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Ribattuta or Ribattuta di gola is a musical ornament found in Italian and German works of the 17th and 18th centuries.


The ornament is a trill on a long-short dotted rhythm accelerating to end on either a tremolo or a regular trill.[1]
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The ornament is described by Mattheson (1739),[2] Spiess (1745),[3] and Marpurg (1749).[4]

Frederick Neumann[5] notes the trill following the dotted preparation is a main-note trill (that is, starting on the written note), and he cautions against use of the term as a general descriptor for dotted alternation as a prelude to a trill.


Italian: ribattuta (f) di gola
German: der Zurückschlag[6] or der gedehnte oder punctirte Triller (Mattheson)
English: ribattuta
French: ribattuta (f) or tour de gosier (Marpurg) or cadence pleine à progression (Lacassagne)[7] or double cadence (Bérard-Blanchet)[8]


  1. ^ Randel, Don Michael (1986). The New Harvard Dictionary of Music. Harvard: Harvard. p. 706. ISBN 0-674-61525-5.
  2. ^ Mattheson, Johann (1739). Der vollkommene Capellmeister. Hamburg.
  3. ^ Spiess, Meinrad (Augsburg). Tractatus musicus compositorio-practicus. 1745. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  4. ^ Marpurg, Friedrich Wilhlem (1750). Des cristischen Musicus an der Spree erster Band (collected issues of the journal Der critische Musicus 1749-1750). Berlin.
  5. ^ Neumann, Frederick (1978). Ornamentation in Baroque and Post-Baroque Music. Princeton: Princeton University Press. pp. 367, 372. ISBN 0-691-09123-4.
  6. ^ Leuchtmann, Horst (1979). Terminorum musicae index septem linguis redactus. Kassel: Bärenreiter. ISBN 3-7618-0553-5.
  7. ^ Lacassagne, L'abbe Joseph (1766). Traité géneral des élements du chant. Paris.
  8. ^ Bérard, Jean-Antoine (1755). L'Art du chant. Paris.

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