RCD Espanyol
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RCD Espanyol
RCD Espanyol
Rcd espanyol logo.svg
Full nameReial Club Deportiu
Espanyol de Cornellà, S.A.D.
Nickname(s)
Short nameRCDE, ESP
Founded13 October 1900; 119 years ago (13 October 1900)
as Sociedad Española de Football
StadiumRCDE Stadium,
Cornellà de Llobregat
Capacity40,000[1]
OwnerRastar Group
PresidentChen Yansheng
Head coachAbelardo
LeagueLa Liga
2018-19La Liga, 7th
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol (Catalan: [r?'jal 'klub d?pu?'tiw ?sp?'l d? s?'lon?]; "Royal Spanish Sports Club of Barcelona"), commonly known as Espanyol, is a professional sports club based in Barcelona, Spain.

Founded in 1900, the club plays in La Liga, the highest division of Spanish football and play their home games at the RCDE Stadium, which holds up to 40,000 spectators. Espanyol has won the Copa del Rey four times, most recently in 2006, and reached the UEFA Cup final in 1988 and 2007. The team competes in the Barcelona Derby against FC Barcelona.

Name

Initially known as the Sociedad Española de Football on its foundation, one year later the name to the Club Español de Fútbol. In 1906, the club folded due to financial reasons and most of the players joined the X Sporting Club. This club won the Campionat de Catalunya three times between 1906 and 1908. In 1909, the club was effectively relaunched as the Club Deportivo Español, and in 1910, they adopted their present-day colours. Espanyol is one of several Spanish football clubs granted patronage by the Spanish crown and thus entitled to use Real in their names and the royal crown on their badge. This right was granted to Espanyol in 1912 by Alfonso XIII and the club subsequently became known as the Real Club Deportivo Español.[2]

Following the abdication of the same king in 1931 and the declaration of the Second Spanish Republic, due to prohibition of royal symbols, the club adopted the more Catalan/republican friendly name, Club Esportiu Espanyol. After the Spanish Civil War, the name reverted.

The club took the Catalan spelling for its name in February 1995. The word "Deportiu" in Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol de Barcelona is a Catalanised form of the original word "Deportivo" (Castilian), despite the correct word being "Esportiu" in the Catalan language. This choice was made in order to retain the initials "RCD" in the club's name.

History

Foundation and club culture

First shield of Club Español de Fútbol
CD Espanyol de Barcelona, Catalan champions in 1904
RCD Español in 1912.
Ricardo Zamora with Español

Espanyol was founded on 28 October 1900 by Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz (1879-1959), an engineering student at the University of Barcelona. The club's original home was in the well-off district of Sarrià; Espanyol was the first club in Spain to be formed exclusively by Spanish fans of the game.

The club originally played in bright yellow shirts, with the colour of the shorts being left to the individual player. A friend of the club founder owned a textile business and happened to have an abundance of yellow material left over from a job. In 1910, the club changed its name to the Club Deportivo Español and chose blue and white stripes as shirt colours and as the central colours of the club badge. Blue and white were chosen in homage to the colours appearing on the shield of the great Sicilian-Aragonese Admiral Roger de Lluria, who sailed the Mediterranean protecting the interests of the Crown of Aragon in the Middle Ages. The club was successful from the very beginning, winning the Campionat de Catalunya in 1903 and subsequently playing in the Copa del Rey.

In 1994, Espanyol created its reserve team, Espanyol B, currently playing in the Segunda División B.

Two UEFA Cup finals: 1986-2009

Javier Clemente was hired in 1986. In his first season, he took the team to a joint-best 3rd place, qualifying for the UEFA Cup. They defeated Borussia Mönchengladbach, A.C. Milan, Inter Milan, TJ Vitkovice and Club Brugge KV to reach the final, losing on penalties to Bayer 04 Leverkusen after a 3-3 aggregate draw.[3] Two relegations followed, but the club have remained in La Liga since winning the 1993-94 Segunda División.

Paco Flores' Espanyol won the 2000 Copa del Rey Final 2-1 against Atlético Madrid at Mestalla, a first cup win since 1940.[4] Six years later, under Miguel Ángel Lotina, the club won again, this time 4-1 against Real Zaragoza in Madrid, with goals by Raúl Tamudo, Luis García (two) and Coro.[5]

With this cup win, Espanyol entered the UEFA Cup. They won all their group games, before dispatching Livorno, Maccabi Haifa, Benfica, and Werder Bremen to reach the final. In the final, held on 16 May at Hampden Park in Glasgow, Espanyol fell to fellow La Liga side Sevilla, losing 3-1 in a shootout following a 2-2 draw.[6] They became the only football team in UEFA Cup history to remain unbeaten in the tournament, yet not take home the trophy. Walter Pandiani, who would leave the club at the end of the season, was the UEFA Cup's top goalscorer that season. On 9 June 2007, Tamudo became Espanyol's highest-ever goalscorer after surpassing the 111 goals scored by Rafael Marañón, and ended the night with 113.

On 31 May 2009, Espanyol played its last match at the Estadio Olímpico de Montjuic, a 3-0 defeat of Málaga. Espanyol had played in the Estadi Olímpic after moving from their previous ground in Sarria. With the move, club talisman Raúl Tamudo had the unique distinction of having played in three different home stadiums with his club: Sarrià, Montjuïc and, beginning in the 2009-10 season, the Cornellà-El Prat.

Recent years

In January 2009, former Espanyol defender Mauricio Pochettino was hired as manager with the club in the relegation zone - his first senior job.[7] He won 2-1 against rivals Barcelona at the Camp Nou in February to help keep the club up; Barcelona, under Pep Guardiola, won the treble that season.[8]

After 12 seasons playing at the Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc, Espanyol moved to the Estadi de Cornellá-El Prat. The new stadium was officially inaugurated on 2 August 2009 with a match between Espanyol and Liverpool; the periquitos ("budgerigars") won 3-0, with Luis García scoring the first goal at the ground, followed by a Ben Sahar double.[9] Six days later, Espanyol captain Daniel Jarque died from a cardiac arrest aged 26 in the Florence neighbourhood of Coverciano, where the club was at the time after playing several fixtures in Italy.[10] Since then, at every match in the 21st minute - his former shirt number - for a full minute an ovation is made in his honour.

After Pochettino left in 2012, the club maintained themselves in the top flight under a series of other managers. In January 2016, Chinese businessman Chen Yansheng took over the club by acquiring a 54% stake.[11] In the 2018-19 season Espanyol finished 7th, thus returning to the Europa League for the first time since their final run in 2006-07.[12]

Rivalries

El derbi Barceloní

In the first half of the 20th century during the Miguel Primo de Rivera dictatorship (1923-1930), FC Barcelona was seen as a symbol of Catalan identity. This contrasted with RCD Espanyol which cultivated a kind of compliance with the central authority.[13]

In 1918 the municipalities of Catalonia promoted a campaign to ask the Spanish Government for a Statute of Autonomy. FC Barcelona joined that request and the Catalan press recognized FC Barcelona as a major cultural arm of the Catalan independence movement. The city's other team, RCD Espanyol, dissociated itself from the claim due to the former's success on the European stage. [14][15]

Today FC Barcelona is the club that is closer to the political powers in Catalonia. Its last presidents have linked the club with the Catalan independence movement and the holding of a referendum, even though this causes discomfort among some Catalonian fans and those in the rest of Spain who feel neglected and think the team is biased against them.[16] Although some of RCD Espanyol's directors have expressed their independentist ideology the club stays out of politics. It is believed that most of the team's fans are against the independence of Catalonia.[17]

On numerous occasions RCD Espanyol has complained of unfavourable and sometimes directly offensive treatment towards the club in favour of FC Barcelona by some Catalonian public media like TV3.[18][19][20]

Despite these differences in ideology, the derbi (derby) has always been more relevant to Espanyol supporters than those of Barcelona due to the difference in objectives.

Though it is the most played local derby in the history of La Liga, it is also the most unbalanced, with Barcelona overwhelmingly dominant. In the league table, Espanyol has only managed to finish above Barça on three occasions in almost 70 years and the only all-Catalan Copa del Rey final was won by Barça in 1957. Espanyol has the consolation of achieving the largest margin win with a 6-0 victory in 1951.

Espanyol achieved a 2-1 win against Barça during the 2008-09 season, becoming the first team to defeat Barcelona at Camp Nou in their treble-winning season.[21]

Stadium

From 1923 until 1997, Espanyol played their home games in Estadi de Sarrià in the Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district of Barcelona. In 1997, they moved to the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys on Montjuïc. For the beginning of the 2009-10 season, Espanyol moved into the newly constructed RCDE Stadium (also known as Estadi Cornellà-El Prat) between Cornellà de Llobregat and El Prat de Llobregat.

Competition summary

Achievements

  • In 1928, Espanyol became a founding member of La Liga, and in 1929, the team won their first Copa del Rey. Espanyol has completed the highest number of seasons in La Liga without actually winning the title.
  • The team has qualified seven times for the UEFA Cup (including the 2006-07 qualification following the 2006 Spanish Cup win) and reached the final in 1988,[22][23][24][25] losing to Bayer Leverkusen of then-West Germany on penalty kicks (3-2), after a memorable home-and-away final (3-0 in Barcelona, 0-3 in Leverkusen)[26][27] and in 2007, losing to Sevilla on another penalty kicks round (3-1), after a memorable match (ended 1-1 after normal time, and 2-2 after extra time).

Honours

Men's football

Domestic competitions

Winners (4): 1929, 1940, 2000, 2006
Runners-up (5): 1911, 1915, 1941, 1947, 1957
Runners-up (2): 2000, 2006
Winner (1): 1993-94

International competitions

Runners-up (2): 1987-88, 2006-07

Regional competitions

Winners (11): 1903-04, 1905-06, 1906-07, 1907-08, 1911-12, 1914-15, 1917-18, 1928-29, 1932-33, 1936-37, 1939-40
Winners: 2016[31]

Women's football

Winners (1): 2005-06
Runners-up (3): 2006-07, 2009-10, 2010-11
Winners (6): 1996, 1997, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2012
Runners-up (4): 1990, 2002, 2007, 2011

Players

Current squad

As of 7 February 2020[32]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Reserve team

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
27 Spain GK Adrián López
29 Morocco MF Moha
33 Spain MF Nico Melamed

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
-- Spain DF Lluís López (at Tenerife until 30 June 2020)
-- Spain MF Álex López (at Lugo until 30 June 2020)
-- Spain FW Javi Puado (at Real Zaragoza until 30 June 2020)

Retired numbers

21 Spain Daniel Jarque (posthumous honour) (2002-09)

Players with most appearances

Competitive, professional matches only.

As of 14 March 2020

Name Years League Second Division League Cup Other Total
1 Spain Raúl Tamudo 1996-2010 340 - - 49 389
2 Spain Antonio Argilés 1950-1964 301 14 - 42 357
3 Spain José María 1965-1976 269 31 - 43 343
4 Argentina Mauricio Pochettino 1994-2006 275 - - 45 320
5 Cameroon Thomas N'Kono 1982-1990 241 33 19 20 313
6 Spain Arteaga 1993-2003 238 28 - 44 310
7 Spain Fernando Molinos 1974-1984 264 - 6 22 292
8 Spain Manuel Zúñiga 1979-1988 259 - 18 14 291
9 Spain Diego Orejuela 1982-1991 216 33 15 24 288
10 Spain Marañón 1974-1983 261 - 4 22 287
1Includes Copa del Rey data only from 1939 to 1976-1977, and since 1986-1987.

Coaches

Club officials

Current technical staff

Position Staff
Head coach Spain Abelardo[34]
Assistant coach Spain Jaume Torras[35]
Goalkeeping coach Spain Jesús Salvador Garrido
Fitness coaches Spain Jaume Bartrés Arenas
Spain Xabi Gil Tora
Spain Manel González
Cameroon Thomas N'Kono
Analyst Spain Ramón Alturo
Doctor Spain Carles Enrique
Physiotherapists Spain Javier Carrión Delgado
Spain Adrià García
Spain Manuel González Postigo
Spain Roberto Nestares Fernández
Spain Albert Torner
Nutritionist Spain Albert Martínez
Delegate Spain José María Calzón Calzón
Kit men Spain Ángel Inac Martínez
Spain Jorge Pérez de Jesús

Last updated: 9 April 2019
Source: RCD Espanyol

Board of directors

Office Name
President Chen Yansheng
Vice president Carlos García Pont
Secretary Jorge Sarró Riu
Vice secretary Iñaki Frías Inchausti
Directors Wang Lirong
Hongyuan Wang
Mao Ye Wu
Zheng Zefeng
Lu Zuilan
Business and coordination director Mao Ye Wu
Sport general area manager Óscar Perarnau Figueras
CEO Roger Guasch
Professional football director Francisco Joaquín Pérez Rufete
Academy directors Àlex García Borau
Fran Navarro Ortiz
Femenino football director Lauren Florido Revilla
Femenino sporting director Francisca Camúñez Moreno
Head of medical services Manolo González Postigo
Marketing and commercial director Agustí Filomeno Alsina
Sponsoring, hospitality and new business director Antoni Alegre Puzo
Financial director Joan Fitó Pardo
Chief communications officer and director of
institutional relations
Agustín Rodríguez Mas
Social area director Alberto Ariza Navarro
Head of Ciutat Esportiva Dani Jarque's schools
and academies
Eloy Pérez García
Stadium director Josep Toldrà Alegret
Office manager Olga Moscatel Vivet
Administration and human resources manager Lam Joi Kin
Security director Antoni Guerra Rojas
Telecommunications director Ángel Rojas Gómez
Business coordination and expansion in Asia Senon Chen

Last updated: 9 April 2019
Source: RCD Espanyol

Presidents

Dates Name
1900-02 Spain Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz
1902-06 Spain Josep María Miró Trepat
1906-09 no activities
1909 Spain Julià Clapera Roca
1909-10 Spain Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz
1910-11 Spain Evelio Doncos
1911-12 Spain Josep García Hardoy
1912-13 Spain Santiago de la Riva
1913-14 Spain Alfonso Ardura
1914-15 Spain Josep García Hardoy
Dates Name
1915-18 Spain José María Bernadas
1918-19 Uruguay Manuel Allende
1919-20 Spain Victorià de la Riva
1920-22 Spain Genaro de la Riva
1922-24 Spain Victorià de la Riva
1924-25 Spain Santiago de la Riva
1925-30 Spain Genaro de la Riva
1930-31 Spain Santiago de la Riva
1931-33 Spain Javier de Salas
1933-42 Spain Genaro de la Riva
Dates Name
1942-47 Spain Francisco Román Cenarro
1947-48 Spain José Salas Painello
1948-58 Spain Francisco Javier Sáenz
1958-60 Spain Frederic Marimón Grifell
1960-62 Spain Victorià Oliveras de la Riva
1962-63 Spain Cesáreo Castilla Delgado
1963-67 Spain Josep Fusté Noguera
1967-69 Spain Juan Vilá
1969-70 Spain Josep Fusté Noguera
1970-82 Spain Manuel Meler
Dates Name
1982-89 Spain Antonio Baró
1989 Spain Ferran Martorell
1989-93 Spain Julio Pardo
1993-97 Spain Francisco Perelló
1997-11 Spain Daniel Sánchez Llibre
2011-12 Spain Ramon Condal
2012-16 Spain Juan Collet
2016- China Chen Yansheng

Historical departments of RCD Espanyol

Until the 1990s, Espanyol had several sporting sections. In March 2017, the Association of Supporters and Shareholders of RCD Espanyol boosted a project for recovering the sporting sections of the club, but this time without any economic link with the football team. The new multi-sports club was created with the name of Seccions Deportives Espanyol (Sporting sections Espanyol).[36]

Two months later, the Association confirmed that Espanyol would start competing in the 2017-18 season, with a roller hockey team and women's volleyball teams.[37] In the next season, the basketball section was refounded and a new section of handball would be created.

Men's basketball

Winners (1): 1941
Winners (2): 1931, 1932
Runners-up (3): 1941, 1943, 1954

Women's basketball

Winners (1): 1943
Runners-up (1): 1944

Men's rink hockey

Winners (11): 1944, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1961, 1962
Runners-up (4): 1946, 1952, 1953, 1958

Women's volleyball

Winners (3): 1985, 1988, 1991
Winners (5): 1984, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1992

Men's baseball

Winners (2): 1946, 1953

See also

References

  1. ^ RCDE Stadium - RCD Espanyol Official Page
  2. ^ "History". RCD Espanyol. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ "El Espanyol tocó la gloria ante el Bayer Leverkusen" [Espanyol touched glory against Bayer Leverkusen]. Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 4 May 2013. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ Segurola, Santiago (28 May 2000). "El Espanyol se corona en Mestalla" [Espanyol crowned in Mestalla]. El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ "El Espanyol conquista su cuarta Copa del Rey" [Espanyol win their fourth Copa del Rey]. El Mundo (in Spanish). 12 April 2006. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ "Palop ensures cup joy for Sevilla". uefa.com. 17 May 2007.
  7. ^ "Pochettino replaces luckless Mané at Espanyol". UEFA. 20 January 2009. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ Bate, Adam (1 October 2016). "How Mauricio Pochettino's Espanyol beat Pep Guardiola's Barcelona". Sky Sports. Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ Collins, Ben (2 August 2009). "Reds suffer pain in Spain". Retrieved 2020.
  10. ^ "Espanyol stunned by Jarque death". BBC. 8 August 2009.
  11. ^ "New Espanyol owner aiming for Champions League within three years". The Guardian. 22 January 2016. Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ Gillingham, Geoff (30 August 2019). "Friendly Europa League draw for Sevilla, Getafe and Espanyol". Marca. Retrieved 2020.
  13. ^ Missiroli, Antonio (March 2002). "European football cultures and their integration: the 'short' Twentieth Century". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 2009.
  14. ^ https://www.politico.eu/article/fc-barcelona-catalonia-independence-upheaval/
  15. ^ https://www.barcelona.de/en/fc-barcelona-barca.html
  16. ^ Temprano, Alejandra (2016-01-11). "El Barça cae en su trampa con el tuit de la vergüenza de Bartomeu". esdiario.es. Retrieved .
  17. ^ MARCA.com (2015-09-10). "Joan Collet: "Vamos a dar guerra al Madrid"". MARCA.com (in Spanish). Retrieved .
  18. ^ "El Espanyol "exige" la retirada de la campaña 'Si sientes el Barça, sientes Cataluña'". ELMUNDO (in Spanish). Retrieved .
  19. ^ BARCELONA, SERGI LÓPEZ-EGEA / (2016-03-03). "Ensenyament retira un texto ofensivo con el Espanyol". El Periódico (in Spanish). Retrieved .
  20. ^ "El Espanyol y el Joventut denuncian pensamiento único en Cataluña". Economiadigital (ed. general). Retrieved .
  21. ^ "How Mauricio Pochettino's Espanyol beat Pep Guardiola's Barcelona". skysports.com. 1 October 2016.
  22. ^ Licia Granello (October 22, 1987). "Il Milan è già disperato". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 25.
  23. ^ Licia Granello (November 5, 1987). "Un Milan senza attacco Una partita senza storia". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 33.
  24. ^ Gianni Mura (November 26, 1987). "Ma l' Inter soffre ancora". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 23.
  25. ^ Gianni Mura (December 10, 1987). "L' Inter perde l' ultima chance". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 23.
  26. ^ "Finale UEFA Tre gol dell' Espanyol". la Repubblica (in Italian). May 5, 1988. p. 33.
  27. ^ "Coppa UEFA Il Bayer vince ai rigori". la Repubblica (in Italian). May 19, 1988. p. 23.
  28. ^ "Spain - List of Cup Finals". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 2016.
  29. ^ "Spain - List of Second Division Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 2016.
  30. ^ "Spain - List of Champions of Catalonia". RSSSF. Retrieved 2017.
  31. ^ "El Espanyol gana la Supercopa" [Espanyol win the Supercup]. Mundo Deportivo. Roger Torelló. 25 October 2016. Retrieved 2018.
  32. ^ www.rcdespanyol.com, RCD Espanyol -. "First Team - RCD Espanyol". www.rcdespanyol.com.
  33. ^ "First Team RCD Espanyol Marc Roca Junqué #21". rcdespanyol.com. RCD Espanyol de Barcelona S.A.D. Retrieved 2018.
  34. ^ "Official: Pablo Machin appointed as new Espanyol boss".
  35. ^ "Rubi is new Espanyol boss".
  36. ^ "Pericos sobre ruedas" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 15 March 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  37. ^ "Reneix el gegant adormit" (in Catalan). L'Esportiu de Catalunya. 26 May 2017. Retrieved 2017.

External links


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