Rome Fiumicino Airport
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Rome Fiumicino Airport

Rome-Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci"

Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"
Rom Fiumicino 2011-by-RaBoe-02.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAeroporti di Roma
ServesRome, Italy
LocationFiumicino
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL13 ft / 4 m
Coordinates41°48?01?N 012°14?20?E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889Coordinates: 41°48?01?N 012°14?20?E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889
Websiteadr.it
Map
FCO is located in Lazio
FCO
FCO
Location in Lazio
FCO is located in Italy
FCO
FCO
FCO (Italy)
FCO is located in Europe
FCO
FCO
FCO (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16C/34C 3,700 12,139 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers42,995,119
Increase 4.9%
Aircraft movement307,736
Increase 3.4%
Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from Assaeroporti[2]

Rome-Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci" (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"; IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF) is an international airport in Rome and the major airport in Italy. It is one of the busiest airports in Europe by passenger traffic with almost 43 million passengers served in 2018.[3]

The airport serves as the main hub for Alitalia, the largest Italian airline, and Vueling, a Spanish low-cost carrier owned by International Airlines Group. Based on total passenger numbers, it is the eighth-busiest airport in Europe and was the world's 47th-busiest airport in 2017. It covers an area of 16 km2[4] and is named after polymath Leonardo da Vinci who, in 1480, designed a flying machine with wings and the first proto helicopter.

History

Early years

The airport was officially opened on 15 January 1961, with two runways, replacing the smaller Rome Ciampino Airport, which remains in service for some low-cost airlines as well as domestic and charter operations. Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport had actually been in use since 20 August 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Summer Olympics.[5]

During the 1960s, home-carrier Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centres; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R).

Later development

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police) to Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A. in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created ADR Security S.r.l. (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato, Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Italian Civil Aviation Authority and Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A..[] Ground handling services were provided by Aeroporti di Roma until 1999, when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines except for Alitalia, which continued to be handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001, Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing ground handling for itself and other airlines. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled, but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones at Fiumicino. In May 2006, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci.[]

Since 2005 the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. Four runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft)), 16C/34C (close to 16L/34R), mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R, and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds.

In 2010, the new single baggage handling system for more efficient luggage delivery began operations.

Several projects are planned. These include the construction of an environmentally-friendly cogeneration system, which would allow the airport to produce its own energy; construction of Pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to handle the expected growth from 38 million passengers per year in 2014 to 55 million by 2018; and the "Masterplan Fiumicino Nord", involving four new terminals and two new runways to be built in the future handling 100 million passengers per year.[]

Terminals

The airport currently features three passenger terminals, of which two are operational.

  • Terminal 1 (Gates B1-B13 and B14-B30) is used by Alitalia and other SkyTeam airlines.
  • Terminal 3 (Gates C8-C16, D1-D10, E1-E8, E11-E24, E31-44 and E51-61) is the largest terminal which is used by most of the companies.
  • Terminal 5 (under refurbishment) (formerly Gates E1-E8, E11-E24, E31-44 and E51-61) was used by all U.S. and Israeli carriers. This terminal is currently closed for extensive renovation.[6]

The terminals were upgraded during the 1990s and 2000s.[7] In 1991, the domestic Pier A with 12 gates opened. In 1995, the international Pier B with 10 gates opened. In 1999, the international Satellite C with 14 gates and an elevated automated people mover, called SkyBridge, connected it with the main terminal. In 2000, the new domestic Terminal A opened, and the terminal buildings, then consisting of Terminal A (with Pier A), Terminal AA, Terminal B (with Pier B) and Terminal C (with Satellite C), were reorganized. In 2004, the new Cargo City terminal opened. In 2008, Terminal 5 opened for check-in for American carriers and El Al. Passengers are then bused to what was then called Satellite C. The terminal serves 950,000 passengers per year. In 2009, the terminals were renamed - A was renamed T1, AA was renamed T2, B and C became T3 and T5 stayed the same. The former Terminal 2 has been closed permanently on 15 December 2017 to make way for the expansion of Terminal 1.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires-Ezeiza
Air Albania Tirana[8]
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Maroc Fez
airBaltic Riga
Air Cairo Marsa Alam, Sharm El Sheikh
Air Canada Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson
Air China Beijing-Capital, Hangzhou[9]
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air India Delhi
Air Italy Milan-Malpensa, Olbia
Air Malta Malta
Air Moldova Chi?in?u
Air Serbia Belgrade, Ni?[10]
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson
AlbaStar Seasonal: Lourdes/Tarbes
Alitalia Alghero, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beirut, Belgrade, Bergamo,[11]Berlin-Tegel, Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Casablanca, Catania, Delhi, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Johannesburg-O. R. Tambo, Kyiv-Zhuliany, Lamezia Terme, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Naples, New York-JFK, Nice, Palermo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Podgorica, Prague, Reggio Calabria, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon, Sofia, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tokyo-Narita (ends 29 March 2020), Tokyo-Haneda (begins 29 March 2020),[12]Toulouse, Trapani, Trieste, Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Venice, Verona, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles,[13]Zurich
Seasonal: Ajaccio,[14]Amman-Queen Alia, Chicago-O'Hare, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Havana, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia,[15]Lampedusa, Larnaca, Malé, Mauritius, Menorca, Mykonos, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Pantelleria, Rhodes, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco (begins 1 June 2020),[16]Split, Tenerife-North, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal charter: Pointe-à-Pitre
AlMasria Universal Airlines Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh
American Airlines Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New York-JFK
Arkia Tel Aviv[17]
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon
ASL Airlines France Charter: Ostend/Bruges, Paris-Orly, Tangier
Austrian Airlines Vienna (resumes 1 January 2020)[18]
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Bac?u, Bucharest, Constan?a, Ia?i
Bluebird Airways Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Blue Panorama Airlines Cayo Largo, Havana, La Romana, Santiago de Cuba, Tirana
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Lampedusa, Mykonos, Pantelleria, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos, Turin, Zakynthos
British Airways London-City, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cabo Verde Airlines Sal
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Pudong, Wenzhou
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Wuhan
Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York-JFK
Seasonal: Boston (begins 21 May 2020),[19]Detroit
easyJet Amsterdam, Berlin-Tegel, Bristol, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Lyon, Nantes, Nice, Paris-Orly, Toulouse
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai-International
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Maastricht/Aachen
Ernest Airlines Kharkiv, Kyiv-Zhuliany, Lviv, Tirana
Seasonal: Odessa
Estelar Latinoamerica Caracas
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart, Vienna (ends 31 December 2019)[18]
Finnair Helsinki
FlyBosnia Sarajevo
Hainan Airlines Chongqing, Shenzhen, Xi'an
HOP! Bordeaux, Lyon
Iberia Madrid
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv
Jet2.com Birmingham, Glasgow, Manchester
Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle upon Tyne
Kenya Airways Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta[20]
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
Lauda Vienna
Level Amsterdam
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Neos[21] Boa Vista, Cancún, Fuerteventura, Malé, Marsa Alam, Sal, Sharm El Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Heraklion, Ibiza, La Romana (begins 21 December 2019),[22]Marsa Matruh, Menorca, Mombasa, Mykonos, Nosy Be, Palma de Mallorca (resumes 14 June 2020),[21]Rhodes, Salalah (begins 22 December 2019),[23]Tel Aviv (begins 16 June 2020),[21]Zanzibar
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Helsinki, New York-JFK, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Bergen, Boston, Chicago-O'Hare (begins 3 June 2020),[24]Denver (begins 31 March 2020),[25]Los Angeles, Oakland
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Pobeda Moscow-Vnukovo
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Palermo, Seville, Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Comiso, Ibiza, Kos, Rhodes
S7 AirlinesMoscow-Domodedovo
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Aarhus, Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Oslo-Gardermoen
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Smartwings Prague
Zurich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Transavia Rotterdam
Transavia France Nantes
Tunisair Tunis
Seasonal charter: Djerba, Monastir, Tabarka
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Kyiv-Boryspil
Seasonal: Lviv
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles
Ural Airlines Moscow-Zhukovsky, Yekaterinburg
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Seasonal: Urgench
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, London-Gatwick, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Marseille, Munich, Nantes, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Prague, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Tel Aviv, Tenerife-South, Valencia, Vienna
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, Kefalonia, Kos, Lampedusa, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Split, Zadar, Zakynthos
WestJet Seasonal: Calgary (begins 2 May 2020)[26]
Wizz Air Budapest, Krakow, Kutaisi, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin

Statistics

Busiest domestic routes

Busiest domestic routes from/to Rome-Fiumicino (2018)[27]
Rank Rank
var.
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Steady Sicily Catania, Sicily Decrease 1,976,230 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
2 Steady Sicily Palermo, Sicily Increase 1,663,453 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
3 Steady Lombardy Milan-Linate, Lombardy Decrease 1,095,824 Alitalia
4 Steady Sardinia Cagliari, Sardinia Increase 932,230 Alitalia
5 Steady Apulia Bari, Apulia Decrease 740,186 Alitalia, Ryanair
6 Increase 1 Apulia Brindisi, Apulia Increase 529,365 Alitalia, Ryanair
7 Decrease 1 Piedmont Turin, Piedmont Decrease 516,969 Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines
8 Increase 1 Veneto Venice, Veneto Decrease 493,929 Alitalia
9 Decrease 1 Calabria Lamezia Terme, Calabria Decrease 455,605 Alitalia
10 Steady Liguria Genoa, Liguria Increase 351,656 Alitalia
11 Increase 1 Sardinia Olbia, Sardinia Increase 325,838 Air Italy, Meridiana
12 Increase 1 Campania Naples, Campania Increase 318,419 Alitalia
13 Increase 3 Emilia-Romagna Bologna, Emilia-Romagna Increase 295,627 Alitalia
14 Decrease 3 Sardinia Alghero, Sardinia Decrease 281,128 Blue Air
15 Steady Tuscany Florence, Tuscany Increase 267,338 Alitalia
16 Decrease 2 Friuli-Venezia Giulia Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia Decrease 260,527 Alitalia
17 Increase 4 Lombardy Milan-Malpensa, Lombardy Increase 242,114 Air Italy, Alitalia
18 Steady Veneto Verona, Veneto Increase 203,717 Alitalia, Neos
19 Decrease 2 Calabria Reggio Calabria, Calabria Decrease 183,115 Alitalia
20 Decrease 1 Tuscany Pisa, Tuscany Increase 166,516 Alitalia

Busiest European routes

Busiest intercontinental routes

Ground transportation

Train

Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided every 15 minutes. Alternatively, local trains (FL1 line) leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. However, these trains do not head to Termini station. Passengers have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana.[28] The railway opened in December 1989, with nonstop and several stop services available.[29]

Road

Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by the six-lane Autostrada A91 motorway and numerous buses and taxis.

Incidents and accidents

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight--some engendered by Palestinians as part of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

References

  1. ^ "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ Assaeroporti Statistiche
  3. ^ Article in GV-Guida Viaggi
  4. ^ Studio Impatto Ambientale ENAC
  5. ^ "Fiumicino: Italy's Fast Growing Airport | Italy". Lifeinitaly.com. Retrieved 2014.
  6. ^ http://www.adr.it/documents/10157/554493/Allocazione+Terminal+per+Vettori_24luglio.pdf
  7. ^ "Expansion projects at Fiumicino". Airport-technology.com. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 2014.[unreliable source?]
  8. ^ Liu, Jim. "Air Albania launches Italy service in late-Sep 2019". Routesonline. Informa Markets.
  9. ^ Liu, Jim (22 March 2019). "Air China adds Hangzhou - Rome service from June 2019". Routesonline. Informa Markets.
  10. ^ Salinger, Igor (8 May 2019). "Air Serbia to be Subsidised for Nis flights". FlightGlobal. DVV Media International Limited.
  11. ^ Liu, Jim. "Alitalia adds Rome - Milan Bergamo service from late-July 2019". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ "Beginning March 2020 Alitalia will operate Rome-Tokyo flights to/from Haneda airport".
  13. ^ Liu, Jim (13 June 2019). "Alitalia W19 Washington frequency changes". Routesonline. Informa Markets.
  14. ^ FCO-AJA Alitalia
  15. ^ Liu, Jim (29 January 2019). "Alitalia adds Rome - Kefallinia service in 3Q19". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd.
  16. ^ McGinnis, Chris; Jue, Tim (1 October 2019). "Benvenuto! Alitalia to launch San Francisco - Rome nonstops". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Communications, Inc. Retrieved 2019.
  17. ^ Raz-Chaimovich, Raz (20 August 2019). "Arkia launches three new routes to Europe". Globes - Israel Business News.
  18. ^ a b Liu, Jim (2 October 2019). "Eurowings transfers selected Vienna service to Austrian from Jan 2020". Routesonline. Informa Markets. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^ Palma, Kristi (25 September 2019). "Delta will fly from Boston to Rome starting in 2020". Boston.com. Boston Globe Media Partners, LLC.
  20. ^ Liu, Jim (23 January 2019). "Kenya Airways resumes Rome / Geneva service in June 2019". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ a b c "Flight Times". neosair.it/en.
  22. ^ Liu, Jim (12 November 2019). "Neos adds Rome - La Romana service from late-Dec 2019". Routesonline. Informa Markets. Retrieved 2019.
  23. ^ "Neos adds Salalah service in W19". www.routesonline.com. 15 November 2019.
  24. ^ Schropshire, Corilyn (12 November 2019). "Norwegian Air to offer cheap flights from Chicago to Paris and Rome, starting at $209, next summer". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2019.
  25. ^ Rubino, Joe (12 November 2019). "License to Rome: Denver International Airport getting direct Norwegian Air flight to Italian capital in 2020". The Denver Post. MediaNews Group, Inc. Retrieved 2019.
  26. ^ Heidenreich, Phil (30 October 2019). "WestJet now taking passengers to Rome directly from Calgary - so why not from Edmonton?". Global News. Corus Entertainment Inc.
  27. ^ a b c "Italy 2018 Civil Aviation Statistics" (PDF) (in Italian). ENAC. 28 March 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  28. ^ [1] Archived 23 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ Flight International. 23 May 1987. 5.
  30. ^ a b Ramsden, J. M., ed. (27 December 1973). "Rome hijacking". FLIGHT International. IPC Transport Press Ltd. 104 (3380): 1010. Retrieved 2015 – via flightglobal.com/pdfarchive. ... ran on to the apron and two phosphorus bombs were thrown into the front and rear entrances of a Pan American 707 Celestial Clipper, with 170 passengers on board
  31. ^ a b "Hijacking description: Monday 17 December 1973". aviation-safety.net. Flight Safety Foundation. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  32. ^ Official Italian accident report issued by ANSV and its english translation. Aviation Accidents Database. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  33. ^  Posted by foxcrawl at 2:31 am. "Carpatair ATR-72 plane overruns runway on landing in Rome". Foxcrawl. Retrieved 2013.
  34. ^ Squires, Nick (4 February 2013). "Alitalia paints over crashed plane's markings". Telegraph. Retrieved 2013.

External links

Media related to Fiumicino Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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