Provisional Government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
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Provisional Government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia

Provisional Government of the
Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
Flag of Yugoslavia (1943-1946).svg
1st Cabinet of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
Josip Broz Tito Biha? 1942.jpg
Date formed7 March 1945 (1945-03-07)
Date dissolved29 November 1945 (1945-11-29)
People and organisations
Head of stateKing Peter II
Head of governmentJosip Broz Tito
Status in legislatureProvisional Government
History
PredecessorKingdom of Yugoslavia Government-in-exile
Democratic Federal Yugoslavia NKOJ
SuccessorDemocratic Federal Yugoslavia Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia
Emblem of the Temporary Government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia

The Provisional Government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian: Privremena vlada Demokratske Federativne Jugoslavije / ? ) was the state's temporary national government formed through the merger of the Yugoslav government-in-exile and the National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia (NKOJ). It existed from 7 March to 11 November 1945. It then became the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia in late 1945, which in turn became the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1963 to 1992.

History

"At the moment these are our efforts are focused in one direction, and that is:

  1. to bring together all patriotic and honorable individuals to our fight against the invaders was as successful as possible,
  2. build the nations Yugoslav brotherhood and unity that did not exist before the war and for whose absence brought our country to disaster
  3. provide conditions for the organization of a state in which all the nations feel happy, and it is truly a Democratic Federal Yugoslavia."

Emergence

Before the temporary government was formed, there were several meetings between Tito and Ivan ?uba?i?, the pre-war Ban of Croatia and Prime Minister of Yugoslavia in London during the Second World War.

The international situation has affected Tito to enter politics and compromise to replace radicalism, the pressure of Great Britain and its international protector USSR, "real politics" and to adopt a memorandum of the British government, which was transmitted to him by Winston Churchill of August 1944. To the country will not impose communism, to keep the Communist Party in the conspiracy, and to express the communist program through the National Front of Yugoslavia.

After the Treaty of Vis or the Tito-?uba?i? Agreement, Tito and ?uba?i? met in Vr?ac on 20 October 1944. Tito's stay in the Soviet Union during the Moscow Conference between Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill opened the door for other agreements between representatives of the National Committee and the Royal Government. The agreement was concluded on 1 November 1944 in Belgrade and is known as the Belgrade Agreement.

To new contacts occurred in December 1944, when the amendment was made to the Belgrade Agreement, certain guarantees for the political parties, and the ratification of legislation AVNOJ by the future Constituent Assembly. The Belgrade Agreement has been dissatisfied with King Peter II, whose function under the agreement of Tito-?uba?i? in 1944. A Regency Council performed by a panel composed of three members.

However, after the Yalta Conference on 16 February 1945, Ivan ?uba?i?'s government arrived in Belgrade. After much negotiation and persuasion, King Peter II finally agreed to power transition. Under the agreement, three days later, the royal government and the NKOJ resigned. The new government was formed on 7 March 1945, and on 9 March adopted a Declaration. That night Tito read it in a broadcast over Radio Belgrade.

Abdication of King Peter II

Acting as Head of state on 7 March 1945, King Peter II created his Regency Council to which he appointed constitutional lawyers Sr?an Budisavljevi?, Ante Mandi? and Du?an Sernec. In doing so, the King empowered his Council to form a common temporary government with the National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia (NKOJ) and accept Josip Broz Tito's nomination as Prime Minister of the first normal government of post-war Yugoslavia. As authorized by the King, the Council has thus accepted the Tito's nomination on 29 November 1945, when Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia or Second Yugoslavia was officially declared. By this unconditional transfer of powers, Peter II has abdicated to Tito.[1] This date, when the second Yugoslavia was born under international law, had since been marked as Yugoslavia's national holiday Day of the Republic, however following the communists' switch to authoritarianism, this holiday officially marked the 1943 Session of AVNOJ that coincidentally fell on the same day of the year.[2]

Milan Grol the Deputy Prime Minister resigned on 8 August 1945, on the grounds that the new government did not respect the principle of democracy and freedom of speech. After the "burning house" editorial of Democracy was published in the towns of Yugoslavia, there was a disagreement between ?uba?i? and a representative of the Unitary National Liberation Front. On the same day, Juraj ?utej, Minister without portfolio, resigned. Ivan ?uba?i?, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, resigned on 8 October 1945, saying there was no free democratic government but a communist dictatorship in the country.

Members of the cabinet

Minister Portfolio Lifespan Party Notes
Josip Broz Tito Josip Broz Tito Prime Minister
Minister of Defence
7 March 1945 - KPJ
(JNOF)
Previously head of the NKOJ.
Milan Grol Milan Grol Deputy Prime Minister 7 March 1945 - 24 August 1945 DS Previously a member of the government-in-exile.
Edvard Kardelj Edvard Kardelj Deputy Prime Minister
7 March 1945 - KPJ
(JNOF)
Previously a member of the NKOJ.
Ivan ?uba?i? Ivan ?uba?i? Minister of Foreign Affairs 7 March 1945 - 8 October 1945 HSS Previously head of the government-in-exile.
Josip Smodlaka Josip Smodlaka Minister without Portfolio 7 March 1945 - [[]]
(JNOF)
Previously a member of the NKOJ.
Juraj ?utej Juraj ?utej Minister without Portfolio 7 March 1945 - HSS Previously a member of the government-in-exile.
Sreten ?ujovi? Sreten ?ujovi? Minister of Finance 7 March 1945 - KPJ
(JNOF)
Previously a member of the NKOJ.
Name[3] Portfolio Party Note
Josip Broz Tito Prime Minister, Minister of Defence Unitary National Liberation Front
Milan Grol Deputy Prime Minister Democratic Party Resigned on 18 August 1945
Edvard Kardelj Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Constituent Unitary National Liberation Front
Ivan ?uba?i? Minister of Foreign Affairs Croatian Peasant Party Resigned on 8 October 1945
Josip Smodlaka Minister without Portfolio Unitary National Liberation Front
Juraj ?utej Minister without Portfolio Resigned on 18 August 1945
Sreten ?ujovi? Minister of Finances Unitary National Liberation Front
Drago Maru?i? Minister of Post, Telegraph and Telephone
Frane Frol Minister of Justice Unitary National Liberation Front
Vlada Ze?evi? Minister of Internal Affairs Unitary National Liberation Front
Todor Vujasinovi? Minister of Transport Unitary National Liberation Front
Andrija Hebrang Minister of Industry Unitary National Liberation Front
Nikola Petrovi? Minister of Trade and Supply Unitary National Liberation Front
Vladislav S. Ribnikar Minister of Education Unitary National Liberation Front
Sava Kosanovi? Minister of Information
Zlatan Sremec Minister of Public Health
Bane Andrejev Minister of Mining Unitary National Liberation Front
Vaso ?ubrilovi? Minister of Agriculture Unitary National Liberation Front
Sulejman Filipovi? Minister of Forestry Unitary National Liberation Front
Anton Kr?i?nik Minister of Social Affairs Unitary National Liberation Front
Sreten Vukosavljevi? Minister of Colonization Unitary National Liberation Front
Rade Pribi?evi? Minister of Construction Unitary National Liberation Front
Edvard Kocbek Minister for Slovenia Unitary National Liberation Front
Ja?a Prodanovi? Minister for Serbia Unitary National Liberation Front
Rodoljub ?olakovi? Minister for Bosnia and Herzegovina Unitary National Liberation Front
Milovan ?ilas Minister for Montenegro Unitary National Liberation Front
Emanuel ?u?kov Minister for Macedonia Unitary National Liberation Front
Pavle Gregori? Minister for Croatia Unitary National Liberation Front

Notes

  1. ^ Charles D. Pettibone (2014) The organization and order of battle of militaries in World War II, Trafford Publishing, Bloomington, Indiana SAD, p.393.
  2. ^ "29 November, Yugoslavia: Day of the Republic", Faculty of Humanities Research Projects page, University of Oslo, Norway. Publication date: 24 August 2008.
  3. ^ Petranovi?, p. 353

References

  • Dimi?, Ljubodrag (2011). "Yugoslav-Soviet Relations: The View of the Western Diplomats (1944-1946)". The Balkans in the Cold War: Balkan Federations, Cominform, Yugoslav-Soviet Conflict. Beograd: Institute for Balkan Studies. pp. 109-140. ISBN 9788671790734.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Petranovi?, Branko (1981). Istorija Jugoslavije 1918-1978 (in Serbo-Croatian) (2 ed.). Belgrade: Nolit.
  • ?epi?, Dragovan (1983). Vlada Ivana ?uba?i?a (in Serbo-Croatian). Zagreb: Globus. Retrieved 2013.

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