Robert De Vaux, Sheriff of Cumberland
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Robert De Vaux, Sheriff of Cumberland

Robert de Vaux
Diedc.1195
Noble familyde Vaux

Robert de Vaux, also known as Robert de Vallibus, (died c.1195) was a prominent 12th-century English noble, who served as Sheriff of Cumberland in 1175 and 1176.

Biography

Vaux was the eldest son of Hubert I de Vaux, Lord of Gilsland and his wife Grace. Robert succeeded his father in 1165, as a confirmation of Gilsland was given to him by King Henry II of England.[1] He founded the Augustinian Lanercost Priory in c.1169. During 1141, Robert was required to pay forty shillings for scutage, for not participating in the Norman invasion of Ireland by Henry II. Robert was appointed in Michelmas 1174 as the Sheriff of Cumberland and also served his last term from Michelmas 1183.[2][3] He held Carlisle against the Scottish invasion of Cumberland in 1173 and 1174 by King William I of Scotland, surrendering the castle after a second siege in 1174.[4] Robert was heir to his uncle Randolph, who died without issue.

Robert, married Ada, widow of Simon de Morville, the daughter and heiress of William de Engaine,[5] died without surviving issue.[6] His son William died during his father's lifetime. He died circa 1195 and was succeeded by his brother Ranulf.

Citations

  1. ^ The Scottish Antiquary, Or, Northern Notes & Queries, Volume 17. T. and A. Constable, 1903. p.110.
  2. ^ Lewis 2006, p. 65.
  3. ^ Hughes 1898, p. 26.
  4. ^ Lewis 2006, p. 67.
  5. ^ Burke 1831, p. 532.
  6. ^ The Pipe-rolls, Or, Sheriff's Annual Accounts of the Revenues of the Crown. Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, 1847. p.lx.

References

  • Burke, John (1831). A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, extinct, dormant, and in abeyance. H. Colburn & R. Bentley.
  • Hughes, A. (1898). List of Sheriffs for England and Wales from the Earliest Times to A.D. 1831. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode.
  • Lewis, C. P. Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2005, Volume 28 of Anglo-Norman studies : proceedings of the Battle Conference. Boydell Press, 2006. ISBN 9781843832171

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