Rhombic Icosahedron
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Rhombic Icosahedron
Rhombic icosahedron
Rhombic icosahedron.png
Type zonohedron
Faces 20 golden rhombi
Edges 40
Vertices 22
Faces per vertex 3, 4 and 5
Dual polyhedron irregular-faced
pentagonal gyrobicupola
Symmetry D5d, [2+,10], (2*5)
Properties convex, zonohedron

The rhombic icosahedron is a polyhedron shaped like an oblate sphere. Its 20 faces are congruent golden rhombi,[1] of which three, four, or five meet at each vertex. It has 5 faces (green on the first figure) meeting at each of its 2 poles (these 2 vertices lie on its axis of (5-fold) symmetry), and 10 faces following its equator (2 of their 4 edges (each) lie on the equator polyline). It has D5d, [2+,10], (2*5) symmetry, order 20.

Even though all its faces are congruent, the rhombic icosahedron is not face-transitive, since one may distinguish whether a particular face is near the equator or a pole by examining the types of vertices surrounding that face.

Zonohedron

The rhombic icosahedron is a zonohedron, that is dual to an irregular-faced pentagonal gyrobicupola. It has 5 sets of 8 parallel edges, described as 85belts.

Rhombic icosahedron 5-color-paralleledges.png The edges of the rhombic icosahedron exist in 5 parallel sets, seen in this wireframe orthogonal projection.

The rhombic icosahedron forms the convex hull of the vertex-first projection of a 5-cube to 3 dimensions. The 32 vertices of a 5-cube map into 22 exterior vertices of the rhombic icosahedron, with the remaining 10 interior vertices forming a pentagonal antiprism. This is the same way one can obtain a Bilinski dodecahedron from a 4-cube and a rhombic triacontahedron from a 6-cube.

Related polyhedra

The rhombic icosahedron can be derived from the rhombic triacontahedron by removing 10 middle faces.

Rhombic triacontahedron middle colored.png
A rhombic triacontahedron as an elongated rhombic icosahedron
Dual dodecahedron t1 H3.png
The rhombic icosahedron shares its 5-fold symmetry orthogonal projection with the rhombic triacontahedron

References

  1. ^ Weisstein, Eric W. "Rhombic Icosahedron". mathworld.wolfram.com. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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