Ravina II or Rabina II (Hebrew: ? or ) was a Babylonian rabbi of the 5th century (seventh and eighth generations of amoraim).
He, along with his teacher Rav Ashi, were considered "the end of Hora'ah (teaching)". Thus, traditionally the two of them are responsible for redacting the Babylonian Talmud.
Most scholars agree that the rabbi here in question was Ravina the son of R. Huna, and not Ravina the colleague of Rav Ashi who died before Rav Ashi.
He did not remember his father, R. Huna, who died while Ravina was still a child, but the Talmud states several times that his mother communicated to him the opinions held by his father. After his father's death, his maternal uncle Ravina I became his guardian.
Ravina II officiated as judge at Sura shortly after Rav Ashi's death, and was a colleague of Mar bar Rav Ashi, although he was not so prominent. After Rabbah Tosafa'ah's death, Ravina became, for a year (474), director of the Sura Academy. Simultaneously, Rabbah Jose served as head of the Pumbedita academy. Ravina served as leader of the Jewish community in Babylonia for 22 years. One year before his death, all the Babylonian synagogues were closed, and Jewish infants were handed over to the Magians. He died in 474 or 499 CE.
^Sherira Gaon (1988). The Iggeres of Rav Sherira Gaon. Translated by Nosson Dovid Rabinowich. Jerusalem: Rabbi Jacob Joseph School Press - Ahavath Torah Institute Moznaim. p. 79. OCLC923562173., s.v. Ravina, who cites Rabbi HaLevi, vol. 6, chaps. 4-7, who, in turn, cites Rabbi Sherira Gaon in ch. 11, p. 116.
^Sherira Gaon (1988). The Iggeres of Rav Sherira Gaon. Translated by Nosson Dovid Rabinowich. Jerusalem: Rabbi Jacob Joseph School Press - Ahavath Torah Institute Moznaim. p. 118. OCLC923562173.; cf. Widengen, G. (1963). "The Status of the Jews in the Sassanian Empire". Iranica Antiqua I: 142-143.