Quakertown, Pennsylvania
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Quakertown, Pennsylvania
Quakertown, Pennsylvania
Broad Street in Quakertown
Broad Street in Quakertown
Etymology: the "Quakers"
Motto(s): 
"The Heart of Upper Bucks County!"
Location of Quakertown in Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Quakertown in Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
Quakertown is located in Pennsylvania
Quakertown
Quakertown
Location of Quakertown in Pennsylvania
Quakertown is located in the United States
Quakertown
Quakertown
Quakertown (the United States)
Coordinates: 40°26?26?N 75°20?26?W / 40.44056°N 75.34056°W / 40.44056; -75.34056Coordinates: 40°26?26?N 75°20?26?W / 40.44056°N 75.34056°W / 40.44056; -75.34056
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyBucks
Government
 o TypeCouncil-manager
Area
 o Total2.04 sq mi (5.27 km2)
 o Land2.04 sq mi (5.27 km2)
 o Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
505 ft (154 m)
Population
 o Total8,979
 o Estimate 
(2019)[2]
8,784
 o Density4,316.46/sq mi (1,666.76/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 o Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
18951
Area code(s)215, 267, 445
Websitequakertown.org

Quakertown is a borough in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. As of 2018, it had an estimated population of 8,814.[3] The borough is 15 miles (24 km) south of Allentown and Bethlehem and 47 miles (76 km) north of Philadelphia, making Quakertown a border town of both the Delaware Valley and Lehigh Valley metropolitan areas. It is considered part of the United States Census Bureau's Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (PA-NJ-DE-MD) MSA and the Delaware Valley. Quakertown is surrounded by Richland Township.

History

Quaker settlement

Quakertown was originally settled by members of the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers. The settlement was not officially known as Quakertown until its first post office opened in 1803.[4]

Liberty Bell moved

On September 18, 1777, during the American Revolutionary War, a convoy of wagons carrying the Liberty Bell from Philadelphia to Allentown, under the command of Col. Thomas Polk of Charlotte, North Carolina, stopped in Quakertown. The Liberty Bell was stored overnight behind the home of Evan Foulke (1237 West Broad Street), and the entourage stayed at the Red Lion Inn. The John Fries' Rebellion was also started in the Red Lion Inn in 1799.

1800s growth

In 1854, Quakertown elected its first Burgess. The North Pennsylvania Railroad caused a great increase in population, and by 1880, the population of Quakertown had almost reached 1,800.[4]

Liberty Hall, Quakertown Historic District, Quakertown Passenger and Freight Station, and Enoch Roberts House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5]

Industry and population

The American Civil War along with national economic expansion changed Quakertown from a tiny village to a commercial manufacturing center. In the nineteenth century, local industrial establishments included cigar and cigar box factories, silk mills, harness factories, and stove foundries. Until 1969, Quakertown generated its own electrical power. As of 2020, Quakertown has extensive mall development along Pennsylvania Route 309 that includes many restaurants, businesses, and retail outlets. The population of Quakertown in 1900 was 3,014; it rose to 3,801 in 1910. By 1940, the population had reached 5,150 people. At the 2010 census, the borough's population was 8,979.

Interurban to Allentown and Philadelphia

Between 1901 and 1951, Quakertown was an hourly stop on the Lehigh Valley Transit Company's electric interurban trolley line from Allentown and Coopersburg through Quakertown then south through Perkasie, Sellersville, Souderton, Lansdale, and Norristown to Philadelphia. In World War 2 during gasoline rationing with car use limited it moved a very large number of passengers. After the war, its business collapsed, and it quit in 1951. The LVT station at the northwest corner of Main and Broad streets across from the Red Lion Inn still stands and is marked on one wall for that history. It ran in the center of Main Street as it progressed southbound to Perkasie.[6]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all of it land.

Licking Run begins in passes through Quakertown from the west to the east and drains into the Tohickon Creek. Tohickon Creek, which drains into the Delaware River, flows past the northeastern edge of the borough.

Demographics

As of the census[8] of 2010, there were 8,979 people living in the borough. The racial makeup of the borough was 90.6% White, 2.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.0% of the population.

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 8,931 people, 3,421 households, and 2,251 families living in the borough. The population density was 4,424.7 people per square mile (1,707.1/km²). There were 3,631 housing units at an average density of 1,798.9 per square mile (694.0/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 94.46% White, 1.20% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.51% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.58% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.88% of the population.

There were 3,421 households, out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 25.5% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $41,942, and the median income for a family was $51,194. Males had a median income of $33,697 versus $26,988 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,562. About 3.7% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Quakertown has a council-manager system of government. The borough has a seven-member Borough Council elected at-large to four-year terms. The council appoints a Borough Manager who manages the daily operations of the borough.[10] As of 2017, the members of Borough Council are President L. James Roberts Jr., Vice President Donald E. Rosenberger, Jon Roth, Michael Johnson, Douglas Propst, Lisa J. Gaier, Esq., and Jann Paulovitz.[11]

Legislators

Police and fire

West End Fire Company

Police services in the borough are provided 24 hours a day, 7 days a week by the Quakertown Borough Police Department, which consists of a Chief, Detective Lieutenant, Administrative Sergeant, two Patrol Sergeants, two Detectives, twelve Patrol Officers, and three support staff.[12] Fire protection in Quakertown and surrounding areas is provided by the Quakertown Fire Department, a volunteer fire department which operates the Quakertown Fire Company #1-Station 17 on West Broad Street and the West End Fire Company-Station 18 on Park Avenue.[13]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Quakertown is directly served by four state highways. PA 309 passes through the western part of Quakertown as West End Boulevard and runs north to Allentown and south to Montgomeryville and Philadelphia. PA 313 begins at PA 309 in Quakertown and passes through the town on Broad Street, heading southeast to Doylestown. PA 663 heads west from Quakertown at the PA 309/PA 313 intersection and interchanges with I-476 (Pennsylvania Turnpike Northeast Extension) at the Quakertown interchange before heading southwest to Pottstown. PA 212 heads northeast from PA 313 in Quakertown and provides access to Riegelsville.[14]

Quakertown has intercity bus service provided by multiple carriers. Trans-Bridge Lines provides service from a stop on Broad Street in downtown to Bethlehem, Doylestown, and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City.[15][16]Fullington Trailways provides service from a stop on West End Boulevard to the Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal, Hazleton, Williamsport, and several other places in northern Pennsylvania.[17][18][19][20]Martz Trailways provides service from the park and ride lot on PA 663 to Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, White Haven, Allentown, and Philadelphia.[21] This is an Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach route, connecting to Amtrak trains at 30th Street Station in Philadelphia. OurBus provides service from a stop at a park and ride lot on PA 663 west of the borough near the interchange with the Northeast Extension to Camden, New Jersey, Philadelphia, Wescosville, Allentown, and Bethlehem.[22]

Quakertown had passenger rail service from the Quakertown station along the Bethlehem Line to Bethlehem and Philadelphia until July 27, 1981, when SEPTA ended service on all its intercity diesel-powered lines.[23] Due to the numerous industrial complexes in Quakertown, the borough currently has freight rail service provided by a branch of the East Penn Railroad along the former SEPTA tracks.[24]

Quakertown has a public general aviation airport, simply named Quakertown Airport. The airport is not located in the Quakertown borough itself, but in neighboring Milford Township.[25]

Utilities

The borough of Quakertown provides various utility services to businesses and residents. The Borough of Quakertown Electric Department provides electricity to the borough. The borough has operated its own electric department since the early 1890s and generated its own electricity until 1969, with electricity now purchased wholesale.[26] The Borough of Quakertown Water Department provides water to the borough, operating ten wells and three storage facilities.[27] The Borough of Quakertown Sewer Department provides sewer service to the borough, operating a wastewater treatment plant.[28] Natural gas service in Quakertown is provided by UGI Utilities.[29][30] Trash and recycling collection in Quakertown is provided under contract by Mascaro & Sons.[31]

Health care

St. Luke's University Health Network operates St. Luke's Upper Bucks Campus hospital outside the borough in Milford Township, serving the northern portion of Bucks County.[32] The hospital was opened as Quakertown Community Hospital, located within the borough of Quakertown, on June 5, 1930 and was acquired by St. Luke's University Health Network in August 1995.[33] St. Luke's Quakertown Campus was replaced by St. Luke's Upper Bucks Campus on December 14, 2019.[34] St. Luke's Upper Bucks Campus offers an emergency room and various inpatient and outpatient services including women's health services, surgical services, heart and vascular services, radiology services, and wound care.[35] Grand View Health and Lehigh Valley Health Network jointly operate the Health Center at Quakertown, which offers various outpatient services such as laboratory services, X-rays, and cardiac testing along with physician offices focusing on cardiology, orthopedics, primary care, speciality care, and pediatrics.[36][37]

Climate

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Quakertown has a Hot-summer, Humid continental climate (Dfa). Dfa climates are characterized by at least one month having an average mean temperature = 50.0 °F (10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature >= 71.6 °F (22.0 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. Although most summer days are slightly humid in Quakertown, episodes of heat and high humidity can occur with heat index values > 104 °F (40 °C). Since 1981, the highest air temperature was 101.9 °F (38.8 °C) on July 22, 2011, and the highest daily average mean dew point was 74.4 °F (23.6 °C) on August 1, 2006. The average wettest month is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. Since 1981, the wettest calendar day was 6.50 inches (165 mm) on September 30, 2010. During the winter months, the average annual extreme minimum air temperature is -1.9 °F (-18.8 °C).[38] Since 1981, the coldest air temperature was -13.7 °F (-25.4 °C) on January 22, 1984. Episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < -13 °F (-25 °C). The average annual snowfall (Nov-Apr) is between 30 inches (76 cm) and 36 inches (91 cm). Ice storms and large snowstorms depositing >= 12 inches (30 cm) of snow occur once every few years, particularly during nor'easters from December through February.

Climate data for Quakertown, Elevation 502 ft (153 m), 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1981-2018
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69.8
(21.0)
77.6
(25.3)
86.3
(30.2)
92.5
(33.6)
93.9
(34.4)
94.9
(34.9)
101.9
(38.8)
98.6
(37.0)
96.2
(35.7)
88.9
(31.6)
79.4
(26.3)
73.9
(23.3)
101.9
(38.8)
Average high °F (°C) 37.6
(3.1)
41.0
(5.0)
49.6
(9.8)
61.7
(16.5)
71.8
(22.1)
80.3
(26.8)
84.2
(29.0)
82.6
(28.1)
75.9
(24.4)
64.3
(17.9)
53.1
(11.7)
41.6
(5.3)
62.1
(16.7)
Daily mean °F (°C) 28.9
(-1.7)
31.5
(-0.3)
39.3
(4.1)
50.2
(10.1)
60.0
(15.6)
69.0
(20.6)
73.4
(23.0)
71.8
(22.1)
64.4
(18.0)
53.0
(11.7)
43.1
(6.2)
33.2
(0.7)
51.6
(10.9)
Average low °F (°C) 20.1
(-6.6)
22.1
(-5.5)
29.0
(-1.7)
38.7
(3.7)
48.2
(9.0)
57.7
(14.3)
62.6
(17.0)
61.0
(16.1)
53.0
(11.7)
41.6
(5.3)
33.1
(0.6)
24.8
(-4.0)
41.1
(5.1)
Record low °F (°C) -13.7
(-25.4)
-6.5
(-21.4)
1.8
(-16.8)
16.0
(-8.9)
31.0
(-0.6)
39.4
(4.1)
45.9
(7.7)
40.8
(4.9)
33.4
(0.8)
22.6
(-5.2)
10.0
(-12.2)
-3.0
(-19.4)
-13.7
(-25.4)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.50
(89)
2.83
(72)
3.71
(94)
4.08
(104)
4.33
(110)
4.35
(110)
4.80
(122)
3.87
(98)
4.58
(116)
4.35
(110)
3.77
(96)
4.07
(103)
48.24
(1,225)
Average relative humidity (%) 68.7 66.4 61.3 59.9 63.8 70.0 69.9 72.8 73.6 71.4 71.2 71.5 68.4
Average dew point °F (°C) 19.9
(-6.7)
21.6
(-5.8)
27.1
(-2.7)
36.8
(2.7)
47.7
(8.7)
58.8
(14.9)
63.0
(17.2)
62.6
(17.0)
55.8
(13.2)
44.0
(6.7)
34.4
(1.3)
25.0
(-3.9)
41.5
(5.3)
Source: PRISM[39]

Ecology

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Quakertown would have a dominant vegetation type of Appalachian Oak (104) with a dominant vegetation form of Eastern Hardwood Forest (25).[40] The plant hardiness zone is 6b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of -1.9 °F (-18.8 °C).[38] The spring bloom typically begins by April 12 and fall color usually peaks by October 28.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Quakertown borough, Pennsylvania". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011.
  4. ^ a b "History". Borough of Quakertown. Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  6. ^ Lehigh Valley Transit Company's Liberty Bell Route : A Photographic History with Chronology, Historical Recollections and Bibliography: William J McKelvey Jr
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013.
  8. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  10. ^ "Borough Council". Borough of Quakertown. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ "Council Members". Borough of Quakertown. Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ "Police". Borough of Quakertown. Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ "Quakertown Fire Department". Borough of Quakertown. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ Google (November 21, 2013). "overview of Quakertown, Pennsylvania" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2013.
  15. ^ "LVIP to New York" (PDF). Trans-Bridge Lines. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 18, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ "New York to LVIP" (PDF). Trans-Bridge Lines. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 17, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ "FAB 10 - Williamsport - Hazleton - Philadelphia". Fullington Tours. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ "FAB 21 - Philadelphia - Hazleton - Williamsport". Fullington Tours. Retrieved 2017.
  19. ^ "FAB 22 - Williamsport - Philadelphia". Fullington Tours. Retrieved 2017.
  20. ^ "FAB 23 - Philadelphia - Williamsport". Fullington Tours. Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ "Bus Schedules To/From Philadelphia and Casinos". Martz Trailways. Retrieved 2019.
  22. ^ "Book Commuter Ticket". OurBus. Retrieved 2019.
  23. ^ Williams, Gerry (1998). Trains, Trolleys & Transit: A Guide to Philadelphia Area Rail Transit. Piscataway, New Jersey: Railpace Company. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-9621541-7-1.
  24. ^ East Penn Railroad Map (PDF) (Map). DeskMap Systems. 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  25. ^ "Quakertown Airport | Bucks County Airport Authority". Archived from the original on 2008-10-06. Retrieved .
  26. ^ "Electric Department". Borough of Quakertown. Retrieved 2017.
  27. ^ "Water Department". Borough of Quakertown. Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ "Sewer Department". Borough of Quakertown. Retrieved 2017.
  29. ^ "Geographic Footprint". UGI. Retrieved 2017.
  30. ^ "Gas Tariff" (PDF). UGI Utilities. July 7, 2017. pp. 5-6. Retrieved 2017.
  31. ^ "Refuse & Recycling". Borough of Quakertown. Retrieved 2018.
  32. ^ "St. Luke's Upper Bucks Campus". St. Luke's University Health Network. Retrieved 2019.
  33. ^ "St. Luke's Quakertown Campus - History". St. Luke's University Health Network. Retrieved 2017.
  34. ^ "New St. Luke's Hospital open in Quakertown". Allentown, PA: WFMZ-TV. December 15, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  35. ^ "St. Luke's Quakertown Campus - Our Services". St. Luke's University Health Network. Retrieved 2017.
  36. ^ "Health Center at Quakertown". Grand View Health. Retrieved 2017.
  37. ^ "Health Center at Quakertown". Lehigh Valley Health Network. Retrieved 2017.
  38. ^ a b "USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2019.
  39. ^ "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University". Retrieved 2019.
  40. ^ "U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions)". Retrieved 2019.
  41. ^ "Hampton S. Thomas". Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved 2014.

External links


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