|6th Chief Justice of Nauru|
3 April 2006 - 2010
|Chief Justice of Kiribati|
8 December 1999 - January 2011
|Justice of the Supreme Court of South Australia|
7 July 1982 - 8 December 1999
|39th Attorney-General of South Australia|
17 April 1968 - 1 June 1970
|Member for Mitcham|
7 May 1955 - 7 April 1982
Robin Rhodes Millhouse
9 December 1929
|Died||28 April 2017 (aged 87)|
|Political party||LCL (1955-1973)|
Liberal Movement (1973-1976)
Australian Democrats (1977-1982)
|Children||Three daughters and two sons|
|Parents||Vivian Rhodes Millhouse, Grace Lilly Ayliffe|
|Occupation||Barrister, politician, judge|
|Known for||First elected member for the Australian Democrats|
Robin Rhodes Millhouse, QC (9 December 1929 - 28 April 2017) was, at various times, the 39th Attorney-General of South Australia, the first Australian Democrats parliamentarian, and the Chief Justice of both Kiribati and Nauru and a judge of the High Court of Tuvalu.
Millhouse was born in Adelaide, to lawyer Vivian Rhodes Millhouse (1902-1963), and Grace Lily (often Lilly) Millhouse, née Ayliffe (1900-1990). Millhouse gained an LLB from the University of Adelaide in 1951 after attending St Peter's College, Adelaide.
While practising as a barrister, Millhouse entered the South Australian House of Assembly on 7 May 1955 as the Liberal and Country League (LCL) member for Mitcham, a safe LCL seat in southeastern Adelaide. Millhouse rapidly gained a reputation as both the intellectual driving force behind the LCL and an outspoken spokesperson for the urban middle class faction of the LCL, a group under-represented within the party hierarchy.
Millhouse ran for the LCL leadership pre-selection following leader Sir Thomas Playford's retirement, but lost to Steele Hall, another member of the LCL's progressive faction. Instead, following the LCL's return to power at the 1968 election, Millhouse was given the portfolios of Attorney-General,Aboriginal Affairs, Social Welfare, and Labour and Industry. In these roles, Millhouse gained a reputation as a crusader for progressive social change as he sought to position South Australia as a national leader on social issues. During 1969 Millhouse was the architect and the major proponent for abortion on health grounds in South Australia, a decision he would come to regret decades later, claiming it had become "abortion on demand". In the wake of the LCL's 1970 election loss, Millhouse was elected Deputy Leader of the Opposition on 2 June.
After the LCL also lost the 1973 state election, Millhouse resigned from the party on 18 March 1973 to form the Liberal Movement following growing dissatisfaction at the continuing conservatism of the LCL. While a number of other senior LCL members, including former premier Steele Hall, also joined the Liberal Movement, all except Millhouse eventually returned to what by then had become the South Australia branch of the Liberal Party in 1976. Millhouse chose instead to form a new political party, named the New LM; before merging that with the Australia Party, the Centre-Line Party and other like minded groups to form the Australian Democrats and, as a sitting member, became the first Australian Democrats Member of Parliament in 1977. Standing as a Democrat, he held Millhouse retained his seat at the 1977 and 1979 state elections.
After having been made a Queen's Counsel in 1979, Millhouse resigned from parliament on 7 July 1982, sparking a Mitcham by-election, upon accepting a position as a South Australian Supreme Court justice. He served on the Supreme Court until his retirement due to age in December 1999.
At his retirement sitting, he announced his appointment as Chief Justice of the High Court of Kiribati, a position he held until January 2011. He was Chief Justice of Nauru from 3 April 2006 to late 2010.
He married Ann (died 1992) in 1957 and had three daughters and two sons. Millhouse died on 28 April 2017, aged 87.