|Count of Artois|
|Born||25 September 1216|
|Died||8 February 1250(aged 33)|
|Spouse||Matilda of Brabant|
|Issue||Blanche of Artois|
Robert II of Artois
|House||House of Capet|
|Father||Louis VIII of France|
|Mother||Blanche of Castile|
He received Artois as an appanage, in accordance with the will of his father (died 1226) on attaining his majority in 1237 (aged twenty-one). In 1240 Pope Gregory IX, in conflict with the Emperor Frederick II, offered to crown Robert as emperor in opposition to Frederick, but the French count refused to pretend to such a title.
They had two children:
While participating in the Seventh Crusade, Robert died while leading a reckless attack on Al Mansurah, without the knowledge of his brother King Louis IX. After fording a river, he and a group of Knights Templars charged a Mamluk outpost, during which the Mamluk commander, Fakhr-ad-Din Yusuf, was killed. Embolded by his success, Robert, the Templar knights, and a contingent of English troops charged into the town and became trapped in the narrow streets. According to Jean de Joinville, Robert defended himself for some time in a house there, but was at last overpowered and killed.
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|Ancestors of Robert I, Count of Artois|
Robert Artois is featured in a segment of Horrible Histories, season 3, episode 1.