Richard A. Baker (born December 8, 1950) is a retired American  special make-up effects creator and actor, mostly known for his creature effects and designs. Baker won the Academy Award for Best Makeup seven times from a record of eleven nominations, beginning when he won the inaugural award for (1981). An American Werewolf in London 
Baker was born in
Binghamton, New York, to Doris ( née Hamlin), a bank teller, and Ralph B. Baker, a professional artist; the family moved to Covina, California when he was less than one.  
As a teen, Baker began creating artificial body parts in his own kitchen.
The Night Turkey, a one-hour, black-and-white video parody of directed by The Night Stalker William Malone. Baker's first professional job was as an assistant to prosthetic makeup effects veteran Dick Smith on the film . The Exorcist 
He also appeared briefly in the fan production
Baker received the inaugural
Academy Award for Best Makeup for his work on . An American Werewolf in London He also created the werewolf creature  Michael Jackson transforms into in the music video . Subsequently, Baker has been nominated for the Best Makeup Oscar ten more times, winning on seven occasions, both records in his field. Thriller 
Baker at the 2011 Saturn Awards
Baker claims that his work on
is one of his proudest achievements. Harry and the Hendersons On October 3, 2009, he received the  Jack Pierce - Lifetime Achievement Award title of the Chiller-Eyegore Awards. 
He was awarded a
Doctorate of Humane Letters from the Academy of Art University San Francisco in 2008. He also contributes commentaries to the  web series for trailers about horror and science fiction films. Trailers from Hell 
Baker received the 2485th star of the
Hollywood Walk of Fame on November 30, 2012. The star is located in front of the Guinness World Records Museum. 
Baker announced his retirement on May 28, 2015: "First of all, the CG stuff definitely took away the animatronics part of what I do. It's also starting to take away the makeup part. The time is right, I am 64 years old, and the business is crazy right now. I like to do things right, and they wanted cheap and fast. That is not what I want to do, so I just decided it is basically time to get out. I would consider designing and consulting on something, but I don't think I will have a huge working studio anymore."
  
Baker played the title role in the 1976 remake of
. In the King Kong 2005 remake, he had a cameo as the pilot and gunner (with director Peter Jackson) who shot down Kong. He has also made cameo appearances in: the John Landis film as a drug dealer with a business card; Into the Night as an MIB agent helping provide aliens with disguises; Men in Black II as a "brain alien"; Men in Black 3 Michael Jackson's music video as one of the zombies; Thriller as multiple graveyard ghosts; The Haunted Mansion as the Wolfman's first kill; and The Wolfman as a flea market vendor. Rings 
Baker is married; he was previously married to Elaine Melba Parkyn for ten years. He met his second wife while they were both working on
. Into the Night He also has two daughters.
(1971) (Octaman costume; with Doug Beswick) Octaman 
(1972) (special effects) The Thing with Two Heads
(1973) (makeup artist) Schlock
(1973) (special effects assistant) The Exorcist
(1974) (makeup artist) It's Alive
(1974) (makeup artist) The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman
(1976) (makeup effects, actor) King Kong
(1976) (makeup artist) Track of the Moon Beast
(1976) (makeup designer) Squirm
(1977) (special makeup effects) The Incredible Melting Man
(1977) (makeup artist: second unit) Star Wars
(1978) (special makeup effects) The Fury
(1981) (special makeup effects) An American Werewolf in London
(1981) (special makeup effects consultant) The Howling
(1981) (special makeup design) The Funhouse
(1981) (makeup effects) The Incredible Shrinking Woman
(1983) (special makeup effects designer) Videodrome
(1983) (special makeup effects creator, special makeup effects design) Thriller
(1984) (special makeup effects) Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes
(1984) (Starman transformation) Starman
(1985) (actor) Into the Night
(1985) (special makeup effects artist) My Science Project
(1986) (special makeup effects) Captain EO
(1986) (designer: Ratboy) Ratboy
(1987) (makeup artist, creature designer: Harry) Harry and the Hendersons
(1987-89) (creature designer: Beast) Beauty and the Beast
(1987-88) (special makeup effects artist) Werewolf
(1988) (special makeup effects) Coming to America
(1988) (special makeup effects, associate producer) Gorillas in the Mist
(1988) (special makeup effects) Missing Link
(1990) (special effects supervisor, co-producer) Gremlins 2: The New Batch
(1991) (makeup creator: Lothar) The Rocketeer
(1994) (special makeup effects) Wolf
(1994) (makeup creator: Bela Lugosi, makeup designer: Bela Lugosi) Ed Wood
(1995) (special makeup designer/creator) Batman Forever
(1996) (special makeup effects) The Nutty Professor
(1996) (special makeup artist: The Judge) The Frighteners
(1996) (special makeup effects) Escape from L.A.
(1997) (special makeup effects artist) Ghosts
(1997) (alien makeup effects, special makeup effects artist) Men in Black
(1997) (special makeup effects: Mr. Brooks) Critical Care
(1998) (special makeup effects) Mighty Joe Young
(1998) ( Psycho Norma Bates corpse dummy design)
(1999) (special makeup effects) Life
(1999) (special makeup effects) Wild Wild West
(2000) (special makeup effects) Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas
(2000) (special makeup effects) Nutty Professor II: The Klumps
(2001) (makeup artist, special makeup effects designer/creator) Planet of the Apes
(2002) (alien makeup effects, special makeup effects artist) Men in Black II
(2002) (special makeup effects artist) The Ring
(2003) (special makeup effects artist) The Haunted Mansion
(2004) (special effects director, special makeup effects artist) Hellboy
(2005) (special makeup effects artist) The Ring Two
(2005) (actor) King Kong
(2005) (special makeup effects artist, special makeup effects designer/creator) Cursed
(2006) (special makeup effects consultant, visual effects consultant) X-Men: The Last Stand
(2006) (special age makeup artist, special makeup effects artist) Click
(2007) (special makeup effects artist) Enchanted
(2007) (special makeup effects artist) Norbit
(2008) (makeup designer: Mr. Downey Jr.) Tropic Thunder
(2010) (special makeup effects) The Wolfman
(2010) (special makeup effects artist) Tron: Legacy
(2012) (alien makeup effects, special makeup effects artist) Men in Black 3
(2014) (Maleficent makeup design) Maleficent (2017) (actor) Rings
Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes
The Nutty Professor
How the Grinch Stole Christmas
Planet of the Apes Nominated
^ a b c
"Rick Baker Biography (1950-)".
"Rick Baker". Oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved 2018.
^ a b
"Fatman Begins, episode "The Legendary Rick Baker", 9/24/2019".
Barnes, Mike (2009-08-04). "Makeup artist Howard J. Smit dies". The Hollywood Reporter . Retrieved . Abstract only; full article requires subscription.
Rebecca Murray. "Rick Baker on CGI, Changes in the Industry". About.com Entertainment. Archived from the original on 2008-06-04 . Retrieved .
"Dread Central at the 2009 Chiller-Eyegore Awards and Halloween Horror Nights".
"Academy of Art University to Preview NOVA's "Becoming Human" -- Students Modeled Recreations of Neanderthal Physiology". academyart.edu. Academy of Art University. 25 October 2009.
"Rick Baker | Gurus |". Trailersfromhell.com . Retrieved .
Baguio, Lindsey (14 November 2012). "Rick Baker to Receive Walk of Fame Star". hollywood.patch.com . Retrieved 2012.
"Rick Baker, special effects and make-up designer for 'Thriller,' to retire and auction off his collection - EW.com". Entertainment Weekly's EW.com.
"Make-Up Legend Rick Baker Retiring; Cites Lack of Good Work". Collider. 28 May 2015.
"Rick Baker Retiring; The FX World Will Not Be the Same". Slashfilm.
"Rick Baker - Actor Filmography", The Internet Movie Database, Retrieved May 3, 2017
Scheib, Richard (n.d.). ". Moria. Octaman"