Roga%C5%A1ka Slatina
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Roga%C5%A1ka Slatina
Roga?ka Slatina
Spa Park (Zdravili?ki park), in the center of Roga?ka Slatina
Spa Park (Zdravili?ki park),
in the center of Roga?ka Slatina
Roga?ka Slatina is located in Slovenia
Roga?ka Slatina
Roga?ka Slatina
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°13?53?N 15°38?17?E / 46.23139°N 15.63806°E / 46.23139; 15.63806Coordinates: 46°13?53?N 15°38?17?E / 46.23139°N 15.63806°E / 46.23139; 15.63806
CountryFlag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional regionStyria
Statistical regionSavinja
MunicipalityRoga?ka Slatina
Area
 o Total5.44 km2 (2.10 sq mi)
Elevation
223.6 m (733.6 ft)
Population
(2019)[1]
 o Total4,970
 o Density910/km2 (2,400/sq mi)

Roga?ka Slatina (pronounced ['?a:?ka 'sla:tina] ; German: Rohitsch-Sauerbrunn[2]) is a town in eastern Slovenia. It is the largest settlement and the seat of the Municipality of Roga?ka Slatina. It is known for its curative mineral water, spa, and crystal glass.

Name

The name Roga?ka Slatina literally means 'Rogatec springs', referring to a source of mineral water.[3] The springs were dubbed Roitschocrene 'Rogatec springs' (< Greek crene 'spring') in 1687 by Johann Benedikt Gründel. The settlement was known as Rohitsch-Sauerbrunn or Sauerbrunn Curort in German[2] (and in older sources also Roitscher Sauerbrunn).[4][5] Older sources also contain the Slovene names Slatina Zdravie and Slatina Roga?ka.[2]

History

Roga?ka Slatina on an early-20th-century postcard

The Roga?ka Slatina area was inhabited in antiquity, and a Roman road led to the settlement. A document from the Archbishopric of Salzburg dating from 1141 mentions a Roman stone next to a spring in the settlement. The 16th-century alchemist Leonhard Thurneysser was the first to describe the spring. The spring was also described by the imperial physician Paul de Sorbait in 1679, by the Carniolan physician Marko Gerbec circa 1700, and by Joseph Karl Kindermann in his 1798 history of Styria (Repertorium der steiermärkischen Geschichte, Geographie, Topographie, Statistik und Naturhistorie). The historian Rudolf Gustav Puff described Roga?ka Slatina in a special publication, and 24 lithographs of the town were created by the artist Josip Reiterer in the early 19th century. The chemist Adolf Re?ek set up a small chemistry laboratory in Roga?ka Slatina in 1931 and published various material about the town.[6]

Mass graves

Roga?ka Slatina is the site of two known mass graves from the period immediately after the Second World War.[7] The Sovinec Ravine Mass Grave (Slovene: Sovin?ev graben) is located in the southeast part of the town, in a ravine above the railroad tracks. It contains the remains of 18 to 20 Croatians that were hunted down and murdered at the site in May and June 1945.[8][9] The Flower Hill Mass Grave (Grobie Cvetli?ni hrib) lies east of the town and is believed to occupy the entire ravine below the former Triglav Hotel. It contains the remains of an unknown number of victims murdered after the war[8][10] and/or victims murdered by the Nazis during the war.[8]

Spa

In the front, The Donat spring; in the background, the neoclassical Tempel Pavilion (1819, Nikola Pertsch)

Roga?ka Slatina is a synonym for health-resort tourism in Slovenia. For centuries the curative mineral water rich in magnesium (branded as Donat Mg), the picturesque countryside, and other local attractions have attracted visitors to the area. Roman inscriptions referring to the spa waters have been found.[11] A wooden fence was built around the spring in the 17th century, and the water flowed through a wooden trough. The castle lord Peter de Curti built an inn at the site in 1676 and charged people to visit the springs. At that time the water was also bottled in bottles produced by a nearby glass works.[6]

Churches

Holy Cross Parish Church in Roga?ka Slatina

The parish church in the town is dedicated to the Holy Cross and belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Celje. The current structure at the site was built between 1864 and 1866 in a Neo-Romanesque style.[12] The earliest mention of a church at the site is in a manuscript from 1304, although the church predated that time. That building was Romanesque, and it was razed in 1863 to make way for today's church.[6]

Another church, next to the village of Prnek, is dedicated to the Holy Trinity. It also belongs to the Parish of Roga?ka Slatina. It was built in the 17th century and contains a gold-plated altar dating to between 1650 and 1675. The rest of the internal furnishings are from the 18th and 19th centuries.[13]

Notable people

Notable people that were born or lived in Roga?ka Slatina include:

References

  1. ^ a b "Naselje Roga?ka Slatina". Statisti?ni urad Republike Slovenije. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Leksikon ob?in kraljestev in de?el zastopanih v dr?avnem zboru, vol. 4: ?tajersko. 1904. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Dr?avna Tiskarna, p. 248.
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimolo?ki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Zalo?ba ZRC, pp. 379-380.
  4. ^ Gründel, Johann Benedikt. 1687. Roitschocrene, Das ist: Außführliche Beschreibung Deß In Unter-Steyer weit-berühmbten Roitischen Sauerbrunn. Graz: Widmannstetter.
  5. ^ "Nichts über eine gute Hausmannskost." 1840. Der bayerische Volksfreund 68 (20 March), p. 541.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Savnik, Roman (1976). Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 3. Ljubljana: Dr?avna zalo?ba Slovenije. pp. 385-386.
  7. ^ Ferenc, Mitja; Kova?ec-Nagli?, Ksenija (2005). Prikrito in o?em zakrito: prikrita grobia 60 let po koncu druge svetovne vojne. Celje: Muzej novej?e zgodovine Celje. p. 52. ISBN 961-6339-10-9.
  8. ^ a b c Siter, Saniel (2019). Roga?ka Slatina v obdobju nem?ke okupacije (1941-1945) (Master's thesis). Ljubljana: Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za zgodovino. pp. 237-238. Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ Ferenc, Mitja (December 2009). "Sovin?ev graben". Geopedia (in Slovenian). Ljubljana: Slu?ba za vojna grobia, Ministrstvo za delo, dru?ino in socialne zadeve. Retrieved 2020.
  10. ^ Ferenc, Mitja (December 2009). "Grobie Cvetli?ni hrib". Geopedia (in Slovenian). Ljubljana: Slu?ba za vojna grobia, Ministrstvo za delo, dru?ino in socialne zadeve. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ Roga?ka Slatina municipal site
  12. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 3080
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 3081

External links


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