Robert of Clermont (1256 – 7 February 1317) was created Count of Clermont in 1268. He was the son of King Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence. 
Robert's godfather, chosen by Louis IX, was
Humbert of Romans, the Dominican Master of the Order at the time of Robert's birth. 
Marriage and children
In 1272, Robert married
Beatrice of Burgundy, heiress of Bourbon and had the following issue:
Louis I, (1279–1342), first le Boiteux Duke of Bourbon. Blanche of Clermont (1281–1304); married in 1303 in
Paris Robert VII, Count of Auvergne and Boulogne, grandmother of Joan I, Countess of Auvergne.
John of Clermont (1283–1316), Baron of Charolais; married c. 1309 Jeanne d'Argues, widow of Hugh, Count of Soissons, and had issue. Mary of Clermont (1285–1372, Paris), Prioress of Poissy
Peter of Clermont (1287 – aft. 1330), Archdeacon of Paris
Margaret of Clermont (1289–1309, Paris); married firstly, in 1305, Raymond Berengar of Andria, and secondly, in 1308, John I, Marquis of Namur.
During his first
joust, in 1279, Robert suffered head injuries which rendered him an invalid for the remainder of his life. 
Robert is mentioned in the prologue of the
by Coutumes de Beauvaisis Philippe de Beaumanoir. 
He was buried in the now-demolished church of the
Couvent des Jacobins in Paris.
Robert is considered the founder of the
House of Bourbon, a family which, with the passing of centuries came to reign as kings of Navarre (1572-1830), kings of France (1589–1848; due to the extinction of all legitimate agnatic progeny of all his elder brothers), kings of Spain (1700–present), kings of the Two Sicilies (1735–1860), dukes of Parma (1748–1796 and 1847–1859) and grand dukes of Luxembourg (1964–present).
Depictions in fiction
Robert is a supporting character in
( Les Rois maudits The Accursed Kings), a series of French historical novels by Maurice Druon. He was portrayed by Alexandre Rignault in the 1972 French miniseries adaptation of the series, and by Ioan Siminie in the 2005 adaptation.
Bourbon, John Bell Henneman Jr., Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, Ed. William W. Kibler, (Routledge, 1995), 138.
^ Brett, E.T.,
Humbert of Romans, (PIMS, 1984), 37
Bourbon, John Bell Henneman Jr., Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, 138.
Keen, Maurice (1984). "The Rise of the Tournament". . Yale University Press. pp. Chivalry 87. ISBN . 0-300-03360-5
de Beaumanoir, Philippe (1899-1900). "Prologues". . Alphonse Picard et Fils, Éditeurs. pp. Coutumes de Beauvaisis 2.