16 Algiers ? 13 57 1,190 460 2,988,145 2,511 6,500
17 Djelfa 12 36 66,415 25,643 1,092,184 46 120
18 Jijel ? 11 28 2,577 995 636,948 247 640
19 Sétif ? 20 60 6,504 2,511 1,489,979 229 590
20 Saïda 6 16 6,764 2,612 330,641 49 130
21 Skikda 13 38 4,026 1,554 898,680 223 580
22 Sidi Bel Abbès ? 15 52 9,096 3,512 604,744 66 170
23 Annaba 6 12 1,439 556 609,499 424 1,100
24 Guelma 10 34 4,101 1,583 482,430 118 310
25 Constantine ? 6 12 2,187 844 938,475 427 1,110
26 Médéa 19 64 8,866 3,423 819,932 92 240
27 Mostaganem ? 10 32 2,175 840 737,118 325 840
28 M'sila ? 15 47 18,718 7,227 990,591 53 140
29 Mascara 16 47 5,941 2,294 784,073 132 340
30 Ouargla 10 21 211,980 81,850 558,558 2.6 6.7
31 Oran 9 26 2,121 819 1,454,078 688 1,780
32 El Bayadh 8 22 78,870 30,450 228,624 3.2 8.3
33 Illizi 3 6 285,000 110,000 52,333 0.18 0.47
34 Bordj Bou Arréridj 10 34 4,115 1,589 628,475 160 410
35 Boumerdès ? 9 32 1,356 524 802,083 504 1,310
36 El Taref 7 24 3,339 1,289 408,414 122 320
37 Tindouf 1 2 159,000 61,000 49,149 0.31 0.80
38 Tissemsilt ? 8 22 3,152 1,217 294,476 93 240
39 El Oued 12 30 54,573 21,071 647,548 12 31
40 Khenchela 8 21 9,811 3,788 386,683 40 100
41 Souk Ahras 10 26 4,541 1,753 438,127 95 250
42 Tipaza 10 28 1,605 620 591,010 273 710
43 Mila ? 13 32 3,407 1,315 766,886 220 570
44 Aïn Defla 14 36 4,891 1,888 766,013 156 400
45 Naâma ? 7 12 29,950 11,560 192,891 6.5 17
46 Aïn Témouchent 8 28 2,379 919 371,239 156 400
47 Ghardaïa 9 13 86,105 33,245 363,598 4.2 11
48 Relizane 13 38 4,870 1,880 726,180 152 390
Total Algérie ? 547 1541 2,381,741 919,595 34,080,030 14 36

1974-1983

Provinces of Algeria (1974-1983).svg

The 15 départments were reorganized to form 31 provinces:


1 Adrar
2 Chlef
3 Laghouat
4 Oum el-Bouaghi
5 Batna
6 Béjaïa
7 Biskra
8 Béchar
9 Blida
10 Bouira
11 Tamanghasset
12 Tébessa
13 Tlemcen
14 Tiaret
15 Tizi Ouzou
16 Algiers
17 Djelfa
18 Jijel
19 Sétif
20 Saïda
21 Skikda
22 Sidi Bel Abbes
23 Annaba
24 Guelma
25 Constantine
26 Médéa
27 Mostaganem
28 M'sila
29 Mascara
30 Ouargla
31 Oran

1957-1974

Map showing the Départements of Algeria from 1962-1968 and 1968-1974.svg

Immediately after independence, Algeria retained its 15 former French départements, which were renamed wilayas (provinces) in 1968, for the most part, with some name changes:

  • 9A-Alger (Algiers)
  • 9C-Annaba (Formerly Bône, English: Bona)
  • 9B-Batna
  • 9D-Constantine
  • 9H-Orléansville (Then El Asnam, now Chlef)
  • 8A-El Wahat (Currently Ouargla, formerly Oasis)
  • 9E-Médéa
  • 9F-Mostaganem
  • 9G-Oran
  • 9R-Saïda
  • 8B-Saoura (Currently Béchar)
  • 9J-Sétif
  • 9K-Tiaret
  • 9L-Tizi-Ouzou
  • 9M-Tlemcen

1954-1962

During the Algerian War of Independence, the FLN adopted an organizational system divided by 6 numbered wilayas:

  1. Aurès
  2. Constantine
  3. Kabylie
  4. Algiers
  5. Oran
  6. Sahara

See also

References

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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