Get Rheingau essential facts below. View Videos or join the Rheingau discussion. Add Rheingau to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
County of the Rhine district,
The Rhinegraviate

Grafschaft der Rheingau,
The Rheingau shown on a 1905 map of Hesse-Nassau
The Rheingau shown on a 1905 map of Hesse-Nassau
StatusState of the Frankish Empire
State of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalRheingrafenstein in Kreuznach; later Eltville
Historical eraMiddle Ages
o Established
ca 937 937
Donation of Verona:
   given to Abp Mainz
Archbishopric dissolved;
   to Duchy of Nassau
Prussia annexes Nassau
   into Hesse-Nassau
1866 1866
Preceded by
Succeeded by

The Rheingau (German: ['?an?a] , literally "Rhine District") consists of the district on the Northern side of the Rhine between the German towns of Wiesbaden and Lorch near Frankfurt, reaching from the Western Taunus to the Rhine. It is situated in the German state of Hesse and is part of the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis administrative district. It is famous for Rheingau wines, especially the "Rheingauer Riesling," and its many taverns.


The Rheingau was as a Gau or county of the Frankish Empire, bordered by the Niddagau, the Maingau, the Oberrheingau, and the Lahngau; the counts of the Rheingau were known as Rhinegraves. The first Rhinegrave on record is Hato VI (937-960).[1]

In 983, Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor, gave the Rheingau, together with other territories, to the Archbishopric of Mainz during the Diet of Verona. When the Archbishopric was dissolved in 1806, the Rheingau was given to the Duchy of Nassau.

Following the marriage between John III (1383-1428) and Adelheid, scion of the Wildgraves of Kyrburg, John V (1476-95) inherited several territories in the Obersalm Wasgau, to the left of the Rhine (from the Nahegau, on the river Nahe and in the Alsace) from the Wildgraves and the counts of Salm, and these territories were also linked to their name, with the counts using the title "Wild- and Rhinegraves of Salm".[1]



  • The Rheingau Musik Festival takes place every year in July and August in many locations throughout the region.
  • The Rheingau Wine Festival takes place in Wiesbaden every year in August.
  • Most towns celebrate their own annual wine festival.


  1. ^ a b (in German) Rheingraf at Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1888

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes