Rann of Kutch
Landscape in the Rann of Kutch
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh ecoregion
|Country||India & Pakistan|
The Rann of Kutch is a large area of salt marshes that span the border between Pakistan and India. It is located mostly in Gujarat (primarily the Kutch district), India and in some parts of Sindh, Pakistan. It is divided into the Great Rann and Little Rann.
The Rann of Kutch is located in the Thar Desert. It is a biogeographic area in the Indian state of Gujarat, specifically Kutch district, for which it is named. Some parts cross into the Pakistani province of Sindh. The word Rann means "salt marsh", which alternates with medak's, elevated pieces of land where vegetation grows. Kori Creek and Sir Creek are located in the area, which form parts of the Indus River Delta.
The region is seasonally marshy. The marsh covers around 26,000 square kilometres (10,000 square miles) and is positioned between the Gulf of Kutch and the mouth of the Indus River in southern Pakistan. Many rivers located in Rajasthan and Gujarat flow into the Rann of Kutch. These are: Luni, Bhuki, Bharud, Nara, Kharod, Banas, Saraswati, Rupen, Bambhan and Machchhu.
The Rann of Kutch is the only large flooded grasslands zone in the Indo-Malayan region. The area has desert on one side and the sea on the other enables various ecosystems, including mangroves and desert vegetation. Its grassland and deserts are home to forms of wildlife that have adapted to its often harsh conditions. These include endemic and endangered animal and plant species.