Republic of U%C5%BEice
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Republic of U%C5%BEice
Republic of U?ice

U?i?ka republika
1941-1941
Flag of U?ice
Flag
Anthem: None specified a
Uzicka republika2.png
StatusPartisan Liberated Territory
CapitalU?ice
Common languagesSerbo-Croatian
(de facto U?i?an dialect)
GovernmentSocialist republic
Chairmanb 
General Secretaryc 
LegislatureCentral Committee for Liberated Territory
Historical eraWorld War II
o Partisan arrival in U?ice
July 28, 1941
o Battle of Dre?nik
August 18 1941
o German ultimatum
September 10, 1941
o Liberation of U?ice
September 24, 1941
o Battle of Kadinja?a
November 29, 1941
December 1 1941
  1. Hey, Slavs and other Partisan songs were unofficially used.
  2. Chairman of the Main Peoples Council of Serbia.
  3. General Secretary of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia and Commander in Chief of the Partisans.
Monument to fallen partisans in battle on Kadinja?a Hill.

The Republic of U?ice (Serbo-Croatian: U?i?ka republika / ) was a short-lived liberated Yugoslav territory and the first liberated territory in World War II Europe, organized as a military mini-state that existed in the autumn of 1941 in occupied Yugoslavia, more specifically the western part of the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia[Note 1]. The Republic was established by the Partisan resistance movement and its administrative center was in the town of U?ice.

Borders

The Republic of U?ice comprised a large portion of western part of the occupied territory and had a population of more than 300,000[] (according to another source, nearly one million[3]). It was located between the Valjevo-Bajina Ba?ta line in the north, the river Drina on the west, the river Zapadna Morava in the east, and the Ra?ka region to the south.[]

Different sources provide differing information about the size of the republic: according to some sources, it included 15,000[3] or 20,000[4] square kilometres.

History

The government was made of "people's councils" (odbori), and the Communists opened schools and published a newspaper, Borba (meaning "Struggle"). They even managed to run a postal system and around 145 km of railway and operated an ammunition factory from the vaults beneath the bank in U?ice.[5]

In November 1941, in the First anti-Partisan offensive, the German troops occupied this territory again, while the majority of Partisan forces escaped towards Bosnia, Sand?ak and Montenegro, re-grouping at Fo?a in Bosnia.

End

The leftist policy then pursued by Josip Broz Tito (known later as the leftist errors) substantially contributed to the defeat of the partisans in the Republic of U?ice.[6] Because of the pro-fascist Serbian propaganda which described the partisans as being led by foreigners,[7] the population of Serbia turned against the uprising and against the communist insurgents. At the beginning of December 1941[8] the communists moved from Serbia to Bosnia (nominally part of the NDH) and joined their comrades who had already left Montenegro.[9]

In popular culture

The 1974 Yugoslav partisan feature film The Republic of U?ice covers the events surrounding the existence of the Republic of U?ice.

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ Official name of the occupied territory[1][2]
Footnotes
  1. ^ Hehn (1971), pp. 344-73
  2. ^ Pavlowitch (2002), p. 141
  3. ^ a b Report on World Affairs. RWA. 1985-01-01.
  4. ^ Pshennikov, S.; Nat?sional?ny? komitet istorikov Sovetskogo Soi?uza (1985-01-01). The Resistance movement in Europe during the Second World War: 16th International Congress of Historical Sciences, Stuttgart, August 1985. "Social Sciences Today" Editorial Board, USSR Academy of Sciences.
  5. ^ Misha Glenny, The Balkans, 1999, p. 487
  6. ^ Banac 1988, p. 81.
  7. ^ Petrovi?, Nenad (2009-02-09). "POLITI?KA PROPAGANDA U OKUPIRANOJ SRBIJI: Milan Nedi?, Velibor Joni? i Dimitrije Ljoti?". www.crvenakritika.org (in Serbo-Croatian). Retrieved .
  8. ^ Jeli?, Ivan; Strugar, Novak (1985). War and revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941-1945. Socialist Thought and Practice. p. 122. Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia and the leaderships of the national liberation movement withdrew from Serbia early in December 1941
  9. ^ Pavlowitch 2002, p. 147: "When repression burst the bubble of optimism, the popular mood in Serbia also turned against the insurgency and those who wanted to carry on with revolution... The partisan crossed into nominally NDH territory, where they joined up with their comrades who had left Montenegro. "
Bibliography

Further reading

  • Venceslav Gli?i?, U?i?ka republika, Belgrade, 1986.
  • Jovan Radovanovi?, 67 dana U?i?ke republike (67 ? ), Belgrade, 1972. (1st edition, 1961.)
  • Bo?ko N. Kosti?, Za istoriju na?ih dana, Lille, France, 1949.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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