Rogaland
Get Rogaland essential facts below. View Videos or join the Rogaland discussion. Add Rogaland to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Rogaland
Rogaland fylke
Obrestad Lighthouse in December 2009
Obrestad Lighthouse in December 2009
Rogaland within Norway
Rogaland within Norway
Coordinates: 59°N 06°E / 59°N 6°E / 59; 6Coordinates: 59°N 06°E / 59°N 6°E / 59; 6
CountryNorway
CountyRogaland
RegionVestlandet
County IDNO-11
Established1662
Administrative centreStavanger
Government
 o Acting GovernorLone Merethe Solheim
 o County mayorMarianne Chesak
Area
 o Total9,377.10 km2 (3,620.52 sq mi)
 o Land8,575.33 km2 (3,310.95 sq mi)
 o Water801.77 km2 (309.57 sq mi)
Area rank#10 in Norway, 2.9% of Norway's land area
Population
(2020)
 o Total479,892
 o Rank4 (8.9% of country)
 o Density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
 o Change (10 years)
12.1%
Demonym(s)Rogalending
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Official language formNeutral
Income (per capita)155,000 kr (EUR20,000)
GDP (per capita)267,000 kr (EUR34,000) (2008)
GDP national rank4 (6.63% of country)
Websitewww.rogfk.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Rogaland ['rû:l?n] is a county in Western Norway, bordering the North Sea to the west, and counties Vestland to the north, Vestfold og Telemark to the east, and Agder to the east and southeast. The administrative centre of the county is the city of Stavanger, which is one of the largest cities in Norway.

Rogaland is the center of the Norwegian petroleum industry. In 2016, Rogaland had an unemployment rate of 4.9%, one of the highest in Norway.[2] In 2015, Rogaland had a fertility rate of 1.78 children per woman, which is the highest in the country.[3]

The Diocese of Stavanger for the Church of Norway includes all of Rogaland county.

Etymology

Rogaland is the region's Old Norse name, which was revived in modern times. During Denmark's rule of Norway until the year 1814, the county was named Stavanger amt, after the large city of Stavanger. The first element is the plural genitive case of rygir which is probably referring to the name of an old Germanic tribe (see Rugians). The last element is land which means "land" or "region". In Old Norse times, the region was called Rygjafylki.[4]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is modern; it was granted on 11 January 1974. The arms are blue with a white or silver pointed cross in the centre. The cross is based on the old stone cross in Sola, the oldest national monument in Norway. It was erected in memory of Erling Skjalgsson after his death in 1028. This type of cross was very common in medieval Norway.[5]

Geography

Rogaland is mainly a coastal region with fjords, beaches, and islands, the principal island being Karmøy. The vast Boknafjorden is the largest bay, with many fjords branching off from it.

Stavanger/Sandnes, the third-largest urban area of Norway, is in central Rogaland and it includes the large city of Stavanger and the neighboring municipalities of Sandnes, Randaberg, and Sola. Together, this conurbation is ranked above the city Trondheim in population rankings in Norway.

There are many cities/towns in Rogaland other than Stavanger and Sandnes. They include Haugesund, Egersund, Sauda, Bryne, Kopervik, Åkrehamn, and Skudeneshavn.

Karmøy has large deposits of copper (some from the Visnes mine was used in the construction of the Statue of Liberty).[6]Sokndal has large deposits of ilmenite. Rogaland is the most important region for oil and gas exploration in Norway, and the Jæren district in Rogaland is one of the country's most important agricultural districts.

History

There are remains in Rogaland from the earliest times, such as the excavations in a cave at Viste in Randaberg (Svarthola). These include the find of a skeleton of a boy from the Stone Age. Various archeological finds stem from the following times, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Many crosses in Irish style have been found. Rogaland was called Rygjafylke in the Viking Age. Before Harald Fairhair and the Battle of Hafrsfjord, it was a petty kingdom. The Rugians were a tribe possibly connected with Rogaland.

Culture and tourism

A series of festivals and congresses of international fame and profile are arranged, such as The Chamber Music Festival, The Maijazz Festival, The Gladmat (lit. food with a happy smile) Festival, and The ONS event, which has been held in Stavanger every second year since 1974. The ONS is a major international conference and exhibition with focus on oil and gas, and other topics from the petroleum industry. The Concert Hall and Music Complex at Bjergsted and the Stavanger Symphony Orchestra provide important inspiration in the Norwegian musical environment. Another annual event in Stavanger is The World Tour Beach Volleyball. During this tournament, the downtown is converted into a beach volleyball arena.

Rogaland is home to many natural wonders, like Prekestolen, Kjerag and Gloppedalsura. In Stavanger, there is an archeological museum with many artifacts from early history in Rogaland. An Iron Age farm at Ullandhaug in Stavanger is reconstructed on the original farm site dating back to 350-500 AD. The Viking Farm is a museum at Karmøy.

Government

A county (fylke) is the chief local administrative area in Norway. The whole country is divided into 11 counties. A county is also an election area, with popular votes taking place every 4 years. In Rogaland, the government of the county is the Rogaland County Municipality. It includes 47 members who are elected to form a county council (Fylkesting). Heading the Fylkesting is the county mayor (fylkesordførar). Since 2020, the Rogaland County Municipality has been led by Marianne Chesak, the county mayor.

The county also has a County Governor (fylkesmann) who is the representative of the King and Government of Norway. Lone Merethe Solheim is the acting County Governor of Rogaland until 2021 when Bent Høie takes over the role.

The municipalities in Rogaland are divided among several district courts (tingrett): Dalane District Court, Haugaland District Court, Jæren District Court, and Stavanger District Court. All of these courts are subordinate to the Gulating Court of Appeal district based in Bergen.

Subdivisions

Municipalities

Rogaland County has a total of 23 municipalities:[7][8]

Municipal
Number
Name Adm. Centre Location in
the county
Established Includes (former municipalities)
1101 Eigersund komm.svg Eigersund Egersund NO 1101 Eigersund.svg 1 Jan 1965 1101 Egersund
1113 Heskestad (part)
1115 Helleland
1103 Stavanger komm.svg Stavanger Stavanger NO 1103 Stavanger.svg 1 Jan 1838 1124 Håland (part)
1125 Madla
1126 Hetland (part)
1132 Fister (part)
1133 Hjelmeland og Fister (part)
1140 Sjernarøy
1141 Finnøy
1142 Rennesøy
1106 Haugesund komm.svg Haugesund Haugesund NO 1106 Haugesund.svg 1 Jan 1855 1152 Torvastad (part)
1153 Skåre
1108 Sandnes komm.svg Sandnes Sandnes NO 1108 Sandnes.svg 1 Jan 1838 1123 Høyland
1126 Hetland (part)
1128 Høle (part)
1129 Forsand (part)
1111 Sokndal komm.svg Sokndal Hauge NO 1111 Sokndal.svg 1 Jan 1838 1107 Sogndal
1112 Lund komm.svg Lund Moi NO 1112 Lund.svg 1 Jan 1838 1113 Heskestad (part)
1114 Bjerkreim komm.svg Bjerkreim Vikeså NO 1114 Bjerkreim.svg 1 Jan 1838
1119 Hå komm.svg Varhaug NO 1119 Hå.svg 1 Jan 1964 1117 Ogna
1118 Varhaug
1119 Nærbø
1120 Klepp komm.svg Klepp Kleppe NO 1120 Klepp.svg 1 Jan 1838
1121 Time komm.svg Time Bryne NO 1121 Time.svg 1 Jan 1838
1122 Gjesdal komm.svg Gjesdal Ålgård NO 1122 Gjesdal.svg 1 Jan 1838 1128 Høle (part)
1124 Sola komm.svg Sola Solakrossen NO 1124 Sola.svg 1 Jan 1930 1124 Håland (part)
1127 Randaberg komm.svg Randaberg Randaberg NO 1127 Randaberg.svg 1 July 1922
1130 Strand komm.svg Strand Jørpeland NO 1130 Strand.svg 1 Jan 1838 1129 Forsand (part)
1133 Hjelmeland komm.svg Hjelmeland Hjelmelandsvågen NO 1133 Hjelmeland.svg 1 July 1884 1131 Årdal
1132 Fister (part)
1133 Hjelmeland og Fister (part)
1134 Suldal komm.svg Suldal Sand NO 1134 Suldal.svg 1 Jan 1838 1136 Sand
1137 Erfjord
1138 Jelsa
1156 Imsland (part)
1135 Sauda komm.svg Sauda Sauda NO 1135 Sauda.svg 1 Jan 1842
1144 Kvitsøy komm.svg Kvitsøy Ydstebøhamn NO 1144 Kvitsøy.svg 1 Jan 1923
1145 Bokn komm.svg Bokn Føresvik NO 1145 Bokn.svg 1 Jan 1849
1146 Tysvær komm.svg Tysvær Aksdal NO 1146 Tysvær.svg 1 Jan 1849 1139 Nedstrand
1147 Avaldsnes (part)
1154 Skjold (part)
1149 Karmøy komm.svg Karmøy Kopervik NO 1149 Karmøy.svg 1 Jan 1965 1104 Skudeneshavn
1105 Kopervik
1147 Avaldsnes (part)
1148 Stangaland
1149 Åkra
1150 Skudenes
1152 Torvastad (part)
1151 Utsira komm.svg Utsira Utsira NO 1151 Utsira.svg 1 July 1924
1160 Vindafjord komm.svg Vindafjord Ølensjøen NO 1160 Vindafjord.svg 1 Jan 1965 1154 Skjold (part)
1155 Vats
1156 Imsland (part)
1157 Vikedal
1158 Sandeid
1159 Ølen

Districts

Cities

Parishes

  • Askøy (Askø)
  • Avaldsnes
  • Bjerkreim
  • Bokn (Bukken)
  • Bore
  • Domkirken, Stavanger
  • Egersund
  • Erfjord
  • Falnes
  • Ferkingstad
  • Finnøy (Hesby)
  • Fister
  • Forsand (Fossan)
  • Frue, see Hetland
  • Førdesfjorden
  • Gjestal
  • Haugesund
  • Hausken
  • Helleland
  • Hesby
  • Heskestad
  • Hetland
  • Hjelmeland
  • Hvidingsø
  • Høgsfjord
  • Høle
  • Høyland
  • Håland
  • Imsland
  • Jelsa (Jelsø)
  • Klepp
  • Kopervik
  • Kvitsøy (Hvidingsø)
  • Lund
  • Lye
  • Madla
  • Malle, see Madla
  • Mosterøy
  • Nedstrand (Hinderå)
  • Norheim
  • Nærbø
  • Nærem
  • Ogna
  • Orre
  • Randaberg (Randeberg)
  • Rennesøy
  • Riska (Riskekvernen)
  • Røldal (in Hordaland after 1848)
  • Sand
  • Sandeid
  • Sandnes
  • Sankt Johannes, Stavanger
  • Sankt Petri, Stavanger
  • Saude (Sauda)
  • Sjernarøy
  • Skjold
  • Skudenes
  • Skudeneshavn
  • Skåre
  • Sokndal
  • Sola (Sole)
  • Soma
  • Stavanger
  • Strand
  • Suldal
  • Sørbø
  • Talgøy (Talgje)
  • Tananger
  • Time (Lye)
  • Tjora
  • Torvastad (Torvestad)
  • Tysvær
  • Utsira
  • Utstein Kloster
  • Varhaug
  • Vats
  • Vedavågen
  • Vikedal
  • Vår Frue, see Hetland
  • Åkra
  • Åkra (old)
  • Åna-Sira
  • Årdal
  • Egersund Branch (LDS, 1899-1913)
  • Haugesund Branch (LDS, 1905-1950)
  • Stavanger Branch (LDS, 1850-1938)
  • Stavanger (Dissentermenigheter: Stavanger, Klepp, and Haugesund 1859-1903)
  • Stavanger (Vennenes Samfund- Quakers, 1821-1951)

Villages

Former Municipalities

Demographics

Religion in Rogaland[9][10]
religion percent
Christianity
85.47%
Islam
1.53%
Buddhism
0.24%
Other/atheism
12.76%

Total population:[11][12]

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  2. ^ Østerud, Tor Ingar (2016-02-26). "58 percent more unemployed engineers and IT people". Norway Today. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Total fertility rate, women, by county". Statistics Norway. 2015. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Rogaland" (in Norwegian). Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Origin of the copper of the statue of Liberty". Statue-de-la-liberte. Archived from the original on 2017-08-15. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ List of Norwegian municipality numbers
  8. ^ PDF attachment to letter sent to the municipalities on October 27, 2017 from det Kongelige Kommunal og Moderniserings Department referencing Nye kommune- og fylkesnummer fra 1. januar 2020 (Norwegian)
  9. ^ Statistics Norway - Church of Norway. Archived 2012-07-16 at Archive.today
  10. ^ Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010
  11. ^ Statistics Norway.
  12. ^ Projected population - Statistics Norway
  13. ^ "Ebbell, Bendix". Store norske leksikon. Kunnskapsforlaget. 2007.[permanent dead link]

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Rogaland
 



 



 
Music Scenes