Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang
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Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang
Revolutionary Committee
of the Chinese Kuomintang

?
Zh?ngguó Guómínd?ng Gémìng W?iyuánhuì
AbbreviationRCCK
ChairpersonWan Exiang
Founded1 January 1948; 73 years ago (1948-01-01)
Split fromKuomintang
Preceded byLeft wing of the Kuomintang
HeadquartersDonghuachenggen South Street
Donghuamen Subdistrict, Beijing
NewspaperTuanjie Bao (Solidarity/Unity Daily)[1]
Tuanjie (Unity)
Membership (2017)131,410[2]
IdeologyThree Principles of the People
Socialism with Chinese characteristics
Chinese unification
Chinese nationalism
Xi Jinping Thought[3][4]
National affiliationUnited Front
National People's Congress
NPC Standing Committee
Election symbol
Sun Yat-sen 2.jpg
Website
Official website

The Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang (abbreviated RCCK) is one of the eight legally recognised minor political parties in the People's Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China. It was founded in January 1948, during the height of the Chinese Civil War, by members of the left wing of the Kuomintang (KMT), especially those who were against Chiang Kai-shek's policies. The first Chairman of the party was General Li Jishen, a senior Nationalist military commander who had many disputes with Chiang over the years, while Song Qingling (the widow of Sun Yat-sen) was named Honorary Chairwoman. Other early leading members were Wang Kunlun, Cheng Qian, He Xiangning and Tao Zhiyue. The party claims to be the true heir of Sun Yat-sen's legacy. By the end of 2017, it had 131,410 members.[2]

Song Qingling served as Vice President of the People's Republic of China and Honorary President of the People's Republic of China. Li Jishen served as Vice Chairman of the Central People's Government and Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission.

Among the officially sanctioned political parties of the People's Republic of China, the Revolutionary Committee is seen as second in status to the Communist Party of China. Thus, the Revolutionary Committee is allotted the second highest number of seats in the People's Political Consultative Conference (30%). It also owns numerous assets, some formerly owned by the Kuomintang, throughout mainland China. The Revolutionary Committee operates a range of party-owned institutions, such as party schools.

History

After the end of World War II, the relationship between the Chinese Kuomintang and the Chinese Communist Party, who had allied to fight the Japanese, became increasingly tense; ultimately, both sides re-started the civil war, which World War II had interrupted.

In 1945 and 1946, members of the Kuomintang's left wing formed the Three People's Confederation of Comrades and the China Nationalist Democratic Promotion Association in Chongqing and Guangzhou, respectively.

In November 1947, the first joint representative meeting of the Kuomintang left was held in Hong Kong; on January 1, 1948, the meeting announced the official establishment of the "Chinese Kuomintang Revolutionary Committee", and nominated Soong Ching-ling, the widow of Sun Yat-sen, as the Honorary Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee (despite Soong Ching-ling never formally joining the commission).[5]

Chairman Li Jishen, He Xiangning, and Feng Yuxiang were selected as the central leadership of the organization.[6]

In 1949, Li Jishen and other representatives of the RCCK were invited by the Communist Party of China to participate in Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.[5]

After the founding of the People's Republic of China in October 1949, members of the Chinese Kuomintang Revolutionary Committee maintained positions in the municipal and central governments.[6]

In November 1949, the second congress of the Chinese Kuomintang Revolutionary Committee was held in Beijing. At the second congress, the Chinese Kuomintang Revolutionary Committee, Chinese Nationalist Democratic Promotion Association, the Comrades of the Three Peoples Principles, and other members of the Kuomintang's left wing agreed to merge and form the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang.[6]

Today, the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang focuses on improving relations with the Kuomintang on Taiwan, and its membership mainly consists of the descendents of Kuomintang revolutionaries.[6][7]

Central Committee

The central committee of RCCK

The Central Committee of the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang has six working departments including the General Office, the Organization Department, the Propaganda Department, the Liaison Department, the Social Services Department, and the Research Department.[8]

Chairpersons of the Central Committee

  1. Li Jishen () (1948-1959)
  2. He Xiangning () (1960-1972)
  3. Zhu Yunshan () (1979-1981)
  4. Wang Kunlun () (1981-1985)
  5. Qu Wu () (1987-1988)
  6. Zhu Xuefan () (1988-1992)
  7. Li Peiyao () (1992-1996)
  8. He Luli () (1996-2007)
  9. Zhou Tienong () (2007-2012)
  10. Wan Exiang () (2012-present)[9]

Honorary Chairpersons of the Central Committee

  1. Song Qingling () (1948-1949)
  2. Qu Wu () (1988-1992)
  3. Zhu Xuefan () (1992-1996)
  4. Hou Jingru () (1992-1994)
  5. Sun Yueqi () (1992-1995)

Chairpersons of provincial committees

Electoral history

National People's Congress elections

Election year Number of seats
2017-18

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-01-11. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy" . Minge.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2018-04-09. Archived from the original on 2019-05-26. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy" 70? -?-. Minge.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2017-12-20. Archived from the original on 2019-07-13. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (2017?12?23?)-?-. Minge.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2017-12-23. Archived from the original on 2019-07-12. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b "?". SCUT. South China University of Technology. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d "". RCCK. RCCK. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ " ?70". CPC News. CPC News.
  8. ^ "". RCCK. RCCK.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" ()-?-. Minge.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2017-12-24. Archived from the original on 2017-12-22. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ United States. Joint Publications Research Service (1985). China report: political, sociological and military affairs, Issues 19-24. Foreign Broadcast Information Service. p. 103. Retrieved .
  11. ^ (1994). Who's who in China current leaders. Foreign Languages Press. p. 185. ISBN 7-119-00725-4. Retrieved .

External links


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