Provinces of Vietnam
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Provinces of Vietnam

Provinces
Tinh
Map-of-Vietnam-Provinces.svg
CategoryUnitary state
LocationVietnam
Created1976
Number58 (as of 1976)
Populations293,826 (B?c K?n) - 8,262,864 (H? Chí Minh City)
Areas823 km2 (318 sq mi) (B?c Ninh) - 16,498 km2 (6,370 sq mi) (Ngh? An Province)
GovernmentMarxist-Leninist single party provincial government
SubdivisionsDistrict
Emblem of Vietnam.svg

politics and government of
Vietnam
Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam portal

On the First Tier, Vietnam is divided into 58 provinces (Vietnamese: t?nh) and 5 municipalities (Vietnamese: thành ph? tr?c thu?c trung ng). Municipalities are the highest-ranked cities in Vietnam.[1] Municipality are centrally-controlled cities and have special status equal to the provinces.

The provinces are divided into Provincial Cities, Towns and Rural Districts as the Second Tier units. At the Third Tier, Provincial City and Town is divided into Ward and Commune, while Rural District is divided into Townships (th? tr?n) and Communes.

Governance

People's Council

Vietnamese provinces are controlled by a People's Council (H?i ng Nhân Dân), elected by the inhabitants. The number of councillors varies from province to province, depending on the population of that province. The People's Council appoints a People's Committee, which acts as the executive arm of the provincial government. This arrangement is a somewhat simplified version of the situation in Vietnam's national government. Provincial governments are expected to be subordinate to the central government.

People's Committee

The People's Committee (U? Ban Nhân Dân) is, as mentioned previously, the executive arm at provincial level, and is responsible for formulating and implementing policy. It may be thought of as the equivalent of a cabinet. The People's Committee will have a Chairman and a Vice-Chairman, and between nine and eleven ordinary members.

People's Court

The People's Court (Tòa án Nhân dân) is the judiciary branch at provincial level and responsible for judiciary trials. The People's Court is headed by a Chief Judge.

List and statistics

A clickable map of Vietnam exhibiting its 58 provinces and 5 centrally controlled municipalities.
Lai Châu ProvinceHà Giang ProvinceLào Cai ProvinceĐiện Biên ProvinceChinaLaosThailandCambodiaSơn La ProvinceYên Bái ProvinceCao Bằng ProvinceBắc Kạn ProvinceTuyên Quang ProvinceLạng Sơn ProvinceQuảng Ninh ProvinceThái Nguyên ProvincePhú Thọ ProvinceHai Phong ProvinceThái Bình ProvinceNam Định ProvinceBắc Giang ProvinceHa NoiHòa Bình ProvinceNinh Bình ProvinceThanh Hóa ProvinceNghệ An ProvinceHà Tĩnh ProvinceQuảng Bình ProvinceQuảng Trị ProvinceDa NangBình Định ProvinceQuảng Nam ProvinceQuảng Ngãi ProvinceKon Tum ProvinceGia Lai ProvinceThừa Thiên-Huế ProvinceĐắk Lắk ProvincePhú Yên ProvinceKhánh Hòa ProvinceĐắk Nông ProvinceNinh Thuận ProvinceLâm Đồng ProvinceBình Thuận ProvinceBình Phước ProvinceTây Ninh ProvinceBình Dương ProvinceĐồng Nai ProvinceBà Rịa-Vũng Tàu ProvinceHo Chi Minh CityLong An ProvinceDon Thap ProvinceAn Giang ProvinceKiên Giang ProvinceCà Mau ProvinceTiền Giang ProvinceCần Thơ ProvinceVĩnh Long ProvinceBến Tre ProvinceTrà Vinh ProvinceHậu Giang ProvinceSóc Trăng ProvinceBạc Liêu ProvinceVĩnh Phúc ProvinceHa NoiBắc Ninh ProvinceHải Dương ProvinceHưng Yên ProvinceHà Nam ProvinceVĩnh Phúc ProvinceHa NoiBắc Ninh ProvinceHải Dương ProvinceHưng Yên ProvinceHà Nam ProvinceA clickable map of Vietnam exhibiting its provinces.
About this image


According to the census results of 1 April 2009, the population of Vietnam is 85,789,573 people. The most populous top-level administrative unit in Vietnam is H? Chí Minh City, one of the five centrally governed cities. It has 7,123,340 people living within its official boundaries. The second most populous administrative unit is the recently expanded Hà N?i with 6,448,837 people. Prior to the expansion of the capital city, this rank belonged to Thanh Hóa with 3,400,239 people. The least populous is B?c K?n, a mountainous province in the remote northeast with 294,660 people.[2]

In land area, the largest province is Ngh? An, which runs from the city of Vinh up the wide Sông C? valley. The smallest is B?c Ninh, located in the populous Red River Delta region.

The following is a table of Vietnam's provinces broken down by population and area, 1 April 2009.[3]

Province/City Capital/Administrative center Area (km²)
[3]
Population
[3]
Density (/km²)
[3]
% Urban
[3]
HDI (2012)
[4]
GDP per capita
(2011 PPP US$)[4]
Region
B?c Giang Province B?c Giang 3,827.4 1,554,131 406.1 9.4 0.711 1,909.44 Northeast
B?c K?n Province B?c K?n 4,868.4 293,826 60.4 16.1 0.685 1,766.68 Northeast
Cao B?ng Province Cao B?ng 6,724.6 507,183 75.4 16.9 0.653 1,564.27 Northeast
Hà Giang Province Hà Giang 7,945.8 724,537 91.2 11.6 0.586 1,083.72 Northeast
L?ng S?n Province L?ng S?n 8,331.2 732,515 87.9 19.2 0.707 2,201.98 Northeast
Phú Th? Province Vi?t Trì 3,528.4 1,316,389 373.1 15.8 0.715 1,916.23 Northeast
Qu?ng Ninh Province H? Long 6,099.0 1,144,988 187.7 51.9 0.784 7,834.55 Northeast
Thái Nguyên Province Thái Nguyên 3,546.6 1,123,116 316.7 25.6 0.741 2,547.11 Northeast
Tuyên Quang Province Tuyên Quang 5,870.4 724,821 123.5 13.0 0.699 1,948.18 Northeast
Lào Cai Province Lào Cai 6,383.9 614,595 96.3 21.0 0.670 2,767.55 Northeast
Yên Bái Province Yên Bái 6,899.5 740,397 107.3 18.8 0.657 1,845.51 Northeast
?i?n Biên Province ?i?n Biên Ph? 9,562.5 490,306 51.3 15.0 0.611 1,589.03 Northwest
Hòa Bình Province Hòa Bình 4,684.2 785,217 167.6 15.0 0.715 2,343.13 Northwest
Lai Châu Province Lai Châu 9,112.3 370,502 40.7 14.2 0.560 1,081.84 Northwest
S?n La Province S?n La 14,174.4 1,076,055 75.9 13.8 0.634 1,773.90 Northwest
B?c Ninh Province B?c Ninh 823.1 1,024,472 1,244.7 23.5 0.771 4,451.41 Red River Delta
Hà Nam Province Ph? Lý 859.7 784,045 912.0 9.5 0.724 2,131.93 Red River Delta
H?i Dng Province H?i Dng 1,652.8 1,705,059 1,031.6 19.0 0.746 2,513.92 Red River Delta
H?ng Yên Province H?ng Yên 923.5 1,127,903 1,221.3 12.1 0.743 2,503.79 Red River Delta
Nam nh Province Nam nh 1,650.8 1,828,111 1,107.4 17.6 0.726 1,904.97 Red River Delta
Ninh Bình Province Ninh Bình 1,392.4 898,999 645.6 17.9 0.733 2,478.79 Red River Delta
Thái Bình Province Thái Bình 1,546.5 1,781,842 1,152.1 9.7 0.738 2,090.86 Red River Delta
V?nh Phúc Province V?nh Yên 1,373.2 999,786 728.1 22.4 0.764 3,990.61 Red River Delta
Hà N?i City Hoàn Ki?m District 3,119.0 7,331,909 2,068.6 41.0 0.794 3,923.21 Red River Delta
H?i Phòng City H?ng Bàng District 1,520.7 1,976,173 1,208.1 46.1 0.773 3,849.18 Red River Delta
Hà T?nh Province Hà T?nh 5990.6 1,227,038 203.6 14.9 0.725 2,117.32 North Central Coast
Ngh? An Province Vinh 16,498.5 2,912,041 176.5 12.9 0.715 2,379.59 North Central Coast
Qu?ng Bình Province ng H?i 8,065.3 844,893 104.8 15.0 0.716 2,203.01 North Central Coast
Qu?ng Tr? Province ?ông Hà 4,760.1 598,324 125.7 27.4 0.696 2,672.10 North Central Coast
Thanh Hóa Province Thanh Hóa 11,136.3 3,400,595 305.4 10.4 0.716 2,434.69 North Central Coast
Th?a Thiên-Hu? Province Hu? 5,065.3 1,087,420 214.7 36.0 0.735 3,072.58 North Central Coast
k L?k Province Buôn Ma Thu?t 13,139.2 1,733,624 131.9 24.0 0.708 2,555.78 Central Highlands
k Nông Province Gia Ngh?a 6,516.9 489,382 75.1 14.7 0.710 3,000.70 Central Highlands
Gia Lai Province Pleiku 15,536.9 1,274,412 82.0 28.6 0.689 3,023.20 Central Highlands
Kon Tum Province Kon Tum 9,690.5 430,133 44.4 33.5 0.656 2,075.42 Central Highlands
Lâm ng Province ?à L?t 9,776.1 1,187,574 121.5 37.8 0.735 3,331.80 Central Highlands
Bình nh Province Qui Nh?n 6,039.6 1,486,465 246.1 27.7 0.742 3,089.10 South Central Coast
Bình Thu?n Province Phan Thi?t 7,836.9 1,167,023 148.9 39.3 0.732 3,090.17 South Central Coast
Khánh Hòa Province Nha Trang 5,217.6 1,157,604 221.9 39.9 0.752 4,180.68 South Central Coast
Ninh Thu?n Province Phan Rang-Tháp Chàm 3,363.1 564,993 168.0 36.1 0.695 2,402.34 South Central Coast
Phú Yên Province Tuy Hòa 5,060.6 862,231 170.4 21.8 0.728 2,541.80 South Central Coast
Qu?ng Nam Province Tam K? 10,438.3 1,422,319 136.3 18.6 0.745 3,192.34 South Central Coast
Qu?ng Ngãi Province Qu?ng Ngãi 5,152.7 1,216,773 236.1 14.6 0.718 3,516.44 South Central Coast
?à N?ng City H?i Châu District 1,257.3 887,435 705.8 86.9 0.803 4,811.58 South Central Coast
Bà R?a-V?ng Tàu Province Bà R?a 1,989.6 996,682 500.9 49.9 0.901 36,786.39 Southeast
Bình Dng Province Th? D?u M?t 2,696.2 1,481,550 549.5 29.9 0.751 3,663.54 Southeast
Bình Phc Province ng Xoài 6,883.4 873,598 126.9 16.5 0.734 3,606.56 Southeast
ng Nai Province Biên Hòa 5,903.9 2,486,154 421.1 33.2 0.763 3,485.16 Southeast
Tây Ninh Province Tây Ninh 4,035.9 1,066,513 264.3 15.6 0.744 4,058.65 Southeast
H? Chí Minh City District 1 2,095.1 8,262,864 3,418.9 83.3 0.820 7,147.09 Southeast
An Giang Province Long Xuyên 3,536.8 2,142,709 605.8 28.4 0.730 3,791.46 Mekong Delta
B?c Liêu Province B?c Liêu 2,584.1 856,518 331.5 26.1 0.742 3,701.98 Mekong Delta
B?n Tre Province B?n Tre 2,360.2 1,255,946 532.1 9.9 0.750 2,978.48 Mekong Delta
Cà Mau Province Cà Mau 5,331.7 1,206,938 226.4 20.4 0.743 3,121.66 Mekong Delta
ng Tháp Province Cao Lãnh 3,376.4 1,666,467 493.9 17.8 0.718 2,240.56 Mekong Delta
H?u Giang Province V? Thanh 1,601.1 757,300 473.0 19.6 0.743 2,943.84 Mekong Delta
Kiên Giang Province R?ch Giá 6,348.3 1,688,248 265.9 27.0 0.750 4,336.43 Mekong Delta
Long An Province Tân An 4,493.8 1,436,066 319.6 17.4 0.764 4,012.39 Mekong Delta
Sóc Tr?ng Province Sóc Tr?ng 3,312.3 1,292,853 390.3 19.4 0.715 2,835.46 Mekong Delta
Ti?n Giang Province M? Tho 2,484.2 1,672,271 673.2 13.7 0.770 3,781.77 Mekong Delta
Trà Vinh Province Trà Vinh 2,295.1 1,003,012 437.0 15.3 0.717 2,662.89 Mekong Delta
V?nh Long Province V?nh Long 1,479.1 1,024,707 692.8 15.3 0.757 3,360.01 Mekong Delta
C?n Th? City Ninh Ki?u District 1,401.6 1,188,435 847.9 65.9 0.788 6,260.52 Mekong Delta

See also List of postal codes in Vietnam

Regions

Regions of Vietnam

The Vietnamese government often groups the various provinces into eight regions, which are often grouped into three macro-regions: Northern, Central and Southern. These regions are not always used, and alternative classifications are possible. The regions include:

Regions of Vietnam
Macro-region Region Provinces included Area (km²) Population (2015)[5] Population density
(people/ km²)
Notes
Northern Vietnam (B?c B?, Mi?n B?c) Northwest (Tây B?c B?) 44,301.10 4,446,800 100.37 contains inland provinces in the west of Vietnam's northern part. Two of them are along Vietnam's border with Laos, and three border China (Dien Bien borders both China and Laos).
Northeast (?ông B?c B?) 50,684.10 8,568,200 169.05 contains most of the mountainous provinces that lie to north of the highly populated Red River lowlands. Four of them are along Vietnam's border with China.
Red River Delta (ng B?ng Sông H?ng) 14,957.70 19,714,300 1,318.00 contains the small but populous provinces along the mouth of the Red River. The Red River Delta has the smallest area but highest population and population density of all regions. It is also the only region without any land borders with neighbouring countries.
Central Vietnam (Trung B?, Mi?n Trung) North Central (B?c Trung B?) 51,455.60 10,472,900 203.53 contains the coastal provinces in the northern half of Vietnam's narrow central part. They all stretch from the coast in the east to Laos in the west.
South Central Coast (Duyên h?i Nam Trung B?) 44,376.80 9,185,000 206.98 contains the coastal provinces in the southern half of Vietnam's central part. One province borders Laos.
Central Highlands (Tây Nguyên) 54,641.00 5,607,900 102.63 contains the mountainous provinces to the west of south-central Vietnam. There are a significant number of ethnic minorities in the region. One province is along Vietnam's border with Laos, and four border Cambodia (Kon Tum borders both Laos and Cambodia).
Southern Vietnam (Nam B?, Mi?n Nam) Southeast (?ông Nam B?, Mi?n ?ông) 23,590.70 16,127,800 683.65 contains those parts of lowland southern Vietnam which are north of the Mekong delta. Two provinces border Cambodia.
Mekong River Delta (ng B?ng Sông C?u Long)
or Southwest (Tây Nam B?, Mi?n Tây)
40,576.00 17,590,400 434.00 is Vietnam's southernmost region, mostly containing small but populous provinces in the delta of the Mekong. It is sometimes referred to as the Southwest region (Tây Nam B?). Four provinces border Cambodia.

^+ Municipality (thành ph? tr?c thu?c trung ng)

Historical provinces of Vietnam

  • Ái Châu - existed during the third Chinese domination.
  • An Xuyên - existed from 1956 until the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • Biên Hòa - existed from 1832 until the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • Bình Tr? Thiên - administrative grouping of Qu?ng Bình, Qu?ng Tr? and Th?a Thiên Provinces between 1976 and 1992.
  • Bình Tuy - existed from 1956 until the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • Ch? L?n - existed from 1900 until 1957.
  • Chng Thi?n - existed from 1961 until the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • C?u Long - administrative grouping of V?nh Long and V?nh Bình Provinces between 1976 and 1992.
  • nh Tng - existed from 1832 until the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • Gia nh - existed from 1832, became H? Chí Minh City following the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • Gò Công - existed from 1900 until the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • Hà B?c - administrative grouping of B?c Giang and B?c Ninh Provinces between 1962 and 1996.
  • Hà Tây - existed from 1965 to 1975 and 1991 until 2008, when it was merged into Hà N?i.
  • H?i H?ng - administrative grouping of H?i Dng and H?ng Yên Provinces between 1968 and 1996.
  • H?u Ngh?a - existed from 1963 until the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • Long Khánh - existed from 1956, became ng Nai Province following the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • Minh H?i - administrative grouping of Cà Mau and B?c Liêu Provinces between 1976 and 1996.
  • Ngh? T?nh - administrative grouping of Ngh? An and Hà T?nh Provinces between 1976 and 1991.
  • Phc Long - existed from 1956 until the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • Phc Thành - existed from 1959 until 1965.
  • Phc Tuy - existed from 1956 until the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • Qu?ng Tín - existed from 1962 until the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • Sa ?éc - existed from 1900 until the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.
  • Sông Bé - administrative grouping of Bình Dng and Bình Phc Provinces between 1976 and 1997.
  • Tân An - existed from 1900 until 1956.
  • V?nh Bình - existed from 1956 until the Vietnamese reunification of 1976.

See also

References

  1. ^ ISO 3166-2:VN
  2. ^ http://www.chinhphu.vn/portal/page?_pageid=439,1090462&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&pers_id=1091147&item_id=33638381&p_details=1
  3. ^ a b c d e "Report on completed census results: The 1/4/2009 Population and Housing Census". General Statistics Office Of Vietnam.
  4. ^ a b "Growth that works for all: Viet Nam Human Development Report 2015 on Inclusive Growth" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. January 2016. pp. 173-174. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ General Statistics Office (2017): Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2015. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi

External links


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