|at least 500,000-3,000,000|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Istanbul (Sulukule), East Thrace/Edirne|
|Balkan Romani, Turkish|
|Sunni Islam, Sufism|
|Part of a series on|
The Romani people in Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye'deki Romanlar). There are many subgroups, the majority group are the ?oparlar, who live in East Thrace. All subgroups in Turkey have in common, that they are Sunni muslims and speak Turkish.
The linguistic evidence has indisputably shown that roots of Romani language lie in India: The language has grammatical characteristics of Indian languages and shares with them a big part of the basic lexicon, for example, body parts or daily routines.
In February 2016, during the International Roma Conference, the Indian Minister of External Affairs stated that the people of the Roma community were children of India. The conference ended with a recommendation to the Government of India to recognize the Roma community spread across 30 countries as a part of the Indian diaspora.
There are records of the presence of the Romani people from the 9th century in Asia Minor, called by the Greek, Athinganoi, in Turkish called Çingene. The Romanlar in Turkey have their own Oral tradition who said there Ancestor's called Çangar/(Changar), once came from North-India as musicians and dancers, they arrived at the time of the Sasanian Empire, from Persia, through Sasanian Egypt, to the Byzantine Empire. With the expansion of the Ottoman Empire, Romani settled in Rumelia (Southeastern Europe) under the Ottoman rule. The name Roman/Romanlar got from Turkish Do?u Roman ?mparatorlu?u (Eastern Roman Empire). Sulukule in Istanbul is the oldest Romani settlement in Europe, record since 1054, in Edirne record since 1068. The majority of the Romani People in Turkey live in East Thrace. Unique in the Ottoman History, the Muslim Romani people, got their own Sanjak, the Sanjak of Vize. Romani People in Turkey speak Turkish as their first language, romani language is not longer in practise. Marriages with non Romani People are not seldom.
The descendants of the Ottoman Romani today are known as Muslim Roma. They are of Sunni Islamic faith of Hanafi madhab, and practise male Khitan (circumcision). In Edirne, the Kakava festival is held all year.
In modern Turkey, Xoraxane Romani do not have a legal status of ethnic minority because they are traditionally adherents of the Islamic faith, adherents of which, regardless of ethnicity or race, are considered part of the ethnic majority in Turkey. This goes as far back as the Treaty of Lausanne (1923), in which Section III "Protection of Minorities" put an emphasis on non-Muslim minorities.
Postcard of group of Romani in front of their tent in Smyrne (today the city of Izmir) in 1903.
A dancing bear around 1970 in Samsun. His holder beats the frame drum Def.
Romani in Istanbul in 2008.
Children in Ortaköy in Istanbul, 2000.
Roma Rajastan Penjab.
Zatímco romská lexika je blií hind?tin?, marvár?tin?, pand?áb?tin? atd., v gramatické sfé?e nacházíme mnoho shod s východoindickým jazykem, s bengál?tinou.
Media related to Romani people in Turkey at Wikimedia Commons