|Gmina||Puck (urban gmina)|
|o Mayor||Hanna Pruchniewska|
|o City||4.9 km2 (1.9 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||20 m (70 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|o Density||2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+48 58|
Puck [put?sk] (Kashubian: Pùckò, Pùck, Pëck, German: Putzig) is a town in northwestern Poland with 11,350 inhabitants. It is in Gda?sk Pomerania on the south coast of the Baltic Sea (Bay of Puck) and part of Kashubia with many Kashubian speakers in the town. Previously in the Gda?sk Voivodeship (1975-1998), Puck has been the capital of Puck County in the Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999.
The settlement became a marketplace and a seaport as early as the 7th century. The name, as was common during the Middle Ages, was spelled differently: in a 1277 document Putzc, 1277 Pusecz, 1288 Puczse and Putsk, 1289 Pucz. In 1309 it came under the rule of the Teutonic Order as part of Pomerelia. Puck achieved town status in 1348. Together with the rest of Royal Prussia, it joined Poland in 1454 (1466) and was the place of the local County Administration (Starostwo). The Polish kings tried to create a fleet at Danzig, but autonomous Hanseatic Danzig would not allow them in their territory. Ships chartered by Poland had to land at Pautzke (Puck) in 1567. Poland tried to establish a Polish Navy, gaining the use some harbors in Livonia and Finland, but a standing navy never materialized. Swedish-Lithuanian Vasa King of Poland-Lithuania Sigismund III Vasa also tried to establish a fleet in his attempts to wrest the crown of Sweden from King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, but Sigismund's attempts were destroyed in 1628.
In 1772, through the Partitions of Poland, the town was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia and in 1773 became part of the newly established province of West Prussia. In 1913 Putzig became the garrison of the first planes of German Naval aviation. After the First World War, Puck was assigned to the Second Polish Republic by the Treaty of Versailles. In 1920 Poland celebrated Poland's Wedding to the Sea in Puck. The first actual Polish Navy was founded at the end of World War I in 1918 with some French and British involvement. Puck was the only Polish harbour until Gdynia was built in the 1920s and served as the main harbour of the Polish Navy until the Second World War.
Puck was bombed by Nazi Germany at 5.20am Polish time on Friday September 1, known thereafter as Grey Friday. Luftwaffe bombers dropped a projectile on the town, which also had an airbase for the Naval Air Squadron; dealing significant damage to the Polish air force units stationed there.
|Land use in Puck in 2005 ||in ha||in %|
|agricultural lands area, of which:||188||38.4|
|Forests and forest land||3||0.6|
|Other and wastelands||299||61,0|
Puck, Poland is twinned with:
Puck is an important water sports centre