Rancho Agua Hedionda
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Rancho Agua Hedionda

Rancho Agua Hedionda was a 13,311-acre (53.87 km2) Mexican land grant in present-day San Diego County, California given in 1842 by Governor Juan Alvarado to Juan María Marrón.[1] The name means "stinking water" in Spanish.[2] The grant extended south along the Pacific Coast from present day Carlsbad to Leucadia. The grant surrounded Agua Hedionda Lagoon.[3]


Juan María Romouldo Marrón (1808-1853) was involved in the early politics of San Diego in the early 1820s. He married Felipa Osuna (1809-), daughter of Juan María Osuna, the first alcalde of the pueblo of San Diego, and the grantee of Rancho San Dieguito. Juan María Marrón was granted the three square league Rancho Agua Hedionda in 1842. During the Mexican-American War, Marrón's support of the Americans caused him considerable difficulties with many of his Mexican friends.[4] His son Sylvester married Leonora Osuna, and his daughter, María Luz, married José María Estudillo.[5]

With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo provided that the land grants would be honored. As required by the Land Act of 1851, a claim for Rancho Agua Hedionda was filed with the Public Land Commission in 1852,[6] and the grant was patented to Juan María Marrón in 1872.[7]

Juan Marrón died in 1853, and left Rancho Agua Hedionda to his widow and children. The heirs leased Rancho Agua Hedionda to Francis Hinton in 1860. Francis J. Hinton (1818-1870) was born Abraham T.E.D. Hornbeck in New York and came to California with the US Army forces occupying California following the Mexican-American War.[8] He was a sergeant in the same unit as lieutenant Cave Johnson Couts,[9] who later to become the owner of Rancho Guajome. Hinton had a very large interest in the famous Vulture Mine in Arizona.[10] In 1860, Hinton acquired Rancho Agua Hedionda. Hinton, a bachelor, died in 1870, and left Rancho Agua Hedionda to his mayordomo Robert Kelly.[11]

Robert Kelly (1825-1890) was a native of the Isle of Man who came to the United States with his family in 1841, and arrived in San Diego early in 1851. He was an ownership partner and mayordomo of Rancho Jamacha. After selling his interest in Rancho Jamacha in 1858, Kelly was a merchant in San Diego until in 1860, when he acquired Rancho Agua Hedionda. Kelly, also a bachelor, died in 1890, and left Rancho Agua Hedionda to the nine children of his older brother, Matthew Kelly.[12][13]

Historic sites of the Rancho

  • Marron Adobe. Adobe built by the Marron family.[14]


  1. ^ Ogden Hoffman, 1862, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Numa Hubert, San Francisco
  2. ^ William Bright; Erwin Gustav Gudde (30 November 1998). 1500 California place names: their origin and meaning. University of California Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-520-21271-8. Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ Diseño del Rancho Agua Hedionda
  4. ^ Richard F. Pourade,1963,The Silver Dons, The Union-Tribune Publishing Company, San Diego
  5. ^ William Ellsworth Smythe, 1907, History of San Diego:1542-1908, History Co., San Diego
  6. ^ United States. District Court (California : Southern District) Land Case 238 SD
  7. ^ Report of the Surveyor General 1844 - 1886 Archived 2013-03-20 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Carlsbad: Rancho Agua Hedionda".
  9. ^ Inventory of the Cave Johnson Couts Papers, 1832-1951
  10. ^ Hayes, Judge Benjamin. "Pioneer notes from the diaries of Judge Benjamin Hayes, 1849-1875". Retrieved 11/12/11. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  11. ^ Lynne Newell Christenson, Ellen L. Sweet, 2008, Ranchos of San Diego County, Arcadia Publishing, ISBN 978-0-7385-5965-0
  12. ^ R.W. Brackett, 1939,A History of the Ranchos of San Diego County, California, Union Title Insurance and Trust Company.
  13. ^ Rancho Agua Hedionda
  14. ^ The Marron Adobe (1850's)

Coordinates: 33°09?36?N 117°17?24?W / 33.160°N 117.290°W / 33.160; -117.290

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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