Archdiocese of Boston
Cathedral of the Holy Cross, Boston
Coat of arms
|Territory||Counties of Essex, Middlesex, Suffolk, Norfolk, and Plymouth (the towns of Mattapoisett, Marion, and Wareham excepted)|
|Area||2,465 sq mi (6,380 km2)|
- Catholics (including non-members)
|(as of 2015)|
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||April 8, 1808|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of the Holy Cross|
|Patron saint||Saint Patrick|
|Archbishop||Seán Patrick O'Malley, OFM Cap|
|Vicar General||Peter J. Uglietto|
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston (Latin: Archidioecesis Bostoniensis) is an ecclesiastical territory or Archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the New England region of the United States. It comprises several counties of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. It is led by a prelate archbishop who serves as pastor of the mother church, Cathedral of the Holy Cross in the South End of Boston.
As of 2017, there are 288 parishes in the archdiocese. In 2007, the archdiocese estimated that more than 1.8 million Catholics were in the territory, of whom about 315,000 regularly attended Mass.
The original Diocese of Boston was canonically erected on April 8, 1808 by Pope Pius VII. It took its territories from the larger historic Diocese of Baltimore and consisted of the states of Connecticut, (future) Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont.
In the nineteenth century, as Catholicism grew exponentially in New England, the Diocese of Boston was carved into smaller new dioceses: on November 28, 1843, Pope Gregory XVI erected the Diocese of Hartford; Pope Pius IX erected the Diocese of Burlington and the Diocese of Portland on July 29, 1853, the Diocese of Springfield on June 14, 1870, and the Diocese of Providence on February 16, 1872. On February 12, 1875, Pope Pius IX elevated the diocese to the rank of an archdiocese.
In the 1920s, Cardinal William O'Connell moved the chancery from offices near Holy Cross Cathedral in the South End to 127 Lake Street in Brighton. "Lake Street" was a metonym for the Bishop and the office of the Archdiocese.
At the beginning of the 21st century the archdiocese was shaken by accusations of sexual abuse by clergy that culminated in the resignation of its archbishop, Cardinal Bernard Francis Law, on December 13, 2002. In September 2003, the archdiocese settled over 500 abuse-related claims for $85 million. Victims received an average of $92,000 each and the perpetrators included 140 priests and two others.
In June 2004, the archbishop's residence and the chancery in Brighton and surrounding lands were sold to Boston College, in part to defray costs associated with abuse cases. The offices of the Archdiocese were moved to Braintree, Massachusetts. The diocesan seminary, Saint John's Seminary, remains on the property in Brighton.
The coat of arms of the Archdiocese, shown in the information box to the right at the top of this article, has a blue shield with a gold cross and a gold "trimount" over a silver and blue "Barry-wavy" at the base of the shield. The "trimount" of three coupreaux represents the City of Boston, the original name of which was Trimountaine in reference to the three hills on which the city is was built. The cross, fleurettée, honors the Cathedral of the Holy Cross while also serving as a reminder that the first bishop of Boston and other early ecclesiastics were natives of France. The "Barry-wavy" is a symbol of the sea, alluding to Boston's role as a major seaport whose first non-indigenous settlers came from across the sea.
The diocesan newspaper The Pilot has been published in Boston since 1829.
The Archdiocese's Catholic Television Center, founded in 1955, produces programs and operates the cable television network CatholicTV. From 1964 to 1966, it owned and operated a broadcast television station under the call letters WIHS-TV.
The Archdiocese of Boston is also metropolitan see for the Ecclesiastical province of Boston. This means that the archbishop of Boston is the metropolitan for the province. The suffragan dioceses in the province are the Diocese of Burlington, Diocese of Fall River, Diocese of Manchester, Diocese of Portland, Diocese of Springfield in Massachusetts, and the Diocese of Worcester.
The Archdiocese of Boston is divided into five pastoral regions, each headed by an episcopal vicar.
|Pastoral Region||Episcopal vicar||Location||Parishes||Notable parishes||Catholic institutions of higher education||High schools||Elementary schools||Cemeteries|
|Central||Very Rev. Brian McHugh||Boston (all neighborhoods), Brookline, Cambridge, Somerville, Winthrop||64||Cathedral, the Mission Church||Boston College
St. John's Seminary
|Merrimack||Robert F. Hennessey||Northern Essex County and northern Middlesex County||49||Merrimack College||3||(TBD)||4|
|North||Mark W. O'Connell||Southern Essex County and eastern Middlesex County||64||none||4||6 (?)||11|
|South||Very Rev. Robert Connors (Temporary)||Plymouth County and eastern Norfolk County||59||Labouré College||3||(TBD)||3|
|West||Robert P. Reed||Southern Middlesex County and western Norfolk County||67||Regis College||3||11||7|
The following are lists of the Bishops and Archbishops of Boston, Coadjutors and Auxiliaries of Boston, and their years of service. Also included are other priests of this diocese who served elsewhere as bishop.
|Academy of Notre Dame||Tyngsboro||Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur||1854|
|Archbishop Williams High School||Braintree||Sisters of Charity of Nazareth||1949|
|Arlington Catholic High School||Arlington||Sisters of St. Joseph||1960|
|Austin Preparatory School||Reading||Order of Saint Augustine||1961|
|Bishop Fenwick High School||Peabody||Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur||1958|
|Boston College High School||Dorchester||Society of Jesus||1863|
|Cardinal Spellman High School||Brockton||Sisters of St. Joseph||1958|
|Cathedral High School||Boston||Sisters of St. Joseph||1926|
|Catholic Memorial School||West Roxbury||Congregation of Christian Brothers||1957|
|Central Catholic High School||Lawrence||Marist Brothers||1935|
|Cristo Rey Boston High School||Dorchester||2010|
|Fontbonne Academy||Milton||Sisters of St. Joseph||1954|
|Lowell Catholic High School||Lowell||Xaverian Brothers||1989|
|Malden Catholic High School||Malden||Xaverian Brothers||1968|
|Matignon High School||Cambridge||1945|
|Mount Alvernia High School||Newton||Missionary Franciscan Sisters of the Immaculate Conception||1935|
|Newton Country Day School||Newton||Society of the Sacred Heart||1880|
|Notre Dame Academy||Hingham||Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur||1853|
|Notre Dame Cristo Rey High School||Lawrence||Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur||2004|
|Sacred Heart High School||Kingston||Congregation of Divine Providence||1947|
|Saint Joseph Preparatory High School||Brighton||Sisters of St. Joseph||2012|
|Saint Sebastian's School||Needham||1941|
|St. John's Preparatory School||Danvers||Xaverian Brothers||1907|
|St. Mary's High School||Lynn||1881|
|Ursuline Academy||Dedham||Ursuline Sisters||1819|
|Xaverian Brothers High School||Westwood||Xaverian Brothers||1963|
|Academy of the Assumption||Wellesley|
|Academy of Notre Dame||Boston|
|Blessed Sacrament High School||Jamaica Plain|
|Boys' Catholic High School||Malden||Xaverian Brothers||1936||1968|
|Cardinal Cushing High School||South Boston|
|Cheverus High School||Malden|
|Christopher Columbus High School||Boston||Franciscan Friars||1945|
|Don Bosco Technical High School||Boston||Salesians of Don Bosco||1998||1998|
|Elizabeth Seton Academy||Boston||2003|
|Girls' Catholic High School||Malden||1992|
|Holy Trinity High School||Roxbury||1966|
|Hudson Catholic High School||Hudson||1959||2009|
|Marian High School||Framingham||Sisters of St. Joseph||1956||2018|
|Mission Church High School||Mission Hill||1926||1992|
|Monsignor Ryan High School||South Boston|
|Mount Saint Joseph Academy||Boston||Sisters of St. Joseph||1884||2012|
|Nazareth High School||South Boston|
|North Cambridge Catholic High School||Cambridge||1951||2010|
|Notre Dame Academy||Roxbury||Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur||1854||1954|
|Pope John XXIII High School||Everett||1965||2019|
|Presentation of Mary Academy||Methuen||Sisters of the Presentation of Mary||1958||2020|
|St. Anne's School||Arlington|
|St. Augustine High School||South Boston|
|St. Bernard High School||Newton|
|St. Clare High School||Roslindale|
|St. Clement High School||Medford||Sisters of St. Joseph||1925||2017|
|St. Columbkille High School||Brighton|
|St. John the Evangelist High School||Cambridge||1921||1951|
|St. Joseph Academy||Roxbury|
|St. Joseph's High School for Girls||Lowell||1989|
|St. Louis Academy||Lowell||1989|
|St. Patrick High School||Lowell||1989|
|St. Patrick High School||Roxbury|
|St. Peter's High School||Cambridge|
|St. Thomas Aquinas High School||Jamaica Plain|
|Savio Preparatory High School||East Boston||Salesians of Don Bosco||1958||2007|
|Trinity Catholic High School||Newton||1894||2012|
|Our Lady of Nazareth Academy||Wakefield||Sisters of Charity of Nazareth||1947||2009|