Rock Formation
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Rock Formation
Rocks formations and the Dedo de Deus (God's Finger) peak in the background, Serra dos Órgãos National Park, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil
Raouché or Pigeons' Rock in Beirut, Lebanon
View of Meteora, Greece
Rock formations in Ongamira Valley, Sierras de Córdoba, Argentina
"Jaws", an erosional fin in Little Finland, Nevada, USA
"Hajdu?ka vrata" on ?vrsnica, Herzegovina

A rock formation is an isolated, scenic, or spectacular surface rock outcrop. Rock formations are usually the result of weathering and erosion sculpting the existing rock. The term rock formation can also refer to specific sedimentary strata or other rock unit in stratigraphic and petrologic studies.

A rock structure can be created in any rock type or combination:

  • Igneous rocks are created when molten rock cools and solidifies, with or without crystallization. They may be either plutonic bodies or volcanic extrusives. Again, erosive forces sculpt their current forms.
  • Metamorphic rocks are created by rocks that have been transformed into another kind of rock, usually by some combination of heat, pressure, and chemical alteration.
  • Sedimentary rocks are created by a variety of processes but usually involving deposition, grain by grain, layer by layer, in water or, in the case of terrestrial sediments, on land through the action of wind or sometimes moving ice. Erosion later exposes them in their current form.

Geologists have created a number of terms to describe different rock structures in the landscape that can be formed by natural processes:

Here is a list of rock formations by continent.

Asia

Avatar Hallelujah Mountain in Wulingyuan
Candle Rock (Yoichi, Hokkaid?, Japan).
Rock formations at Hyderabad, India
Pa?aba, Cappadocia/Turkey
Kapurpurawan Rock Formation in Burgos, Ilocos Norte, Philippines
Punta Matagar rock formation in Banton, Romblon, Philippines
A rock formation at Apo Island in Dauin, Negros Oriental, Philippines

Armenia

China

Jordan

India

Iran

  • Kuh-E-Namak
  • Elemite Rock, Fars
  • Mahneshan, Zanjan

Israel

Japan

Lebanon

Mongolia

Philippines

Thailand

Turkey

  • Pa?aba, Cappadocia
  • Goreme National Park
  • Narman Fairy Chimneys (aka the Land of the Red Fairies), Narman district of Eastern Anatolian province of Erzurum

Yemen

  • Wadi Dhar
  • Bani Al Harit, Sana'a

Other countries

Africa

Algeria

  • Tamanrasset
  • Tassili Mountains

Angola

  • Iona, Tombwa
  • Pedras Negras de Pungo Andongo

Burkina Faso

Domes de Fabedougou, Burkina Faso
  • Doumes de Fabedougou
  • Pic du Sindou

Cameroon

  • Kola Gorge, Cameroon
    Kola Gorge rock structures, Cameroon
    Kola Gorge

Egypt

  • Khaboba
  • Thebes
  • Esna shale
  • Nubian sandstone

Eritrea

  • Decemhare

Kenya

Libya

Madagascar

Malawi

  • Makuzi Beach, Chintheche yui

Mali

  • Massif des Aguilles de Garmi

Mauritania

Morocco

  • Siroua Mountains
  • Tafraoute

Namibia

Vingerklip at Ugab Valley in Namibia (2014)
  • Waterberg Plateau
  • Bogenfels
  • Vingerklip, Damaraland

Niger

  • Geuzzam

Nigeria

Seychelles

  • Anse Source d'Argent, La Digue

South Africa

Sudan

  • Burget Tuyur, Selima

Tunisia

  • Chebika Rock
  • Tamazrat

Zimbabwe

  • Domboshava Rocks
  • Maleme Dam, Matobos
  • Motombo Rock Formations

North America

United States of America

Canada

Caribbean

Mexico

Central America

  • Bosque del Cabo, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica
  • Los Ladrillos, Boquete, Panama[2]

South America

Argentina

Bolivia

  • Dali's Desert, Potosi
  • Valle de Las Rocas, Uyuni
  • Canon de Duene

Brazil

Chile

Colombia

Ecuador

Falkland Islands

Paraguay

Peru

Uruguay

Venezuela

Europe

Albania

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

A view of the Wonderful Bridges, Bulgaria

Croatia

Bijele stijene (White Rocks) and Samarske stijene (Samar Rocks), Velika Kapela, Croatia

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Georgia

Germany

Greece

Meteora with Greek Orthodox monasteries

Gibraltar

The iconic Rock of Gibraltar

Bailiwick of Guernsey

Iceland

Ireland

Italy

Pietra di Bismantova, Italy

Latvia

  • Vidzeme
  • Pusena Kalns, Bartava

North Macedonia

Malta

Isle of Man

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Romania

The collapsed Bride's Cave (Salt Mountain) from Sl?nic, Romania

Russia

Serbia

Vratna Gates natural stone bridges in Serbia

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Slovakia

Gotická brána, Sulov rocks, Slovakia

Ukraine

United Kingdom

Oceania

Australia

Uluru, Australia
Mount Augustus, Australia

New Zealand

Castle Hill, New Zealand

Other countries

Talava arches, Niue

See also

References

  1. ^ "Olumo Rock - A Nigerian Tourist Destination". www.olumorock.com. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Escalando el Gunko de Boquete" (in Spanish). El Chiricano. 2007-06-04.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Stânca Babacai (de aici incepe Clisura de sus)". wikimapia.org. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ " ". www.stolby.ru. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ The Djavolja Varos (Devil's Town) Natural Landmark, UNESCO World Heritage
  6. ^ "Vodopad Prskalo" (in Serbian). FreeBiking.org.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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