Ra%C3%BAl M. Grijalva
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Ra%C3%BAl M. Grijalva

Raúl Grijalva
Raul Grijalva Official Portrait, 2015.jpg
Chair of the House Natural Resources Committee

January 3, 2019
Rob Bishop
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona

January 3, 2003
District established
Constituency7th district
3rd district
Personal details
Raúl Manuel Grijalva

(1948-02-19) February 19, 1948 (age 72)
Tucson, Arizona, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic (since 1974)
Other political
Raza Unida (before 1974)
Spouse(s)Ramona Grijalva
EducationUniversity of Arizona (BA)
WebsiteHouse website

Raúl Manuel Grijalva (; born February 19, 1948) is an American politician who serves as the U.S. Representative for Arizona's 3rd congressional district, serving since 2003. He is a member of the Democratic Party. The district, numbered as the 7th district from 2003 to 2013, includes the western third of Tucson, part of Yuma and Nogales, and some peripheral parts of metro Phoenix. He is the current dean of Arizona's congressional delegation.

Early life, education and career

Raúl Grijalva's father was a migrant worker from Mexico who entered the United States in 1945 through the Bracero Program and labored on southern Arizona ranches.[1] Grijalva was born on Canoa Ranch, 30 miles south of Tucson.[2] Grijalva graduated from Sunnyside High School in 1967. He is a 2004 inductee to the Sunnyside High School Alumni Hall of Fame.[3] He attended the University of Arizona[4] and earned a bachelor's degree in sociology.[5]

In addition, he was an Arizona leader of the Raza Unida Party. According to the standard history of the party by Dr. Armando Navarro, "Grijalva was so militant that he alienated some members of Tucson's Mexican-American community. After losing in his first bid for elective office, a 1972 run for a seat on the school board, he began to cultivate a less radical image."[6][7]

In 1974, he was elected to the Tucson Unified School District board and served as a school board member until 1986. Grijalva Elementary School in Tucson was named for him in 1987.[8] From 1975 to 1986, Grijalva was the director of the El Pueblo Neighborhood Center, and in 1987 he was Assistant Dean for Hispanic Student Affairs at the University of Arizona.[9] Grijalva was a member of the Pima County Board of Supervisors from 1989 to 2002, and served as chairman from 2000 to 2002.[10] He resigned as a supervisor in 2002 to run for Congress.[2]

U.S. House of Representatives

Arizona's 3rd congressional district, which Grijalva has represented since 2013.

Committee assignments


Grijalva is a member of several dozen caucuses. A full list is available at his website.[11]

Complaint settlement

In 2015, Grijalva settled a complaint accusing him of drunkenness and a "hostile workplace environment" with a female staffer who'd been at her job for three months. The payment of $48,000, was made from House of Representative funds.[15]

Political positions

Grijalva speaking at a tax policy event in Phoenix, Arizona, February 2018

Grijalva formerly co-chaired the Congressional Progressive Caucus with Mark Pocan of Wisconsin, having been replaced by Pramila Jayapal after stepping down in order to chair the House Committee on Natural Resources.[16] In 2008, he was among 12 members rated by National Journal as tied for most liberal overall.[17] On the ideological map of all House members at GovTrack's website, Grijalva is ranked farthest to the left.[18] Liberal and progressive activist groups routinely give him high marks for his voting record. Grijalva received a 100 percent score from Americans for Democratic Action, Peace Action, the League of Conservation Voters, the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, NARAL Pro-Choice America, Arab American Institute, and several other notable groups in recent years.[19] With the start of the 114th Congress, Grijalva became the Ranking Member of the House Committee on Natural Resources.

Grijalva is an advocate of mining law reform[20] and many other environmental causes. From his position on the House Committee on Natural Resources--where he has been the top Democrat on the Subcommittee on National Parks, Forests and Public Lands since 2007--he has led Democratic efforts to strengthen federal offshore oil drilling oversight since before the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill[21] and introduced a successful bill to create a permanent National Landscape Conservation System at the Bureau of Land Management.[22] He was a leading candidate for Secretary of the Interior when President Obama was elected, but the job eventually went to Ken Salazar[23]--according to the Washington Post, President Obama made the decision in part because of Grijalva's stated preference for more environmental analysis before approving offshore drilling projects.[24]

He has been a vocal opponent of Arizona's SB 1070 law that mandates police checks of citizenship documentation for anyone subjected to a legitimate law enforcement stop, detention or arrest as long as the officer does not consider race, color or national origin during the stop, detention or arrest.[25] Shortly after the measure was signed by Arizona Governor Jan Brewer, Grijalva called on legal, political, activist and business groups not to hold their conventions or conferences in the state, a position that he said quickly became misconstrued as a call for a general boycott of the state economy.[26] In response, the Arizona Republican Party handed out bumper stickers reading "Boycott Grijalva, Not Arizona." After a federal judge stopped implementation of most of SB 1070, Grijalva withdrew the boycott, saying that he had reacted to it "very personally." In an interview regarding the situation, Grijalva said that "to all of a sudden have a law that separates me from the whole, I found very offensive and demeaning." [27]

He criticized the 2010 deployment of 1,200 National Guard troops to the U.S.-Mexico border as "political symbolism" that he believed would not adequately address the issues of immigration and border security.[28]

Grijalva has frequently called for a withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan and Iraq, and supports the wider implementation of the National Solidarity Program as a way to improve Afghans' economic and educational infrastructure.[29] The group Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America gave him an "A" rating for the 2007-2008 Congressional session.


Grijalva has a pro-choice voting record and voted against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act.[30] He was strongly critical of the Stupak-Pitts Amendment, which sought to place limits on taxpayer-funded abortions in the Affordable Health Care for America Act.[31]

Budget proposals

As co-chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, Rep. Grijalva took a leading role in shaping CPC "alternative budgets"--budget bills offered by various groups and caucuses in Congress other than the official majority or minority party plan. In 2011 the CPC introduced what it called the People's Budget, which reached budget balance in 10 years according to an assessment by the Economic Policy Institute based on nonpartisan government data.[32] The proposal was noted approvingly by some of the world's leading economists, including Jeffrey Sachs--who called it "a bolt of hope ... humane, responsible, and most of all sensible"[33]--and Paul Krugman, who called it "genuinely courageous" for achieving budget balance "without dismantling the legacy of the New Deal.".[34][35]

In 2012, again with Grijalva as co-chair, the Progressive Caucus introduced the Budget for All, which is similar to the People's Budget and includes several new features, including a novel proposal to institute a small personal wealth tax above $10 million in net worth phased in over a period of five years.[36] The proposal received 78 votes, all from Democrats, when the House considered it on March 29, 2012.[37][38]

Deepwater Horizon and oil rig safety

On Feb 24, 2010, Grijalva wrote a letter signed by 18 other Representatives calling for an investigation of the BP Atlantis offshore drilling platform due to whistleblower allegations that it was operating without approved safety documents.[39] He has called for Atlantis to be shut down.[40] Since the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on April 20, 2010, Grijalva has written letters to the Minerals Management Service and the Department of the Interior questioning current offshore drilling regulations and calling for stronger oversight of the oil industry.[41]

Grijalva has gained prominence as an outspoken critic of what he calls lax federal oversight of the oil drilling industry, and in late 2010 launched an investigation of the White House's handling of the Horizon spill and its aftermath. That investigation revealed that scientists at the Environmental Protection Agency and elsewhere in the federal government had voiced concerns about drafts of an official government report on the cause and scope of the spill, but were overruled because the report was meant as a "communications document".[42]

In 2010, he introduced H.R. 5355 to eliminate the cap on oil company liability for the cost of environmental cleanups of spills.[43]


Grijalva has sponsored numerous education bills during his time in Congress, including the Success in the Middle Act[44] and the Graduation for All Act.[45] Grijalva has long ties to the educational community from his time on the board of the Tucson Unified School District and his current position on the House Education and the Workforce Committee.


As a member and chairman of the Pima County Board of Supervisors, Grijalva was widely regarded as a central figure behind the Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan,[46] an ambitious County program for planned land-use and biodiversity conservation.[47] He consistently supported endangered species and wilderness conservation on the Board of Supervisors and has continued to do so in Congress, introducing a bill in 2009 to make permanent the National Landscape Conservation System within the Bureau of Land Management. In 2008, Grijalva released a report called The Bush Administration's Assaults on Our National Parks, Forests and Public Lands,[48] which accused the Bush administration of mismanaging public land and reducing barriers to commercial access.[49]

The Trump administration proposed changes to "the way it enforces the Endangered Species Act" in 2018. Among other things, the proposal would facilitate delisting endangered species and "streamline interagency consultations". Grijalva, a ranking member of the House Natural Resources Committee at the time, referred to the proposal as "a favor to industry". He posited that the administration "doesn't seem to know any other way to handle the environment" than "as an obstacle to industry profits".[50]

Foreign policy

In 2011, Grijalva (along with Democratic Representatives Barbara Lee, Mike Honda, and Lynn Woolsey) criticized Obama for failing to seek congressional authorization for military intervention in Libya,[51] and was one of the 70 Democrats to vote to defund the Libyan war.[52] In 2013, Grijalva opposed intervening in Syria.[53]

On April 25, 2018, 57 members of the House of Representatives, including Grijalva,[54] released a condemnation of Holocaust distortion in Poland and Ukraine.[55] They criticized Poland's new Holocaust law, which would criminalize accusing Poland of complicity in the Holocaust, and Ukraine's 2015 memory laws glorifying Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) and its leaders, such as Roman Shukhevych.[54]

In July 2019, Grijalva voted against a House resolution condemning the Global Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement targeting Israel. The resolution passed 398-17.[56]

Fossil fuel industry funding of climate change studies

On February 24, 2015, as the ranking Democratic member of the United States House Committee on Natural Resources, Grijalva sent letters to seven institutions employing scientists who disagree with most other climate scientists on man-made climate change. The letters requested information on any funding from fossil fuel companies, as well as copies of all emails concerning the content of their congressional testimony. One of the recipients, University of Colorado Professor Roger Pielke Jr., responded that he had already testified to Grijalva's committee that he has received no funding from fossil fuel interests, and characterized the letter as part of a politically motivated "'witch-hunt'".[57]

The heads of some mainstream scientific organizations criticized Grijalva's letters. Margaret Leinen, the president of the American Geophysical Union, posted in her AGU blog that in requiring information of only a few scientists, based only on their scientific views, Grivalja's action was contrary to academic freedom: "We view the singling out of any individual or group of scientists by any entity - governmental, corporate or other - based solely on their interpretations of scientific research as a threat to that freedom."[58] The executive director of the American Meteorological Society wrote in a letter to Grvalja that his action "sends a chilling message to all academic researchers," and "impinges on the free pursuit of ideas that is central to the concept of academic freedom."[59]

In response to criticism that requesting communications was counter to principles of academic freedom, Grijalva said he was willing to eliminate that part of the request.[60]

Gun control

Grijalva supports increasing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns and increasing enforcement of existing restrictions on gun purchase and possession.[61] He was one of the 67 co-sponsors of the 2007 Assault Weapons Ban, HR 1022.[62] Grijalva has an F rating from the NRA.[63]

Health care

As co-chair of the Progressive Caucus, Grijalva was a prominent supporter of a public option throughout the debate over the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[64] The House-approved Affordable Health Care for America Act included a public option -- however, the Senate version did not include a similar provision, and it was ultimately not a part of the final reform package. Grijalva has largely been supportive of the health care reform law since its passage and argued the Supreme Court should not overturn it during a segment with Republican Rep. Peter Roskam, who opposes the law, for the PBS NewsHour on March 28, 2012.[65]

Grijalva has a long history in community health activism as an early supporter of Tucson's El Rio Community Health Center.[66] He supports single-payer health care, but voted in favor of the Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care Act because he felt it was a major improvement over the status quo.[67]


Grijalva supports the DREAM Act and the Comprehensive Immigration Reform for America's Security and Prosperity Act (CIR ASAP) and has recently come to greater prominence because of his role in promoting immigration reform.[68][69] He has opposed the expansion of a border fence, citing cost effectiveness concerns and potential damage to sensitive wildlife habitats.[70] The CIR ASAP bill includes his Border Security and Responsibility Act of 2009, which prioritizes remote cameras and other border monitoring techniques with a relatively slight environmental impact. The Immigrant Justice Advocacy Campaign gave him a 100 percent score for the first session of the 111th Congress. In previous years he voted against H.R. 4437 and the Secure Fence Act, and opposed Arizona Proposition 200 in 2004.

Grijalva has criticized armed civilian groups that patrol the Mexican border, accusing them of being "racist" and has reportedly used demeaning language to describe them. In return, some supporters of the armed patrols have called him "MEChA boy" in retaliation.[6][71]

On July 26, 2019 Grijalva, whose district runs along the U.S.-Mexico border, called Trump's emergency declaration a "pathetic attempt to circumvent Congress."

Native Americans

Grijalva is a strong supporter of sovereignty and government-to-government relationships. In April 2010 he introduced the RESPECT Act, which mandates that federal agencies consult with Native tribes before taking a variety of major actions.[72] The bill would codify a Clinton-era executive order that has never had the force of law.

SB 1070 and the boycott controversy

After the passage in April 2010 of Arizona's controversial SB 1070 law, which he saw as opening the door to racial profiling and granting traditionally federal immigration enforcement powers to local authorities,[73] Grijalva suggested that civic, religious, labor, Latino, and other like-minded organizations refrain from using Arizona as a convention site until the law was repealed.[74] His opposition to SB 1070, as well as his suggestion of a boycott of Arizona, was widely viewed as the reason for multiple subsequent death threats against him and his staff, which led to several office closures in the spring of 2010.[75]

When Judge Susan Bolton of the Arizona District Court enjoined major parts of the law [76] in July 2010, Grijalva ended his call for economic sanctions. As he told the Arizona Daily Star, the largest paper in Tucson:

After this ruling, everybody has some responsibility to pause, and that includes me," said Grijalva, a Tucson Democrat. "The issue of economic sanctions is a moot point now and I will encourage national organizations I'm in contact with to come and lend a hand - not just economically, but to help us begin to educate people about how we need to fix this broken system.[77]

He subsequently said that his economic strategy was not as effective as he hoped in changing other state lawmakers' minds, and that he would focus on legal remedies in the future.[78] The issue became a focal point in the 2010 election, in which Grijalva ultimately defeated Republican challenger Ruth McClung by less than 10,000 votes.

2004 voting irregularities

Concerned about allegations of voting irregularities purportedly leading to disenfranchisement, in 2004 Grijalva joined Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson and several other House Democrats in requesting that the United Nations observe and certify elections in the United States.[79]

After the General Election, Grijalva was one of 31 Representatives who voted in the House not to count the electoral votes from Ohio on grounds of unacceptable irregularities.[80]

Giffords shooting

After the shooting of Gabrielle Giffords, Grijalva called it a consequence of the violent rhetoric that had been used by Tea Party members. Grijalva singled out Sarah Palin's rhetoric as "contributing to this toxic climate" and stated that she needs to monitor her words and actions.[81]

Political campaigns

After the 2000 United States Census, Arizona gained two Congressional districts. The 2nd district, which had long been represented by Democrat Mo Udall, was renumbered as the 7th district. Ed Pastor, a Phoenix Democrat who had succeeded Udall in 1991, had his home drawn into the newly created 4th district and opted to run for election there, making the 7th district an open seat. Grijalva won a crowded seven-way Democratic primary, which was tantamount to election in this heavily Democratic, majority-Hispanic district. Before the 2010 election, he was reelected three times with no substantial Republican opposition. In 2008, he defeated Republican challenger Joseph Sweeney.

During the 2008 presidential primary campaign, Grijalva endorsed Barack Obama for president; his district, however, was won by Hillary Clinton.

During the 2010 midterms, Grijalva faced his toughest re-election campaign yet, against Republican Ruth McClung. It was reported that although Grijalva had decades of experience and McClung had none, and although there were twice as many Democrats in the district as there were Republicans, the two candidates were neck-and-neck in the polls. The main reason was Grijalva's call for a boycott of Arizona in response to the state's new immigration law, SB 1070. Grijalva won 50%-44% -- his closest margin of victory since being elected, and the first close election in what is now the 7th since 1978, when Udall was held to only 52 percent of the vote.

Grijalva's district was renumbered as the 3rd district after the 2010 census, and made somewhat more Democratic than its predecessor even though it lost some of its share of Tucson to the 2nd district (the reconfigured 8th). Co-chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, Grijalva broke from many of his colleagues and announced his support for Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders on 9 October 2015 at a rally for Sanders in Tucson, Arizona.[82]

Electoral history

Arizona's 7th Congressional District Democratic Primary Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Raúl M. Grijalva 14,835 40.85
Democratic Elaine Richardson 7,589 20.89
Democratic Jaime Gutierrez 5,401 14.87
Democratic Lisa Otondo 2,302 6.34
Democratic Luis Armando Gonzales 2,105 5.80
Democratic Mark Fleisher 2,022 5.57
Democratic Sherry Smith 1,058 2.91
Democratic Jésus Romo 1,008 2.78
Arizona's 3rd Congressional District Democratic Primary Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Raúl Grijalva (Incumbent) 24,044 65.63
Democratic Amanda Aguirre 9,484 25.89
Democratic Manny Arreguin 3,105 8.48
Arizona's 7th congressional district: Results 2002-2010[83] Arizona's 3rd Congressional District Results 2012
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
2002 61,256 59.00% Ross Hieb 38,474 37.06% John L. Nemeth Libertarian 4,088 3.94%
2004 Raúl M. Grijalva (Incumbent) 108,868 62.06% 59,066 33.67% Dave Kaplan Libertarian 7,503 4.28%
2006 80,354 61.09% Ron Drake 46,498 35.35% Joe Michael Cobb Libertarian 4,673 3.55%
2008 124,304 63.26% Joseph Sweeney 64,425 32.79% Raymond Patrick Petrulsky Libertarian 7,755 3.95%
2010 79,935 50.23% Ruth McClung 70,385 44.23% Harley Meyer Independent 4,506 2.83% George Keane Libertarian 4,318 2.71%
2012 98,468 58.36% Gabriela Saucedo Mercer 62,663 37.14% Bianca Guerra Libertarian 7,567 4.48%
2014 58,192 55.7% Gabriela Saucedo Mercer 46,185 44.3%
2016 148,973 100%
2018 114,650 63.87% Nicolas Pierson 64,868 36.14%

Personal life

Grijalva and his wife Ramona have three daughters,[84] including Tucson Unified School District board member Adelita Grijalva who was reelected to the post in 2018.[85] Grijalva identifies as Catholic.[86] On August 1, 2020, he tested positive for COVID-19.[87]

See also


  1. ^ "Congressman Raul M. Grijalva: Biography". Grijalva.house.gov. October 29, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Grijalva resigns county job - Tucson Citizen Morgue, Part 2 (1993-2009)". Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "Sunnyside District Alumni Association Hall of Fame Inductees | Sunnyside Unified School District". www.susd12.org. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ "Photos: U.S. Rep. Raul Grijalva". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ Everett-Haynes, La Monica; Communications, University (June 5, 2017). "UA Launching Upward Bound Program With DOE Grant". UANews. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ a b Kammer, Jerry (October 2009). "Raul Grijalva: From Chicano Radical to Congressman". Center for Immigration Studies. Retrieved 2012.
  7. ^ Armando Navarro, La Raza Unida Party, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2000, pp. 204.
  8. ^ "404 Message". www.tusd1.org.
  9. ^ Historian, United States Congress House Office of the (2013). Hispanic Americans in Congress, 1822-2012. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-16-092068-4.
  10. ^ "Rep. Raul M. Grijalva Curriculum Vitae" (PDF). Retrieved 2010.
  11. ^ "Caucus and Task Force Membership". Grijalva.house.gov. October 29, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  12. ^ "Members". Congressional Hispanic Caucus. Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Retrieved 2019.
  14. ^ "Members". Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ Miller, S.A. (November 27, 2017). "How a House Dem accused of drunken shenanigans revealed another secret 'hush fund'". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2020.
  16. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 29, 2018). "Jayapal Joins Pocan As Co-Chair of Congressional Progressive Caucus". Roll Call. Retrieved 2019.
  17. ^ National Journal Rankings 2008 Archived March 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  18. ^ "Raúl Grijalva, Representative for Arizona's 3rd Congressional District - GovTrack.us". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 2018.
  19. ^ Rep. Raul M. Grijalva: Organization Ratings & Scores. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  20. ^ "Rosemont No. 1 holder of Pima mining claims" (PDF). www.broncocreek.com. January 13, 2008. Retrieved 2011.
  21. ^ "Fearing second Gulf spill, House Dems press Interior to finish probe of platform". The Hill. November 23, 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  22. ^ "Partial speech transcript on Omnibus Public Land Management Act Of 2009". Project VoteSmart. March 11, 2009. Retrieved 2011.
  23. ^ "Grijalva In the Running". Voices.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2010.
  24. ^ Leahy, Michael; Eilperin, Juliet (October 13, 2010). "Lifting the drilling moratorium: How politics spilled into policy". Washington Post. Retrieved 2011.
  25. ^ "Arizona House Bill 2162 - Filled by the Secretary of State 30 April 2010". Azleg.gov. April 30, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  26. ^ Grijalva calls for economic boycott. Retrieved June 2, 2010.
  27. ^ Riccardi, Nicholas (October 23, 2010). "In Arizona, a candidate faces a boycott backlash". LA Times. Retrieved 2012.
  28. ^ New Deployment of National Guard to US-Mexico Border Is Election-Year "Political Symbolism". Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  29. ^ "US Labor Against the War : Congressional Progressive Afghanistan/Pakistan Forum: Preliminary Summary". Uslaboragainstwar.org. May 13, 2009. Retrieved 2010.
  30. ^ "Raul Grijalva on Abortion". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2010.
  31. ^ Rachel Slajda (November 10, 2009). "Grijalva Vows To Fight Trigger, Opt-Out, Stupak Amendment". Tpmlivewire.talkingpointsmemo.com. Retrieved 2010.
  32. ^ Fieldhouse, Andrew (April 13, 2011). "The People's Budget: A Technical Analysis". Economic Policy Institute. Retrieved 2012.
  33. ^ Sachs, Jeffrey (April 8, 2011). "The People's Budget". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012.
  34. ^ Krugman, Paul (April 25, 2011). "Let's Take a Hike". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012.
  35. ^ "Budget of the Congressional Progressive Caucus Fiscal Year 2012". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Retrieved 2012.
  36. ^ Nichols, John (March 28, 2012). "A Budget For Wall Street Versus A Budget For Main Street". The Nation.
  37. ^ "Budget of the Congressional Progressive Caucus Fical Year 2013". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Archived from the original on July 23, 2014. Retrieved 2012.
  38. ^ Henry, Devin (March 29, 2012). "House votes down Progressive Caucus budget". MinnPost.
  39. ^ Lawmakers seek halt to production at BP's Atlantis platform. Retrieved June 2, 2010.
  40. ^ Lawmakers to urge BP to idle its Atlantis rig. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  41. ^ "Rep. Raul M. Grijalva: Official Letters and Oversight". Grijalva.house.gov. October 29, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  42. ^ Froomkin, Dan (January 25, 2011). "Congressman Accuses White House Of Putting Spin Above Science". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2011.
  43. ^ "BP Oil Spill Confirmed as Worst in US History; Environmental Groups Challenge Continued Oil Operations in Gulf Excluded from New Moratorium". Democracy Now. May 28, 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  44. ^ "Success in the Middle Act". Nmsa.org. June 26, 2009. Retrieved 2010.
  45. ^ Education for All Act GovTrack
  46. ^ Herreras, Mari. "Currents : Beating Raúl". Tucson Weekly. Retrieved 2010.
  47. ^ "Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan". Pima.gov. Retrieved 2010.
  48. ^ Grijalva, Raúl M. (October 22, 2008). "A REPORT on THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION ASSAULTS ON OUR NATIONAL PARKS, FORESTS AND PUBLIC LANDS" (PDF). Subcommittee on National Parks, Forests and Public Lands United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 2010.
  49. ^ Repanshek, Kurt (October 30, 2008). "Updated: Bush Administration: "A Legacy of Failure for Our Public Lands," Claims Congressman Grijalva". National Parks Traveler. National Park Advocates LLC. Retrieved 2010.
  50. ^ GREEN, MIRANDA; Cama, TIMOTHY. "Trump administration introduces proposal to roll back Endangered Species Act protections". The Hill. Retrieved 2018.
  51. ^ Bresnahan, John. "Liberal Dems: Disengage in Libya". POLITICO.
  52. ^ Rogin, Josh. "Despite vote, majority of Congressmen want to defund the Libya war".
  53. ^ Stangler, Cole (September 4, 2013). "The 'Strange Majority' Against Syrian Intervention" – via In These Times.
  54. ^ a b History, Defending (April 25, 2018). "57 Members of US House of Representatives Condemn Holocaust Distortion in Ukraine and Poland".
  55. ^ "Congress members urge US stand against Holocaust denial in Ukraine, Poland". The Times of Israel. April 25, 2018.
  56. ^ Schneider, Bradley Scott (July 23, 2019). "H.Res.246 - 116th Congress (2019-2020): Opposing efforts to delegitimize the State of Israel and the Global Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement targeting Israel". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2019.[verification needed]
  57. ^ Dickie, Gloria (February 25, 2015). "CU-Boulder's Roger Pielke Jr. targeted by congressman over research funding". (Boulder, CO) Daily Camera. Retrieved 2015.
  58. ^ Margaret Leinen, Protecting academic freedom, 27 February 2015.
  59. ^ Dr. Keith L. Seitter, Letter on challenges to academic freedom, 27 Feb. 2015.
  60. ^ Geman, Ben (March 2, 2015). "Grijalva: Climate Letters Went Too Far in Seeking Correspondence". National Journal. Retrieved 2015.
  61. ^ Gun Issues from Project Vote Smart
  62. ^ H.R.1022 THOMAS (Library of Congress)
  63. ^ "National Special Interest Groups". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved 2012.
  64. ^ Strong public option a cure for system. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  65. ^ "Congressmen on Political, Practical Stakes of Court's Health Reform Ruling". PBS NewsHour. March 28, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  66. ^ "Rep. Raul M. Grijalva Biography". Grijalva.house.gov. October 29, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  67. ^ Rep. Grijalva on Arizona Illustrated April 1 on YouTube. Retrieved June 2, 2010.
  68. ^ "Grijalva Supports Comprehensive House Immigration Reform Effort, Hails Economic Benefits". Imperialvalleynews.com. December 15, 2009. Retrieved 2010.
  69. ^ Arizona Law Controversy Raises Grijalva's Profile Along With Immigration Issue. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  70. ^ Why environmental groups have been slow to fight the border wall. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  71. ^ "Callers split on border crossers, civilian patrols: TUCSON CITIZEN MORGUE, PART 2 (1993-2009)". Tucson Citizen. January 27, 2003. Retrieved 2012.
  72. ^ "H.R.5023: Requirements, Expectations, and Standard Procedures for Executive Consultation with Tribes Act - U.S OpenCongress". Opencongress.org. Retrieved 2010.
  73. ^ Riccardi, Nicholas (November 4, 2010). "Rep. Raul Grijalva's win in Arizona gives liberals something to cheer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011.
  74. ^ Lemons, Stephen (April 21, 2010). "Raul Grijalva Urges Boycott of Arizona, and Scott Rasmussen Proves That a Majority of Arizonans Are Bigots - Phoenix News - Feathered Bastard". Blogs.phoenixnewtimes.com. Retrieved 2010.
  75. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: Death threats close Grijalva's offices". KVOA.com. April 23, 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  76. ^ "SB 1070 Largely Enjoined: The Opinion". Daily Kos. July 28, 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  77. ^ "Boycotts going forward despite Grijalva's plea". Arizona Daily Star. July 29, 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  78. ^ "Grijalva explains boycott cancellation". KVOA.com. August 3, 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  79. ^ "House members will discuss request to United Nations to monitor election". Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson. Retrieved 2008.
  80. ^ "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 7". clerk.house.gov. January 6, 2005. Retrieved 2012.
  81. ^ Grim, Ryan (January 8, 2011). "Grijalva: Tea Party Must Look At Their Own Behavior". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012.
  82. ^ Rappeport, Alan (October 7, 2015). "Bernie Sanders Gets First Congressional Endorsement, From Raúl Grijalva". The New York Times - First Draft. Retrieved 2015.
  83. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2008.; for 2008 see 2008 United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona
  84. ^ "Congressman Raul Grijalva: Biography". House.gov. Retrieved 2010.
  85. ^ "TUSD board: Counts, Grijalva in; Hicks out". KGUN. November 7, 2018.
  86. ^ News, Charles McConnell/ Cronkite (September 24, 2015). "Catholic lawmakers talk about balancing private faith, public life". Cronkite News - Arizona PBS. Retrieved 2020.
  87. ^ Hansen, Ronald J. (August 1, 2020). "Rep. Raúl Grijalva tests positive for COVID-19, is symptom-free". AZ Central.

Further reading

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
New constituency Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 7th congressional district

Succeeded by
Ed Pastor
Preceded by
Ben Quayle
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 3rd congressional district

Preceded by
Rob Bishop
Chair of the House Natural Resources Committee
Party political offices
Preceded by
Barbara Lee
Chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus
Served alongside: Lynn Woolsey, Keith Ellison, Mark Pocan
Succeeded by
Pramila Jayapal
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Mario Díaz-Balart
United States Representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Steve King

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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