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Rockingham County, North Carolina
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Rockingham County, North Carolina
Rockingham County
County courthouse
Map of North Carolina highlighting Rockingham County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°24?N 79°47?W / 36.4°N 79.78°W / 36.4; -79.78
State North Carolina
Named forCharles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
Largest cityEden
 o Total573 sq mi (1,480 km2)
 o Land566 sq mi (1,470 km2)
 o Water7.2 sq mi (19 km2)  1.2%%
 o Estimate 
 o Density166/sq mi (64/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 o Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Congressional district6th

Rockingham County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 93,643.[1] Its county seat is Wentworth.[2] The county is known as "North Carolina's North Star."

Rockingham County is included in the Greensboro-High Point, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Combined Statistical Area.


Historical marker for Searcy & Moore gun factory, Hogans Creek, Rockingham County

Settling and founding

Between 1728-1733, the Dan River Valley was surveyed by William Byrd II. He soon thereafter purchased 20,000 acres of the land, attracting prospective farmers. The region's first western settlers came from Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, and Virginia and were of German, English, Scottish, and Irish descent.[3] The county was officially formed in 1785 from Guilford County. It was named for Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, British Prime Minister from 1765 to 1766 and again in 1782. Rockingham's administration was dominated by the American issue. Rockingham wished for repeal of the Stamp Act 1765 and won a Commons vote on the repeal resolution by 275 to 167 in 1766.[4] This made him a popular figure among British colonials in America, who would later become known as "Americans". People in North Carolina were still fond of him in the years following the independence of the United States.

Development of industry

By the early 19th century a network of grist mills had been established along the Dan and Smith rivers. The textile industry was founded in 1813 with construction of the first cotton mill at the junction of the Dan and Smith rivers. Founded by John M. Morehead, it was one of the first cotton mills in the state.[3] The county was the location for the Searcy & Moore arms factory, which was at Hogans Creek, a small village 20 miles northwest of Greensboro. The factory produced firearms called the "N.C. Rifle" for the Confederate States of America forces during the Civil War. Owned by Alexander M. Searcy and Dr. J. S. Moore, the small factory made hundreds of rifles for the South between 1862 and 1863. The town of Stoneville was incorporated in 1877. Francis Henry Fries later establish several mill sites in the region, with the construction of the Mayo Mills plant in 1895 in the village of Mayodan and another site in what became the town of Avalon in 1899.[3][5][6] In 1911 a large fire destroyed the Avalon Mill.[7] The town was soon thereafter abandoned and its workers were transferred to Mayodan, while some of the other residents relocated to Stoneville. The 60 or so Avalon company houses were put on logs and rolled by mules and horses to Mayodan, where some still stand.[3] The only remains in Avalon are the mill's powerhouse, railroad tracks, and the dam works. The Mayo Mill, which was later called the Washington Mills-Mayodan Plant, closed in 1999.[5]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 573 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 566 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 7.2 square miles (19 km2) (1.2%) is water.[8]

The Dan River and Haw River drain the county.

Rockingham County has a municipal airport eight miles (13 km) northwest of Reidsville called Shiloh Airport, which has a paved 5,000-foot (1,500 m) runway, a fixed-base operation, and hangar space.


As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 91,928 people, 36,989 households, and 26,188 families residing in the county. The population density was 162 people per square mile (63/km²). There were 40,208 housing units at an average density of 71 per square mile (27/km²). The racial identities of the county were 77.33% White, 19.57% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.69% from other race identities, and 0.83% from two or more races. 3.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino identified of any race specific phenotype.

There were 36,989 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.60% were married couples living together, 12.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,784, and the median income for a family was $40,821. Males had a median income of $30,479 versus $22,437 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,120. About 10.20% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.30% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government

Rockingham County is a member of the regional Piedmont Triad Council of Governments.

In 2011, the new Rockingham County Justice Center was opened.[15] The $47 million facility replaced a more than century old courthouse in Rockingham County and includes courthouse, jail, and sheriff's office. The new facility is the first judicial center in the state of North Carolina seeking certification from the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED Green Building Rating System and is estimated to save over $5 million over a 40-year period.[16] The three-story building will be able to accommodate 359 employees and 300 inmates.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 63.5% 26,830 33.7% 14,228 2.9% 1,220
2012 60.0% 25,227 38.9% 16,351 1.1% 442
2008 57.4% 23,899 41.5% 17,255 1.1% 458
2004 61.1% 22,840 38.6% 14,430 0.3% 118
2000 58.4% 18,979 40.8% 13,260 0.9% 289
1996 49.2% 14,255 41.8% 12,096 9.0% 2,608
1992 40.5% 12,678 44.4% 13,880 15.1% 4,711
1988 55.8% 14,591 44.2% 11,551 0.1% 22
1984 62.7% 17,895 37.2% 10,605 0.1% 39
1980 47.6% 11,205 49.8% 11,708 2.6% 609
1976 40.9% 9,362 58.7% 13,413 0.4% 96
1972 71.2% 14,519 27.1% 5,530 1.8% 358
1968 33.5% 8,095 28.0% 6,774 38.5% 9,324
1964 44.2% 9,063 55.8% 11,432
1960 45.8% 9,456 54.2% 11,207
1956 50.3% 8,991 49.7% 8,896
1952 35.7% 6,885 64.3% 12,423
1948 23.7% 2,936 68.9% 8,553 7.5% 926
1944 25.7% 3,024 74.3% 8,755
1940 17.5% 2,398 82.5% 11,315
1936 18.2% 2,522 81.8% 11,366
1932 26.9% 2,896 72.4% 7,795 0.7% 80
1928 62.1% 5,585 37.9% 3,411
1924 36.0% 2,566 62.7% 4,467 1.3% 89
1920 44.4% 3,605 55.6% 4,507
1916 45.8% 1,957 54.2% 2,316
1912 20.1% 694 56.0% 1,939 23.9% 829



Rockingham County NC Shiloh Airport[18] is a public-use airport owned by Rockingham County. It is located in the town of Stoneville,[19] eight nautical miles (15 km) northwest of the central business district of the city of Reidsville.[18]

Major highways


Attractions in Rockingham County include the state parks of the Dan and Mayo rivers, near Mayodan; the historic downtown areas of Leaksville, Draper and Spray in Eden; the Chinqua-Penn Plantation in Reidsville; the Deep Springs Plantation in Stoneville, High Rock Farm in Williamsburg, Mulberry Island Plantation in Stoneville, and the historic Penn House, located in Reidsville. One of the most famous attractions of the Reidsville area is Lake Reidsville. Various historic shops are found in the county, as well.

The Museum & Archives of Rockingham County (the MARC) is the county historical museum and is located in the Rockingham County Courthouse in Wentworth, the county seat. The museum features exhibits and artifacts related to Rockingham County history.


All public schools in Rockingham County are a part of Rockingham County Schools. The area includes government elementary, middle, and high schools including 25 different schools which include: The elementary are Bethany School, Moss Street, Central, Leaksville-Spray, Dillard, Monroeton School, Douglass, Draper, South End School, Lawsonville Avenue, Stoneville, Lincoln, Wentworth, Huntsville, Williamsburg, and a magnet school New Vision. The middle schools are Bethany Charter (Rockingham County's only charter school), Holmes, Rockingham County, Reidsville, and Western Rockingham. The high schools are Dalton L. McMichael High School, John Motley Morehead High School, Reidsville High School, and Rockingham County High School. There is also the S.C.O.R.E. Center. There are currently 10 School Board Members with one other board member seat being vacant currently.[20] Other schools are Rockingham County Early College (for high school students only), and Rockingham Community College, located in Wentworth.


Map of Rockingham County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels




  • Huntsville
  • Madison
  • Mayo
  • New Bethel
  • Price
  • Reidsville
  • Ruffin
  • Stoneville
  • Wentworth
  • Williamsburg

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

See also


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b c d Aheron, Piper (1997). From Avalon to Eden: A Postcard Tour of Rockingham County. Images of America (illustrated ed.). Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780752408248.
  4. ^ Ross J. S. Hoffman, The Marquis. A Study of Lord Rockingham, 1730-1782 (New York: Fordham University Press, 1973), p. 113.
  5. ^ a b Evelyn D. Causey and Kathryn Gettings Smith (December 2004). "Washington Mills-Mayodan Plant" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Battaglia, Danielle (14 June 2015). "THE DEATH OF A TOWN: Avalon". Greensboro News & Record. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ Graham, Nick (16 September 2011). "The Avalon Mill Fire". North Carolina Digital Heritage Center. Retrieved 2016.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2019.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved 2015.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  15. ^ Jonnelle Davis (June 19, 2011). "The new face of justice". Greensboro News & Record. Retrieved 2011.
  16. ^ "Open House and Grand Opening to be Held on June 21st for New Rockingham County Justice Center". Rockingham County Office of Public Information. May 9, 2011. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved .
  18. ^ a b FAA Airport Master Record for SIF (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 11 February 2010.
  19. ^ "Airport Information". Rockingham County / Shiloh Airport. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  20. ^ "Rockingham County Schools Board of Education Members". Rockingham County Schools. 2011. Retrieved 2011.[permanent dead link]

External links

Coordinates: 36°24?N 79°47?W / 36.40°N 79.78°W / 36.40; -79.78

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