Rourkela Steel Plant
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Rourkela Steel Plant

Rourkela Steel Plant
Rourkela Steel Plant.jpg
Rourkela Steel Plant
Rourkela Steel Plant is located in Odisha
Rourkela Steel Plant
Rourkela steel Plant location in Odisha
Coordinates22°13?15?N 84°51?38?E / 22.220870°N 84.860542°E / 22.220870; 84.860542
ProductsPlate mill plates
HR plates and coils
ERW pipes
SW pipes etc.

Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP), in Rourkela, Odisha is the first integrated steel plant in the public sector in India. It was set up with West Germany[1][2] collaboration with an installed capacity of 1 million tonnes in the 1960s. It is operated by Steel Authority of India.[3]

German metallurgical firms Mannesmann, Krupp, Demag, Siemens and Austrian company Voestalpine[4] provided machinery and consultancy to the plant among others. Rourkela Steel Plant was the first steel plant in Asia to use the LD (Linz-Donawitz) process of steel-making. Rourkela Steel Plant has an associated fertilizer plant that produces nitrogeneous fertilizers using ammonia feedstock (from its coke oven plant). On 3 February 1959, then president Rajendra Prasad inaugurated RSP's first blast furnace named 'Parvati' when the company was known as Hindustan Steel Limited (HSL). Subsequently, the RSP became a unit of the (SAIL).

Recently, a Rs 12,000-crore modernisation and expansion project at the Rourkela Steel Plant was dedicated to the Nation by Prime minister Narendra Modi on 1 April 2015.[5] RSP presently has the capacity to produce 4.5 million tonnes of hot metal, 4.2 million tonnes of crude steel and 3.9 million tonnes of saleable steel.[6]
The capacity of Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP) is expected to rise to 10.8 MTPA by 2025.[7] Ashwini Kumar took over as Chief Executive Officer of Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP) in 2016.

Upgrade and modernization

The RSP has many firsts to its credit. It is the first plant in Asia to adopt the energy-efficient LD process of steel making and the first integrated steel plant of SAIL which adopted the cost-effective and quality-centered continuous casting route to process 100% of steel produced. The plant has also, for the first time in India, had adopted external desulphurisation of hot metal by calcium carbide injection process. RSP is one of the unique units under the SAIL umbrella with a wide variety of special purpose steels.

After RSP was set up with the help of German collaboration. Subsequently, its steel making capacity was enhanced to 2 million tonnes and added many units to the facility.

A pipe plant and special plate plant were set up during the 1970s for production of ERW pipes and steel plates for defense requirements. NSPCL,[8] a joint venture company of NTPC Limited and SAIL, set up a captive power plant of 120 MW capacity to be self-sufficient.

Rourkela Steel Plant undertook a modernization program in 1988 with an outlay of INR 4500 crores. This revamped the process of supply of raw materials, new oxygen plant, improved techniques in blast furnaces, selling of dolomite plant, cast house, slag granulation plant, supply of raw materials sintering plants and coal handling plants among others. Following the modernization RSP became the first SAIL plant to have adopted continuous casting route for all its hot metal production. It is also the first Indian steel plant to have adopted external desulfurisation of hot metal by the calcium carbide injection process.[9][10]

Steel Authority of India plans to invest for its capacity expansion in its major plants. So Rourkela Steel Plant on modernization and expansion project on process.

  • 1964: The Fertilizer Plant was set up in the year 1964 with a view to utilizing the residue of the steel plant and the re-utilization of the chemicals.
  • 1970: Pipe Plant and Special Plate Plant was set up for production of pipes and steel plates for defense requirements.
  • 1988: The modernization of RSP was begun for producing qualitative materials and establishing its importance in the world market.
  • 1998: The modernization program with an outlay of INR 4500 crores.
  • 2010: RSP-SAIL plans for its capacity expansion in its existing 2.2 MT to 4.5 MT of production.
  • 2013: Rourkela Steel Plant unveiled the country's largest blast furnace named "DURGA" having a useful volume of 4060 cubic metres with a production capacity of 8000 tons hot metal per day, thus increasing its production capacity from 2.2 MT to 4.5 MT.[11][12][13]
  • 2015:Rourkela Steel Plant has set up 1 MW solar photovoltaic (PV) power generation unit inside the plant premises at a cost of Rs 6.68 crore, is expected to generate minimum 1.479 million units of solar energy per annum.

It is also installing other facilities for production of green energy. Two 5 KW rooftop solar PV power generation systems have already been installed and seven more such systems are in the pipeline. RSP is also in the process of setting up a 15 MW hydro power project on the downstream of Mandira Dam in collaboration with GEDCOL.

Product mix

SAIL's Rourkela Steel Plant is a unique unit under SAIL with a wide variety of special purpose steels. The use of its products abound. Its HR coils find application in manufacturing LPG cylinders, automobiles, railway wagon chassis and other high-strength type steels. It is SAIL's only plant that produces silicon steels for the power sector, high quality pipes for the oil and gas sector and tin plates for the packaging industry. Its wide and sophisticated product range includes flat, tubular and coated products. Special Plate Plant, Rourkela, is emerging as a major special steels centre for defence equipment. It produces armoured plate for the T-90 and Arjun (tank), and the BMP-2 infantry combat vehicle, which are built at Avadi and Medak respectively by the Ordnance Factory Board. Its annual capacity of 2,000 tonnes is being upped to 12,000 tonnes. The AB/A grade steel used in making India's first fully home made Aircraft carrier INS Vikrant (2013) were produced in Rourkela Steel Plant.[14]


  • Plate mill plates
  • HR plates and coils
  • ERW pipes
  • SW pipes
  • CR sheets and coils
  • Galvanized sheets
  • Electrolytic tin-plates silicon steel sheets
  • Heavy and chequered plates
  • Electrical steel (CRNO/CRGO)
  • GP coils and sheets/GC sheets
  • The fertilizer plant produces calcium ammonia nitrate (CAN) fertilizer marketed under the brand name "Sona" (gold).


Rourkela Steel Plant team recently won Runners Up in prestigious SAIL Chairman's Trophy for Young Managers 2017-18..


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  4. ^ Group, Voestalpine. "VÖEST up to the Beginning of the Formation of the Group". Voestalpine website. Voestalpine Group.
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  8. ^ "Plants and Projects". NSPCL website. NSPCL Limited. Archived from the original on 12 December 2012.
  9. ^ "Rourkela Steel Plant Completes 50 Years". Rourkela Steel Plant Completes 50 Years. Outlook. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 2011.
  10. ^ "SAIL to invest Rs 12,000 cr for expansion of Rourkela plant". Economic Times. 6 January 2008.
  11. ^ "India's largest blast furnace starts operating at SAIL plant". Hindustan Times, 10 August 2013
  12. ^ Mazumdar, Rakhi (1 February 2015). "PSU major SAIL to raise capacity of Rourkela Steel Plant: Narendra Singh Tomar". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^
  14. ^ Shukla, Ajai (8 August 2013). "INS Vikrant's first victory: Being built from Indian steel". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2018.

External links

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