|Village and municipality|
Panorama of Ra?anj
Location of the municipality of Ra?anj within Serbia
|Region||Southern and Eastern Serbia|
|o Mayor||Dobrica Stojkovi? (DSS)|
|o Municipality||289 km2 (112 sq mi)|
|Elevation||264 m (866 ft)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Ra?anj (Serbian Cyrillic: ) is a village and municipality located in the Ni?ava District of southern Serbia. The municipality is consisted of 23 settlements having a total population of 9,150 inhabitants. The municipality covers an area of 289 square kilometers and it is located 50 kilometers (31 mi) northwest of Ni?.
In Serbian, "ra?anj" means "stake". In the Roman times it was called Cametas.
According to the last official census done in 2011, the municipality of Ra?anj has 9,150 inhabitants.
The ethnic composition of the municipality:
The main transport routes crossing the territories of the municipality of Ra?anj are the Belgrade-Ni? Highway as well as the Belgrade-Ni? Railway. The Belgrade-Ni? highway is a national key transport route and accordingly a vital transport route for the people living in the municipality of Ra?anj. Two railroad stations are located within the area of the municipality (Braljina and ?unis). These are connected to the Serbian railroad network through the Belgrade-Ni? railroad.
There are 62 companies currently present in the municipality of Ra?anj. The majority of these are small firms, employing between 1 and 5 workers, while the rest are companies with 5 to 50 workers employed. The level of unemployment is higher in the municipality of Ra?anj than in the other municipalities of the Ni?ava District. In addition, net earnings are about 26% lower than the national average of the Republic of Serbia. These numbers are partly explained by the fact that the municipality of Ra?anj has a relatively old population (about 32% of the rural population are older than 60 years).
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, in 2007, 1,008 people were employed by state owned companies and institutions, 812 were employed by other organizations and 196 were self-employed.
Agriculture is the biggest economy sector in the municipality and currently 5,594 people (49% of the total population) work in agriculture. The major part of the territory of the municipality of Ra?anj is covered by arable areas, woodlands come second, fields and meadows come third and then fruit farms and vineyards. The agricultural land covers 59.6% (16,926 ha) of the total territory and is the central economy sector of the region. Main crops are maize, wheat, barley and oat. Arable areas cover 72.92% of the total agricultural area while the rest are covered by fruit farms (5.02%), vineyards (3.22%) and fields and meadows (16.91%). According to 2007 figures, the territory of the municipality Ra?anj had a cattle population of about 4,000 heads, a swine population of 13,000 heads, a goat and sheep population of 3,500 animals, and a poultry population of about 65,000 hens.
Even if agriculture today is the primary economy sector of the municipality, it has great future potentials only by making it more market-oriented and efficient. On the territory of the municipality Razanj there are currently more than 1520 registered farms. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, in 2007, 96.60% of the land was privately owned while 2.85% was owned by the state.
The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||62|
|Distribution of power, gas and water||11|
|Distribution of water and water waste management||19|
|Wholesale and retail, repair||105|
|Traffic, storage and communication||35|
|Hotels and restaurants||17|
|Media and telecommunications||9|
|Finance and insurance||5|
|Property stock and charter||1|
|Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities||29|
|Administrative and other services||2|
|Administration and social assurance||108|
|Healthcare and social work||79|
|Art, leisure and recreation||3|